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【备考2014】(江苏专用)2013版高中英语 素能提升演练(七) Unit1 The world of our senses 译林牛津版


素能提升演练(七)
必修 3 Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. He hadn’t seen her for 20 years, but __________(认出) her immediately. 2. He got into such a __________ (恐慌) that he would forget his lines on stage. 3. I recomme

nd this book to you which will teach you how to __________ (分析) what is causing the stress in your life. 4. Any government which __________ (对??不予理会) the wishes of the most people won’t be trusted. 5. If you don’t trust him, why do you __________ (雇佣) him? 6. He came to __________ (掌握) English pronunciation by diligence. 7. In the West people think it’s rude to __________ (盯着)at a person. 8. When and where will it __________ (适合)your convenience for our next meeting ? 9. I saw him __________ (思索) over an arithmetic problem. 10. She often does __________ (志愿者)labour during holidays. Ⅱ. 单项填空 1. While driving,you should _______ the speed limit. A. celebrate B. ignore C. watch D. observe Unit 1

2. On her birthday, she received from her parents a nice present _______ a note was attached,saying “We love you so much. ” A. that B. to which C. in which D. which

3. The police asked him to _______ the facts just as he remembered them. A.set about C.set up B.set down D.set off

4. The actors make us laugh by _______ somebody’s way of dressing or telling an amusing story. A. making fun of C. making fun B. making use of D. making use

5. [2012 哈尔滨模拟]—He said you’d be giving them a lift.

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—_______ There are already five people. A.Why not? C.Not likely. B.What of it? D.All right.

6. —You seemed to be impressed by his skills. —Not exactly. It was his courage _______ his skills that really impressed me. A. more than C. due to B. rather than D. contrary to

7. [2012 吉林模拟]— Mind if I sit here? —_______. A. Suit yourself C. Never mind B. Behave yourself D. Help yourself

8. [2012 西宁模拟]I find painting and listening to music _______. A. relaxing C. relaxed B. is relaxing D. are relaxed

9. Nearly half a million people are reported _______ their homes as a result of the disaster. A.to leave C.to be leaving B.to be left D.to have left

10. —How do you _______ your spare time? —Reading and surfing the Internet. A.employ B.take C.choose D.cost

11. It doesn’t make any sense for us to _______ foreigners on public occasions, which will in turn make them _______ us. A.stare at; glare at B.look at; C.observe; gaze at glance at

D.glare at; watch 12. Though the accident happened in the daytime, the witnesses were very difficult _______. A. to be found B. to find
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C. finding

D. being found

13. [2012 唐山模拟]I _______ her voice at once on the phone, though we hadn’t seen each other for ten years. A. heard C. realized B. knew D. recognized

14. [2012 南京模拟]During the World Cup 2010, though the football team from Korea lost the game, the _______ crowd cheered as the players left for their homeland. A. desperate C. anxious B. enthusiastic D. indifferent

15. Whenever I ask him for help, he doesn’t _______ me, which moves me a lot. A.hesitate helping C.bend down to help Ⅲ.完形填空 [2012 南京模拟] One day I came home from school, changed my clothes and got ready for work.I worked at a local restaurant in town as a cashier, seater and waiter. I went to work feeling 1 . And to make matters worse, I was 2 3 with is B.hesitate to help D.doubt to help

busy that evening. It’ s the same thing over and over again, customers who complain about their food and where they are too big or too small.Little things like that tend to us 5 but we manage to deal with them. 4

a lot of

Three elderly ladies walked in and sat by the windows.It happened to be the very 6 near where I keep the dirty 7 in the boxes.Trying to keep 8 running 10

up with all the dirty tables, customers leaving and coming in and all over the house, it was crazy. 9

these elderly women were watching

I was working to make sure every table was clean and ready for the next customers. When they 11 their meals, I took their plates back to the kitchen.They 12 I was in

talked to me for a while about school, how I was doing, what and what I planned to do in the future.

