完形填空练习（1） It was a cold winter ’s day that Sunday. The parking lot to the 1 was filling up quickly. I noticed, as I got out of my car, fellow church members were 2 amo
ng themselves as they walked in the church. As I got 3 I saw a man leaning up against the wall outside the church. He was almost lying down 4 he was asleep. His hat was 5 down so you could not see his face. He wore shoes that looked 30 years old, too 6 for his feet, with holes all over them, his toes 7 out. I guessed this man was 8 , and asleep, so I walked 9 through the doors of the church. We all talked for a few minutes, and someone 10 the man lying outside. People whispered but no one took the 11 to ask him to come in, 12 me. A few moments later church began. We all waited for the Preacher (牧师) to take his 13 and to give us the Word, 14 the doors to the church opened. In 15 the homeless man walking down the church with his head down. People gasped and whispered and made 16 . He made his way down the church and up onto the pulpit (讲坛) where he took off his hat and coat. My heart 17. There stood our preacher … he was the “homeless man”. The preacher took his Bible (圣经) and 18 it on his stand. “ 19 , I don’t think I have to tell you what I am preaching about today. If you 20 people by their appearance, you have no time to love them.” 1. A. school B. lecture C. park D. church 2. A. arguing B. whispering C. staring D. speaking 3. A. closer B. clearer C. lower D. farther 4. A. even though B. so that C. as if D. even if 5. A. dragged B. pulled C. dropped D. pushed 6. A. big B. bad C. ugly D. small 7. A. reached B. went C. stuck D. run 8. A. homeless B. helpless C. hopeless D. careless 9. A. out B. on C. off D. from 10. A. invited B. mentioned C. took D. called 11. A. pleasure B. measure C. courage D. trouble 12. A. except B. besides C. without D. including 13. A. turn B. place C. time D. seat 14. A. when B. before C. as D. after 15. A. rushed B. ran C. came D. went 16. A. decision B. choices C. faces D. jokes
17. A. sank B. fell C. broke D. failed 18. A. threw B. set C. laid D. closed 19. A. Brothers B. Folks C. Supporters D. Sisters 20. A. judge B. hate C. dislike D. Test 完形填空练习（2） During recent years we have heard much about “race”: how this race does certain things and that race believes certain things and soon. Yet, the 1 phenomenon of race consists of a few surface indications. We judge race usually 2 the colouring of the skin: a white race, a brown race, a yellow race and a black race. But 3 you were to remove the skin you could not 4 anything about the race to which the individual belonged. There is 5 in physical structure. The brain or the internal organs to 6 a difference. There are four types of blood. 7 types are found in every race, and no type is distinct to any race. Human brains are the 8 . No scientists could examine a brain and tell you the race to which the individual belonged. Brains will 9 in size, but this occurs within every race. 10 does size have anything to do with intelligence. The largest brain 11 examined belonged to a person of weak 12 . On the other hand, some of our most distinguished people have had 13 brains. Mental tests which are reasonably 14 show no differences in intelligence between races. High and low test results both can be recorded by different members of any race. 15 equal educational advantages, there will be no difference in average standings, either on account of race or geographical location. Individuals of every race 16 civilization to go backward or forward. Training and education can change the response of a group of people, 17 enable them to behave in a 18 way. The behavior and ideals of people change according to circumstances, but they can always go back or go on to something new 19 is better and higher than anything 20 the past. 1. A. complete B. full C. total D. whole 2. A. in B. from C. at D. on 3. A. since B. if C. as D. while 4. A. speak B. talk C. tell D. mention 5. A. something B. everything C. nothing D. anything 6. A. display B. indicate C. demonstrate D. appear 7. A. All B. Most C. No D. Some 8. A. same B. identical C. similar D. alike 9. A. remain B. increase C. decrease D. vary
10. A. Only 11. A. ever 12. A. health 13. A. big 14. A. true 15. A. Provided 16. A. make 17. A. and 18. A. ordinary 19. A. that 20. A. for 阅读理解
B. Or B. then B. body B. small B. exact B. Concerning B. cause B. but B. peculiar B. what B. to
C. Nor C. never C. mind C. minor C. certain C. Given C. move C. though C. usual C. whichever C. within
D. So D. once D. thought D. major D. accurate D. Following D. turn D. so D. common D. whatever D. in
