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人教版初三英语上unit4知识点讲解及练习


Unit 4: What should you do?
【重点短语】 what if 如果… 怎么样 get along with 与.. 相处 let … down 使…失望 come up with 提出,想出 catch up with 赶上,追上 come out 出版 plenty of 许多、大量 【语言点】 1、The old man had a mill

ion dollars……这老人有一百万美元…… million,thousand,hundred 用法 不能用复数:与数字连用 three hundred,several thousand…… 必须用复数:hundreds of、thousands of、mi11ions of 中 2、He doesn’t know if he should bring a present.他不知道他是否应该带件礼物。 A. take 拿走 bring 带来 如: The chair is in the way. Take it to the classroom. 如: Don’t forget to bring your homework next time. by accident 偶然、意外地 by mistake 错误地 in public 公开地,当众 get out of 逃避、避免 be sure 肯定、确信 right away 立刻

fetch 去取来 如: I'll fetch you a quilt and a overcoat. 如果 引导条件状语从句。如果主句是一般将来时、祈使句或含有情态动词,则从句用一般现在 时。如: I’ll come here if it doesn’t rain tomorrow. B. if If you work harder, you’ll pass the exam. 是否 =whether, 引导宾语从句。 如: She asked me if/whether she could come in. 3、What if I don’t know anyone? 如果我不认识任何人怎么办? What if …… 如果……该(将会)怎么样?(引导条件状语从句、疑问句) 如: What if she doesn’t come? 她要是不来怎么办? What if your parents don’t agree? 如果你的父母不同意怎么办? What if you should fall sick? 如果你生病了怎么办? What about…… …… 怎么样? 如: What about speaking English in class? 4、Confident people aren’t afraid to speak in public. confident 自信的 be confident +that 从句 有信心……. be confident to do sth. 有信心做某事 be confident of 对……有信心 have confidence in 对……有信心 【练习】 ( )1. Every year A. thousand people come to our city to take a vacation. B. thousand of C. thousands of D. two thousand of
1

( ) 2. What if you A. meet

a tiger in the forest? B. met C. have met D. would meet

3. 大约有 200 人参加了这次运动会。 About 4. I want to know if Lily people the sports. (go), I will go, too.

(take) a vacation in Tibet next month. If she

5. 用 take 或 bring 的适当形式填空。 (1)Take this empty box away and (2 ) The No.2 bus will you there. me a full one.

6. 用 confident 的适当形式填空。 (1)He is quite (2 ) This time they have no 5、What are you like?你是什么样的人? What does he look like? What is he like? What does he like? ----汤姆长得怎么样? ----他个子高,瘦瘦的。 ----他母亲是什么样的人? ----他是一个善良的女人。 6、What would you do if the teacher asked you to give a speech in front of the whole school. whole 与 all all 常见结构:all +限定词+ 单(复)数名词 all 用于冠词、所有格或其他限定词之前 whole 常见结构:限定词+whole + 单数名词 the whole of + 复数名词 Whole 用于冠词等之后,如果没有冠词或其他限定词,whole 不能与单数名词连用 我的一生: 全体同学都去看电影了。: 7、You would also rather stay at home and read a good book than go to a party. would rather do…than do… 宁愿做…而不愿做… prefer to do …rather than do…/prefer doing to doing 如:1) He would rather jog than play football.=He prefers jogging to playing football. 2)今天我宁愿呆在家里也不愿去看电影。I would rather stay at home than go to the movies today. = 8、Your friends would probably say that you are easy to get along with. get along with sb./sth.… (与某人)相处、(某事)进展、进行
2

of victory(胜利). in themselves.

他长得怎么样?(询问某人的外表) 他这人怎么样?(询问人的品质、性格等内在的东西) 他喜欢什么?(询问爱好)

所有的水:

如:他们彼此相处得很好。They get along well with each other. 你的工作进展得怎么样?How are you getting along with your English study? get on with: We should get along/on well with our neighbours. I’m getting along/on very well with my classmates. 【练习】 1. ---What is your father like? --A. He is tall B. He is outgoing and helpful. ? C. He likes rice. D. He has short curly hair.

2. --- What does Tom --- He is medium build. A. like B. look like

C. be like everyone.

D. likes

3. Jim is kind and he can A. get along

B. get along with

C. get on

D. get on away

4. 用 all 或 whole 来填空。 (1)Tom jumped and sang the (2) 5. 同义句转换 (1)He gets on well with us. He (2)I’d rather walk there than go by bus. I there rather than go by bus. us. afternoon so she felt very tired.

my friends have been there except Tom.

9、I can’t think of any good advice to give her…… 我给他提不出任何好的意见。 advice 不可数名词 建议、忠告、劝告、意见 可用 some, any, much, a little, a piece of 等修饰 如:He gave me two pieces of advice.他给我提出了两条建议。 I took my father’s advice and went to the station early. 和 advice 有关的短语 accept one’s advice 接受某人的意见,听从某人的劝告 ask for advice 征求意见 follow one’s advice 遵从某人的嘱咐 give advice 提出意见/劝告 10、His new book, What Would You Do If…? came out last month. come out: 出来;(日月等)出现:The rain stopped and the sun came out. (花)开放:The flowers are coming out. (书籍、杂志、文章等)发表,出版: The magazine comes out once a month. (照片等)被冲洗出: All the pictures have come out very well.
3

