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高中英语完形填空和阅读理解练习1


A Muscles (肌肉) are important for running, jumping, and lifting. Most of our muscles are hidden under our skin. But one of the most important muscles is easy to see. Can you guess which one it

is? Here are some clues: It helps us move food around in our mouths. It helps us form words. It helps us taste food. It helps us clean teeth. If you guess the tongue, you are right! Go to a mirror and stick out your tongue. Those bumps (凸块) are called papillae (舌乳头). Each of the papillae contains many taste buds (味蕾). We have up to 10,000 taste buds. The number of taste buds can be different in each person, but girls usually have more than boys. Taste buds tell you whether food is salty, sweet, sour (酸的), or bitter. You taste salty and sour on the sides of your tongue. You taste bitter food near the back, and sweet food on the tip. Your tongue works with your nose to taste different flavors. Nerves in your taste buds send “taste” messages to your brain. Your nose sends “smell” messages. The brain then tells you which food you are eating. 56. How many taste buds do we have according to the passage? A. About 100. B. About 1,000. C. About 10,000. D. About 100,000. 57. What does the underlined word “flavors” in the last paragraph mean? A. Foods. B. Tastes. C. Flowers. D. Vegetables. 58. What can we know from the passage? A. Papillae help us clean our teeth. B. All people have the same number of taste buds. C. Boys have fewer taste buds than girls. D. It is on the tip of your tongue that you taste sour. 59. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. One important muscle B. How to taste food C. How many taste buds we have D. One way to clean teeth B Does your daughter really think that she has a problem making new friends or is she worried that she doesn’t have any or enough friends? If so, then there are a few solutions. Try to take some time to teach your daughter some social skills or even role-play like you are her friend if she needs to know how to handle a certain situation. Teach her to go up to someone bravely and start talking — this is always a good id ea to make new friends. Try to encourage her to invite a friend over to go to see a movie together in the afternoon. Let her plan the afternoon, with your approval (同意) of course, as she will know what she and the friend may want to do, like sit around and talk, watch TV, etc. Don’t plan the time for her when a friend comes over as you need to remember she is growing up and she needs her own space and time with a friend. If she likes to play baseball, encourage her to sign up (报名参加) to play on a team either at school or away from school because she can make friends with other girls, and she will have something in common with them.

Sometimes your daughter may make a wrong choice in a friend and you’ll need to work this out with her. Don’t make negative comments( 评论) in front of her friend. Wait until she has left the home, then sit down with your daughter and discuss the reasons you don’t think this girl should be her friend or be invited to your home. Always try to have her invite new friend to your home so that you can see the quality of that person and make good decisions on your daughter’s friendship. 60. The purpose of the first paragraph is to ______. A. tell us it is difficult to make new friends B. show us our daughter is in great trouble C. tell you your daughter needs your help D. introduce the topic to the readers 61. What should you do when your daughter invites her friend to go to see a movie? A. You’d better make a plan for her ahead of time. B. You should be happy to see the movie with them. C. You must give her chance to share with her friend. D. You may join them in talking about the movie. 62. If your daughter has trouble in making friends, you can do all the following EXCEPT ______. A. do your best to help her to solve it B. order her not to invite her friend home C. talk with her after her friend has left D. encourage her to talk to others bravely 63. What’s the best title for the passage? A. Try to help your daughter make new friends B. Better be friendly to your daughter’s friends C. You should often have a talk with your daughter D. It is good to make decisions for your daughter C There once was a little bird. He sang and flew around but had no manners and read no books. The king said, “This bird is no good. He doesn’t do anything except eat fruit in the garden.” He called his nephew and told him, “Give the bird some education!” The king’s nephew immediately ordered some wise men to find out why the bird was so uneducated. They concluded that the problem was that the bird’s nest was made of grass, so the first thing to do was to make a new cage out of the best materials. Soon a famous goldsmith (金匠) was brought to build a cage of gold. The king’s nephew then brought in textbook writers to make copies of books, and soon the bird had a mountain of books to read. Now everyone said, “Good! This is what we call education!” One day, the king came to visit the bird’s education center. He was fully satisfied and rewarded his nephew handsomely. However, in the cage there was no food or water. Instead, pages were being torn from books and pushed into the bird’s mouth with one end of a pen. Everyone felt that things were on the right track. Then one day, the bird died. The news spread. The king wanted to know what had happened, so he called for his nephew. The nephew said, “Your Majesty (陛下), the bird’ s education is now finished.” The king asked, “Does he jump anymore?” “Thank God, no, Your Majesty.”