(1) Back in 2006, as my father was dealing with advanced dementia(痴呆), our family faced a serious set of challenges. In addition to his health problems, we struggled with the lack of transparency in what his health insurance plan covered, and with substantial out-of-pocket costs. We were often left with unexpected bills after appointments and medical procedures with little recourse(援助). At times-it felt as though the system was set up against us. On several occasions, his insurance company interfered with his treatment, dictating important decisions about his care rather than his doctors. And there was little we could do about it. Helping my mom navigate the process proved to be a frustrating and expensive burden on us. Throughout it all, I would often wonder how many other families were in the same boat struggling with rising health care costs and the worst insurance industry abuses. Not long after my dad passed away, I first heard then Senator Obama speak about his own mother's struggles with health insurance and the need to pass health reform. I knew that I had to be a part of making that change. Since joining the Obama Administration in 2009, I've worked hard to help implement the Affordable Care Act. It's an honor to come to work every day at the White House to help make this landmark legislation a reality for millions of hard-working Americans who will benefit from the security and peace of mind of having health insurance. 1. Which of the following is NOT included in the writer's family challenges? A. The problem of payment. B. The problem of wealth plan. C. The problem of unexpected costs. D. The problem of health insurance plan. 2. What's the writer's attitude towards the old health insurance system? A. Favorable. B. Disapproving. C. Doubtful. D. Unconcerned. 3. The underlined phrase in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to "________ ". A. going by ship B. taking the same boat
C. in the same good state D. in the same difficult situation 4. What can we learn from the last paragraph? A. The writer's father has died.[来源:B. The writer's mother has died. C. Obama's mother has died. D. The Affordable Care Act has been passed. 5. How long has the writer worked for the Affordable Care Act? A. Two years. B. Three years. C. Five years. D. Seven years. (2) Rivers may be a significant source of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (一氧化 二氮), scientists now find. Their calculation suggests that across the globe the waterways contribute three times the amount of nitrous oxide to the atmosphere as had been estimated by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the United Nations scientific body charged with reviewing climate change research. They found that the amount of nitrous oxide produced in streams is related to human activities that release nitrogen (氮) into the environment, such as fertilizer use and sewage discharges. “Human activities, including fossil fuel combustion and intensive agriculture, have increased the availability of nitrogen in the environment,” said Jake Beaulieu of the University of Notre Dame and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Cincinnati, Ohio, and lead author of the paper published this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “Much of this nitrogen is transported into river and stream networks,” Beaulieu said. There, microbes (微生物) convert the nitrogen into nitrous oxide (also called laughing gas) and an inert gas called dinitrogen (二氮). The finding is important, the researchers say, because nitrous oxide is a powerful greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change and destruction of the stratosphere’s ozone layer, which protects us from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet ( 紫外 线) radiation. Compared with carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide is 300-fold more powerful in terms of its warming potential, though carbon dioxide is a far more common greenhouse gas. Scientists estimate nitrous oxide accounts for about 6 percent of human-induced climate change. Beaulieu and colleagues measured nitrous oxide production rates in 72 streams. When summed across the globe, the results showed rivers and streams are the source of at least 10 percent of human-caused nitrous oxide emissions to the atmosphere. “Changes in agricultural and land-use practices that result in less nitrogen being delivered to streams would reduce nitrous oxide emissions from rive r networks,” Beaulieu said. 1. From the second paragraph we can learn __________. A. actually rivers give off much more nitrous oxide than expected
