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辽宁省丹东市四校协作体2011届高三第二次联合考试英语试题


2011 年辽宁省丹东市四校协作体第二次联合考试 高三英语试卷
考试时间:100 分钟 第一卷 第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:语法和词汇知识 ( 共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A. B.C.D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1.We were in ______ when we left that we forgot the airline tickets. A.a rush so anxious B.a such anxious rush C.that anxious an rush D.that an anxious rush 2.--- Jones! Roy has broken the glass. --Such things happen. A.What a pity! B.Doesn’t matter. C.How come? D.What has become of him? 3.It is not rare in_____ that people in ______ fifties are going to university for further education. A.90s ; the B.the 90s; / C.90s; their D.the 90s ; their 4.----He was nearly drowned once . ---- When was ______? -----_____ was in 2000 _____he was in middle school . A.that; It ; when B.this ;This; that C.that; This; when D.that; It ; that , it is 5.There is little chance that we will manage to change the law. important that we try. A.Therefore B.Nevertheless C.Otherwise D.Besides 6.They had a pleasant chat _____ a cup of coffee. A.for B.with C.during D.over to producers have 7.China’s New Food Act provides for a food recall system their food isn’t up to standards. to stop production A.that; if B.where; if C.which; when D.when; where 8.-- Has Mr. White arrived? -- Yes, already, _______ he wait outside or just come in? A.Shall B.May C.Could D.Must 9.Only one of the places is ________ A.worth to visit B.worth visiting C.worth of visiting D.worth being visited 10.You can hardly imagine the difficulty the woman had ______ her children. 10 A.brought up B.to bring up C.bringing up D.to have brought up 11.Did ______ on time make the teacher angry ? 11 A.she not come B.she not to come C.not her coming D.her not coming 满分值:120 分

12.______ it would be silly to argue any longer . 12 A.Was that true B.If that was true C.Should that be true D.Could that be true 13.A brilliant idea occurred to him, ______ to his research in the lab. 13 A.while devoting B.while devoting himself C.while he was devoted D.while devoted 14.—Tom has won the 100-meter race. 14 —__________! He never won it before. A. Congratulations B. What good news C. What a good surprise D. How exciting the race is 15.______, but he insisted that he _____ to school . 15 A.Though he was ill , went B.He was ill, go C.Having been ill, should go D.Having been ill , went 第二节: 完形填空( 共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意, 然后从各题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 In 1883, a creative engineer, John Roebling, was inspired to build a splendid bridge connecting New York with Long Island. However, experts throughout the world thought that this was 16 . Even so, Roebling could not 17 the idea in his mind. After much discussion, he 18 convince his son Washington, an up-and-coming engineer, that the bridge in fact could be built. They hired their 19 and began to build their dream bridge. Only a few months 20 the project was underway a tragic on-site accident killed John Roebling and 21 injured his son, leaving him brain-damaged and unable to move or 22 . Surely now the project would have to be 23 . Though Washington Roebling lay in his hospital bed, he was not 24 and his mind remained as 25 as it was before the accident. Suddenly an idea 26 him. All he could move was one finger, so he 27 the arm of his wife with that finger, 28 to her that he wanted her to call the engineers again. Then he used the same method of tapping her arm to tell the engineers what to do. For 13 years Washington tapped out his 29 with one finger until the bridge was 30 completed. Perhaps this is one of the best examples of never-say-die attitude that 31 a terrible physical disability and achieves an impossible 32 . Often when we face difficulties in our daily lives, our problems seem very small 33 what many others have to face. The Brooklyn Bridge shows us that even the most 34 dream can be realized with 35 no matter what the chances are. 16. B. unnecessary C. hard D. excellent 16 A. impossible 17. B. accept C. ignore D. believe 17 A. recognize 18. B. sought to C. failed to D. managed to 18 A. attempted to 19. B. crew C. class D. team 19 A. family 20. B. before C. after D. when 20 A. since 21. B. slightly C. poorly D. hardly 21 A. severely 22. B. say C. eat D. talk 22 A. work 23. B. abandoned C. interrupted D. accomplished 23 A. continued 24. B. hurt C. frightened D. destroyed 24 A. defeated