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13 a the 14 15

they were leaving, they walked past me and one of them said to me in and gentle voice, “You are going places. ” And that was it.They left and I had tears in my eyes, because they gave me 17 my spirit from being down and gave me a 18 16 to believe in

myself. They hard.

to keep on working

People used to tell me that I couldn’t have a career in

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until I had 20 .

a degree. I’m now a co-anchor (联合主持人)of a student-produced television

And the best thing is: I’m only 17 years old and I am a senior in high school. 1. A. tired 2.A.dealing 3.A.sat 4.A.attract 5.A.employees C.boss 6.A.table 7.A.dishes 8.A.men 9.A.And 10.A.what 11.A.finished C.ordered 12.A.place 13.A.Before 14.A.confident 15.A.kitchen C.restaurant 16.A.ability C.imagination 17.A.put down C.took over B.grade B.While B.loud B.box B.rooms B.women B.Otherwise B.how B.excited B.helping B.seated B.avoid C.up C.talking C.laid C.adjust B.customers D.employers C.spot D.kitchen C.clothes C.servers C.But C.where B.completed D.got C.mark C.As C.low B.house D.table B.courage D.time B.picked up D.pointed out
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D.down D.meeting D.seating D.annoy

D.chairs D.bosses D.So D.why

D.position D.After D.pleasant

18.A.cause C.present 19.A.television C.school 20.A.company C. show Ⅳ. 阅读理解

B.reason D.permission B.government D.restaurant B.station D.advertisement

Office workers could soon be able to do their shopping on the way to work while waiting for a train on a station platform. A “virtual supermarket” consisting of posters of shelves stocked with goods put up on platform walls will be introduced at London Underground stations. Passengers “shop” by scanning QR—Quick

Response—codes of the items they want to buy using their smartphones. These goods are later delivered to their home address. Supermarket giant Tesco successfully trialled the hi-tech store in a South Korean subway station and there are now plans to bring the concept to Britain. Irene Lam, spokeswoman for Cheil Worldwide, the global marketing agency that helped develop the store, said, “In Seoul, everyone brings their smartphones

with them all the time. Online shopping is a given and everyone is extremely busy, working very long hours. So this concept absolutely made sense. ” Last month, Tesco’s Korean arm Home Plus transformed Seoul’s Hangangjin

Station into a “virtual supermarket” by posting posters of stocked shelves onto platform walls. The trial increased the shopkeeper’s online sales by 130 percent and online members by 76 percent, claimed Cheil. Trade magazine The Grocer reported that the trial was so successful that it is now being extended to other Seoul subway stations next month, spreading the format out across South Korea within two years. And now the intending shopping experience is coming to Britain, according to
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with a view

experts. “The time is absolutely right for this in the UK, ” said Simon Goodall, director of strategy at Saatchi &Saatchi X. “This isn’t about specific places—subway stations or whatever. This is about bringing the store to the people if the people won’t come to the store. It will be down to individual shopkeepers to think about how this can work for their brands. ” 1. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. A new shopping experience will be introduced at London Underground stations. B. People go shopping online by telephones. C. A “virtual supermarket” appeared in Korea. D. A successful new kind of shopping. 2. What can we learn according to the passage? A. A “virtual supermarket” is made up of shelves full of goods. B. The “virtual supermarket” is successful across South Korea. C. You can get the goods you buy in the “virtual supermarket” on the spot. D. Online shopping meets people’s need according to Cheil Worldwide. 3. Simon Goodall’s attitude to the “virtual supermarket” is ________. A. supportive C. pessimistic B. opposed D. not clear 答案解析 Ⅰ. 1. recognized 6. grasp 7. stare 2. panic 8. suit 3. analyze 9. puzzle 4. ignores 10. volunteer 5. employ

