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甘肃省部分普通中学2016高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(十四)


甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(十四)
注意:本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分120分。考试时间100分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A th I will never forget the day--- September 10 2009, when my class went on a field trip to the beach and I had so much fun. When we returned to school, my teacher told me to go to the headmaster’s office. When I got into the office, I saw a police officer. Suddenly, I realized something was wrong. The police officer told me what had happened and we went to pick my sister up. After that, we went to the hospital and waited. Time went slowly. Finally, we got to see our mother. It was terrible. On the next day, the headmaster came and told my two teachers what had happened. I was taking a test that day. I knew it had something to do with my mother. I kept thinking that she either died or had gotten better. How I wished that she had gotten better. When my teacher took me outside, my sister ran up to me. She started crying, “She’s gone, Terresa, mommy’s gone. She’s dead.” I couldn’t believe it. We jumped into the car and drove straight to the hospital. Most of my family were there. The silence was terrible. I knew I had to say goodbye. Today when I look back, I still miss my mother very much, but I know that I will live. My mother was a strong mother, who had the biggest heart. She was an angel walking on the earth. I will always remember her as a living. When someone is asked who their hero is, they usually say someone famous, like Michael Jordan or Britney Spears. When someone asks me who my hero is, I tell them, my mother. My mother lives everyday. That is what makes her a true hero. 21.Where was the writer when she learned her mother was sick? A. On the beach. B. At the hospital. C.At school. D. At home. 22.Who brought the writer the bad news that her mother was ill? A. Her sister. B. The headmaster. C.The police officer D. Her teacher. 23.What did the headmaster tell the two teachers on the next day? A. Her father had been very ill. B. Her mother had gotten better. C. Her mother came to see her. D.Her mother had been dead. 24.From the last paragraph of the passage we know that _____________. A. the writer is afraid of her mother. B. the writer feels sad about her mother. C. the writer feels sorry for her mother. D. the writer is proud of her mother. B Many people rush into the commitment of bringing home a four-legged family member, only to find out that they are not ready for a pet. This often results in the dog being turned over to a shelter where it may not find another home. This can be avoided if potential pet owners take the time to figure out if they are truly ready for the responsibilities of pet ownership. Being a responsible pet owner involves a financial commitment that goes beyond buying dog food. There are also parasite (寄生虫) prevention, boarding costs while traveling and the cost to care for the pet should it become ill or injured. That is not to say that one must be rich in order to have a dog, but it is important to be prepared for the expenses that come with being a pet owner. Another consideration is the time commitment. An owner away from home for 14 hours every day is not an ideal situation for a dog. A potential dog owner must also consider the time it takes

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to care for his or her pet, the time it takes to feed, walk, play with, bathe and clean up. Also, dogs require attention. Be prepared to spend time each day petting and playing with it. Dogs are dogs, and will act like dogs. This includes barking, digging, having accidents in the house and, possibly, destroying some of the owner’s prized possessions, such as furniture, shoes and cell phones. If the above would cause an owner to want to get rid of the dog, then he or she is not yet ready to be a pet owner. Many wonderful pets end up in shelters simply because they acted like dogs! 25. Who might be qualified to be a dog owner, according to the text? A. Jim, who has a daughter sensitive to dog’s smell. B. Dick, a jobless teenager who can hardly pay his rent. C. Kari, a teacher who works eight hours a day. D. Steven, a business man who travels a lot on business. 26. To be a responsible dog owner you need to do all the following EXCEPT _________. A. finding a shelter for it when you are bored with it B. buying dog food and feeding it C. taking it to hospital when necessary D. spending time each day playing with it 27. What does the underlined part in the first paragraph probably mean? A. Rush to adopt a dog formally. B. Decide to be a pet owner without thinking about it carefully. C. Run into a pet shelter and take one home so quickly. D. Commit to buy a dog and take it home. 28. What might be the best title for the text? A. Dogs Are Dogs B. Pets Are Family Members C. Have Time for a Dog? D. Ready for a Pet? C As we enjoy the summer ocean waves along the beaches, we may think nervously about Steven Spielberg's Jaws and the great fear that sharks inspire in us. Yet we are happy to see global efforts to protect the declining number of sharks. The world has realized that we need the species, like sharks, to keep a balanced ecosystem. Sharks, in particular, are “in” these days. Thanks to good public policy and famous stars such as Jackie Chan and Ang Lee, killing sharks for fin soup is no longer cool. The demand for shark fins has been rising for decades, threatening sharks with extinction -- up to 100 million sharks are killed each year just for their fins. But we have started to reverse the trend, particularly in many areas of the United States and overseas where restaurants once proudly provided delicious shark fins on the menu. In California, a ban on the sale and possession of shark fin soup has gone into effect this year through the efforts of Wild Aid and other organizations. Overseas marketing and public efforts featuring posters on public transportation systems and TV ads have been underway for the past few years. These efforts all show signs of success, on both the supply side and the demand side of trade in shark fins. Actually, stopping the killing of sharks is part of a broader movement to stop the killing of wild animals and the buying and selling of wildlife products. These products come from hunting elephants, tigers and rhinos, besides killing marine life. Whether it is shark fin soup or ivory piano keys, killing animals is big business. The hunting of elephants in search of ivory tusks for luxury(奢侈的)goods has become a full-scale war. The decrease of African elephant populations is alarming. Together with international partners, the United States is leading the worldwide effort to reduce demand for high-end products that rely on killing animals. 29. The underlined word “reverse” in Paragraph 3 probably means _______. A. follow B. keep C. change D. show 30. From the passage, we know _______. A. a lot of wild animals have been killed for products B. Jackie Chan and Ang Lee make fin soup popular