11、Of course you should refuse. refuse 拒绝,谢绝, 推辞 refuse + 名词/ 代词 They refused our invitation. refuse to do sth.拒绝做某事: He refuses to help, so we have to try our best. 12、 ①give sb sth=give sth to sb 类似的词还有:lend、show、write、send 等 offer ②buy sb sth=buy sth for sb 类似的词还有:make、draw、cook 等 13、talk to/with sb 同某人说话。 tell 告诉, 分辨,辨别。 speak to sb 同某人说话,speak in Chinese 做及物动词,后跟语言。 say 后跟名词、代词及宾语从句做宾语,着重强调说话内容。 14、today、here、there、downstairs、upstairs、above、below 做宾语修饰名词,放在名词之后 如:the weather today 今天的天气 the man downstairs 楼下的那个男的 【重点语法】 If I were you, I’d talk to someone who looks friendly. 如果我是你,我会和看起来很友好的人交谈。 1. 虚拟条件句 虚拟语气表示一种假设的情况,或一种主观的愿望,即动词所表示的动作或状态并非事实,或不可能实 现。英语虚拟语气的形式有下列几种: 一、与现在事实相反 连接词 If 条件从句 If + 主语 + 过去时(be 动词一般用 were) 结果从句 主语+ should/would/ could/ might +动词原形 people here 这里的人们 the passage below 下面的这段话

If he had the time, John would make a trip to China to see the Great Wall. If I were you, I would give up drinking immediately. 二.与将来事实相反 连接词 If 条件从句 If + 主语 + should/would/were to+动词原形 结果从句 主语+ should/would/ could/ might +动词原形

If you should lose, what would you do? If I were to see her tomorrow, I would tell her the truth. 三、与过去事实相反 连接词 If 条件从句 结果从句

If +主语+过去完成时(had+过去分词) 主语+should/would/could/might+ have+过去分词

If I’d known that it was going to rain, I would never have gone for a walk in the country. 2. 初涉定语从句 在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。被修饰的词叫先行词。 I’d talk to someone who looks friendly. 句中 someone 是先行词,关系代词 who 引导定语从句。who looks friendly 修饰 someone,翻译时把它拿到 someone 前面:看起来很友好的人。 ? 引导定语从句的词有关系代词 that, which, who 作主语(宾格 whom 做宾语, 所有格 whose 作定语)
4

如:(1) 由 who,whom,whose 引导定语从句 This is the doctor who saved my life. The man whom we want to visit is an actor. The boy whose father is a police came from Sichuan. (2)由 that, which,引导定语从句:which 只能指物,that 既可指人,又可指物(指物时可与 which 替换) This is the book that/which tells about computer. The people that/who come to visit the city are all here. Where is the man that/whom I saw this morning? 【练习】 1. 我的老师给了我一些关于英语学习的建议。 My teacher gave me 2. 这条建议非常有用。 This 3. 他的新书什么时候出版? When his new book ? is very useful. English study.

4. 照片一冲洗出来我就给你看。 I will show the photos 5. 那个女孩拒绝和她交谈。 The girl with him. [中考链接] children have better lives. C. thousand of D. thousands of you as soon as they .

一、 典型例题
( A. thousand ( )2. There is A. something (

)1. Because of Project Hope, B. thousands

wrong with this computer: It doesn’t work. B. anything C. everything D. nothing next month.

) 3. The famous writer introduced us his new book that will A. give out B. come out C. put out

(

)4. ---It’s half and hour’s walk from here to he bus station. ---Don’t worry. I‘ll A. bring B. get you there. C. carry D. take well with others at school. C. get down D. get up

( )5. We also learn how to A. get to B. get on

( )6. --- You are always talking about your pet dog. What does it look like? A. It likes meat. ( B. It’s three years old. C. It’s small and white D. It likes playing with me

) 7. What would you do if you A. had B. have had

a lot of money? D. have

C. will have

5

二、 课后练习
( ) 1 What would you do if you A. win ( B. won the lottery? C. are going to win D. have won

) 2. The boys ___ that hotel several times . A. have got B. have arrived C. have been to D. come to ) 3. Not too long ago, people couldn’t go scuba diving on Hainan Island, or ___ A. anywhere else B. else anywhere C. anywhere other D. other anywhere

(

(

) 4. If he A. come

tomorrow, please tell me. B. comes C. will come D. came

(

) 5. ---____ do you think is the fastest way to travel? --- By plane. A. How B. What C. Why D. When

(

) 6. The plane will take _____ at 7:00. A. up B. on C. off D. away ) 7. I’m afraid of _____ at home alone. A. staying B. be C. to stay D. live boy is my sister. D. a , a ) 8. There’s A. a , the 8-year-old boy in the car. B. the , the you, I C. an , the

(

(

(

) 9. If I

a big house. B. were, would like to buy C. were, would buy D. was, bough

A. was, would buy (

) 10 1s it always easier ______ friends than to keep them? A. making B. made C. make D. to make

(

) 11.The film ______ for 5 minutes. A. has begun B. has started C. has been on D. began ) 12.Let’s see ___we can find some information about the city. A. that B. if C. what D. which

(

(

) 13. Do you know ___on the island? A. where can we stay B. where can we stay at C. where we can stay it? D. can we stay where ) 14. I can’t see an email. Would you please show me A. doing B. to do C. what to do D. how to do ) 15. —I’m going to the party after meeting. —______. A. Have a good time B. Congratulations C. Good D. Please go

(

(

1-5 BCABB

6-10 CACCD

11-15 CBCDA

6

7


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