B. scientists’ calculation is totally wrong C. human activities release nitrous oxide in to the rivers D. there is no nitrogen in fertilizer 2. Which of the following is NOT the source of nitrogen? A. Fertilizer use. B. Sewage discharges. C. Fossil fuel combustion. D. Climate change. 3. Nitrous oxide is a powerful greenhouse gas because __________. A. it can protect us from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet radiation B. it is to blame for most of human-induced climate change C. it is a far more common greenhouse gas D. it has much more warming potential than carbon dioxide 4. What does the passage mainly tells us? A. Rivers may be a source of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide. B. It’s human activities that release nitrogen into the environment. C. How to reduce nitrous oxide emissions from river networks D. What to do with the climate change caused by nitrous oxide. (3) Photos that you might have found down the back of your sofa are now big business! In 2005, the American artist Richard Prince’s photograph of a photograph, Untitled (Cowboy), was sold for $ 1, 248, 000. Prince is certainly not the only contemporary artist to have worked with so-called “found photographs”—a loose term given to everything from discarded(丢 弃的) prints discovered in a junk shop to old advertisements or amateur photographs from a stranger’s family album. The German artist Joachim Schmid, who bel ieves “basically everything is worth looking at”, has gathered discarded photographs, postcards and newspaper images since 1982. In his on-going project, Archiv, he groups photographs of family life according to themes: people with dogs; teams; new cars; dinner with the family; and so on. Like Schmid, the editors of several self-published art magazines also champion (捍卫) found photographs. One of them, called simply Found, was born one snowy night in Chicago, when Davy Rothbard returned to his car to find under his wiper( 雨 刷) an angry note intended for some else: “Why’s your car HERE at HER place?” The note became the starting point for Rothbard’s addictive publication, which features found photographs sent in by readers, such a poster discovered in our drawer. The whole found-photograph phenomenon has raised some questions. Perhaps one of the most difficult is: can these images really be considered as art? And if so, whose art? Yet found photographs produced by artists, such Richard Prince, may riding his horse hurriedly to meet someone? Or how did Prince create this
photograph? It’s anyone’s guess. In addition, as we imagine the back-story to the people in the found photographs artists, like Schmid, have collated (整理), we also turn toward our own photographic albums. Why is memory so important to us? Why do we all seek to freeze in time the faces of our children, our parents, our lovers, and ourselves? Will they mean anything to anyone after we’ve gone? 1. The first paragraph of the passage is used to _________. A. remind readers of fo und photographs B. advise reader to start a new kind of business C. ask readers to find photographs behind sofa D. show readers the value of found photographs 2. According to the passage, Joachim Schmid _________. A. is fond of collecting family life photographs B. found a complaining note under his car wiper C. is working for several self-published magazines D. wondered at the artistic nature of found photographs 3. The underlined word “them” in Para 4 refers to __________. A. the readers B. the editors C. the found photographs D. the self-published magazines 4. By asking a series of questions in Para 5, the author mainly intends to indicate that ________. A. memory of the past is very important to people B. found photographs allow people to think freely C. the back-story of found photographs is puzzling D. the real value of found photographs is questionable 5. The author’s attitude towards found photographs can be described as _________. A. critical B. doubtful C. optimistic D. satisfied (4) The Taj Mahan (泰姬陵) is a love story, a sad and beautiful one. If it didn’t exist, we would easily imagine that the story of its construction was simply a fairy tale. Three hundred years ago, there lived an Indian emperor called Shah Jahan. His wife was a beautiful and bright woman whom he loved greatly. Her title was Mumtazl Mahan: its shortened form Taj Mahan, means “pride of the palace”. In the year 1630 this beloved wife of the emperor died. He was so broken-hearted that he thought of giving up his throne. He decided out of his love for his wife, to build her the most beautiful tomb that had ever been seen. He summoned the best artists and architects from India, Turkey, Persia and Arabia and finally, the design was complete. It took more than twenty thousand men working over a period of 18 years to build the Taj Mahan, one of the most beautiful buildings in the world.
