tceic.com
学霸学习网 这下你爽了
赞助商链接
当前位置:首页 >> 高考 >>

广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习语法精讲精炼动词与动词短语03(新)


动词与动词短语精讲精炼 03
考点七、考查同根介词或副词的动词短语的辨析 这类试题的四个选项是由不同的动词加相同的介词或副词构成。解答这类试题的关键首 先还是弄清题意,然后选出符合题意和句子结构需要的动词短语。 例 When I was twenty, I had to _______ before graduation and work in a clothes shop to help support my family. A. drop out C. leave out B. come out D. stay out

例 Take care during the holidays! Drinking too much can _______ heart disease and cause high blood pressure. A. contribute to C. attend to B. relate to D. devote to

【解析】分析题意为“节日期间要当心!喝酒太多会导致心脏病和引起高血压。 ”由题意 可知,空缺处应该是“导致”之意,四个选项中,只有 A 项 contribute to 有此意,故答案 为 A。 考点八、考查不同动词构成的动词短语的辨析 这类试题的四个选项是由四个不同的动词构成的动词短语。解答这类试题的关键是根据 题干意思,选出符合题意的动词短语。 例 The society today offers the young generation more chances to _______ their talent and skills. A. give out C. show off B. take in D. carry on

【解析】 分析题意为 “当今社会给年轻一代提供了更多的机会来展示他们的才能和技能。 ” 由题意可知,空缺处应该是“炫耀;展示”之意,故答案为 C。 考点九、考查“动词+副词+介词”短语的辨析 这类试题的四个选项要么是四个不同动词,但副词相同、介词不同的动词短语;要么是 四个动词相同、副词相同、介词不同的动词短语。解答这类试题时,弄清题意诚然重要,但
-1-

还要注意该短语的尾词是介词、副词还是不定式符号 to,切忌想当然。 例—Do you know the plan his daughter will _______ spread a lot? —Really? I don’t know it yet. A. get down to C. live up to B. come up to D. look up to

【解析】分析题意为“你知道他女儿将要着手做的那个计划已经传开了吗?” “真的?我 还不知道。 ”四个选项中,get down to, “着手做” ;come up to, “不亚于;相等” ;live up to, “不辜负;达到高标准” ;look up to, “尊敬” 。由此可知,只有 A 项符合题意。句中的 his daughter will get down to 是定语从句,修饰先行词 the plan。 例 “I can’t _______ your rudeness any more,leave the room, ”shouted Mary. (2009 武汉调研) A. put up to C. put up into B. put up from D. put up with

【解析】分析题意为“ ‘我再也不能忍受你的粗鲁了,滚出去’ ,玛丽大声喊道。 ”从题意 可知,空缺处应该是“忍受”之意,四个选项中,只有 D 项中的 put up with 有此意,故选 D。 【备考提示】1. 全面牢固地掌握英语基础知识? 高考英语单项选择题几乎覆盖了中学阶 段所有的语言项目,这就要求同学们必须打好基本功? 2.着重训练在具体的语境中灵活运用语言知识的能力 ? 近几年的高考单项选择题越来越 重视情景的设置,几乎每一道题都放在实际的交际中会出现的语境中进行考查?

2016 高考模拟试题精讲精炼 1. We ______ to paint the whole house but finished only the front part that day. A. set about 【答案】C 【解析】此处 set about 开始做. . .,后接名词、动名词;set up 建立;set out 开始做. . ., 后接不定式;set down 写下,记下。根据 to paint 可知选 set out。句意:那天我们开始粉 刷整个房子但只完成了前面的部分。 【考点】考查动词短语的含义。 B. set up C. set out D. set down

2. Two lawyers have donated $50,000 to ________ our school’s campaign “Help the
-2-

Needy”, which was started by our former headmaster three years ago A. sponsor C. organize 【答案】A 【考点】考查动词辨析。难度中等。 【解析】该句意为:两位律师捐赠了 5,0000 美元赞助我校“帮助贫困生”活动?? A 项意为“赞助”,符合句意;B 项意为“发射,开办”,C 项意为“组织”,D 项意为“计 划”,都与句意不同。故 A 项正确。 3. Finally, my thanks go to my tutor, who has offered a lot of suggestions and comments on my paper and ________ every page of my draft. A. approved C. polished 【答案】C 【考点】考查动词辨析。难度中等。 【解析】句意为:最后,我要感谢我的辅导老师,他给我的论文提出了很多批评和建议,并 对每张稿件作了推敲。C 项意为“推敲”,符合句意,故 C 项正确。A 项意为“通过”,B 项意 为“引用”,D 项意为“折叠”,都与句意不符。 4. Walking alone in the dark, the boy whistled to ________ his courage. A. hold up 【答案】B 【考点】考查动词短语辨析。难度中等。 【解析】句意为:独自在黑暗中行走,男孩吹口哨保持勇气。B 项意为“维持,不使低落”, 符合句意。A 项意为“举起”,C 项意为“建立”,D 项意为“拿起”,都与句意不符。 5. I’m so glad you’ve come here to ________ this matter in person. A. lead to 【答案】B 【考点】考查动词短语辨析。难度中等。 【解析】句意为:很高兴你能来亲自负责这起事件。B 项意为“负责”,符合句意;A 项意为 “导致”,C 项意为“向??求助”,D 项意为“参考”,都与语意不符。 6. — OK, I've had enough of it. I give up.
-3-

