2010—2011 学年度第二学期英语必修 4 第四单元命题参赛试题（卷）
金台高级中学 命题人：刘嵘 检测人：孙钧 辛荣娟
第Ⅰ卷（95 分） 第一部分 英语知识运用(共四节,满分 55 分) 第一节 语音知识(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相 同的选项。 1．
many A． marry B． machine C． anything D． fancy 2．ground A．soul B．touch C．double D．shout 3． stomach A． check B． character C． chicken D． achieve 4． great A． break B． reasonable C． scream D． breathe 5．suggestion A．explanation B．question C．action D．invitation 第二节 情景对话(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 根据对话情景和内容,从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑.选项中有两个为多余选项(注意： 答案 E 涂 AB， F 涂 BC，G 涂 CD) --- Mum, my old bike has gone wrong again. What shall I do? --6 --- Great! But can I have a mountain bike? --- Why a mountain bike? There’re no mountains around here. --- Mountain bikes are stronger, and they’re better at going up hills. But I … --7 --- Money. Do you know how much they cost? At least $300 each! How can I get so much money? --8 --- Over a year! But I need one now. --9 --- I suppose about $150 each. --- Well, that sounds more reasonable. If you save $5 a week, you’ll have enough in about six months. --10 --- Well, go ahead with your saving and I’ll make up the res t in six months. Now, go and get your old bike repaired.
A. B. C. D. E. F. G. No problem. Buy a new one. Is that expensive. What’s troubling you? Mm… but I still hope… How much does an ordinary bike cost? You can save up the money, say $5 a week, then in just over a year…
第三节 语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)
从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该选项涂黑. 11. In the modern society, computers are largely ______ to help us organize daily life and work. A. relying B. relying on C. relied D. relied on 12. — When can I see you, Mr Black? Three o’clock this afternoon? — Oh, no. I ________ a meeting then. A. will have B. will be having C. am having D. have 13. The murderer was brought in, with his hands ________ behind his back. A. tied B. tying C. being tied D. to be tied 14. Food supplies may ________ towards the end of the trip, so we can’t waste any food. A. run out B. run up C. run in D. run away 15. Dream of the Red Chamber is _____ worth _____ because we can learn a lot about the noble families in the feudal society. A. very; reading B. well; to be read C. well; reading D. very; to be read 16. I decide to pay a visit to you, but I don’t know whether it is quite _________ to you. A. convenient B. fair C. easy D. comfortable 17. We’d better start off a little earlier, or we may ____ in the traffic congestion. A. became stuck B. have to stick C. get stuck D. get sticking 18. You should try to get a good night’s sleep ____ much work you have to do. A. however B. no matter C. although D. whatever 19. ________ English will help to communicate _____ people from different countries in the world. A. Known; with B. Knowing; with C. To know; to D. To know; in 20. He is known _____ his being on time, so we don’t know the reason ____ his being late this time. A. for; of B. as; for C. for; for D. of; of 21. ____ he does his work, I don’t mind what time he arrives at the office. A. So far as B. So long as C. As far as D. So as 22. In January, 2004, the United States successfully launched “Spirit”, a Mars Exploration Rover, _____ a new milestone in the history of mankind. A. it marked B. marking C. marked D. to mark 23. __________ where the sound lab _________? A. Has it decided; will built B. Is it decided; it built C. Has it been decided; will be built D. Will it be decided; will be built 24. — Shall we go to see the new film A World Without Thieves? — _____? Let’s make it tonight. A. Why not B. Why C. Why don’t D. Why so 25. — I have just had my watch repaired. — How much did they _________ you? A. pay B. charge C. cost D. spend 第四节 完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
Once upon a time, there was an island where all the feelings lived: Happiness, Sadness, Knowledge, and all of the others, including 26 . One day it was announced to the feelings that the island would 27 , so all constructed boats and left, except Love. Love was the 28 one who stayed until the last possible moment. When the island had almost sunk, Love decided to ask for 29 . Richness was 30 Love in a grand boat. Love said, “Richness, can you take me with you?” Richness answered, “No, I can’t. There is a lot of 31 and silver in my boat. There is no 32 here for you.” Love decided to ask Vanity who was 33 passing by in a beautiful vessel. “Vanity, please help me!” “I can’t help you, Love. You are all wet and might 34 my boat,” Vanity answered. Just then Sadness was 35 , so Love asked, “Sadness, let me go with you.” “Oh…Love, I am so 36 that I need to be by myself!” Happiness passed by Love, too, but she was so 37 that she did not even 38 Love when Love called her. Suddenly, there was a voice, “Come, Love, I will 39 you.” It was a(n) 40 . So blessed and overjoyed, Love even forgot to ask the elder 41 they were going. When they arrived at dry 42 , the elder went her own way. 43 how much was owed the elder, Love asked Knowledge, another elder, “Who helped me?” “It was 44 ,” Knowledge answered. “Time?” asked Love. “But why did Time help me?” Knowledge 45 with deep wisdom and answered, “Because only Time is able to understand how valuable Love is!” 26. A. Vanity B. Richness C. Time