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浙江省宁波市 2013 届高三第一学期期末考试

英 语 试 题
I 卷(选择题部分,共 80 分)
第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 30 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 20 小题,每小题 0.5 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 1. It is reported that ____ audience of millions watched ____ wedding between Prince William and Kate on TV that day. A.a; an B. an; the C. the; the D. the; an 2.This is the first time that Apple has changed the size of the iPhone's display, ____ 3.5 inches since the original one was released in 2007. A.measured B.measures C.measure D.measuring 3.Word came that free souvenirs would be given to ____ comes first. matter who B.whomever matter whom D whoever 4.Professor James will give us a lecture on the Western culture, but when and where ___ yet. A.has not been decided B.have not been decided C.are not decided D.had not been decided 5.As is stressed in most of the literature on language teaching, language belongs to each of us, to the farmer____ to the professor. good as long as much as far as 6. —Jack, you seem to be in high spirits. —___? We have just won a football match 4-0. A.Guess what B.So what C.How come D.What if 7.We all know that, ____, the situation will get worse. A.if not deal with carefully B.if it not dealt with carefully C.if not carefully dealt with D.if is not carefully dealt with 8. Believe it or not, Higgs refuses to use the term "Higgs boson" himself because he thinks he does not____the honor. A.hold B.obtain C.deserve D accept 9.One thousand dollars a month is not a fortune to most people, but it will help cover my living . A.bills B.expenses C.prices D.charge


10.The news caused heated discussion online, with people __ the government ___ using the expensive project to build up its political image. A.accuse..of . . . D.accusing..of . 11.—Can I get out at noon? —No.Our school rules state that no student ___ be allowed out at noon, unless he has a request form. A.will B.shall C.must D.can 12.Studies show that people who like sitting in the office for hours without a break are more__ to suffer from back problems. A.likely B.possible C.probable D.sure 13.All the novels in the list, ___ otherwise stated, are all available in this library. B.if C.although D.unless 14.After he retired from office, Rogers____painting for a while but soon lost interest. A.took up B.kept to C.kept up D.took down 15.My hometown is a common town, __ I think that can be found in every province in China. A.which B.what D.that 16.In the reading room, we found him __ at a desk, with his attention __ on a book. A.sitting; fixing sit; fixed C.seating; fixing D.seated; fixed 17.—It smells great! —It's just green tea .Would you like ____? A.this D.some 18.Unsatisfied__withthe payment, he took the job just to get some work experience. was he he was C.he was as D.was he as 19.I am really grateful to Mr Smith, as without his help, I___the entrance examination A.would not pass B.would not have passed C.could not be able to pass D.could not pass 20.Yuan Longping is the scientist __ great contributions to solving food shortage in the world as well as in China a prize was awarded to him by the central government last year. A.for whom B.about whom C.for whose D.about whose 第二节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上涂黑。 Make time for friendships.Nothing makes closeness disappear gradually 21 never talking to or seeing each other. 22 some bonds of friendship may be strong enough to last long silences, most aren't.If you __23__ a person's friendship, make time for him or her, whether it's just a(n) 24 phone call, an e-mail or a weekly get-together. On your computer at home or work, make a note to " call friends " 25 . Also make sure your friends' phone numbers are __26_ into your phone.Then call a friend when you have a spare 10 minutes. Remember: a true friend doesn't 27 when changes occur Nothing is 28 for new parents than to find that their single friends have left them because of the baby.A good friend is one who stays _29__ through it all - marriage, parenthood, new jobs, and any losses


