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【创新设计】2015高考英语(课标通用)大二轮复习限时测试(18)]


限时测试(18) 专题特训(信息匹配) Passage 1 下面文章中有 5 处(第 1~5 题)需要添加小标题。请从以下选项(A、B、C、D、E 和 F) 中选出适合各段意思的小标题。选项中有一项是多余选项。 A.Traveling pushes your educational horizons. B.Traveling guarantees you healthy way

of life. C.Traveling changes the way you relate to others. D.Traveling enables you to take on new challenges. E.Traveling gives you sympathy for global suffering. F.Traveling helps you to realize the world is not all about you. I have been very fortunate to travel extensively throughout the world while still young.Based on my experience,I recommend every young person to get out of their hometown and see what's out there.Here are several ways that traveling has changed me forever. 1.________ Unfortunately,the area I grew up in didn't have much diversity.Everyone looked and acted basically the same.When I traveled,I learned about other cultures and enriched my life by developing friendships with people who were nothing like me , but were exactly what I needed.This taught me to embrace,not to fear,the experiences and the relationships that were outside my comfort zone.It also taught me the importance of communication skills. 2.________ The older I become,the more I realize I actually know very little about life.Traveling sometimes puts you in tough situations.You see that the world is so much bigger than your perspective on it.You soon realize the world doesn't circle around you.You learn that you really weren't the big fish in the ocean,but just a tiny minnow in a pothole. 3.________ Traveling makes you realize you can do things you never thought possible.For example,I have always enjoyed driving on the right side of nicely paved roads of the U.S.But here,in West Indies,I was thrown into driving on the left side of the road on twisty mountain passes down broken roads that aren't much bigger than a one-lane driveway.No pressure! Yet, after more than a few scary moments,I can now drive comfortably with the locals and don't bat an eye at the drop offs,or the pot holes.Conquering this fear helped me learn that I could adapt to more than I felt I was capable of conquering. 4.________ When you travel,you learn how much you truly have that you take for granted.Many people live in poverty that is unbelievable to those who have never walked their streets and heard their stories.Watching the wars and famines(饥荒) on the news takes on a whole new meaning when you have a personal connection with the people there.You lose the cold and self-centered attitude towards all those misfortunes.And,it pushes you to help others and give back. 5.________ I never liked history in school.Just reading the stories in books seemed so boring to me.However,when I visited the Palace of Versailles in France,amazed at the architecture of

churches in Africa,climbed the ruins of castles in Ireland,and walked the halls of the Louvre,I couldn't help but get a new appreciation for history.Traveling makes history come alive.The stories are no longer pictures in a book,but vivid memories you remember much longer than you could study in school. 答案 1.C 2.F 3.D 4.E 5.A Passage 2 下面文章中有 5 处(第 1~5 题)需要添加小标题。请从以下选项(A、B、C、D、E 和 F) 中选出适合各段意思的小标题。选项中有一项是多余选项。 A.Choose your job carefully B.Find achievement elsewhere C.Never take a negative attitude D.Don't take anything personally E.Don't let negative emotions control you F.Form friendships with positive colleagues Expert Tips on Achieving Happiness in Any Workplace Culture Started a new job only to discover it's a minefield of gossip and negativity?Is your workload affecting your social life?Or is management leaving you feeling micromanaged or,worse, ignored?A leading workplace relations expert says a numher of Australians really focus on achieving contentment at work—most of us putting up with negative cultures and long hours as part and parcel of working life.Dr.Mary Casey , CEO of the leading health and education organization Casey Centre,gives some tips on achieving personal happiness at work. 1.________ Establishing a feel for a work environment early on can save you later.“It is hard to know beforehand the office culture,but it is necessary to focus not only on salary when making a decision.In the interview , ask questions about management style and culture.Asking these questions will help you assess the environment and whether the salary will be worth a potentially negative climate, ”Dr.Casey says. 2.________ “It is worth developing some emotional and mental detachment(淡定)—especially from any individuals that show negativity.It is a skill that takes time to develop, ”Dr.Casey says.“Being detached in the workplace means you are able to judge and make decisions reasonably and fairly.” 3.________ Positive emotions make up 99 percent of our happiness.However, negative feelings — however small—have such an effect on us that they can spoil anything positive.“When you feel like you are losing yourself to anger,stress or fear,take a short walk around the block.Never get emotional in front of managers or colleagues.In a negative work culture it may be used against you in the future, ”Dr.Casey says. 4.________ You can create a positive workplace “sub-culture” by developing friendships with like- minded co-workers.“There's nothing like having a laugh in the day with colleagues.Identify positive,supportive colleagues and go to lunch or drinks with them to develop the relationship, ” Dr.Casey says.“However,if there is any gossip then you must keep distance from them.” 5.________