D. Love 27. A. float B. sink C. fly D. fall 28. A. very B. only C. likely D. first 29. A. advice B. help C. money D. time 30. A. passing by B. looking at C. facing to D. thinking of 31. A. water B. food C. gold D. value 32. A. wealth B. place C. need D. chance 33. A. still B. also C. even D. just 34. A. dirty B. damage C. turn D. steal 35. A. far B. near C. distant D. closed 36. A. joyful B. surprised C. sad D. hurried 37. A. happy B. angry C. amazed D. proud 38. A. saw B. notice C. catch D. hear 39. A. take B. fetch C. ask D. carry 40. A. adviser B. elder C. younger D. helper 41. A. how B. why C. when D. where 42. A. shore B. grass C. land D. room 43. A. Realizing B. Believing C. Understanding D. Questioning 44. A. Kindness B. Time C. Power D. Strength 45. A. cried B. shouted C. smiled D. flushed 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列四篇短文，从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳
选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A Some kids start to drink alcohol （酒精） at a young age． They think it is part of becoming an adult．They also think drinking is not that bad because so many people do it． They feel it is not as bad as taking drugs （毒品） ． It is easy for kids to get liquor（酒精饮料）by using fake identification （伪造证件） ． Parents may start to notice a change in their child’s behavior if the child starts drinking． Kids who drink sometimes stop doing things they normally liked to do．They may keep telephone calls and meetings a secret and not want anybody to touch their things． They act moody （喜怒无常） and do not have the same eating and sleeping habits． Parents need to stay involved （牵涉） in their kids’ lives． They should talk to their children about their problems to be aware of any changes． Parents can be the best protection． Children who get a lot of love can feel good about themselves． It helps them resist （抵抗） doing bad things even when other kids are doing them． Parents can also help set a good example by not drinking and driving． They can have firm rules in the home that everyone follows． Give the children good ideas on how to say “no” to drinking, even when they are at a party． Try not to overreact or panic （惊慌） if the child tries alcohol． How you handle it can affect their attitude． It may be helpful to talk to other parents about setting up curfews （宵禁令） and rules about parties or other events． 46．Which of the following is NOT the reason why some kids have an early start of drinking? A． They want to show their maturity （成熟） by drinking alcohol． B． Drinking alcohol is much cooler than taking drugs． C． They are affected by many other people around them． D． They can get liquor easily． 47．According to the passage, what changes may happen to the kids who start drinking? A． Nothing serious will happen to them． B． They keep the same eating and sleeping habits． C． They can control their moods quite well． D． Sometimes they act secretly． 48．According to the writer, if parents find their children try alcohol, they had better ________． A． punish them at once B． ask the police for help C． ask their children’s friends for help D． set up curfews and rules about parties or other events with other parents 49．Which is the main subject discussed in the passage? A．Teen health． B． Teen education． C．Teen drinking D． Parents’ worries． B
Are some people born clever, and others born stupid? Or is intelligence developed by our environment and our experiences? Strangely enough, the answer to both these questions is yes．To some degree our intelligence is given us at birth, and no amount of special education can make a genius out of a child born with low intelligence．On the other hand, a child who lives in a boring environment will develop his intelligence less than one who lives in rich and varied surroundings．Thus the limits of a person's intelligence are fixed at birth, but whether or not he reaches those limits will depend on his environment．This view, now held by most experts, can be supported in a number of ways． It is easy to show that intelligence is to some degree something we are born with．The closer the blood relationship between two people, the closer they are likely to be in intelligence． Thus if we take two unrelated people at random （随机地） from the population, it is likely that their degrees of intelligence will be completely different．If on the other hand we take two identical （完全相同的） twins they will very likely be as intelligent as each other．Relations like brothers and sisters, parents and children, usually have similar intelligence, and this clearly suggests that intelligence depends on birth． Imagine now that we take two identical twins and put them in different environments．We might send one, for example, to a university and the other to a factory where the work is boring．We would soon find differences in intelligence developing, and this indicates that environment as well as birth plays a part．This conclusion is also suggested by the fact that people who live in close contact with each other, but who are not related at all, are likely to have similar degrees of intelligence． 50．Which of these sentences best describes the writer’s point in Para．1? A．To some degree, intelligence is given at birth． B．Intelligence is developed by the environment． C．Some people are born clever and others born stupid． D．Intelligence is fixed at birth, but is developed by the environment． 51．It is suggested in this passage that_______． A．unrelated people are not likely to have different intelligence B．close relations usually have similar intelligence C．the closer the blood relationship between people, the more different they are likely to be in intelligence D．people who live in close contact with each other are not likely to have similar degrees of intelligence 52．In Para．1, the word "surroundings" means_______． A．intelligence B．life C．environments D．housing 53．The best title for this article would be_______． A．On Intelligence B．What Intelligence Means C．We are Born with Intelligence D．Environment Plays a Part in Developing Intelligence C
