全国中学生新课程英语语言能力竞赛试题（高一组） （竞赛通知、参赛须知、奖励办法等详见本报第 2 期 A1 版。 ） I. 功能交际（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 请阅读下列对话，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项，使对话完整通顺。 1. —I think science is more interesting than
history. —_____. Science is my favorite, too. A. I couldn’t agree more B. I don’t think so C. Good idea D. That is all right 2. —Tracy, tidy your room after breakfast, _____? —But I did that yesterday, Mom! A. do you B. will you C. don’t you D. didn’t you 3. —Hi, there! My name’s Terry. You are new around here? —Yes, _____. A. take your time B. that’s OK C. don’t bother to ask D. nice to meet you 4. —How do you like travelling on the bus? —_____. I prefer to travel by train. A. So great B. A little disappointing C. A pleasure D. Couldn’t be better 5. —Why didn’t you give a speech yesterday? —_____, but I’ve got a frog in my throat. A. I wish I could B. What a pity C. Don’t mention it D. Not at all 6. —Let’s go out for a cup of coffee, shall we? —That is a good idea, but I am almost penniless. —Oh, it doesn’t matter. _____. A. My treat this time B. Take it easy C. It’s up to you D. Sorry to hear that 7. —Miss, could you please turn the music down a little bit so that the boys don’t have to shout? —_____, but the music is for everybody. A. No trouble at all B. Excuse me C. I’m terribly sorry D. No way 8. —Mr. Smith speaks Australian English. I can hardly follow him. —_____. A. So do I B. So I do C. Neither can I D. Nor I can 9. —Mary, don’t stay up too late, or _____. —Thank you, Mom. A. a little change never hurts B. you’ll wear yourself out C. I’m really tired of this D. I hate that 10. —Hi, long time no see. _____? —So far, so good. A. Where have you been B. How is it going C. What about you D. What happened to you II. 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 Once when I paid a visit to my friend, I found a 11. _____ (wood) board hung on the door. It read, “12. _____ entering, please leave your trouble outside; when
returning, bring back your happiness.” After entering the house, I saw a happy family, the two children were polite and joy filled the house. I naturally asked my friend 13. _____ the board, but he then gently looked back at his wife, “You say, because 14. _____ was your creativity.” So the hostess said gently and 15. _____ (slow), “Once when I got home, I was 16. _____ (shock) to see a sleepy and lifeless face in the mirror. So I thought when my children and husband saw such a face, 17. _____ would they feel? If I also saw such a face, what would I feel? Then, I 18. _____ (imagine) my children’s silence and my husband’s indifference (冷漠) at the dinner table ... 19. _____ next day, I wrote a wooden sign and nailed (用钉子钉) it on the door to remind 20. _____. It turned out that it not only reminded myself but also the whole family. More importantly, not only our family but also the guests to our house always become happy.” III. 完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分， 满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项。 I spent the first 25 years of my life trying to find who I really was. However, just when I thought I knew myself fairly well, I discovered I’d 21 . And through the years I keep changing. I appreciate Benjamin Kubelski’s 22 . In 1902, his father gave him a 23 for his eighth birthday. Benjamin did well and was playing 24 as a teenager. At the age of 18 he 25 with a woman pianist as a musical team. But he suspected (怀疑) the violin did not 26 his heart’s desire (渴望). One night, Benjamin told the audience about a(n) 27 incident that had happened during the day. He later said, “The audience 28 and that laughter ended my days as a musician.” And it began his career 29 entertainer Jack Benny. He found who he was and everything fitted into 30 . How do you figure out who you are? There are two simple ways of 31 yourself better. First, ask someone who loves you. Ask him or her to describe you 32 as much as he or she can. Others see us 33 from how we see ourselves. Second, pay attention to what excites your emotions. I sometimes ask people, “ 34 do you like to do so much that you would do it for free if you could?” What 35 your heart sing? How can you get very far if you don’t know who you are? Answer these simple questions and I think you’ll know. 21. A. moved B. changed C. wondered D. settled 22. A. skills B. father C. achievements D. story 23. A. violin B. drum C. guitar D. piano 24. A. games B. cards C. concerts D. matches 25. A. put up B. kept up C. came up D. teamed up 26. A. satisfy B. feel C. express D. excite 27. A. serious B. recent C. funny D. alike
