语 法 填 空 题
第三部分 英语知识运用 第二节 （共 10 分；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about __61___ (be) late for school. The
re were many people waiting at the bus stop, ___62____ some of them looked very anxious and ___63__(disappoint).When the bus finally came, we all hurried on board（上车）. I got a place next ____64___ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk（人行道）. A boy on a bike ____65___ (catch ) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving （挥动）his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused ____66___(stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept ____67___(ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up to the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked,“____68___ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?”A woman on the bus shouted,“Oh, dear! It’s ____69___ (I).”She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase（行李箱） thankfully, Everyone on the bus began talking about what the boy had done, and the crowd of strangers ___70__(sudden) became friendly to one another. 5. 2013 年广东卷 第一节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词或 使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 One day, Nick invited his friends to supper. He was cooking some delicious food in the kitchen. Suddenly, he 16 (find)that he had run out of salt. So Nick called to his son,“Go to the village and buy some salt, but pay a fair price for it: neither too much 17 too little.” His son looked surprised.“I can understand why I shouldn’t pay too much, Father, but if I can pay less, 18 not save a bit of money?” “That would be a very 19 (reason)thing to do in a big city, but it could destroy （ 破 坏 ） a small village like ours,” Nick said.Nick’s guests, 20 had heard their conversation, asked why they should not buy salt more cheaply if they could. Nick replied, “The only reason a man would sell salt 21 a lower price would be because he was desperate （极度渴望的） for money. And anyone who took advantage of that situation would be showing a lack of respect 22 the sweat（汗水） and struggle （奋斗）of the man who worked very hard to produce it.” “But such a small thing couldn’t 23 (possible) destroy a village.” “In the beginning, there was only 24 very small amount of unfairness （少量不 公平）in the world, but everyone added a little, always 25 (think) that it was only small and not very important ,and look where we have ended up today.” 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词或
使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16～25 的相应位置上。 One Sunday morning in August I went to local music festival. I left it early because I had an appointment 16 (late) that day. My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me 17 the bus arrived. I got on the bus and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man 18 (sit) at the front. He 19 (pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. He must be 20 (mental) disabled. Behind him were other people to 21 he was trying to talk, but after some minutes 22 walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed. I didn’t want to be laughed at for talking to him but I didn’t like leaving him 23 his own either. After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus. I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We had 24 amazing conversation. He got off the bus before me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home. I’m glad I made a choice. It made 25 of us feel good. 8. 2010 年广东卷 第二节: 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 l.5 分,满分 l5 分) 阅读下面短文．按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词或 使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31-40 的相应位置上。 A young man, while traveling through a desert, came across a spring （泉水）of clear water. 31 water was sweet. He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an old man 32 had been his teacher. After a four-day journey, the young man 33 (present) the water to the old man. His teacher took a deep drink, smiled 34 (warm), and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. The young man went home 35 a happy heart. After the student left, the teacher let 36 student taste the water. He spit it out (吐出来), 37 (say) it was awful. Clearly, it was no longer fresh because of the old leather container. He asked his teacher,“Sir, the water was awful. Why did you pretend to like 38 ? ” The teacher replied,“You tasted the water. I tasted the gift. The water was simply the container for an act of kindness and love. Nothing could be 39 (sweet).” We understand this lesson best 40 we receive gifts of love from children. Whether it is a cheap pipe or a diamond necklace, the proper response is appreciation. We love the idea within the gift rather than the thing. 9. 2009 年广东卷 第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填人一个适当的词或使用 括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31～40 的相应位置上。 Jane was walking round the department store. She remembered how difficult _31_ was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father. She wished that he was as easy _32_ (please)as her mother，who was always delighted with perfume. Besides，shopping at this time of the year was not _33_ pleasant experience: people
stepped on your feet or _34_(push)you with their elbows(肘部)，hurrying ahead to get to a bargain. Jane paused in front of a counter _35_ some attractive ties were on display. “They are real silk，”the assistant tried to attract her. “Worth double the price.” But Jane knew from past experience that her _36_(choose)of ties hardly ever pleased her father. Jane stopped where a small crowd of men had gathered. She found some good quality pipes _37_ sale. She did not hesitate for long: although her father smoked a pipe only once in a while， she knew that this was a present which was bound to please _38_. When Jane got home，with her small but well-chosen present in her bag，her parents were already _39_ table having supper. Her mother was excited. “Your father has at last decided to stop smoking,” Jane _40_(inform). 31．答案 it. 解析：分析句子结构可知，to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father 与空格处内容所指相同，所以此处用 it 作形式主语。 32．答案 to please 解析：该句空格前是形容词，所以用动词不定式作状语。 33. 答案 a. 空格后出现名词词组 pleasant experience，此时 experience 表示“经历” ，是可数 名词，所以空格处用不定冠词 a. 34. 答案 pushed. 解析：分析句子结构可知，or 连接并列谓语动词，step 用了一般过去时态，所 以 push 也要用一般过去时态。 35. 答案 where. 解析：分析句子结构可知，该句式含有定语从句的复合句，counter 在从句中作 状语，表示地点，所以此处用 where 引导定语从句。 36. 答案 choice. 解析：空格前有形容词性物主代词，所以空格处应填名词，choose 的名词形式 是 choice. 37. 答案 on. 解析：本句句意应为：她发现一些质量很好的烟斗在出售。表示“(在商店中)出售” 用 on sale. 38. 答案 him. 解析：根据句意，此处应指琼的父亲，且需要用代词代替 her father，所以用第 三人称男性代词宾格形式 him. 39. 答案 at. 解析：根据空格后的 having supper, 我们可以推测琼的父母已经坐在桌子旁边吃 饭了。所以空格处用 at,构成 at table,表示“坐在桌边进餐” 。 40. 答案 was informed. 解析：因为 inform 与 Jane 构成逻辑上的动宾关系，所以此处要用被动 语态形式。 10. 2008 年广东卷 第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词或 使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31～40 的相应位置上。 Chinese proverbs are rich and they are still widely used in Chinese people’s daily life. 31 these proverbs there are often interesting stories. For example, the proverb, “plucking up a crop 32 (help) it grow”, is based on the following story. It is said that a short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty (960—1279) was very anxious to help 33 rice crop grow up quickly. He was thinking about 34 day and night. But the crop was growing much slower than he expected. One day, he came up with an idea 35 he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches.