“Does he fly?” “No, Your Majesty.” “Does he cry when hungry?” “No, Your Maj esty.” The king said, “Bring the bird. I wish to see him.” The king prodded (戳) the bird with his finger. The bird made no noise, except for that of the dry pages packed into his stomach. 64. According to the wise men, the bird had no manners because ______. A. there was no school for birds B. he read too many bad books C. he lived in a terrible place D. his parents had no manners 65. The underlined words “on the right track” (in Paragraph 4) could best be replaced by “______”. A. going well in a correct way B. getting worse than before C. becoming very dangerous D. going to be different 66. Which of the following is the possible cause of the bird’s death? A. He was killed by the nephew. B. He ate too much delicious food. C. He learned all day and all night. D. His only food was the pages of books. 67. We may learn from the passage that the bird ______. A. did not work hard enough B. was taught in a wrong way C. was naughty and stupid D. liked to learn knowledge D Zoolander (《名模大间谍》) Everything about Zoolander just makes you laugh! It’s so funny that you want to watch it again to write down the lines. I wouldn’t advise it for children un der 13, though, because of some of the content and language. The main character, Derek Zoolander, is played by Ben Stiller. He is probably the best part of the movie because he is pretty much a “Model Idiot”. Chicago Based on the Broadway show, Chicago is a musical, but it is really different from other musicals. Many other musical films fail to create an easy-to-follow storyline or include actual acting. The actors in Chicago sing a number of great songs. They also create such wonderful and believable characters that almost anyone can enjoy this movie. The dancing is also excellent, and the singing and dancing are smartly added throughout. You are never tired of its much music, because there are no boring moments when you wish they would include a song. Flags of Our Fathers Three men in World War II, John “Doc” Bradley, Rene Gagnon, and Ira Hayes, have a famous picture taken of them while putting up an American flag after occupying (占领) a hill near a Japanese beach at the battle of Iwo Jima. What no one back home knows is that this is a replacement flag because the commander wanted to keep the actual flag. These three men were being sent home for putting up the replacement flag. Now they remember this when they are 80 years old. Night at the Museum Night at the Museum is a great movie, although nothing like I expected. Ben Stiller, Owen Wilson, and Robin Williams all do good jobs with their roles. This movie is pretty different from others these actors have been in — the exhibitions at the American Museum of Natural History in

New York come alive after hours. It is true that there is an adventure in this movie, so if you’re looking for action and humor, spend a “Night at the Museum”. 68. According to the passage, if you are only ten years old, you’d better not watch ______. A. Night at the Museum B. Zoolander C. Flags of Our Fathers D. Chicago 69. What can we learn about Chicago from the passage? A. The music in the film is too much that you’ll feel tired of it. B. The film is the same as the other musical films. C. Singing and dancing play an important role in the film. D. There is only one song in the film but the dancing is good. 70. Which of the following is TRUE about Flags of Ou r Fathers? A. The three men took the photo about eighty years ago. B. The three men put up an American flag on a hill near a Japanese beach. C. The three men were sent home because they were hurt in a battle. D. The three men took the photo with an actual flag. 71. From the passage we can know that Ben Stiller acts in ______. A. Chicago and Zoolander B. Chicago and Night at the Museum C. Zoolander and Night at the Museum D. Flags of Our Fathers and Chicago E If you do something unusual, people will comment (评论)on it -- especially your family -and most of them will have only negative things to say. However, the Native American tribe (部 落), the Osage, had a saying that if you want a place in the sun, you' 11 have to leave the shade of the family tree. In the 16th century there was a young man named Tycho Brae. His parents sent him to a famous school to study law, but he wasn't interested in it. The love of his life was observational astronomy. The only problem was there was no such subject as observational astronomy. So he studied law during the day to keep his parents happy, but at night he went out and watched the movements of the stars and planets, and kept records of these observations. It was these records that eventually made a difference in the history of science, but his parents didn't like him wasting his time gazing at stars and they insisted that he concentrate on his law studies. They hired a tutor to keep him focused, but while his tutor slept, Tyeho Brae was out observing the stars. Had he obeyed his parents, history would have been different, but he followed his own star, and eventually found himself teaching others his methods and findings. Among his students was Jonas Kepler, who studied Tycho Brae's huge collection of recorded observations, and then, based on these, created the Three Laws of Planetary Motion, which brought into being an entirely new science: Physics. All of these came about because Tycho Brae followed those deep interests he had, against the wishes of his well-meaning parents. There's a moral to this story. Don't try too hard to please your parents. They have goals for you that may not match your own goals, and it's your goals that must be satisfied through your actions. If your parents have goals, it's their job to accomplish them, not yours. Your job is your own goals. Let this be a lesson to us, both as parents, and as children. If you're a parent, your child might be the Leonard Bemstein. or Picasso, or Tycho Brae of his or her time, and if you're a child with a

goal your parents don't support, take heart! They don't know that you are who you are, and they won’t know until you’ve done it. 72. What does the author intend to show in the first paragraph? A. One' s family is always helpful to one' s future career. B. One' s family sometimes has a negative influence on one ' s career. C. One' s failure is mainly due to the influence of one' s family. D. One who wants to succeed shouldn't depend on his family' s support. 73. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. Having lost interest in law', Tycho Brae turned to observational astronomy. B. At one time Tycho Brae's parents hired a tutor to help him to study law. C. Tycho Brae had many students and Jonas Kepler was one of them. D. Jonas Kepler cont ributed a lot to the development of physics. 74. It can be inferred from the passage that _________. A. whatever happens, one should listen to one’s parents B. as children we should do what we can to please our parents C. if one wants to succeed, he should try his best to achieve his goals D. without our parents' support, it is impossible for us to succeed 75. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Tycho Brae -- A Famous Scientist in Astronomy B. New Parents and Children Relationships C. Family’s Influence on One’s Career D. Follow Your Heart and Pursue Your Dream


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