Make sure you aren't being (n)__30 a to a friend. Friendships disappear gradually if there isn’t a _31_ between the give and the take.Be sensitive to how much your friend can and can't offer you 32__ it is time, energy or help ?and don't overstep the mark.And vice versa: friendships that make you feel tired also will not 33 .If a friendship is out of balance, talk the situation through. Be a good listener.It _34_ be the hardest thing in the world- simply to listen as he or she pours it all out or is 35 your advice or opinion.To be a better 36 , follow this advice: Maintain eye contact.Offer nods and murmurs to indicate that you 37 his or her point of view. Don't finish your friend's sentences.If you catch yourself planning your 38 while your friend is still talking, gently remind yourself to focus. Minimize the things that will 39 you focusing -don't write or read e-mails, open the mail or watch television while you're on the phone to your friend.He or she will hear the 40 of interest in your responses. 21.A.more than B.rather than C.other than D.farther than 22.A.While B.As C.When D.If 23.A.dislike B.value C.envy D.appreciate 24.A.instructive B.warm C.occasional D.urgent 25.A.regularly B.rarely C.carefully D.eventually 26.A.directed B.written C.constructed D.stored 27.A.take away B.look away away D.keep away 28.A.happier B.sadder C.luckier D.stranger 29.A.slim B.calm C.true B.burden C.pleasure D.threat 31.A.balance B.connection D.closeness wonder B.even if matter whether D.only if 33.A.rise B.grow C.last D.decrease 34.A.can B.would C.might D.must 35.A.searching B.referring D seeking 36.A.listener B.friend C.advisor D.talker 37.A.listen B.understand C.lose D.enjoy 38.A.future B.answer C.response D.praise 39.A.stop B.keep C.have D.make 40.A.display B.appearance C.indication D.lack 第二部分:阅读理解(第一节共 20 小题,第二节 5 小题;每题 2 分,满分 50 分) 第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A I recently turned fifty, which is young for a tree, midlife for an elephant, and ancient for a sportsman.Fifty is a nice number for the states in the US or for a national speed limit but it is not a number that I was prepared to have hung on me.Fifty is supposed to be my father's age but now I am stuck with this number and everything it means. A few days ago, a friend tried to cheer me up by saying, "Fifty is what forty used to be " He had made an inspirational point.Am I over the hill? People keep telling me that the hill has been


moved, and I keep telling them that the high-jump bar has dropped from the six feet I once easily cleared to the four feet that is impossible for me now. You're not getting older, you are getting better. says Dr. " Joyce Brothers. This, however, is the kind of doctor who inspires a second opinion. And so, as I approach the day when I cannot even jump over the tennis net, I am moved to share some thoughts on aging with you. am moved to show how aging feels to me physically and I mentally.Getting older, of course, is obviously a better change than the one that brings you eulogies (悼词). In tact, a poet named Robert Browning considered it the best change of all: Grow old along with me! The best is yet to me. Whether or not Browning was right, most of my first fifty years have been golden ones so I will settle for what is ahead being as good as what has gone by. find myself moving toward what I is ahead with a curious blend (混 合) of both fighting and accepting my aging, hoping that the philosopher was right when he said." Old is always fifteen years from now." 41.The author seems to tell us in Paragraph 1 that____. A.time alone will tell B.time goes by quickly C.time will show what is right D.time makes one forget the past 42.When the author turned fifty, people around him ____. A.tried to comfort him inspiration with him C.were friendlier with him D.found him more talkative 43.What does the writer mean by saying the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2? A.He has become older. B.He is not good at high jump any more. C.He feels sorry that he is not so good at high jump as before. D.He wants to make it known that he was once good at high jump. 44.The author considers his fifty years of life ____ A.peaceful B.ordinary C.satisfactory D.regretful 45.We can infer from the passage that____ A.the old should led asimple life B.the old should face the fact of aging C.the old should take more exercise D.the old should fill themselves with curiosity B The heat engine is certainly one of the most important devices that man ever invented.In its simplest meaning, the heat engine is a device that transforms heat energy into other forms of energy, such as mechanical and electrical energy.A great majority of the engines used today lie under the contributions that the heat engine made in the fields of industry, transportation, and the production of electricity gives us a deeper and more detailed look at the importance of heat engines. The heaf engine had a great role in the Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century. Scientists developed machines, based on heat engines, which could increase the amount of goods produced, and at the same time, decrease the amount of time and money consumed.The manufactured goods became affordable to almost everyone, and they were not a luxury any more,