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C. Steven Spielberg's Jaws inspires us to protect sharks D. the number of African elephants has been increased 31. What can we infer from the passage? A. People have kicked the habit of having shark fin soup. B. Shark fins will not be available any more in restaurants. C. Global efforts have succeeded in stopping killing wild animals. D. More animals for high-end products will be saved. D Beaches are not only great for lying on and doing water sports, and in fact one of the best ways of enjoying them is a classic beach walk. Here at iWantSun. Co. Uk, we’ve been searching the globe to find you the world’s best and most glorious beach walks, and here’s our pick of the top. The Footpath of the Gods, Amalfi Coast, Italy The name says it all really and you truly do feel up there to walking along this wonderful mountain coastal path, which offers some of the most striking views on the planet. The path begins at town of Bomerano to charming Positano along the UNESCO World Heritage area of the Amalfi Coast. The whole walk will take you approximately four and a half hours to complete and pass over narrow rocky paths, past sheer cliffs and shining blue bays. Sydney’s Great Coastal Walk, Australia Sydney’s coastline is one of the most beautiful and diverse in the world. Here you have national parks, historic sites, steep cliffs, sparkling beaches and quiet bays all in one place. Sydney’s Great Walk runs all the way from Barrenjoey in the north to Royal National Park in the south and takes an incredible seven days to complete. However, if you’re not up to doing the full walk, then there are many different parts of the walk that you can do right in the city. Walking from the city’s famous Bondi Beach to the sweeping curve of Bronte Beach takes just an hour, which takes in some top scenery. Great Ocean Walk, Australia The Great Ocean Walk stretches 104 km along Victoria’s famous Great Ocean Road, located on the southern coast of Australia, from the resort town Apollo Bay to the magnificent Twelve Apostles. The Twelve Apostles are the area’s famous stone landmarks which stand out like giants from the sea. The walk passes through a range of landscapes and sights, from national parks, famous surfing spots and deserted beaches, to wild coastlines, cascading waterfalls, lush forests, historic lighthouses and ghostly shipwrecks. Day walks and shorter three-hour walks such as the Wreck Beach Walk or the Lighthouse Cemetery and Lookout Walk can also be enjoyed. So next time when you’re looking for a beach holiday don’t just think about the resorts and the sand, but consider a more active sun holiday, discovering some of the best beaches in the world. 32. The author intends to tell us ____________. A. the wonderful beaches in the world B. the world’s best places for beach walks C. the beautiful beaches in Australia D. the ideal tourism resort for health 33.When you arrive at the Amalfi Coast _______________. A. you will be fascinated by the scenery B. you must be fed up with the footpath C. you can start walking from Positano D. you may be trapped in narrow rocky paths 34. What is special about Sydney’s Great Coastal Walk? A. It starts from Royal National Park in the south. B. It takes about more than five hours to complete. C. It really has the longest coastline in the world. D. It provides visitors a variety of great landscapes. 35.According to the fourth paragraph we can know that __________________. A.the Twelve Apostles exists below the surface of the sea B.most visitors can finish the 104 km walk in three hours C.Apollo Bay is at the end of the Great Ocean Walk D.the Wreck Beach Walk can also give visitors pleasure