25. B. broad C. noble D. advanced 25 A. sharp 26. B. occurred C. happened D. hit 26 A. beat 27. B. felt C. touched D. held 27 A. waved 28. B. speaking C. indicating D. advising 28 A. appealing 29. B. instructions C. suggestions D. movements 29 A. orders 30. B. partly C. eventually D. slowly 30 A. quickly 31. B. acquires C. fights D. removes 31 A. overcomes 32. B. fortune C. status D. goal 32 A. award 33. B. separated from C. compared to D. concerned about 33 A. combined with 34. B. distant C. lifelong D. good 34 A. primary 35. B. knowledge C. confidence D. strength 35 A. determination 第二部分: 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节: (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,掌握其大意, 然后从各题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A I must have been about fourteen then, and I put away the incident from my mind with the easy carelessness of youth. But the words, Carl Walter spoke that day, came back to me years later, and ever since have been of great value to me. Carl Walter was my piano teacher. During one of my lessons he asked how much practicing I was doing. I said three or four hours a day. "Do you practice in long stretches an hour at a time?" stretches, "I try to." "Well, don't," he exclaimed. "When you grow up, time won't come in long stretches. Practice in minutes, whenever you can find them five or ten before school, after lunch, between household tasks. Spread the practice through the day, and piano-playing will become a part of your life." When I was teaching at Columbia, I wanted to write, but class periods, theme-reading, and committee meetings filled my days and evenings. For two years I got practically nothing down on paper, and my excuse was that I had no time. Then I remembered what Carl Walter had said. During the next week I conducted an experiment. Whenever I had five minutes unoccupied, I sat down and wrote a hundred words or so. To my astonishment, at the end of the week I had a rather large manuscript ready for revision, later on I wrote novels by the same piecemeal method. Though my teaching schedule had become heavier than ever, in every day there were idle moments which could be caught and put to use. I even took up piano--playing again, finding that the small intervals of the day provided sufficient time for both writing and piano practice. There is an important trick in this time--using formula: you must get into your work quickly. If you have but five minutes for writing, you can't afford to waste four chewing your pencil. You must make your mental preparations beforehand, and concentrate on your task almost instantly when the time comes. Fortunately, rapid concentration is easier than most of us realize. I admit I have never learnt how to let go easily at the end of the five or ten minutes. But life can be counted on to supply interruptions. Carl Walter has had

a tremendous influence on my life. To him I owe the discovery that even very short periods of time add up to all useful hours I need, if I plunge(投入)in without delay. 36.The meaning of “stretch” in the underlined part is the same as that in sentence 36 “ ”. A.The forests in the north of the province stretch for hundreds of miles. B.Bob worked as a government official for a stretch of over twenty years. C.My family wasn’t wealthy by any stretch of the imagination. D.During his senior year his earnings far enough to buy an old car. 37.Which of the following statements is true? 37 A.The writer didn’t completely take the teacher’s words to heart at first. B.Carl Walter has had a great influence on the writer's life since he became a student. C.The writer owes great thanks to his teacher for teaching him to work in long stretches. D.Rapid concentration is actually more difficult than most people imagine. 38.We can infer that the writer . 38 A.has new books published each year however busy his teaching is B.is always tired of interruptions in life because his teaching schedule is always heavy C.has formed a bad habit of chewing a pencil while writing his novels D.can find sufficient time for mental preparations beforehand, so he's devoted to work instantly 39.What is the best title of this passage? 39 A.Concentrate on Your Work B.A Little at a Time C.How I Became a Writer D.Good Advice Is Most Valuable B What does it mean to day that we live in world of persuasion? It means that we live among competing interests. Your roommate’s need to study for an exam take priority(优先)over pizza. Your instructor may have good reasons not to change your grade. And the object of your romantic interest may have other choices. In such a world, persuasion is the art of getting others to give fair and favorable consideration to our points of view. When we persuade, we want to influence what others believe and how they behave. We may not always prevail(占优势)--other points of view may be more persuasive, depending on the listener, the situation, and the merits of the case. But when we practice the art of persuasion, we try to ensure that our position receives the attention it deserves. Some people, however, object to the very idea of persuasion. They may regard it as an unwelcome approach to their lives or as a control. In contrast, we believe that persuasion is inevitable--to live is to persuade. Persuasion may be moral or immoral, selfless or selfish, inspiring or discouraging. Persuaders may enlighten our minds or make us hurt. Moral persuasion, however, calls on sound reasoning and is sensitive to the feelings and needs of listeners. Such persuasion can help us apply the wisdom of the past to the decisions we now must make. Therefore, an