Ⅱ. 1. 解析】 D。 【 选 句意: 开车时, 你应该注意观察速度限制。 celebrate“庆祝”; ignore“忽 略”;watch“注视”;observe “观察,庆祝”,根据句意选 D 项。 2.【解析】选 B。attach 与介词 to 搭配,意为“附上,附加”,故定语从句用 to which 引导。 3.【解析】选 B。句意:警察让他把事实按他所记忆的写下来。set down“写下,记下,放 下”,符合句意。set about 开始;set up 建立,竖起,开办;set off 出发;激起,引起。 4.【解析】选 A。考查动词短语。句意:表演者通过取笑某人的着装方式或者讲述有趣的故 事来引我们发笑。make fun of 取笑;make use of 利用。
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5.【解析】选 C。——他说你要载他们一程。——不可能。这里已有五个人了。Not likely 不可能。Why not?为什么不?All right 相当于 OK。What of it? 有什么了不起? 6.【解析】选 B。rather than 而不是,符合句意。答句句意:??是他的勇气,而不是他 的技术真的让我印象很深刻。more than 不仅仅;due to 因为;contrary to 和??相反。 7.【解析】选 A。句意:——我可以坐这儿吗?——随你的便。suit yourself 随你的便, 自便; behave yourself 守规矩, 检点自己的行为; never mind 别介意, 没关系; help yourself 自用,自取(食物等)。

【变式备选】 He tried to ________ his performance to audience. A. suit B. fit C. satisfy D. match