B. launch D. plan

B. quoted D. folded

B. keep up

C. set up

D. take up

B. see to

C. turn to

D. refer to

—You can't _____ your responsibilities. A. run off with 【考点】动词短语辨析 【答案】D 【解析】run away from意为“逃离,躲避”,run off with意为“偷走;与??私奔”;run up against意为“偶遇”;run out of意为“用完”。句意为:——好了,我已受够了,我 放弃。——你不能逃避你的责任。根据句意,应选D项。 7. The athlete's years of hard training medal. A. went on 【答案】C 【考点】考点本题考查动词词组。 【解析】pay off 有很多含义:1 付清某人的工资并解雇他 偿清欠款等等 2. 对某人或某事 进行报复 3.使人得益,有报偿 4.贿赂 8. His friends suggest that he should take any job he can get and shouldn’t________and choose. A. pick B. take C. start D. mind B. got through C. paid off D. ended up when she finally won the Olympic gold B. run up against C. run out of D. run away from

【答案】A 【解析】考查动词词义辨析。句意:他的朋友建议他应该做他能得到的工作而不应该挑挑拣 拣。 9.—Dad,it’s raining heavily and I haven’t got my umbrella.How can I go back home? —No worry,Honey!I’ll be right there to A.take;up 【答案】C 【解析】考查动词短语的用法。此处 pick up 意为:接某人。句意:---爸爸,雨下得很大并 且我没有伞。我怎么回家啊?---亲爱的,别担心。我要去那里接你。 10.The statement said five people died at the scene in this accident, while 15 others, their teacher included, were ___ dead by the afternoon. A.convinced B.described C.committed B.catch;up C.pick;up you . D.bring;up

-4-

D.confirmed 【答案】D 【解析】考查动词短语辨析。句意:有报告称:5 人在意外事故中当场死亡,然而另外的 15 人包括他们的老师截止到下午被证明死亡。此处 were confirmed dead 意为:被证明死 亡。 11. The color of that T-shirt A. went 【答案】C 【解析】考查动词词义辨析。此处 ran 意为:褪色。句意:T 恤衫的颜色掉了把其他所有衣服 都染成了粉红色。 12. It ______ unusual courage and determination to make the break with his family. A. took shared 【答案】A 【解析】考查动词的用法。此处it为形式主语,后面的to make the break with his family 是真正的主语。 13. Lucy has ________ all of the goals she set for herself in high school and is ready for new challenges at university. A. acquired 【答案】 D 【解析】考查动词词义。此处 achieve 意为“完成,做到,获得(胜利等),达到(目的)”, 指克服困难之后取得成功、成就或实现预期的目的,强调结果。根据其宾语 all of the goals 可判断出“Lucy 达到/实现了所有的目标”。acquire 意为“取得,获得”; finish 意为“完成,结束”;conclude 意为“结束,终止”。 14. out. A.Get 【答案】B 【解析】考查动词词义辨析。根据后文的 leave 动词原形可知用 have,解题关键:have sb do sth。
-5-

and made all the other clothes pink. C. ran D. fell

B. disappeared

B. needed

C. spent

D.

B. finished

C. concluded

D. achieved

him or her leave a message in case anyone happens to drop in while I am

B.Have

C.Ask

D.Take

15. He has talents by which he might ________ himself. A. expose 【答案】C 【解析】考查动词辨析。此处 expose 意为“揭露,揭发;使曝光;显示”;admire 意为“钦 佩;赞美”;distinguish 意为“区分;辨别;使杰出,使表现突出”;hide 意为“隐藏; 隐瞒”。句意:他有一些别与常人的能力。 16. The U.S. government on Wednesday ________ former Commerce Secretary Gary Locke as ambassador to China, making him the first Chinese-American ever to take the post. A. accumulated confirmed 【答案】D 【解析】考查动词词义辨析。此处 confirm sb as 意为:任命某人为。 。 。 。句意:星期三美国 政府任命原商务部部长 Gary Locke 为中国大使, 使他成为第一个美籍华人出任这个职位的人。 17. Miss Green often said “God helps those who help themselves”, intending to ________ on us the significance of being independent. A. base 【答案】B 【解析】考查动词词义辨析。此处 impress on sb sth 意为:使。 。 。意识到(重要性) 。句意: 格林女士经常说:“自助者天助”,她有意识地使我们意识到独立的重要性。 18.One reason why the housing prices in big cities are going up all the time is that people are ________ into overcrowded cities in great numbers. A.breaking C.filling 【答案】B 【解析】考查动词词义。此处 pour into 意为:涌向。 。 。 ;句意:大城市房价一直上升的原因 之一是人们大量的涌入过分拥挤的大城市。 19.Do not fear them; for there is nothing covered that will not be ________, and nothing hidden that will not be made known. A.criticized C.estimated D.revealed
-6-

