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【优化探究】(教师用书)(外研版)2014届高三英语一轮总复习写作专项攻略三


2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

一、去粗存精,去伪存真 词汇量能反映一个人知识贮存量的多少,也是衡量英语水平的一 个重要标准。考生要想取得高分,就要强化使用复杂、高级的词汇。 好句子对词汇的要求是:用词准确,得体;选词多样;短语优先;避 免重复。

1.用

词准确,得体
写作中每个词汇的选取都要符合语言环境的要求。其中,动词最 为重要。

(1)我把钥匙忘在车里了。
A:I forgot my keys in the car.(F) B:I left my keys in the car.(T)

(2)我的梦想实现了。
A:My dream has become true.(F) B:My dream has come true.(T)

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

2.选词多样 写作中要恰当得体地使用高中学习的较为高级一些的词汇,绝不 能停滞在之前的状态下。 (1)我几乎睁不开眼睛。 A:I can not open my eyes.(一般) B:I can hardly keep my eyes open.(优秀) (2)他是个新手。

A:He is a new one.(一般)
B:He is a green hand.(优秀)

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

3.短语优先 多使用词组、习语来代替一些单词,以增加文采。 (1)我再也不能忍受他跟我说话的方式了。 A:I can no longer bear the way he speaks to us.(一般) B:I can no longer put up with the way he speaks to us.(优秀)

(2)他对我在课堂上所说的置若罔闻。
A:He didn't listen to what I said in the class.(一般) B:He turned a deaf ear to what I said in the class.(优秀)

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

4.避免重复 尽量避免过多地使用某一个单词,必要时选择使用其他恰当的同 义词或词组来代替。 (1)我喜欢读书而我的兄弟则喜欢看足球比赛。 A : I like reading while my brother likes watching football matches.(一般) B : I like reading while my brother enjoys watching football matches.(优秀) (2)杰克是我们学校的学生。他学习特别努力。 A:Jake studies in our school.He studies very hard.(一般)

B:Jack studies in our school.He works hard at his lessons.(优秀)

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

二、连词成句,组句成篇 在一篇短文中,如果句子结构要么是“主谓宾”,要么是“主系 表”,则显得很单调,读起来乏味。若对简单句进行一下转换,使其 主语灵活,句子结构活泼,则给人的感觉就大不一样。 1.改变句子开头的方式。可以适当地把一些成分(如状语)提前, 放在句子的开头,这样使整个句子读起来跌宕起伏,增加书面表达的 表现力。 (1)我今天早晨收到了你十月十八日的来信。 A:I received your letter which was written on October 18th this morning.(一般) B:Your letter of October 18th reached me this morning.(优秀)

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

(2)那个房子既黑暗又空荡,跟我记得的形式不同。 A:The house was dark and empty.So it looked very different from the

way I remembered it.(一般)
B:Dark and empty,the house looked very different from the way I remembered it.(优秀)

2.使用一些表达感情的句式,如强调句、感叹句、倒装句等,增
强语句的表现力。 (1)那是一部有趣的电影。 A:It is an interesting film.(一般) B:What an interesting film it is!(优秀) C:How interesting a film it is!(优秀)

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

(2)只是当他回来时我们才查明了真相。 A:We found out the truth when he returned.(一般) B:We didn't find out the truth until he returned.(优秀) C:Only when he returned did we find out the truth.(优秀) 3.句式多样,复杂得体。在写作中应避免使用相同长度的相同句 式,而应注意句式的变化,如长短句结合,简单句、并列句与复合句 共用;一些较复杂的结构如独立主格结构、分词结构等也可使用。 (1)他的父亲是否能痊愈还是个问题。他为此非常焦虑不安。 A:He don't know whether his father will recover,so he is very upset.(一般)

B:Whether his father will recover is still a problem.And he is very
upset.(简单句与复合句共用)(优秀)

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

(2)你每天帮我学英语。你太好了! A:You help me study English every day.You are very kind.(一般) B:It's very kind of you to help me learn English every day.(优秀) C:How kind of you to help me learn English every day!(优秀)

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

Ⅰ.阅读下列两段文字,比较其差异性 A.We can imagine the beautiful surroundings. There are many trees along the streets. There is a clean river in the city. There are many fishes in the river.

There are willow trees on the one side.
There are some pieces of grassland on the other side. There are many flowers on them.

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

B.Just imagine the beautiful surroundings if we make our cities greener.

Green trees line the streets.
A clean river winds through the city,in which a lot of fishes abound. On the one side stand rows of willow trees. On the other side lies a stretch of grassland sprinkled with many yellow and red flowers. A: 文中七个句子都是简单句,句型结构单一,而且句子长短统一, 都在七八词左右,十分单调。

改写后的这段文字,有长句,也有短句,一长一短,抑扬顿挫 B:
的节奏感就出来了。不仅句子长短交叉,而且句型结构变化也很大, 使文章流畅自然,生动活泼。

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

Ⅱ.选择适当的单词填空
1.Don't read in the sunlight.(in/under) 2.He has a high body temperature.(high/hot)

3.She lives alone and often feels lonely.(alone/lonely)
4.I think the patient will get well soon.(good/well) 5.We celebrate Christmas with a tree and many presents.

(congratulate/celebrate) Ⅲ.一句多译 1.妈妈匆匆忙忙上班去了,连早饭都没吃。 Mother went to work hurrily,she didn't have breakfast. =Mother went to workU in a hurry .She didn't have breakfast.

=Mother went to work in a hurry without having

breakfast.

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

2.我宁愿呆在家里也不愿去看电影。 I prefer to stay at home rather than

go to see the film.

=I prefer staying at home to going to see the film.
=I would rather stay at home than go to see the film. 3.我们到达农场时,受到了农民的热烈欢迎。

When we got to the farm,we were given a warm welcome by the
farmers. =When reaching the farm,we received a warm welcome from the farmers. =On arriving at the farm ,we were warmly welcomed by the farmers.

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

Ⅳ.改写句子

1.He seated on the grass.
→ He seated himself on the grass. 2.There were a lot of people died in the fire. → There were a lot of people who died in the fire. 3.She walked out of the lab and many students followed her.(使用过 去分词) → Followed by many students,she walked out of the lab. 4.I won't believe what he says.(使用状语从句)

→No matter what he says,I won't believe.

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

5 . He had no sooner come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad.(使用倒装句改写) →No sooner had he come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad.

2014 ·新课标高考总复习 ·英语(WY)

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