“Sometimes we think work is the cause of our happiness,but it is actually another area in our lives—such as a relationship or our health—that we are unhappy with, ”Dr.Casey says.Taking up a sport, hobby or volunteering can create a sense of success in our lives.“Committing yourself to something you really enjoy will help with your mindset(心态) when at work.” Dr.Mary Casey says even though many of us think we could never be content at work,we aren't powerless and can achieve satisfaction.We spend more time at our jobs than we do with family and friends—having a good state of mind at the workplace is essential to our health and wellbeing.A large part of what we can control is how we respond to the culture, colleagues and the work. 答案 1.A 2.D 3.E 4.F 5.B Passage 3 下面文章中有 5 处(第 1~5 题)需要添加小标题。请从以下选项(A、B、C、D、E 和 F) 中选出适合各段意思的小标题。选项中有一项是多余选项。 A.Sports time as a highlight of the day B.Santa Claus' presence in parades C.Big day of discounts D.Parades bring nation together E.Family reunions and showing gratitude F.Time for prayers and paying back When it comes to Thanksgiving, turkey may be the first thing that comes to mind.It's the right picture,but it's not complete.Celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November every year,Nov.28 this year,Thanksgiving Day is about expressing your gratitude to the important people and all the good things in your life.Americans celebrate Thanksgiving with much fervor and maintain many traditional customs.Here we introduce a few of the rituals Americans typically follow on this day. 1.________ Thanksgiving Day has been associated with communal prayers in church and in homes for centuries.Attending church services in the morning is the first step of many celebrators on Thanksgiving Day.The churches provide worship services and organize special events for the occasion.Before Thanksgiving meals , some families gather together and thank God for his kindness and the gifts he has bestowed upon them in the form of friends and family.Some people also do voluntary community work on this day,as a way of contribution. 2.________ Like China's Spring Festival,preparing a big meal and bringing the family together at home is a long-standing tradition of Thanksgiving.Distances don't really matter as relatives return home to be with their family,no matter how far away. Undoubtedly,turkey is the main course of Thanksgiving dinner.Though there is no evidence to prove that turkey was eaten during the first Thanksgiving dinner,most agree that the dinner would be incomplete without it.Other dishes typically found on dinner tables in almost every house are pumpkin pies,corn,fall vegetables,olives,cranberry sauce,stuffing and mashed potatoes.At the meal,many families observe the ritual of taking turns to express what each member is thankful for. 3.________ While feasts make Thanksgiving a festival for individual families,parades make it a carnival

for the whole nation.Various parades are held in many cities to honor Thanksgiving.One of the largest is New York's Thanksgiving Day Parade,which is currently called Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade.Started in 1924,more than 2 million people attend the parade every year. Important features of the parade are themed floats,scenes from Broadway plays,large balloons of cartoon characters and TV personalities,and high school marching bands.The parade traditionally ends with a Santa Claus float,which marks the unofficial beginning of the Christmas season. 4.________ After-dinner rituals are just as important as the meal itself,and no after-dinner ritual is more important than the football game.The US' National Football League has played a special game on Thanksgiving every year since its creation in 1920 (with the exception of 1939-1944 due to World War II).It's referred to as the Thanksgiving Classic,and thousands of fans watch it with popcorn and chips in hand,either in stadiums or on television. In 1863,a reporter jokingly said, “Thanksgiving is a holiday granted by the Nation to see a game of football.” It's absolutely true. 5.________ While Chinese citizens enjoy an online shopping spree on Nov 11,Americans flock to physical stores just after Thanksgiving.The Friday after Thanksgiving Day is famously known as “Black Friday” because of the standard accounting practice of writing profits in black. Many employers give their employees the day off as part of the Thanksgiving holiday weekend,so retailers seize the opportunity to offer discounts and put items on sale.Hundreds of thousands of people take advantage of the opportunity to hunt for bargains.The sight of people waiting in long lines for shops to open on the morning after Thanksgiving Day is quite normal. 答案 1.F 2.E 3.D 4.A 5.C


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