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必修1 unit2 english around the world 2教案



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Unit 2 English Around the World
教学重点、难点: 重要性:

典型例题: 1. With a good________of both Chinese and English,she has an advantage over others. A.program B.guidance C.command D.ability 2. The boss commanded that his men________their office before dark. A.didn’t leave B.not leave C.hadn’t left D.wouldn’t leave 3.His new job requested that he________at the office before 7∶00. A.be B.was C.is D.would be 4. Now many women play________in TV programmes,so they are playing a more and more important________in the TV programme industry. A.a part;part B.parts;parts C.parts;part D.a part;parts 5. He is a kind and hard?working man.In fact,there are________people in the world. A.many such B.such many C.much such D.such much 句型转换 We all recognize Deng Xiaoping to be a great leader. We all________Deng Xiaoping________a great leader.

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Unit 2 English Around the World

句型归纳 1. Believe it or not,there is no such thing as standard English. 信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。 [解析] 1)such+名词+as 意为“诸如~~此类的。no such thing 没有这样的事情。no 作形容词,相当于 not a 或者 not any,所以当它用在单数名词前不需要加冠词。 2)such 在句中为形容词,含义为“如此的,这样的” 。当 such 与 all,no,some,any,few,little, many,much,several,one 等词连用时,应位于它们的后面。 Eg: many such books 许多这样的书 several such students 几个这样的学生 no such man 没有这样的人 Eg: ①There is no such thing as a free lunch.世上没有免费午餐之类的好事儿。 ②There is no such person in this office.本办公室没有这种人。 [扩展] so 和 such 作为“如此的”的区别 such 和 so 的词性不同;such 为形容词,意为“这(那)样的;这(那)种;如此的”,主要修饰 名词;而 so 是副词,意为“这(那)么;这(那)样;如此地”,主要修饰形容词、副词和分词。 一、后接可数名词的单数形式 1、直接跟名词时,用 such;如: How did you make such a mistake? I have never heard of such a thing. ほ īwwW.CIHUi.B 注意:当 such 前面有 no 时,必须省去不定冠词 a(an),因为 no such 本身已经包括了不定冠词, 相当于 not such a(an);如: I have no such book. (= I haven’t such a book.) 2、跟带有形容词的名词时,既可以用 such,也可以用 so,但应注意冠词位置的不同,如: I have never seen such a tall man. I have never seen so tall a man. He is not such a clever boy as his brother. He is not so clever a boy as his brother. 二、后接可数名词的复数形式或集合名词, 无论有无修饰语都用 such,如: Such things often happen in our daily life. Such people are dangerous. Whales are such smart animals that they communicate with each other. He made such stupid mistakes that the teacher tore up the whole paper. 三、后接不可数名词,无论有无修饰语都用 such,如: Did you ever see such weather? You can’t drink such hot milk. She made such rapid progress that she soon began to write articles in English. 四、当复数名词或集合名词之前有 few,many;不可数名词之前有 little,much 修饰时,用 so, 如: so many people / so many students / so few days so much time / so much money / so little time 等。 注意:上述词组中的 so 实际上修饰名词前的形容词。比较下列两句: ①I have met many such people in my life. ②I didn’t expect to meet so many people there. 上述两句中都有 many,但却分别用了 such 和 so,其位置不同,因此含义也不同。在①中,many 和 such 同时修饰后面的名词;而②句中的 so 修饰的则是 many。 五、such 可以和 all、some、other、another、one、no、many、any、few、several 等词同时修

饰一个名词,但它的位置通常是放在这些词的后面,如: All such possibilities must be considered. I need some such cards. One such dictionary is enough for me. We have had several such Chinese paintings already. 口诀:名词 such 形副 so 多多少少仍用 so。 [练习] 用 so 和 such 填空 1. He was_______excited that he couldn't get sleep 2. This teacher is_________kind that we all like him 3. He ran____________quickly that we all couldn't catch up with him 4. This is___________interesting a book that we all ebjoy reading it 5. They are_________intereting books that we all enjoy reading them 6. He has________many books that I can't count them 7. This is________ an interesting book that we all enjoy reading it 8. There was ____much food that we couldn't eat it all 9. I have___little money that I cannot afford a car 10. He is _____a good student that we alll like him. 11. He is ______good a student that we alll like him. 12. It was ____bad weather that he had to stay at home. 13. I've had ______many falls than i'm blick and blue all over. 完成句子 ①There are________ ________ ________(很少有这样的故事)in this book. ②________ ________ ________(一个这样的机会) is enough for me. 2. However, on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak. 然而,通过电视和收音机,你也会听出人们说话的方式的差异。 [解析]people speak 为定语从句,修饰先行词 way,作它的定语。当先行词为 way 时,且 way 在 从句中作方式状语,其后的定语从句可以是 in which,还可以是 that 或者不填。若先行词在从 句中作主语,宾语,则只能用 that/ which。 Eg: I don’t like the way (that/ in which) he speaks. The way that/ which he used to settle the problem is very interesting. [扩展]way 后面可以加 of doing 或者 to do 作后置定语,表示“做~~事情的方式或方法” Eg: That’s not the right way to hold the chopsticks.=That’s not the right way of holding the chopsticks. 3. At first, the English spoken in England between AD450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today. 起初在公元 450 年到 1150 期间英国所讲的英语和今天的英语大不相同。 [解析]句中的两个 spoken 都是过去分词作定语, 修饰前面的先行词 the English,表示一种被动关系, 相当于 which/ that was spoken. 注意: 现在分词和过去分词都可以作定语, 如果分词和被修饰的词之间是主谓关系, 即主动关系, 则用现在分词;如果为动宾关系,即被动关系,则用过去分词。 Eg: The man sitting at the back is Mr Smith. I like the books written iby Liu Xuan. He wrote a report based on facts. 课堂练习