28. A. cried B. smiled C. shouted D. laughed 29. A. for B. from C. as D. to 30. A. order B. place C. time D. shape 31. A. knowing B. guessing C. improving D. developing 32. A. in surprise B. in need C. in turn D. in detail 33. A. exactly B. differently C. freely D. truly 34. A. How B. If C. Why D. What 35. A. teaches B. helps C. makes D. guides IV. 阅读理解（共三节，满分 40 分） 第一节：判断正误（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下面短文，判断句子正（T = True） 、误（F = False） 。 Many years ago the Great Spirit, disguised as (装扮为) an old man, came to the house of a woman. Of course, the woman did not know who the visitor was. The Great Spirit was very hungry and asked the woman for some food. The woman said she would bake a cake. The woman made a little cake and baked it. When it was done, it was bigger than she thought it would be, so she decided to keep it for herself. She told the Great Spirit that she would make another cake. The next cake she baked turned out even larger than the first one. “It is so large that I will keep it for a feast (宴席),” she thought. She told her guest that she would make still another cake. The third cake was the largest of all. The woman did not know that the Great Spirit had used magic to make each cake larger. “I will not give away the largest cake of all,” she thought. So she told her guest that she did not have any food to give away. “You must get to the forest and look for food there,” she said. The Great Spirit, now very angry, said, “Men and women should be good and kind, but you are selfish. You will not be a human being any longer. You will live in the forests and hunt for your food in the bark of the trees.” The Great Spirit stamped (跺脚) one foot. The woman grew smaller and smaller. Wings and feathers grew from her body. With a loud cry, she flew away into the forests. And to this day, all woodpeckers (啄木鸟) live in the forests and hunt for their food in the bark of the trees. 36. The woman burned the first cake. 37. The woman gave the old man the last cake she made. 38. The woman told the old man to look for food in the forest. 39. The Great Spirit became very angry at last. 40. When the Great Spirit stamped one foot, the woman did the opposite of what her cakes did when she baked them. 第二节：篇章结构（共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 In my school, we use computers a lot. In every classroom, there are three or
four computers. 41. _____ The teachers often ask us to work in small groups using computers. They ask us to look for information, or they ask us to use special programs that can teach us things. I think that using computers in this way really helps make learning fun! 42. _____ For example, in music class last week, we wrote a song on the computer. Usually in music class we learn how to sing or how to read music. But the computer program helped us write a song of our own. This lesson made us think a lot about the sound of the music and the length of each note. It was an interesting and useful lesson. Another class that I recently used computers in was science class. In science class, we are learning about animals. We are learning about both the inside and outside of animals. 43. _____ There are also lots of photographs, videos, and sound files (音频文件) online that help us learn about animals. We can compare different animals by looking at the photographs. Or we can see how the animals move and eat by watching the videos. The sound files teach us the different noises that animals can make. 44. _____ These days, kids are learning to use computers at an early age. 45. _____ I think this is great. Computers are a great tool for learning both at school and at home. A. Computers can show us how animals act and what they look like. B. One class that I use computers in is music class. C. These are the things that books cannot teach. D. In fact, many kids know how to use a computer even before they go to kindergarten. E. We need computers for our lessons. F. We use computers to chat with each other. G. We can learn everything by ourselves from the Internet. 第三节：阅读表达（共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文并回答问题（请注意问题后的词数要求） 。 We often focus on (关注) building relationships with others that we forget the important first step: being friends of ourselves. That is the first step if we are to have good relationships with others. How can we have good relationships with others if we don’t even have a good relationship with ourselves? However, there are some things that make us not like our selves. For example, maybe we don’t like our past, our background, our character, etc. Fortunately, there are always things you can do to fix the situation so that you can build friendship with yourself. Here are some tips: 1. Forgive yourself You may have made mistakes in the past, but is there anything you can do about them? I don’t think so, except learning from them. It’s true that you are not perfect, but neither is everybody else. It’s normal to make mistakes, so do yourself a favor by giving yourself forgiveness. 2. Accept things you can’t change There are some things you cannot change, such as your background and your