Read the following advertisements and then choose the correct answers． （China Daily, March 3, 1996） the biggest shopping center will open on March 8． Every body with today's China Daily will get a small present that day． You are welcome． Telephone: 38990688; address: No． 6 Xidan Road …… （ENGLISH NEWSPAPER, March 19） English Newspaper needs a foreign editor ． He （ She ） must have worked in China for more than 2 years． British nationality is necessary． The salary is $ 100,000 a year． The term is 3 years． In ten days this piece of advertisement will not be useful． Telephone: 3890666; addreses: No． 6 Xinling Road … （CHINA FOOTBALL, February 3, 1996） Shanghai Shenhua Team Vs Beijing Guo'an Team TIME: February 8． Sunday （3:00） PLACE: Hongkou Stadium TICKET PRICE; RMB 25 yuan （for adults ） RMB 15 yuan （for students） NAME: China Cup Football Contest COACHES: Xu Genbao, Jin Zhiyang … 54．If an Englishman who has worked in China for 3 years comes to English Newspaper office to ask for the job in April, he will _____． A． get the job B． not get the job C． be a good editor D． not be useful 55．If three adults and six students went to watch the match, the tickets would cost them _____ yuan． A． 165 B． 135 C． 196 D． 255 56． Which of the following is NOT TRUE? A． The shopping center is at NO． 6 Xidan road． B． The telephone number of English Newspaper is 3890666． C． The match was between Beijing Team and Guo'an Team． D． Xu Genbao is a coach． D Are you happy? Do you remember a time when you were happy? Are you seeking happiness today? Many have sought a variety of sources for their feelings of happiness．Some have put their hearts and efforts into their work．Too many have turned to drugs and alcohol． Meanwhile, untold numbers have looked for it in the possession of expensive cars, exotic （异国的） vacation homes and other popular “toys”． Most of their efforts have a root in one common fact: people are looking for a lasting source of happiness． Unfortunately, I believe that happiness escapes from many people because they misunderstand the journey of finding it．I have heard many people say that, “I’ll be happy when I get my new promotion．” Or “I’ll be happy when I lose that extra 20 pounds．” It is dangerous because it accepts that happiness is a “response” to having, being or doing something．
In life, we all experience stimulus（激励） and response．Today, some people think that an expensive car is a stimulus, and happiness is a response; a great paying job is a stimulus, and happiness is a response; a loving relationship is a stimulus, and happiness is a response．This belief leaves us the thinking and feeling: I’ll be happy when … It has been my finding that actually the opposite is true． I believe that happiness is a stimulus and a response is what life brings to those who are truly happy．When we are happy, we tend to have more success in our work．When we are happy, people want to be around us and enjoy loving relationships．When we are happy, we more naturally take better care of our bodies and enjoy good health．Happiness is not a response but a stimulus． Happiness is a conscious choice we make every day of our lives．For unknown reason to me, many choose to be painful, unsuccessful and angry most of the time．Happiness is not something that happens to us after we get something we want--we usually get things we want AFTER we choose to be happy． 57．From the second paragraph, we know too many people ______________． A．are not happy when they work hard B．are not happy when they drink or take drugs C．are happy when they possess their own expensive cars D．all desire exotic vacation homes 58．Generally speaking, most people feel happy because ______________． A．they think happiness is rooted in their deep hearts B．they get what they want to have C．they get a great paying job D．they get an expensive car 59．Which of the following is right according to the author? A．If you want to get what you want, you first choose to be happy． B．We should try to get more and then we’ll be happy． C．Most people today are happy． D．Work is a necessary part in our daily life 60．From the viewpoint of the author, happiness is _______________． A．based on our needs B．unconditional C．out of reach D．limited 第二节（共 5 小题，每题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从下框的 A-F 选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。选项 中有一项为多余项。(注意：答案 E 涂 AB，F 涂 BC) A. B. C. D. E. F. The functions of dance Martha Graham, a great modern dancer. Emotional expression of modern dance. The importance of a modern dancer ’s dancers. The art life of the modern dancers. A brief introduction of modern dance.