1.—Would you mind giving your advice on how to improve our learning efficiency? — If you make________most of forty ? five minutes' classes day after day , there will be________switch in grades. A./; / B.the; a C./; a D.the; / 2.The director will by no means turn the actress away ________ her qualification for the role. A.because of B.regardless of C.in spite of D.despite of 3.—It's many years since I saw you last time; I ________ you at all. —I wouldn't have, either, if someone ________ you by the name. A.didn't recognize; hadn't called B.didn't recognize; didn't call C.haven't recognized; didn't call D.recognized; had called 4.He tried to get his work ________ in the medical circles. A.to recognize B.recognizing C.being recognized D.recognized 5.Don't respond to any emails________personal information,no matter how official they look. A.searching B.asking C.requesting D.questioning 6.Safety? There is ________ thing as safety here now! A.not such B.no such C.not a such D.no such a 7.—Do you need any help, Lucy? —Yes. The job is ________ I could do myself. A.less than B.more than C.no more than D.not more than 8.It's always difficult being in a foreign country, ________ if you don't speak the language. A.extremely B.naturally C.basically D.especially 9.—Alvin, are you coming with us? —I'd love to, but something unexpected________. A.has come up B.was coming up C.had come up D.would come up 10.________ on a true story, the film is well worth ________. A.To base;to see B.Based;seeing C.Basing;being seen D.Basing;seeing 11.Even if he has been a teacher for 20 years, Peter has a good and serious attitude towards his work, for which he gains a lot of ________. A.competence B.motivation C.expectation D.recognition 12.A lot of countries have gained great achievements in space technology, ________ China and India. A.for example B.that is C.such as D.in other words 13.When Mom looked back on the early days of their marriage,she wondered how they had managed with ________ money. A.so few B.such few C.so little D.such little 14.I am afraid he's more of a talker than a doer,which is________he never finishes anything. A.that B.when C.where D.why 15.—You smoke heavily, so I think it's hard for you to give up smoking. —________,I've made it. A.Never mind B.Take your time C.That's all right D.Believe it or not [语法] 虚拟语气 结构: 虚拟条件句 主句