past. So learn to accept them. You will feel much relieved (得到安慰的) if you treat things you can’t change the way they deserve: just accept them, smile, and move on. 3. Focus on your strengths Instead of focusing on your weaknesses, focus on your strengths (优势). Recognize your strengths and build your life around them. 4. Write your success stories One reason we may not like ourselves is we are so focused on what we don’t have that we forget about what we have. So make a list of your achievements; write your success stories. They do not have to be big things; there are a lot of small but important achievements in our life. For example, if you have some good friends, that’s already an achievement. If you have a good family, that is also an achievement. 5. Stop comparing yourself with others You are unique ( 独 一 无 二 的 ). You can never be like other people, and _______________. Your success is not determined by other people and what they achieve. Instead, it is determined by your own life purpose. You have everything you need to achieve your life purpose, so it’s useless to compare yourself with others. 46. What is the best title for the text? (Please answer within 8 words.) _________________________________________ 47. List three things that make us hate ourselves according to the text. (Please answer within 6 words.) ① _______________ ② _______________ ③ _______________ 48. Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese. _________________________________________ 49. Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? It is because we pay more attention to what we haven’t gained than what we have gained that we hate ourselves. _________________________________________ 50. Fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words. (Please answer within 8 words.) _________________________________________ V. 智力测试（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 51. Tony finds a dog in a restaurant, but it doesn’t bite (咬) or bark, why? 52. Why do people say the library is the highest building in the world? 53. Tom says his mother is closer to him than his father, why? 54. All tables have legs except one kind. What is it? 55. You haven’t sharpened your pencil, but you feel it is shorter, why? 56. What can you find in the middle of a box? 57. A man went into a lion cage, but he didn’t get hurt, why? 58. A pair of shoes costs thirty dollars. How much is one shoe? 59. Why can Mr. Wang’s horse eat Mr. Zhang’s elephant? 60. There are one hundred birds in a tree, how can you catch all of them?
VI. 书面表达（满分 30 分） 近几年来，由于就业困难，越来越多的年轻人加入“啃老族”的行列。“啃老族”指既没 有上大学也没有就业或接受职业技能培训、依靠父母养活的 16-30 岁的年轻人。 假如你是中学生李华，请你写一篇 100 词左右的短文向《英语周报》投稿，评论这 种现象，并提出自己的观点。 参考词汇： “啃老族” the NEET group； 责任 responsibility 本套试题由 本报采编中心 安徽 孙 波 江西 蔡新发 山东 崔兆雁 潘庆锋 山西 张晓燕 新疆 孙天云 提供
全国中学生新课程英语语言能力竞赛试题（高一组）参考答案 1-5 ABDBA 6-10 ACCBB 11. wooden 12. Before 13. about 14. it 15. slowly 16. shocked 17. what / how 18. imagined 19. The 20. myself 21-25 BDACD 26-30 ACDCB 31-35 ADBDC 36-40 FFTTT 41-45 EBACD 46. How to build friendship with yourself / How to be a friend of yourself 47. our past; our weaknesses; our background; our character (答出任意三个均可) 48. 犯错误很正常，因此你应该原谅自己、善待自己。 49. One reason we may not like ourselves is we are so focused on what we don’t have that we forget about what we have. 50. neither can other people be like you 51. Because it is a hot dog. 52. Because it has the most stories. 53. Because father is “farther”. 54. Timetable. 55. Because you find a longer pencil. 56. The letter “O”. 57. Because there was no lion in the cage. 58. Worthless. 59. Because they are playing chess. 60. Use a camera. One possible version: In recent years, more and more young people have joined the NEET group. They neither go to college nor receive any training for future work but depend on their parents for a living. Most of them are aged from 16 to 30. In my opinion, it is shameful for the young not to take their own responsibility for their own lives. Parents get old, what if someday they can not provide anything? Besides, society may break down without the involvement of young people. Being independent is the key to success. The young generation should never forget that.