B. admire

C. distinguish

D. hide

B. reflected

C. distinguished

D.

B. impress

C. focus

D. rely

B



pouring D.squeezing

B. defined

【答案】D 【解析】考查动词词义。此处 criticize 批评;define 限制;estimate 估计;reveal 揭 发;揭露。句意:不要害怕,没有不被揭露的事情,任何隐藏的事情都得被人们知道。 20.Learning to and life. A.create 【答案】C 【解析】考查动词词义。此处 create 创新;live 生活;share 分享;learn 学习。句意:学 会分享使人在工作和学习中与他人相处更容易。 21.Recently the south of the country has been worst A.impressed 【答案】B 【解析】考查动词词义。此处 impress 刻印;affect 影响;express 表达;design 设计。句 意:最近我国南方受到严重的旱灾的影响。 22.Your daughter ____ to be a famous musician, so you should keep her practicing the piano. A.promises 【答案】A 【解析】考查动词词义。此处 promise 很可能;预示;agree 同意;expect 期待;pretend 假 装。句意:你女儿有可能成为著名的音乐家,所以你应该让她练习钢琴。 23.We were all agreed that the cottage would a perfect holiday home for the family. A.make B.turn C.take D.have 答案:A 考点:考察动词的用法 解析:我们一致同意,这个小舍将会给我们的家庭营造一个完美的假日家园。make 表“可以 用作,可发展为”,与 for 连用。Turn 表示“变为”,一般后跟 into。 24. We ______ to paint the whole house but finished only the front part that day. A. set about 【答案】C 【解析】此处 set about 开始做. . .,后接名词、动名词;set up 建立;set out 开始做. . ., 后接不定式;set down 写下,记下。根据 to paint 可知选 set out。句意:那天我们开始粉 刷整个房子但只完成了前面的部分。
-7-

makes it easier for one to get along well with others in work

B.live

C.share

D.learn

by the drought. D.designed

B.affected

C.expressed

B.agrees

C.expects

D.pretends

B. set up

C. set out

D. set down

【考点】考查动词短语的含义。 25.Armed with the information you have gathered, you can_______ preparing your business plan. A. set out B. set about C. set off D. set up 【考点】动词词组词义辨 【答案】B 【解析】根据句意:有这么些个你所收集的信息,你可以着手(set about doing sth) 准备你的商业计划了。Set out to do sth 着手;set off 出发;set up 建立,均不符合语境, 故排除。 26. According to scientists, our mental abilities begin to______ of 27 after reaching the highest level at 22. A. differ B. shrink C. fail D. decline 【考点】动词词义辨析 【答案】D 【解析】根据句意:根据科学家研究,我们的精神气在 22 岁达到高峰值之后便从 27 岁开始 下滑(decline) 。Differ 不同;shrink 缩水;fail 失败、衰竭,均不符合语境,故排除。 27.. Two lawyers have donated $50,000 to ________ our school’s campaign “Help the Needy”, which was started by our former headmaster three years ago A. sponsor C. organize B. launch D. plan from the age

【答案】A 【考点】考查动词辨析。难度中等。 【解析】该句意为:两位律师捐赠了 5,0000 美元赞助我校“帮助贫困生”活动?? A 项意为“赞助” ,符合句意;B 项意为“发射,开办” ,C 项意为“组织” ,D 项意为“计划” , 都与句意不同。故 A 项正确。 28.. Finally, my thanks go to my tutor, who has offered a lot of suggestions and comments on my paper and ________ every page of my draft. A. approved B. quoted

C. polished D. folded 【答案】C 【考点】考查动词辨析。难度中等。 【解析】句意为:最后,我要感谢我的辅导老师,他给我的论文提出了很多批评和建议,并 对每张稿件作了推敲。C 项意为“推敲”,符合句意,故 C 项正确。A 项意为“通过” ,B 项意为 “引用” ,D 项意为“折叠” ,都与句意不符。 29.. Walking alone in the dark, the boy whistled to ________ his courage. A. hold up B. keep up 【答案】B 【考点】考查动词短语辨析。难度中等。 C. set up D. take up