essential part of education is learning to resist the one kind of persuasion and to encourage and practice the other. Beyond its personal importance to us, persuasion is a need to society. The right to persuade and be persuaded is the basic principle of the American political system. 40.What’s the author’s attitude towards persuasion? 40 A.Critical. B.Uninterested. C.Supportive. D.Neutral. 41.The passage states that some people are against persuasion because they think 41 . it is A.an unwelcome influence B.difficult to do well C.not trustworthy at all D.never successful 42.We can conclude from the passage that persuasion means . 42 A.getting people to act according to your will B.exercising power over other people C.making use of your past wise experience D.getting other people to consider your reasonable points of view. 43.According to the passage, we can infer that . 43 A.we can learn how to persuade in school B.only society can benefit from persuasion C.persuasion plays an important role in America D.persuasion is considered to be an inborn ability C George, when your big brother and your little dog and I walked you up to schools today, you had no idea how I was feeling. You were so excited. You had packed and unpacked your pencils and safety scissors in your backpack a dozen times. I am really going to miss those lazy mornings when we waved your brother and sister off to school. Because you are my youngest, I had learned a few things by the time you came along. I found out that the seemingly endless days of babyhood are gone like lightning. I blinked(眨眼), and your older siblings were setting off for school as eagerly as you did this morning, I was one of the lucky ones; I could choose whether to work or not. By the time it was your turn, the shining prizes of career advancement and brightness. a double income had lost their brightness A splash(溅水) in the pool with you in your bright red boots or "just one more" rereading of your favorite book, Frog and Toad Are Friends, meant more. You didn't go to preschool and I hope that doesn't hold you back. You learned numbers by helping me count the soda cans we returned to the store. I have to admit that in my mind's eye, an image of myself while you're in school has developed, I see myself updating all the photo albums and starting that novel I always wanted to write. As the summer wound down and more frequent quarrels erupted between you and your siblings, I was looking forward to today. And then this morning, I walked you up the steep hill to your classroom. You found the coat hook with your name above it right away, and you gave me one of your characteristically fierce, too-tight hugs. This time you were ready to let go before I was. Maybe someday you will deliver a kindergartner to the first day of school. When

you turn at the door to wave good-bye, he or she will be too deep in conversation with a new friend to notice. Even as you smile, you'll feel something warm on your cheek. And then, you’ll know… 44.What does the author mean by the underlined sentence? 44 A.She gave up the job with a big salary and prizes. B.She could only recall her good job at home now. C.Many good jobs with better pay attracted her but she didn’t take them. D.Compared with bringing up the baby, work seemed to fade to her. 45.Which statement is NOT TRUE about George’s family according to the letter? 45 A.George’s parents gave birth to three children B.The Georges is a double income family. C.The children had more arguments during the summer. D.They recyled soda cans. 46.The passage tries to show us . 46 A.how excited a child will be on his first day to school B.how deeply a mother loves her child C.how many efforts a mother has made to raise a child D.how a mother plans her future life after her children go to school D This is a dangerous world we live in.The number of murders goes up every year, people are dying of cancer, more people contract HIV, more teens are using drugs, etc.You know this because you have heard all the statistics on the news and in the paper. But do you really have an accurate idea what they mean? The numbers are growing up, but how do they compare to the growth in population? Are more cases of these diseases being reported because of better testing techniques, or are the diseases more common? The fact is that without knowing the background statistics mean very little. This growing trend of reporting only part of the information is becoming dangerous.For example, several years ago a high school student reported the dangers of the chemical known as dihydrogen monoxide.This chemical, found in most cancerous tumors(肿瘤), is often found in the blood of people drunk on alcohol, and causes complete physical and mental dependence for those who take the chemical even once.After reading his report, more than 75% of his Advanced Placement Chemistry class voted to forbid this dangerous chemical! Every one of the above statements is true, yet this chemical is necessary to all life on earth.The students made the mistake because they voted knowing only a few statements and statistics, rather than the chemical’s full background. The point of this article is that one should be aware of what is and is not being said.When one finds a new fact or number, one should try to consider other important information before forming an opinion with only half-truths.Always remember that the author is trying to convince you of his or her own view, and will leave out information that is different to his view.For example, look again at the statistics that suggest skiing is safe.Only 32 people may die each year when skiing, while