The building itself stands on a marble. Platform 29 meters square and 67 meters high. Towers rise from each of the four corners. The Taj itself soars another 61 meters into the air. It is an eightsided building made of white marble. The emperor planned to build an identical tomb of black marble for himself on the other side of the river connected by a silver bridge. However his son put him into a prison in the palace before he could finish, and for the rest of his life, he could only gaze across river at the tomb of his beloved wife. 1. The whole passage tells us about________. A. a beautiful fairy tale B. the story of the Taj Mahan C. white and black marble tombs made for two emperors D. the love story of emperor Shah Jahan and his wife 2. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the Taj Mahan? A. It was completed quickly owing to the efforts of the best artists and workers. B. A lot of people took part in the building work. C. It is a magnificent building. D. It is a tomb for the emperor’s beloved wife. 3. The emperor’s own tomb was designed to be ________. A. 61 meters high B. eight-sided C. black-colored D. white-colored 4. The emperor ________. A. died soon after Taj Mahan died B. was killed by his son C. was beloved by his people D. died after 1648 (5) Ed Viesturs grew up in Rockford, Illinois, where the tallest thing on the horizon was the water tower. But on Thursday, Viesturs became the only American to climb to the top of the world's 14 highest mountains. His last hike was up Mount Annapurna, in Asia's snowcapped Himalayas. At 26,545 feet, its peak is the 10th highest in the world. It is the mountain that inspired him to start climbing. "It tends to be the trickiest, the most dangerous," said Viesturs. "There's no simple way to climb it. There are threatening avalanches (雪崩) and ice falls that protect the mountain." In high school, Viesturs read French climber Maurice Herzog's tale of climbing the icy Annapurna. Herzog's story was of frostbite ( 冻伤 ) and difficulty and near-death experiences. Viesturs was hooked right away. Viesturs got his start on Washington's Mount Rainier in 1977, guiding hikes in the summer. Fifteen years ago, he set out to walk up to the world's highest peaks. Finally, he's done. The pioneering climber talks about mountains as if they were living creatures
that should be treated with respect. "You have to use all of your senses, all of your abilities to see if the mountain will let you climb it," said Viesturs. "If we have the patience and the respect, and if we're here at the right time, under the right circumstances, they allow us to go up, and allow us to come down." What's next for a man who can't stop climbing? "I'm going to hug my wife and kids and kind of kick back and enjoy the summer," says Viesturs. But for a man who's climbed the world's 14 tallest mountains, he will probably soon set off on yet another adventure. 1. What record has Ed Viesturs set? A. He has succeeded in climbing to the world’s 14th highest mountain. B. He has been to the top of the world’s 14 highest mountains. C. He has become the first to climb to the height of 26,545feet. D. He has become the first man to climb to the top of 14 highest mountains in the world. 2. The underlined word “hooked” in Paragraph 4 can be replaced by “______”. A. frightened B. discouraged C. interested D. upset 3. The author used Viestures’ words in Paragraph 6 to support a view that ______. A. mountain climbing is a dangerous sport B. mountains should be regarded as living creatures C. mountain climbing needs more skills than physical energy D. those who like mountain climbing won’t stop climbing 4. What ’s the next probably plan of Viestures? A. Stopping climbing and staying with his family. B. Climbing to the top of the world’s 14 tallest mountains again. C. Climbing another one of the highest mountains. D. Writing down the experiences about his adventure. (6) Although hurricane season doesn't begin until June 1, a Pacific storm has already struck. El Salvador, which was ruined by a Caribbean storm in 1995, was hit by Hurricane Adrian on Friday. This is the first Pacific-born hurricane to ever reach land in this Central American country. Some 14,000 people left from the western coast of El Salvador. The storm weakened as it crossed land, heading east. Heavy rains created deadly flooding problems in the hurricane's wake. Adrian is the first Pacific storm of the season. It reported maximum continuous winds of 75 miles per hour, the minimum strength of a hurricane. A Category 3 hurricane, Adrian also caused damage and flooding in Honduras. It is expected to break up before reaching the Caribbean Sea on the eastern coast of Central America. Hurricane season typically begins June 1 and lasts through November 30. The
