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高中英语名词性从句练习题及详细解答


第一部分:基础题 1. _______ makes his shop different is that it offers more personal services. A. What B. Who C. Whatever D. Whoever 2. —It’s thirty years since we last met. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m —But I still remember the story, believe it or not, _______ we got lost on a rainy night. A. which B. that C. what D. when 3. See the flags on top of the building? That was _______ we did this morning. A. when B. which C. where D. What 4. —Could you do me a favor? —It depends on _______ it is. A. which B. whichever C. what D. whatever 5. These shoes look very good. I wonder _______. A. how much cost they are B. how much do they cost C. how much they cost D. how much are they cost 6. Doris' success lies in the fact _______ she is co-operative and eager to learn from others. A. which B. that C. when D. why 7. Mary wrote an article on _______ the team had failed to win the game. A. why B. what C. who D. that 8. Do you have any idea _______ is actually going on in the classroom? A. that B. what C. as D. which 9. —Why does she always ask you for help? —There is no one else _______, is there? A. who to turn to B. she can turn to C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn 10. Elephants have their own way to tell the shape of an object and _______ it is rough or smooth. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m A. / B. whether C. how D. what 11. Danny left word with my secretary _______ he would call again in the afternoon. A. who B. that C. as D. which 12. Mum is coming. What present _______ for your birthday? A. you expect she has got B. you expect has she got C. do you expect she has got D. do you expect has she got 13. The way he did it was different ________ we were used to. A. in which B. in what C. from what D. from which 14. Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer _______ it was 20 years ago, _______ it was so poorly equipped. A. what; when that 15. Some researchers believe that there is no doubt ________ a cure for AIDS will be found. A. which B. that C. what D. whether 第二部分:强化题 1. We haven’t settled the question of _______ it is necessary for him to study abroad. B. that; which C. what; which D. which;

A. if B. where C. whether D. that 2. A warm thought suddenly came to me _______I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother’s birthday. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m A. if B. when C. that D. which 3. There is much chance _______ Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race. A. that B. which C. until D. if 4. Please remind me _______ he said he was going. I may be in time to see him off. A. where B. when C. how D. what 5. We saw several natives advancing towards our party, and one of them came up to us. _______ we gave some bells and glasses. A. to which B. to whom C. with whom D. with which 6. With his work completed, the businessman stepped back to his seat, feeling pleased _______ he was a man of action. A. which B. that C. what D. whether 7. _______ team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. A. No matter what B. No matter which C. Whatever D. Whichever 8. I just wonder that makes him so excited. A. why it does B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is 9. _______ is our belief that improvements in health care will lead to a stronger , more prosperous economy. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m A. As B. That C. This D. It 10. Nobody believed his reason for being absent form the class _______ he had to meet his uncle at the airport. A. why B. that C. where D. because 11. The shopkeeper did not want to sell for _______ he thought was not enough. A. where B. how C. what D. which 12. He noticed that the straight part of the dance was different in the afternoon from _______ it had been in the morning. A. that B. where C. what D. which 13. I’d like to work with _______ is honest and easy to get on with. (2006 年山东模拟 题) A. who B. whoever C. whomever D. no matter who 14. When you are reading, make a note of _______ you think is of great importance. A. which B. that C. what D. when 15. —Can we get everything ready by the weekend? —It all depends on _______ we can get Mr. Green’s cooperation. A. that B. what C. whether D. if

1. A 此题考察 what 引导名词性从句的用法。在此题中 what 引导主语从句,同时在从句中 充当主语。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 2. B 通过对句子的分析可知,believe it or not 是插入语,在此句中 that 引导的是 the story 的同位语从句。 3. D 通过对句子的分析可知,此题需要选一词来引导表语从句,而从句中的明显缺少宾语, 故只能 what 用来充当。 4. C 介词 on 后面宾语从句不完整,同时从句缺少主语,故只能由 what 来充当。 5. C wonder 后面的从句是疑问句应用陈述语序。即:特殊疑问词+主语+谓语动词。 6. B 此句主句完整,从句也完整,故用 that 引导构成与 the fact 的同位语从句。 7. A why 在它引导的从句中充当原因状语,从句在主句里充当介词 on 的宾语。 8. B what 在它引导的从句中充当主语,同时整个从句可看成是 idea 的同位语从句,来说明 idea 的具体内容。 9. B 本题考查定语从句以及固定短语 turn to 的用法,关系代词因为在后面定语从句中做宾 语因此省略掉,turn to sb 求助于某人。 10. B 本题根据意思以及后面与 or 的搭配关系可判断该处是“是否”,whether 引导宾语从句。 w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 11. B 本题考查名词性从句中的同位语从句, 根据下文可知 Danny 留下的口信的内容, that 引 导名词性从句。 12. C 本题考查双重疑问句,疑问词+do you think/believe/expect+句子的其他成分(句子用 称述句语序) 。 13. C 本题考查固定短语 be different from 同时也考查名词性从句中的宾语从句,介词 from 后是宾语从句,但从句中 be used to 后面少宾语,且根据上文是我们过去习惯的方法,这用 what 符 合语意。 14. A 本题考查的是名词性从句中的表语从句, 后面表语从句不完整, was 后面还缺少表语, it 根据意思是“20 年前的 样子”,后面一个句子是对 20 年前的补充说明,是一个非限制性定语从句,20 年前学校设备条件不好,when 在定语从句中作时间状语。 15. B 本题考查名词性从句的同位语,doubt 后的同位语根据意思没有怀疑故选择 that 引导, that 在从句中不充当成分。 强化题 1. C whether 引导的从句构成与名词 the question 的同位语。(原答案似乎有误) 2. C 主句完整, 同时从句也不缺成分。根据句意可看出 that 引导的从句构成与 a warm thought 的同位语。 3. A that 引导 同位语从句,具体说明 chance(可能性)的内容。 4. B 句意:请 提醒我他说他将什么时候走。 5. B 因先行词 是 natives, 故淘汰 A 和 D。 又因 give sth. to sb.固定短语, 所以选 B。 介词 to 可放在关系代词 whom 的前面。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 6. B pleased 后面缺少宾语从句,he was a man of action 句意完整,故用 that 引导。 7. D No matter what/which 只能引导让步状语从句,排除 A 和 B。C 和 D 的区别在于一个无范围,一个有范围。 8. D wonder 后 面的宾语从句本是 what makes him so excited: 。但 what 需要被强调,故用强调句型。 9. D 本题考查 it 作形式主语, 后面的 that 引导真正的主句从句. 10. B 本题考查 同位语从句, reason 后面有 for 引导的短语, 接着后面是 that 引导的句子来说明理由的内容. 11. C 本题考查 名词性从句的宾语从句,介词 for 后接宾语从句但宾语从句中缺少主语, he thought 是插入语. 连词 what 引导宾语从句且在从句中充当主语,which 的意思不符合. 12C 本题考查固定短语 be different from 同时也考查名词性从句中的宾语从句,介词 from 后是宾语 从句,但从句中 it had been 后面少表语,所以 what 符合语意。 13B 本题考查名词性从句中的介词宾语从句, 根据下文意思以及在宾语从句中作主语, D 不能引导名 词性从句, who 表达的意思不对. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 14C 本题考查名词性从句介词宾语, 宾语从句中 you think 是插入语, 故句中缺少主语,which 意思 不对,故选 what 15C 本题考查介词宾语从句, 根据上下文意思 该处应该是”我们是否能得到 Green 先生的.



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