【解析】选 A。句意:他试图让他的表演适合观众的口味。suit sth. to sb. 让??适合 于某人。suit 表示适合某人的口味;fit 指(衣服)大小合适;satisfy 满足;match 与?? 相配。 8.【解析】选 A。考查复合宾语结构。句意:我发现画画和听音乐能让人放松。relaxing 令人放松的,补充说明 painting 和 listening to music 的特点,作宾语补足语。 9.【解析】选 D。考查非谓语动词。句意:据报道, 有将近 50 万人由于这次灾难而离开了 他们的家园。 根据句子语境, 不定式的动作发生在主句谓语动作之前, 要用不定式的完成式。 10.【解析】选 A。句意:——你怎么利用你的业余时间?——读书和上网。employ 利用, 符合句意。 11.【解析】选 A。句意:对于我们来说在公众场合盯着外国人看没有意义,这反过来会让 他们怒视我们。stare at 盯着看;glare at 怒目而视;glance at 匆匆一瞥;look at 普通 意义的看;gaze at 凝视;observe 观察。 12.【解析】选 B。考查固定句式。句意:尽管事故发生在白天,但很难找到目击者。“主 语+ be +形容词+不定式”为固定句式。该句式中动词不定式要用主动形式表被动含义,故 选 B。 13.【解析】选 D。recognize 辨认出。句意:在电话里我立刻辨认出了她的声音,虽然我们 十年没见了。其他选项不合题意。 14.【解析】选 B。考查形容词辨析。句意:在 2010 年世界杯中,尽管韩国队输掉了比赛, 但 在 运 动 员 回 国 的 时 候 热 情 的 观 众 还 是 为 他 们 喝 彩 。 desperate 急 切 的 , 绝 望 的 ;
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enthusiastic 热情的;anxious 急切的,焦虑的;indifferent 冷淡的。 15. 【解析】选 B。句意:无论何时我找他帮忙,他都会毫不犹豫地帮我,这让我很感动。 Hesitate to do sth.迟疑干某事。 【文章大意】作者放学后还得去饭店打工,要招呼各种顾客,心里感到很是不爽。但是三位 老太太来吃饭,饭后的一番话使作者重拾自信,决心努力拼搏。最终,经过努力,作者圆了 上电视的梦想。 1.【解析】选 D。考查形容词。此题属于原文词汇。放学后还得去上班作者心里感到很不高 兴。后面的 to make matters worse(使情况更为糟糕的是)说明此处填贬义词。而 A 项指身 体很累。down 在此意为“不高兴的,沮丧的”。在第 17 空后有 from being down,也可以 得到暗示。 2. 【解析】选 A。考查动词。作为服务员,我要与投诉的顾客打交道,处理他们投诉的问题。 此处的 deal with 意为“与??打交道”。 3. 【解析】选 B。考查动词。seat 为及物动词,“坐下”应说 be seated,而 A 项 sit 为不 及物动词,不能用于被动语态中。 4. 【解析】选 D。考查动词。顾客投诉饭菜质量、投诉坐的地方太大或太小,此类小事常使 服务员感到很烦。要注意此空后的 but 所表示的是转折关系。but 后说“我们都设法成功处 理了顾客的投诉”,暗示 but 前应该是贬义的词。 5. 【解析】选 A。考查名词。此处的 us 和后面的 we 指“饭店里的员工”,故 A 项正确。此 处的 us 与 employees 为同位语关系。 6. 【解析】选 C。考查名词。前面的 by the windows 和后面的 near where 都说明此处填的 是“地方(spot)”,the very spot 强调“就是那个地方”。 7. 【解析】选 A。考查名词。服务员在客人走后,要将吃剩的菜端走,然后收拾桌子,供后 来的人就餐。所以,此处要选 A 项。 8. 【解析】选 C。考查名词。在饭店中,进进出出的是顾客,在房子中来回穿梭忙碌的是服 务员,故 C 项正确。 9. 【解析】选 C。考查连词。这些老太太是来吃饭的,而现在却看我如何工作,故前后两句 间在逻辑上是转折关系。 10. 【解析】选 B。考查连词。后面的 to make sure every table was clean and ready for the next customers 表示目的,故此处指我怎么做才能达到此目的。 11. 【解析】选 A。考查动词。根据后面的 took their plates back to the kitchen 可知
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她们已经吃完了。且第 13 空后有 they were leaving 暗示。 12. 【解析】选 B。考查名词。她们在临走前,跟我聊了一会儿,问我有关学校的情况、在 学校学得怎么样、在哪个年级及将来的打算。 13. 【解析】选 C。考查连词。此处 as 表示“当??时候”。 14. 【解析】选 A。考查形容词。后面的 gentle(温和的)说明 B、C 项错误,而 D 项没有 A 项贴切。她们要走时,其中一位老太太用一种自信且温和的声音对我说话。选 A 也能说明对 方确实认为作者会成功的,而不是虚情假意。 15. 【解析】选 C。考查名词。此题属于原词复现。 16. 【解析】选 B。考查名词。“相信自己”也需要“勇气(courage)”。 17. 【解析】选 B。考查动词短语。 三位老太太使我重新获得自信的勇气,并使我的情绪不 再沮丧。 down“记下; put 镇压”; pick up“拾起, 捡起”; take over“接管”; point out“指 明(出)”。 18. 【解析】选 B。考查名词。三位老太太给了我要继续努力的理由。在她们的鼓舞下,我 决心继续努力。 19. 【解析】选 A。考查名词。此题属于原词复现。根据最后一空前的 a student-produced television 可知。 20. 解析】 C。 【 选 考查名词。 作者现在是联合主持人(co-anchor), 所以肯定是电视节目(show) 的联合主持人。 Ⅳ. 1.【解析】选 A。主旨大意题。本文是新闻类的文章,主旨大意一般是在首段。第一段 谈了虚拟超市即将登陆伦敦地铁站,而且最后一段也作出了呼应,故选 A。其余选项都是内 容的细节部分,不合适。 2. 解析】 D。 【 选 细节理解题。 根据第一段 A “virtual supermarket” consisting of posters of shelves 可知 A 不对;根据第七段“with a view spreading the format out across South Korea within two years. ”可知 B 不对;根据第二段“These goods are later delivered to their home address. ”可知 C 不对;根据第四段“Online shopping is a given and everyone is extremely busy, working very long hours. So this concept absolutely made sense. ”可知 D 正确。 3.【解析】选 A。观点态度题。根据最后一段可知,Simon Goodall 认为虚拟超市是大势所 趋,由此可知他对这种购物方式是支持的。opposed 反对的;pessimistic 悲观的。根据意 思故选 A。
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