After the introduction of the heat engine in the industrial field, the concept of mass production was first realized, and industry boomed as never before. Through history man has always tried to invent efficient means of transportation. However, it was not until the invention of the heat engine that this became possible. new era replaced the old A era of animal-powered transportation, an era whose characteristics were speed and comfort. The train was the first means of transportation that used the heat engine, and it introduced new horizons of long-distance travelling. However, it was another machine that replaced the horse as a personal means of transportation.It was called the car, and it also used the heat engine.The achievements of the car in a few decades wiped out centuries of horse transportation. Scientists realized the importance of electricity since the day it was discovered. Unfortunately, electricity was not available in nature for direct use.Scientists had to come up with ways of producing it.Here again, the heat engine was used to produce mechanical energy, which in turn can produce electricity.Today, many power-producing stations all over the world still use heat engines.They use coal or fuel oil to evaporate water, then the steam is used to turn a turbine which can produce electricity. In conclusion, heat engines proved to be one of the most important inventions. is enough to It observe the importance of industry, transportation, and electricity in our lives to know the importance of heat engines.Although the engines used today are quite different from the early ones, the same concept of changing heat into other kinds of energy is still used. 46.What is the passage mainly about? A.The importance of electricity. B.The importance of heat energy. C.The importance of the heat engine. D.The importance of means of transportation. 47.The underlined word "transforms" in Para.1 can be best replaced by _____. A.changes B.divides C.adapts D.breaks 48.Which of the following is TRUE after the scientist used heat engine in industry? A.Heat engines greatly promoted industry. B.More money and less time were spent in producing goods. C.Manufactured goods decreased a lot because of mass production. D.The invention of the heat engine resulted in the invention of electricity. 49.Which of the following can be inferred from the passage? A.The animal-powered transportation was slow but comfortable. B.The heat engine is the greatest invention ever in the history of industry. C.The car is a means of personal transportation that is based on the heat engine. D.Before the invention of the heat engine, the animal was the only means of transportation. C I was a fat kid who grew into an overweight adult.I was constantly laughed at for being heavier than the other kids, leaving me feeling shy.I tried several diets, but none worked, and I ended up gaining weight. Another factor contributing to my weight gain was my love for cooking, especially rich, high-fat desserts, which I enjoyed preparing and, of course, eating. When I finished high school at the age of 18, I weighed 215 pounds.Lacking the self-confidence to go to a new, faraway school, I decided to stay close to home instead of going away to college.I continued with my unhealthful eating habits and felt more miserable as the


weight came on, but I did nothing about it except buy larger plus-size clothes. My turning point came 10 years later at a friend's New Year's Eve party when I was at my all-time highest weight of 330 pounds.I caught my reflection in a mirror and the truth hit me: I was overweight and unhealthy, and unless I did something about it now, I would only get bigger and unhappier. After leaving the party, I thought about my past weight-loss efforts and realized they didn't work because they required me to give up foods I loved. Then I would constantly think about food and binge, abandoning the diet altogether.If I took a common-sense approach and ate smaller portions of all foods, I would be able to satisfy my hunger and not feel deprived. My biggest challenge was finding a way to fit my passion for cooking into my healthier lifestyle.At first, I tried to stay away from the kitchen to prevent myself from thinking about food.The result: Food was all I thought about.There had to be some way to combine cooking with healthful eating. found the solution after reading several low-fat cookbooks. I With some trial and error, I could modify my favorite foods and make them low in fat, yet delicious. The pounds started coming off, and when I started exercising (usually cardio and weight training five times a week) they seemed to melt away. didn't feel deprived, and I felt free to give , I my body the care and attention it deserved. I lost 165 pounds over the next two years.I had many ups and downs, but I was determined to go on.Another challenge to me was not to beat myself up if I ate something that was unhealthy and to take it as a sign to abandon my healthful habits.Instead, I vowed to start again and always keep my goal in mind. Thanks to losing weight and becoming fit I am in line with my body and myself. dream is My to help others realize the ease and benefits of low-fat cooking and eating.I've created and published a book of low-fat recipes(食谱) and run workshops and seminars(研讨会) on healthful eating.Now that I know what I can achieve when I set my mind to it, my dreams are no longer out of reach.I have finally found myself. Work out Schedule Running, stair climbing, step aerobics or kickboxing: 60 minutes/5 times a week Weight training: 30 minutes/3 times a week Maintenance Tips 1.Make exercise a priority.After you work out, you'll be more likely to eathealthfully. 2. You don't have to miss out on enjoying your favorite foods to lose weight. enjoy them Just in smaller portions. 3. Don't beat yourself up if you slip. back to your regular exercise and eating program as Get soon as you can and forgive yourself. Have you recently made fitness a priority? 50.What factors contributed to the narrator's failure in losing her weight at first? A.Her laziness in starting exercising. B.Her unwillingness to abandon low-tat desserts. C.Her passion for cooking and unhealthy eating habits. D.Her lack of maintenance tips.