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has predicted (预告) seven to nine hurricanes for the 2005 season. "It is difficult to make any kind of an exact prediction of how many of these will strike land," NOAA administrator Conrad Lautenbacher said. He predicts two to three hurricanes will strike the U.S. this season. Last year, six of nine hurricanes reached Category 3 strength or higher. Four of those hit Florida within a six-week period. Altogether, Hurricanes Charley, Frances, Ivan, and Jeanne caused more than $40 billion in damage in the Sunshine State. This year's forecast is based on ocean temperatures. Warmer temperatures produce more tropical storms, which can then turn into hurricanes. "The issue, really, this year is the unusually warm sea surface temperatures in the Atlantic," said Frank Lepore of the National Hurricane Center. 1. Which of the following is the 2005 first hurricane? A. Charley. B. Adrian. C. Jeanne. D. Frances. 2. How many countries struck by the hurricane are mentioned in the text? A. Six. B. Nine. C. Five. D. Three. 3. We can infer that warmer ocean temperatures ______. A. have nothing to do with the hurricane B. cause less hurricane C. are more likely to cause the hurricanes D. do a lot of damage to the areas along the coast 4. The passage implies that _______. A. hurricane season comes early this year B. every hurricane formed in oceans could cause great damage to the land C. hurricane often comes in winter and spring D. tropical storm is more severe than hurricane (7) It's not quite a rat. Nor is it a squirrel, or a mouse. It's definitely a rodent (啮齿目 动物), and it's also a brand-new family of mammals. The locals of the Southeast Asian country of Laos call the creature a kha-nyou (ga-nyou). The kha-nyou have long body hair, short legs, and a hairy tail less thick than a squirrel's. They're vegetarians living in the rocky hills of Laos, and they come out at night, but for more information, you'll have to ask the Lao people. "It was for sale on a table next to some vegetables. I knew immediately it was something I had never seen before," said Robert Timmins, a researcher for the Wildlife Conservation Society. Timmins was working in Laos to stop people from selling endangered animals when he spotted the species. Criminals who trade illegal wildlife can make a lot of money, but they also push the animals closer to disappearing from the planet.
The kha-nyou live in karsts, or rough rock. Mark Robinson, a scientist with the World Wildlife Foundation, set out with Lao villagers to find a few more of the rodents for study. They climbed onto a karst, trapped with rice, and caught several. "To find something so unusual in this day and age is just extraordinary," said Timmins. "For all we know, this could be the last remaining animal family left to be discovered." It's a big deal to discover an entirely new family of animals. Humans, for instance, belong to the same family as great apes, chimpanzees, and gorillas. So even though kha-nyous look like rats, they're really very different. The last time scientists discovered a new family of mammals may have been in the 1970s, when they found new bats in Thailand. Timmins seems to have the gift for finding new animals in Laos—he discovered a new species of rabbit there in 1999. Scientists call the kha-nyou Laonastes aenigmamus, which means "mysterious mouse that lives among the stones." But if that's too hard, Timmins and Robinson suggest you call them "rock rats." 1. Which of the following is not the name for this new creature? A. Karsts. B. Kha-nyou. C. rock rats. D. Laonastes aenigmamus. 2. Which of the following cannot describe the new species of rodent? A. They live among the rocky hills of Laos. B. They live on meat of other animals. C. They look like rats but are of different kind. D. They are of the latest discovery of a new species. 3. Which of the following is the last discovery of new species of animal except the rodent? A. A new kind of bats. B. Great apes. C. A new kind of squirrel. D. A new kind of rabbit. 4. It implies in the passage that ______. A. finding a new animal family in Southeast Asia is easy B. finding a new animal family in modern time is extremely rare C. in Southeast Asia new species of animals are often discovered D. animals that look like the same are of the same family 周练（5）答案： 完形填空练习（1） 1~5 DBACB 6~10 DCABB 11~15 DDBAC 16~20 CACBA 完形填空练习（2） 1~5 DBBCC 6~10 BAADC 11~15 ACBDC 16~20 BABAD 阅读理解 （1)BBDAD (2)ADDA (3)DADBC (4)BACD (5) BCBC