897 die from lightning strikes, but which is really the most dangerous? If you think about it, you realize far fewer people go skiing each year than the number of people who are in danger of a lightning strike.When you think about it, skiing is more dangerous than you might at first think when looking at statistics.If we teenagers are to be left in this world, we had better be able to think critically, and form our own views, rather than be easily persuaded by another’s.To be warned is to be prepared. 47.In the first paragraph, what problem does the writer want to warn us? 47 A.We are now living in a dangerous world. B.We get a lot of false statistics from the media. C. Statistics alone without full background doesn’ give us an accurate pictures t of things. D.There are around us more and more murders, diseases, etc. 48.Why does the writer use the example in the second paragraph? 48 A.To argue that high school students are easily persuaded. B.To show the danger of reporting only part of the information. C.To prove what is necessary to us might be dangerous. D.To warn us of the harmful substance around us. 49.Relative information is often left out because__________. 49 A.Relative information is not that important. B.too much information will make readers feel confused. C.the author is trying to show what he or she says is true. D.readers are not able to analyze so much information at once. 50.What can we learn from the passage? 50 A.We should learn to think critically and look at problems from all sides. B.Some measures must be taken to protect our dangerous world. C.The growing trend of reporting only half-truths is getting out of control. D.Teenagers ought to improve their ability of telling right from wrong. 第二节: (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项 51 .She described all the things she had to do -one was to make her bed -from the moment she woke up until she flew out of the door for work.I suggested she experiment by not making her bed for two weeks.She was shocked, probably thinking I’d been raised by wolves in a forest. 52 . Two weeks later she went into my office beaming.She had left her bed unmade for the first time in 42 years-and nothing bad had happened. “And you know what?” she said. don’t dry my dishes anymore, either. “I ” 53 .One was discovering that she had choices in her life that she had never seen before.The other was giving herself permission to be less that perfect.This story shows an important principle (原理) about managing time: No one can do it all.Each of us has to make choices and accept trade – offs.The problem is, many people choose in ways that put themselves and their health last.They take better care of their houses and cars than they do of themselves. 54 .

So what is the solution? There’s an easy way.Decide what you want in your life, and put that first.On a daily basis, that should include regular meals, enough sleep and time with your family.Exercise, leisure, friendships and hobbies should also be regular aspects of life. 55 .The choice is yours: whatever makes you feel good about yourself and your life. Take a nap. Take a walk. Take time to play the piano. Stop bringing your briefcase home from the office.Stop keeping your house as clean as your mother kept hers.Fill more of your time with want – to – dos instead of have – to – dos. A.This woman had made two major breakthroughs (突破) . B.Above all, you needn’t do anything for yourself regularly. C.They put everyone else’s needs ahead of their own. D.However, she went along with my idea. E.Most people do not take time to relax themselves. F.The point is to do something for yourself every day. G.A patient came to see me about the stress in her life. 第二卷 第三部分 写作 (共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节: 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写得以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号() ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不记分。 Many years ago, I was travelling in the northwest of Indian. One evening, after hunting in the forest all day, I was returning alone to the place which I had put up my tent. It was growing dark but I was walking along a narrow path. On my right was a wide river, and on my left , thick dark forest. Suddenly, I saw two eyes looking at me from among the trees. A tiger was about to jump on me. What should I do? Should I jump into the river and hoped to save my life by swimming? I looked to the right. In the river there was a huge crocodile waited to welcome me with its mouth widely open. I was so frightened that I closed my eyes. When I opened it, what

do you think was happened? The tiger had jumped right over me and was now in the mouth of the crocodile. Believe or not! 第二节: 书面表达(满分 25 分) 美国高中生 Martin 在互联网上登出启事,希望结识一位中国朋友,以便学习中国的语言、 文化。 假设你是李雪,请在看到这则启事后,用英文给 Martin 发一封电子邮件,主要内容包 ●你怎样得知 Martin 的愿望 ●你愿意成为他的朋友 ●你打算如何帮助他 ●你盼望他的回复 注意: 1.电子邮件的格式已为你写好。 2.词数:100 词左右。 Dear Martin, I’ve learned _______________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Li Xue

书面表达 Dear Martin, I’ve learned it from the Internet that you want to make a Chinese friend so as to learn the Chinese language and culture.I’m glad that you show such great interest in China and would like to be your friend. I will try to write to you as often as possible about the Chinese culture.When you have the chance to come to China, I’ll teach you how to speak Chinese and show you around some famous historical places of interest.Anyway, I am going to help you as much as I can.How do you think? I’m looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Xue

32.D. 由文意和 achieves 可知,Washington 达到了一个原本不可能完成的目标,故 goal 正确。 33.C. 由文意可知,作者在从此事中告诉读者,很多情况下,我们的问题和其他人面临的 问题相比较是微不足道的,故 compared to 正确。 34.B. 由上下文可知,即使是看起来不可能的梦想只要有决心就会实现的,故 distant 正 确。 35.A. 这个故事告诉我们要想成功,要有顽强的决心,故 determination 符合文意。 七选五解析: 51.根据下文的描述可知她是一位压力很大的病人,故选 G 52.根据下文可知她赞同了我的建议。故选 D

53.根据下文的 one……the other,可知答案为 A 54.根据上文“many people choose in ways that put themselves and their health last. ” 可知,答案为 C 55.根据下文所述,为了减轻压力,应为自己做些事情,故选 F。



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