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1. 七选五(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) Each Indian tribe had a different language. Many Indians never learned any language except their own. Do you know how Indians from different tribes talked to each other? They had two ways to talk without sound. __36__ Sign language is a way of talking by using signs. Indians used sign language when they met strangers. In this way, they could find out whether the stranger was a friend or an enemy. In the Indian sign language, signs were made with the hands. Indians usually used signals when they wanted to send messages to someone far away. To make signals, an Indian might use a pony. __37__ Or he might use smoke, a mirror or fire arrows. To signal that he had seen many animals, an Indian rode his pony in a large circle. Sometimes the Indian gave a signal like this and then went away to hide. __38__ The blanket signal was visible from far away. An Indian held the corners of a blanket in his hands. Then he began to swing the blanket from side to side in front of him. __39__ He could also send many signals with a mirror. He usually used the mirror to warn someone of danger. Or he attempted to get the attention of a person far away. But he also used it to send messages in code. __40__ At night, Indians used fire arrows for signaling. Now you can see that Indians didn’t need to learn each other’s language. They could talk to one another by using signals or sign language. A. This meant that there was danger. B. He might use a blanket. C. Different things mean different to them. D. One way was by sign language ; the other way by signals. E. An Indian could send many different signals with his blanket. F. But they still can make themselves understood. G. Of course, mirrors could be used only when the sun was shining. 第三部分、词汇 一、完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) Like any good mother, when Karen found out that another baby was on the way, she did what she could to help her three-year-old son, Michael, prepare for a new baby. They found out that it was going to be a girl, and day after day, night after night, Michael 41 to his sister in Mommy’s tummy(肚子). He was building a bond of love with his little sister before he even met her. The pregnancy progressed 42 for Karen until the labor pains came. Soon it was every five minutes ... every minute. But something serious 43 during delivery. Finally, Michael’s little sister was born. But she was in serious 44 . With siren(警报) howling in the night, the ambulance 45 the infant(婴儿) to the Intensive Care unit at St. Mary’s Hospital in Knoxville, Tennessee. The days passed by. The little girl got 21 . The doctors told the parents, “There is very little hope.’’Karen and her husband contacted a local cemetery (墓地) about a burial plot. They had 47 a special room in their home for the new baby — now they planned a funeral(葬 礼). After two weeks in Intensive Care, it looked as if a funeral would come 48 the week was over. Michael, kept begging his parents to let him see his sister, “I want to sing to her,” he said. Kids were never 49 in Intensive Care. But Karen made up her mind to take Michael 50 they liked it or not. If he didn’t see his sister now, he may never see her alive. She 51 him in an oversized suit and 52 him into ICU. He looked like a walking laundry basket, but the head nurse 53 him as a child, “Get that kid out of here now!” The mother rose up strong in Karen, and the usually 54 lady glared steel-eyed right into the head nurse’s face, saying in a 55 tone of voice, “He is not leaving until he sings to his sister!” Karen towed Michael to his sister’s bedside. He gazed at the tiny baby 56 the battle to live. And he began to sing. 57 the pure hearted voice of a 3-year-old, Michael sang: “You are my sunshine, my only sunshine, you make me happy when skies are gray?” 58 the baby girl responded. The pulse rate began to 59 down and became steady.

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“Keep on singing, Michael.” encouraged Karen. “You never know, dear, how much I love you. Please don’t take my sunshine away?”As Michael sang to his sister, the baby's breath became as smooth as a kitten’s purr. “Keep on singing, Michael.” “The other night, dear, as I lay sleeping?” Michael’s little sister relaxed as rest, healing rest, seemed to sweep over her. Funeral plans were 60 . The next day — the very next day — the little girl was well enough to go home! The medical staff just called it a miracle. Karen called it a miracle of God’s love! 41.A. sang B. talked C. played D. whispered 42.A. quietly B. toughly C. normally D. hopefully 43.A. rose B. raised C. arose D. aroused 44.A. condition B. place C. situation D. position 45.A. took B. rushed C. carried D. sent 46.A. worse B. better C. conscious D. awake 47.A. made up B. fixed up C. built up D. set up 48.A. until B. when C. after D. before 49.A. asked B. admitted C. allowed D. acknowledged 50.A. no matter B. even if C. whether D. as if 51.A. dressed B. put C. wore D. fit 52.A. forced B. marched C. hid D. followed 53.A. required B. replied C. recognized D. regarded 54 . A. B. well-managed C. warm-hearted D. cold-blooded mild-mannered 55.A. tough B. strong C. hard D. firm 56.A. lost B. losing C. lose D. having lost 57.A. In B. On C. At D. With 58.A. Finally B. Patiently C. Instantly D. Interestingly 59.A. quiet B. calm C. slow D. fast 60.A. changed B. prepared C. abandoned D. switched 二、语法填空 每小题 1.5 分 共 15 分 A: Now let’s go back to your first novel, Rag Doll. When did you write 61 ? B: Rag Doll, yes. I wrote it in 1960, a year after I left school. A: How old were you then? B: Um, eighteen? Yes, eighteen, because a year later I went to Indonesia. A: Mm. And of course it was your 62 (experience) in Indonesia that inspired your first film Eastern Moon. B: Yes, that’s right, although I didn’t 63 (actual) make Eastern Moon until 1978. A: And you worked in television for a time too? B: Yes, I started making documentaries for television in 1973, when I was thirty. That was after I gave up farming. A: Farming? B: Yes, that’s right. You see, I 64 (stay) in Indonesia for eight years. I met my wife there in 1965, and we came back and bought a farm 65 the west of England, in 1970. It was really 66 kind of experiment . A: But you gave up three years later. B: Well, yes. You see it was very hard work, and I was also very busy 67 (work) on my second novel, the Cold Earth, 68 came out in 1975. A: Yes, that was a best-seller, 69 it? B: Yes, it was, and that’s why only two years after that I was able to give 70 televisionwork and fix my attention on films and that sort of thing. 三、单词拼写:根据汉语提示写出单词或短语的正确形式(71-85 题为单词,86-90 题为短语) (共 20 个

