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高一定语从句


定语从句功能:定语从句可以像形容词或介词短语那样修 饰简单句中的名词形成主从复合句,一般置于名词后 (一般情况下,定语从句紧跟先行词。但也有因各种原因 定语从句与先行词被分割的现象。 ),这个名词被称为先 行词,所以定语从句也叫形容词性从句。

The students are from class 7. The green students are fro

m class7. The students in green are from class7. The students who are wearing green are from class7.

定语从句通常由关系代(that, which, who, whom,whose 和as)或关系副词(where, when和why)引导 关系代词的用法 关系词 先行词 从句成分 例句 who The girl is my classmate 人 主语, She is smiling. 宾语 who she is smiling is my classmate. The girl___________________

关系词 whom

先行词 人

例句 从句 成分 宾语 She is a girl. All students and teachers like him

(who/whom) all teachers and students like She is a girl____________________________________ who/whom her

关系词

先行 词

从句 成分

例句

whose 人, 定语 She sat next to a girl. =the n of Her name is ChenXiaoye. 物 which/whom =of which the n

her She sat next to a girl whose ______name is ChenXiaoye the name of whom is She sat next to a girl ____________________ ChenXiaoye.

关系词 先行词 从句成分 which

例句 This is the classroom. We study in the classroom



主语, 宾语

which we study in This is the classroom_____________________.

关系词 which

先行词

从句成 分

例句

主语, We study in the classroom The classroom is large and bright. 宾语 which is large and bright. We study in the classroom_______________________



关系词
that

先行词

从句成分

人,物 主语,宾 语,表语

The girl who that is smiling is my classmate. She is a girl who/whom that all teachers and students like. This is the classroom which that we study in.

We study in the classroom which that is large and bright.

She used to be a little girl. After the military training,She is no longer a little girl.

that she used to be. She is no longer a little girl _________

关系词

先行词

从句成 分

例句

人,物 主语, She is still such a lovely girl. All of us like her. 宾语 the same… as; such … as
as

She is no longer a little girl that she used to be. But she is still such a lovely girl _____ as all of us like.
She is such a lovely girl ______ that all of us like her.

We will never forget the days. We spent these days together.

that/which We will never forget the days____ we spent together.

We will never forget the days. We trained(接受训练) on these days.

when which We will never forget the days________ on which we we trained trained on.

This is the school. We will study in it for three years. /that in where which we study This is the school which _________ we will study in for three years

where/in which Class 7 is a family _______ all students get along well with each other.

表抽象环境的名词:scene, point, situation case, job , sport, activity

B the 1. All the neighbors admire this family _____ parents are treating their child like a friend. A. why B. where C. which D. that 2. We’re just trying to reach a point ____ A both sides will sit down(vi.) together and talk. A. where B. that C. when D. which 3.Those successful deaf dancers think that D sight matters(vi.) dancing is an activity _____ more than hearing. A. when B. whose C. which D. where 4. He’s got himself into a dangerous situation ____he is likely to lose control over the plane. A A. where B. which C. while D. why

5. I can think of many cases D students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay . A.why B.which C.as D.where
Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes where ______ people were eaten by the tiger.

relative adverbs when (= at/in/on/during which)

used as

表示被修饰的先行词前加适当 的介词在从句中作时间状语

表示被修饰的先行词前加适当 where(= in, at which) 的介词在从句中作地点状语 why (= for which) 先行词一般只有reason for the reason 在从句中作原 因状语

Outstanding teachers and beautiful playground are the reasons that/which _________we for. for which/whylike we it like it.

学会找准先行词,正确选择关系词 D The village ____we learned farming two years ago has developed a lot. A. when B. which C. that D. where The village The village has developed a lot D we learned farming two years ago. A. when B. which C. that D. where where Lily went to the US for further education in 1999___, three years later, she received her doctor’s degree. The days when ___physical strength was all you needed to make a living are gone. A. when B. that C. where D. which A The days are gone ___physical strength was all you needed to make a living. A. when B. that C. where D. which

Attention please,coffee lovers!I have for you, the best coffee machine _____ invented. A.ever B.already C. even D.nowadays

Can you translate it? 一…就…

as soon as

1)As soon as she got home, she began to cook.
她一到家就开始做饭。

On/upon doing/n
On/upon getting home, she began to cook

Can you translate it? 一…就…

as soon as

1)As soon as she got home, she began to cook.
她一到家就开始做饭。

On/upon doing/n
On/upon getting home, she began to cook

Can you translate it? 1.the moment/ the minute/the instant, the second 2.immediately/instantly/dire 一…就… ctly 3. No sooner… than,hardly… when
我一到家天就开始下雨了。

我刚一到家,就下雨了。 I had hardly got home when it began to rain. =Hardly had I got home when it began to rain. =No sooner had I got home than it began to rain.
Hardly/Scarcely…when no sooner…than

定语从句第二讲

Who is the foreign man?

The man is Russian president Putin. President Xi is standing beside the man. beside who whom ______________ President xi is standing The man whom/who _________ President Xi is standing beside is Russian president Putin.

Who is the foreign man?

President Xi is shaking hands with the man. The man is President Putin. with with who/that whom The man who/whom/that ____________ President Xi is shaking hands with is President Putin.

Who is the foreign man?

President Xi is talking with the man. The man is President Putin. The man _____________ who/whom/that with whom President xi is talking with is President Putin.

What are they talking about?

President Xi and Putin are talking about the topic. Obama is interested in the topic(话题). about which which/that Obama is interested in the topic _____________ President Xi and Putin are talking about.

介词+关系代词(which/whom),介词的选择一要 看它与从句中的动词的搭配,二要看与先行词 的搭配。

that/in which/…. Do you like the way ______ foreign troops(军队).

How many sisters on earth do I have?

I have three sisters who work in the city. I have three sisters , who work in the city.

非限制定语从句与限制限定语从句区别: ① 形式上前者有 “,”而后者没有。 ② 功能上前者是对先行词或主句的补充说 明,若去掉不影响句子的理解,后者是对先 行词的修饰限定,和先行词关系紧密,不能 删除。 非限定性定语从句的关系词: ①引导非限定性定语从句的关系代词: who, whom,which,as, whose 在非限定性定语从句中,关系词不能用that。 ②引导非限定性定语从句的关系副词 主要有:when, where (不可用why)

There are 59 students in class 7. All of 59 students are girls. one-third Most All Half half of most ofwhom whom There are 59 students in class 7 , _________are girls. of whom most There are 59 students in class 7, ____________ are girls.

数词/代词 (most/some/all /one…)of which / whom=of which /whom 数词/代词, 但不能说 whose+数词/代词

As is known to the world, China held the most ________ which that we ever had, ______made wonderful parade_____ all the Chinese feel proud.

定语从句

区别

例句

名词前有such和 He is not such a fool as he looks. 限制性语从 the same修饰时, Don’t read such books as you 关系代词用as,不 句中 can’t understand. 能用which as和which都可以 指代前面整个主句。 They won the game, as we had 如果有“正如,象” expected. 的含义,并可以放 非限制性定 在主句前,也可以 They won the game, which we hadn’t expected. 语从句中 放在后面,那么用 as;而which引导 As is well known, he is a famous film star in the 1980s. 的从句只能放主句 后,并无“正如” 的意思。


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