61. People have expressed themselves thrugh the movements, steps, and rhythms of dance since the beginning of time. They have prayed and celebrated their victories through dance. People have mourned their dead and healed their sick through dance, the language of the body. 62. Today there are many kinds of dancing. For example, there is folk dancing, ballet dancing, and modern dancing. Modern dance, which began in the early 1900s, is a very expressionistic dance. Modern dancers follow no set pattern. Rather, they create their own movements to match the feeling they are trying to express. But modern dance means more than just selt-expression. 63. Martha Graham is one of the world’s greatest modern dancers. As a young dancer, she studied with some of the founders of the modern dance movement. Influnced by many different kinds of dancing, Martha Graham developed her own personal dance style. She later formed her own dance company and school in the New York City. The following are some of her feelings about her art. 64. The modern dancer’s costume is an important part of his or her dance. There is always some reason why a dance costume should be a certain color or an outfit cut in a certain way. The reason comes out of the dance itself. Unlike a ballet costume, a modern dance costume is left of the dancers’ art except the pictures and the memories. 65. Dances come from something deep within a person. That something cannot be expressed with words--- it must be told through movement. Because dance expresses emotions, it affects the mind and the body. Dance should not be taken apart interpreted-dance must be experienced 第Ⅱ卷（55 分） 第三部分：写作（共三节，满分 55 分） 第一节 单词拼写（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10） 根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词， 在答题卡指定区域的横线上写出对 应单词的正确形式，每空只写一词。 66. China is rich in natural _____________(资源) 67. The writer was _____（教育）at a very good school. 68. His book, ___________（出版） the year before last, still sells well now. 69. There are also many people who are interested in Chinese ______( 传统的) medicine, painting and calligraphy. 70. The French president will make a _____ （正式的） visit to our country next month. 71. They have found the_______（解决办法） to the traffic problem. 72. His disappearance was ________ (有关)with the robbery.
73. Scientists have made a ________（突破）in bioengineering recently. 74. You should not ask others about their ________（个人的） affairs. 75. Inside the theatre, they were giving a________ (表演) of Bizet's Carmen. 第二节 短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线 （﹨）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Climbing is my favorite sport and I’m very much fond of it. A day, early in the morning, my friends and I put on our sports shoes and start off. After climbing for half and hour, we got to the top of the mountain. Where we got a good view. To the north, a big river across the city. There were many ships sail busily. A lot of beautiful tree were there , too. The sun started to go down, but it was time to go back. On the way home, we were talking and laughing, full excitement. We had a good time on that day. 第三节 书面表达（满分 30 分） 电视几乎已经进入每一个家庭，它在人们的生活中起着要作用，但也有一些负 面影响。请根据下列提示用英语写一篇短文。电视为我们提供了栩栩如生 （ vivid ）的世界，通过电视我们可以观看比赛，可以观光、足不出户便知世 事。同时，电视在日常生活中起着重要的教育作用，可提供多种教育节目。然 而，电视也有诸多坏处，看太多电视会伤害视力，影响工作和休息，另外也会 减少学生的学习时间，损害健康。 写作要求： 1．书写清晰、工整。 2．词数 120 左右
1-5ABCAD 6-10 BDGFE 11-15 DBAAC 16-20 ACABB 21-25 BBCAB 26-30 DBBBA 31-35 CBBBB 36-40 CADAB 41-45 DCABC 46-49 BDDC 50-53 DBCA 54-56 BAC 57-60 CBAB 61-65 AFBDG 66-75 Resources； educated； published； traditional； formal； solution； connected； breakthrough； personal；performance 短文改错 1.去掉 much 2.A-One 3.start-started 4.Where-There 5.across 前加 went 6. sail-sailing 7.tree-trees 8.but-and 9.excitement 前加 of 10.去掉 on 书面表达「参考范文」 （计 30 分）: Now more and more people own televisions， which present a very vivid world to us． On television， we can watch exciting matches， see most of the places of interest without going there ourselves． From TV， We learn many things happening in the world． Television also plays an educational role in our daily life． Children enjoy learning much interesting knowledge from TV． By providing various TV university courses， television offers various educational programs for different viewers． However， television can also be harmful． It hurts our eyes． Watching TV too much affects our sleep and work． Now many students spend too much time on TV， which reduces their study time and does great harm to their health． In short，we should regard television as our assistant，not our master．