51.What did the narrator do as she kept on gaining weight? A.She tried a few low-fat diets. B.She decided to stay away from home. C.She bought herself clothes of larger sizes. D.She could do nothing except that she felt deprived. 52.The narrator's story tells us that _____. is important to have a balanced diet by oneself will make one healthy C.trial and error is important in learning cooking D.reading cookbooks will help to build up a good eating habit 53.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A.She missed opportunity to attend college because of her shyness. B.She didn't attend the New Year's Eve party because of her weight. C.Her dream of becoming a beautiful girl came true after she lost weight. D.She didn't seriously consider losing her weight until she realized how fat she was.

54.It can be concluded from the passage that _____. will live a healthy life if you cook yourself every day will feel deprived if one fails to give attention to your body is the most important thing for you to have some maintenance tips in order to keep fit D.being overweight can not only be bad for your health but also bring you much trouble in your life D "What's the most important thing you've done in your life?" The question was put to me during a presentation I gave to a group of lawyers. The answer came to me in an instant.It's not the one I gave, because the situation wasn't right. a lawyer in the entertainment industry, I knew the audience wanted to hear some amusing As stories about my work with well-known persons.But here's the true answer: The most important thing I've ever done occurred on October 8, 1990.I began the day playing tennis with an old friend I hadn't seen for a while.Between points we talked about what had been happening in each other's lives.He and his wife had just had a baby boy, who was keeping them up at night. While we were playing, a car came screaming up the road toward the courts.It was my friend's father, who shouted to my friend that his baby had stopped breathing and was being rushed to the hospital.In a flash my friend was in the car and gone, disappearing in a cloud of dust. For a moment I just stood there, paralyzed (呆若木鸡) .Then I tried to figure out what I should do.Follow my friend to the hospital? There was nothing I could accomplish there, I convinced myself.My friend's son was in the care of doctors and nursed, and nothing I could do or say would affect the outcome.Be there for moral support? Well, maybe.But my friend and his wife both had large families, and I knew they'd be surrounded by relatives who would provide more than enough comfort and support, whatever happened.All I could do at the hospital, I decided, was get in the way.Also, I had planned a full day with my family, who were waiting for


me to get home.So I decided to head back to my house and check in with my friend later, As I started my car, I realized that my friend had left his truck and keys at the courts, I now faced another problem.I couldn't leave the keys in the truck.So I decided to go to the hospital and give him the keys. When I arrived, I was directed to a room where my friend and his wife were waiting.As I had thought, the room was filled with family members silently watching my friend comfort his wife.I went in and stood by the door, trying to decide what to do next.Soon a doctpr appeared. He approached my friend and his wife, and in a quiet voice told them that their son had died. For a long time the two held each other and cried, unaware of the rest of us standing around in pained silence.After they had calmed themselves, the doctor suggested they might want to spend a few moments with their son. My friend and his wife stood up and walked past their family.When they reached the door, my friend's wife saw me standing in the corner.She came over and hugged me and started to cry My friend hugged me, too, and said, "Thanks for being here." For the rest of that morning, I sat in the emergency room of that hospital and watched my friend and his wife hold the body of their infant son, and say goodbye. It's the most important thing I have ever done. The experience taught me two lessons. First: The most important thing I've ever done happened when I was completely helpless. None of the things I had learned in university, in three years of law school or in six years of legal practice were of any use in that situation.Something terrible was happening to people I cared about, and I was powerless to change the outcome.All I could do was stand by and watch it happen. And yet it was critical that I do just that -just be there when someone needed me. Second: The most important thing I've ever done almost didn't happen because of things I had learned inclassrooms and professional life.Law school taught me how to take a set of facts, break them down and organize them.These skills are critical for lawyers.When people come to us for help, I almost forgot how to feel.Today I have no doubt that I should have leapt into my car without hesitation and followed my friend to the hospital. From that one experience I learned that the most important thing in life isn't the money you make, the status you attain or the honors you achieve.The most important thing in life is the kids' team you coach or the poem you write ?or the time when you're just somebody's friend. 55.When he was asked about the most important thing he had done in life at a presentation, the author_______. A.felt it was not an interesting question B.thought for a while and spoke his mind C.gave an answer from a lawyer's point of view D.didn't give the real answer 56.When he saw his friend rush to the hospital, the author could not decide whether to follow mainly because he thought ______. A.he had to stay with his family B.his friend did not need his help at all C.he would not be of much help D.the baby would be in the doctor's care