-8-

【解析】句意为:独自在黑暗中行走,男孩吹口哨保持勇气。B 项意为“维持,不使低落” , 符合句意。A 项意为“举起” ,C 项意为“建立” ,D 项意为“拿起” ,都与句意不符。 30. I’m so glad you’ve come here to ________ this matter in person. A. lead to B. see to C. turn to D. refer to 【答案】B 【考点】考查动词短语辨析。难度中等。 【解析】句意为:很高兴你能来亲自负责这起事件。B 项意为“负责” ,符合句意;A 项意为 “导致” ,C 项意为“向??求助” ,D 项意为“参考” ,都与语意不符。 31. — OK, I've had enough of it. I give up. —You can't _____ your responsibilities. A. run off with B. run up against C. run out of D. run away from 【考点】动词短语辨析 【答案】D 【解析】run away from意为“逃离,躲避”,run off with意为“偷走;与??私奔”;run up against意为“偶遇”;run out of意为“用完”。句意为:——好了,我已受够了,我 放弃。——你不能逃避你的责任。根据句意,应选D项。 32. The athlete's years of hard training when she finally won the Olympic gold medal. A. went on 【答案】C 【考点】考点本题考查动词词组。 【解析】pay off 有很多含义:1 付清某人的工资并解雇他 偿清欠款等等 2. 对某人或 某事进行报复 3.使人得益,有报偿 4.贿赂 B. got through C. paid off D. ended up

William found it increasingly difficult to read, for his eyesight was beginning to . A. disappear B.fall C.fail D.damage 答案 C 考点 考查动词的辨析。 解析 disappear 消失,不复存在;fall 降落,跌倒,降低;fail (指健康)衰退, 衰弱; damage 损害, 毁坏, 加害于。句意为“William 发现阅读越来越困难了,因为他的视力开始 衰退了。 ” “increasingly difficult 越来越困难”是个渐进的过程,故选 C。 Mary, I_____John of his promise to help you. A. told B. reminded C. warned D. advised 答案 B 考点 考查动词的辨析。 解析 句意为“玛丽,我已经提醒约翰注意他帮助你的承诺了。 ” remind? of? 就?提 醒(某人),使(某人)想起?;warn 含有警告的意思。

-9-

- 10 -



推荐相关:

...英语二轮复习语法精讲精炼动词与动词短语06(新)

广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习语法精讲精炼动词与动词短语06(新)_高考_高中教育_教育专区。动词与动词短语精讲精炼 06 136.Lucy has all of the goals ...


...英语二轮复习语法精讲精炼动词与动词短语08(新)

广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习语法精讲精炼动词与动词短语08(新)_高考_...turn around 【答案】D 【解析】 考查动词词组辨析。 get across 意为 “使...


...英语二轮复习语法精讲精炼动词与动词短语09(新)

广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习语法精讲精炼动词与动词短语09(新)_高考_高中教育_教育专区。动词与动词短语精讲精炼 09 295 . Children under six are not ...


广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习 语法精讲精炼 动...

广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习 语法精讲精炼 动词与动词短语05_英语_高中教育_教育专区。动词与动词短语精讲精炼 05 85.After that, he knew he could ...


广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习 语法精讲精炼 动...

广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习 语法精讲精炼 动词与动词短语06_英语_高中...〖解析〗 句意为: 为了把新的顾客吸引到店内, 公司开始了一场新的广告战。...


广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习 语法精讲精炼 动...

广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习 语法精讲精炼 动词与动词短语15_英语_高中教育_教育专区。动词与动词短语精讲精炼 15 651. Bill Gates was so nice that ...


广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习 语法精讲精炼 动...

广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习 语法精讲精炼 动词与动词短语07_英语_高中教育_教育专区。动词与动词短语精讲精炼 07 195. Please tell me how the accident...


广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习 语法精讲精炼 动...

广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习 语法精讲精炼 动词与动词短语02_英语_高中教育_教育专区。动词与动词短语精讲精炼 02 十一? 感官使役动词类 这类动词后接不...


广东省天河区2016届高考英语语法二轮复习动词与动词短...

广东省天河区2016届高考英语语法二轮复习动词与动词短语精讲精炼03 Word版.doc - 动词与动词短语精讲精炼 03 考点七、考查同根介词或副词的动词短语的辨析 这类...


广东省天河区届高考英语二轮复习语法精讲精炼动词与动词短语3讲义

广东省天河区届高考英语二轮复习语法精讲精炼动词与动词短语3讲义 - 动词与动词短语精讲精炼 03 考点七、考查同根介词或副词的动词短语的辨析 这类试题的四个...

网站首页 | 网站地图
All rights reserved Powered by 学霸学习网 www.tceic.com
copyright ©right 2010-2021。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@126.com