He did so the next day. He was very tired 36 crop did “grow” 38 (high). His son heard about this and went to see the crop. Unfortunately the leaves of the crop began to wither. This proverb is saying we have to let things go in their 39 (nature) course. Being too anxious to help an event develop often 40 (result) in the contrary to our intention. 31. 答案 Behind. 解析：表示“在??背后”用 behind.该句句意为:在这些谚语背后通常都 有 有趣的故事. 32. 答案 to help. 解析： “拔苗助长”的故事中拔苗的目的是帮助禾苗成长，故该处用动词不定 式作目的状语。 33. 答案 his. 解析：表示“使他自己的水稻长得快” ，故用 his. 34. 答案 this. 解析：表达刚刚说过的事情，用 this 指代。 35. 答案 that. 解析：从句式结构看，he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches 是 idea 的内容，故此空格处应为同位语从句的引导词 that. 36. 答案 after. 解析：此处意为“劳累了一天之后很疲劳了” ；表示“在??之后”用 after. 37. 答案 but. 解析：上下文句意表示转折，故此处须用 but. 38. 答案 higher. 解析：与以前相对比，此时禾苗自然长得更高了，因此用比较级。 39. 答案 natural. 解析：修饰名词 course,故此处应用形容词 natural. 40. 答案 results. 解析：该句中 being too anxious to help an event develop 是动名词短语 作主语，谓语动词须用单数形式，该句揭示的是一条客观真理，因此须用一般现在时态。 11. 2007 年广东卷 第二节：语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词或 使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 3l-40 的相应位置上。 I was on my way to the Taiyetos Mountains. The sun was setting when my car 31 (break) down near a remote and poor village. Cursing my misfortune, I was wondering where I was going to spend the night when I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to 32 should have the honor of receiving me 33 a guest in their house. Finally, I accepted the offer of an old woman who lived alone in a little house. While she was getting me 34 (settle) into a tiny but clean room, the head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to 35 small town some 20 kilometres away 36 there was a garage. I had noticed three hens running free in my hostess’s courtyard and that night one of them ended up in a dish on my table. 37 villagers brought me goat’s cheese and honey. We drank together and talked 38 (merry) till far into the night. When the time came for me to say goodbye to my friends in the village, I wanted to reward the old woman 39 成对比。 32. 答案 who. 解析：考查结构分析词—引导宾语从句的连接代词， 介词 to 后需接宾语， 而 should
doing this for a whole day, 37 he felt very happy since the
the trouble I had caused 40 .
31. 答案 broke. 解析：考查动词的一般过去式，强调过去动作的突发性，与背景 was setting 形
前缺少主语，需要作主语的连接词，who 不可取代。 33. 答案 as. 解析：考查介词“作为 / 当作 / 视为”与 receive 的词义相匹配，类似的还有 consider(认为)/see(看待)/treat(对待)sb as sb/sth. 34. 答案 settled. 解析： 过去分词作宾补，与宾语构成动宾关系。set sb into some place 将 某人安顿于某地。 35. 答案 a. 解析： 考查不定冠词 a 的用法：第一次提及，前面的介词 to 要接一名词作宾语，而 后面的修饰辞语 some 20 kilometres away 可说明是第一次提及。 36. 答案 where. 解析： 考查关系副词引导定语从句作状语， 先行词是 town， 被后置定语 some 20 kilometres away 分割了，增加了答题的难度。 37. 答案 Other. 解析： 考查 other 作形容词用。此题较难，上一段提到了村民们围过来，而一 位女村民与村长帮助我，接下来就是别的村民们帮我了，所以必须结合上一段才能获得正确答案。 38. 答案 merrily. 解析： 考查运用句子结构知识将形容词转换成副词的基本知识与技能，但 merrily 比较少见。 39. 答案 for. 解析： 考查 for 表原因，同类动词如：thank/praise/criticize/blame/excuse 等于介词 for 的搭配，都表示原因。 40. 答案 her. 解析：考查动词 cause 带双宾语(her/the trouble),the trouble 前置作先行词， her 指代前面的 the old woman 及代词的宾格。