57.It can be inferred from the author's description of the scene at the hospital that ____. A.he found that he was in the way B.he regretted that he went too late C.he would have felt guilty if he had not been there D.his friend would have felt better if he had not been there 58.In the story the author means to tell the reader that ____. can certainly help a friend if you want to is better to be there when someone needs you and relatives can not take the place of friends D.more people are a great comfort when one is in trouble 59.The author learned from his own experience that ____. A.what is taught in school is usually of no use B.a lawyer cannot leam much in classrooms C.a lawyer should know people's feelings first D.he needs to be able to feel as well as think logically 60.We leam from the underlined sentence in the last paragraph that the author _____. fond of writing poems going to coach the kid's team determined to make friends with everybody fully aware of the importance of being helpful to those in need 第二节:下面文章中有 5 处(第 61—65 题)需要添加小标题,请从以下选项(A、B、 C、D、E 和 F)中选出符合各段意思的小标题,并在答题纸上将相应选项标号涂黑。选项 中有一项是多余选项。 A.The danger in using bleaching products B.Mental damages in changing skin color C.The different treatments towards skin colors D.Some beauty care products and soaps contain chemicals E.Skin lightening is popular F.Skin bleaching may cause lasting skin damage 61.__________ In many societies, there is often greater acceptance of light skin than dark skin.Light skin may be seen as a mark of beauty, intelligence and success.These beliefs can lead to social pressure even within the same racial or ethnic group, if some members are darker skinned than others. 62.__________ The result is that skin lightening has become a common activity across Africa, Asia and other areas of the world.More and more people with dark skin are using skin-lightening products, even if they may face health risks.They believe that having whiter skin will improve their lives.Many people think they will have a better chance of getting a job or marrying into a better family.Or they want to look like what their society generally considers beautiful. 63.__________ Some beauty care products and soaps contain chemicals that make skin lighter.This process is also called bleaching. some of the chemicals are extremely dangerous. of the chemicals But One has been linked to kidney damage and some kinds of cancer.It also causes low birth weight in


babies when mothers use it during pregnancy. Bleaching products make the skin color lighter. But after long-term use they can cause problems.They can even make some skin darker. The chemicals in the products block and break down the natural process that gives color to skin. The skin loses its natural barrier to protect against sunlight. Then the skin can become thick and discolored. Usually the person will use more of the product in an effort to correct the problem, but this only makes it worse. 64.__________ Fatimata Ly treats skin conditions in the Senegalese capital, Dakar.Doctor Ly says skin bleaching has become a problem throughout Senegal.She says the chemicals are now more dangerous because they are stronger. Some cases have resulted in blackened fingernails, infections and permanent skin damage. 65.__________ And these are not the only risks.Experts say some people who change their skin color suffer emotional damage. They feel regret and sadness. They feel that instead of risking their health, they should have learned to love and accept their skin color as it was.

Ⅱ卷(非选择题部分:共 40 分)
第三部分:写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下面短文中有 10 处错误,请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(^) ,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Diana, Thank you for the lovely day we have with you.It was so kind for you to let us bring Anne's friend, Gina.Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home.There had been a terrible accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six mile.In the end, we drove to a service station and waited there unless the road was clear.In the car park here Gina nearly got knocked over as car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry They finally dropped Gina on at her parents' and made our own way to home. Much love, Fiona 第二节 书面表达(满分 30 分) 你校正在进行“英语读书月"活动。要求学生摘录名言佳句并互相交流。以下是某同学 摘录的句子; “You can’ choose what you are given,but you can choose how you make use ofit” t 。 请按下列要求用英语写?篇 100-120 个词的短文: . 1.针对摘录旬中的观点谈谈你的看法; 2.举例说明理由。 注意:短文的开头已给出(不计词数)。 In the English Reading Month, one of my classmates recommended a quote to us which goes like this: You can't choose what you are given, but you can choose how you make use of it” .






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