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小题,每小题 0.5 分,共计 10 分) 71. 紧急的 adj. u________________ 73. 巨大的 adj. v________________ 75. 战役,活动 n. c__________________ 77. 发生 v. o______________ 79. 辞职 v. r_________________ 81. 容纳(乘客等)v. a_________________ 83. 85. 87. 89. 幸运地,幸亏 adv. f________________ 迁移,搬迁 vt. r______________ 突然遭遇(风暴等)_____ _____ _____ 依据 _____ _____ _____

72. 居民 n. i________________ 74. 羽毛 n. f________________ 76. 废料,垃圾 n. g_________________ 78. 原则,准则 n. p________________ 80. 民用的, 国内的 adj. c_______________ 82. ( 历 史 的 ) 遗 迹 , 遗 物 n. r______________ 84. 预告,预报 vt. f________________ 86. 有意义,有道理 _____ _____ 88. 浏览 _____ _____ 90. 努力 _____ _____

第三部分:写作(共三节,满分 35 分) 一、 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 As new students at an university in Boston, many of us were unfamiliar with the campus but frequently late for class. One professor, however, was absolute against being late, making clear that no excuse would be acceptable. So when a girl student came in his class one morning late, we expected the worst results. It left the professor so annoying that he demand the reason . “The reason is that my waiting online to buy your new book.” She replied very nervously. Delighted at being admired , the professor asked the rest of the class , “ Well , how were not the rest of you late?” 18. 书面表达(满分 25 分) 随着习近平主席及其夫人对英国的正式访问,当地的人们对中国产生了浓厚的兴趣。你的英国笔友 Peter 想让你向他推荐一个能够很好了解中国的途径。请根据下列信息,给 Peter 写一封推荐信,介绍一 个 “阅读中国””Reading About China”的读书活动。 内容要点:1.英国 115 家书店展销 43000 余册中国图书(英文版) 2.书籍内容:中国传统文化,旅游,城市,著名人物等 3.活动时间:为期 3 周(10 月 20 日开始) 词数:100 词左右 Dear Peter, 【高效提分】甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(十四) 参考答案 一.阅读理解 A 篇 CCDD B 篇 CABD C.篇 CAD D.篇 BADD 三. 七选五 36-40 DBAEG 完形填空 41-45 ACCAB 46-50 ABDCC 51-55 ABCAD 56-60 BACBC 语 法 填 空 61.it 62. experiences 63. actually stayed 65. in 66. a 67. working 68. which wasn’t 70. up 单词拼写 71. urgent 72. inhabitant 73. vast 74. feather 75. campaign 76. garbage 77. occur 78. principle 79. resign 80. civil

64. 69.

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81. 83. 85. 87. 89.

accommodate fortunately remove be caught in in terms of

82. relic/ remains 84. forecast 86. make sense 88. look through 90. make efforts

改错 As new students at an university in Boston, many of us were unfamiliar with the campus but a and/so frequently late for class. One professor, however, was absolute against being late, making absolutely ^clear that no excuse would be acceptable. So when a girl student came in his class one it into morning late, we expected the worst results. It left the professor so annoying that he result annoyed demand the reason . “The reason is that my waiting online to buy your new book.” She demanded 去掉 that replied very nervously. Delighted at being admired, the professor asked, “ Well, how were why not the rest of you late?“ 参考范文 Dear Peter, As is known,reading is the most effective way to broaden your sight and since you are longing to acquire a good knowledge of China, I eagerly recommend to you a campaign named “Reading About China”. In Britain, with the arrival of Chairman Xi Jinping, 115 book stores exhibit 43000 books about China, involving a wide range of subjects. Not only can you read about Chinese traditional culture and historical civilization, but also some big modern cities and places of interest are introduced in these books. In addition, there are masses of biographies of famous people from different fields and maybe you will come across one about Chairman Xi. th The campaign is due to last three weeks from Oct. 20 , during which you are bound to enjoy amazing reading about China. I hope my recommendation will benefit you and help you learn more about China.

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