与现在事实相反 的假设 与过去事实相反 的假设

If+主语+动词的过去式(be 动 词用 were) If+主语+had+过去分词

主语+should/ would/could/might+动词 原形 主语+should/would/could/might+have+ 过去分词

与将来事实相反 的假设

①If+主语+动词过去式(be 动 词用 were) ②If+主语+were to+动词原形 ③If+主语+should+动词原形

主 语 + should/would/could/might + 动 词 原形

Eg: If I had time, I would attend the meeting. If I were you, I should seize the opportunity to go abroad. If I had taken your advice. I would not have failed in the exams. If you came tomorrow, we would have the meeting. If it were to rain tomorrow, the sports meeting would be put off. If he should not come tomorrow, we should put off the meeting till next Monday. 使用虚拟条件句时要注意以下几点: 1) 在条件句中的省略 如果虚拟条件句中含有 were,should,had 三个词,可将 if 省略,把这三个词前置到主语之前, 形成部分倒装。如: If I were in your position. I would do the same.→Were I in your position, I would do the same. If you had come earlier, you would have met her.→Had you come earlier, you would have met her. If he should come tomorrow, I would give him the dictionary. →Should he come tomorrow, I would give him the dictionary. 2) 错综时间虚拟句 当条件状语从句表示的行为和主句表示的行为所发生的时间不一致时, 这种虚拟条件句称为错综 时间虚拟句。动词的形式要根据它所表示的时间作出相应的调整。 Eg:If you had taken the doctor’s advice,you would be better now. If you had studied hard before,you would be a college student now. 3) 含蓄条件句 有时假设的情况并不以条件句表示出来,而是暗含在上下文中,比如通过 with,without,but for, otherwise,or 等词或短语来表示。如: Eg: What would you do with a million dollars?(=if you had a million dollars) We couldn’t have finished the work in time without your help.(=if we hadn’t got your help) I was so busy then.Otherwise,I would have told him the answer.(=If I had not been so busy then) 2.虚拟语气在宾语从句中的用法 1) 虚拟语气用在动词 wish 后的宾语从句中,表示与现在或过去的事实相反,或对将来的一种主 观愿望,从句通常省略连词 that。 表示对现在情况的虚拟:从句谓语动词用过去式(be 动词一般用 were)。 Eg: I wish I knew the answer to the question.我希望知道这个问题的答案。(可惜不知道); 表示对过去情况的虚拟:从句谓语动词常用“had+过去分词”。 Eg:I wish(wished) I hadn’t spent so much money.我后悔不该花那么多钱。(实际上已经花掉了); 表示对将来的一种主观愿望:从句谓语动词常用“would+动词原形”。 如;I wish it would stop raining.但愿雨能停止。/I wish you would come soon.但愿你能立刻来。 2)在 suggest,demand,order,propose,insist,command,request,desire 等动词后的宾语从句中, 谓语动词用“(should+)动词原形”,表示建议、要求、命令等。 Eg: I demand that he(should)answer me immediately. 3.虚拟语气在表语从句和同位语从句中的用法

在 suggestion,demand,order,proposal,request,advice 等名词后的表语从句和同位语从句中要 用虚拟语气,谓语动词用“(should+)动词原形”。 Eg: We all agree to his suggestion that we(should)go to Dalian for sightseeing. 4.虚拟语气在状语从句中的用法 1)在 even if/even though 引导的让步状语从句的主从复合句中,主句和从句都用虚拟语气,动词 形式与含有非真实条件句的虚拟语气相同。 Eg:Even if he had been ill,he would have gone to his office.即使生了病,他也要去办公室。 2)由 as if/as though 引导方式状语从句时,从句谓语形式为动词的过去式(be 动词的过去式一般用 were)或“had+过去分词”。 Eg:He treated me as if I were a stranger She talked about the film as if she had really seen it. 5.虚拟语气在定语从句中的用法 在“It is time (that)...”句型中,定语从句的谓语动词常用虚拟语气表示将来的动作,动词形式 一般用过去式或 should do (should 不省略),意思是“该干某事了”。 Eg:It’s (high) time we did our homework.我们(早)该做作业了。 典题示例 1. If you hadn’t taken such a long time to get dressed, we ________ there by now. A.would be B.are C.have been D.had been 2. The order came that the medical supplies ________ to Beijing for the H1N1 flu soon. A.would be sent B.should send C.be sent D.must be sent 3. We would have called a taxi yesterday if Harold ________us a ride home. A.didn't offer B.wouldn't offer C.hasn't offered D.hadn't offered 4. If my car ________ more reliable, I would have driven to Lhasa instead of flying last summer. A.was B.had been C.should be D.would be 5. If we ________ adequate preparations, the conference wouldn't have been so successful. A.haven't made B.wouldn't make C.didn't make D.hadn't made 6. Jack is a great talker. It's high time that he ________ something instead of just talking. A.will do B.has done C.do D.did 7. Sorry, I am too busy now. If I ________ time, I would certainly go for an outing with you. A.have had B.had had C.have D.had 8. We lost our way in that small village, otherwise we ________ more places of interest yesterday. A.visited B.had visited C.would visit D.would have visited 9. Don't handle the vase as if it ________ made of steel. A.is B.were C.has been D.had been 10. We ________ the difficulty together, but why didn't you tell me? A.should face B.might face C.could have faced D.must have faced 11. Grace doesn't want to move to New York because she thinks if she ________ there, she wouldn't be able to see her parents very often. A.lives B.would live C.has lived D.were to live 12. I paid a fine of 200yuan for speeding. If only I _________ the traffic rules! A. had respected B. respected C. would have respected D. could respect 13. him not to do so, he wouldn't have made such a serious mistake. A. If I persuaded B. Did I persuade C. Had I persuaded D. If I should persuade 14. Doctors strongly recommended that my father _____ more exercise regularly instead of sitting still before a computer all day long. A. takes B. take C. took D. had taken 15, —A stranger has come to see you. Shall I bring him in? —I would rather he tomorrow. I'm terribly busy now. A. will come B. came C. would come D. had come


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