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本科各普通专业二年级(理科)考试试题A


2011-2012 学年第一学期期末考试试题
课程名称:大学英语(III)A 卷 使用教材:新视野大学英语 第三册 适用对象:本科各普通专业(理科) 命题人:实用英语教研室 审题人:解建东、王英杰 听力开始时间:

Part I Listening Comprehension (20%)
Task 1 Understanding Short Conversations Directions: Listen to the following 10 short conversations. Each conversation is followed by ONE question. After you hear the question, there will be a break of 15 seconds. During the break, you will hear four choices marked (A),(B),(C) and (D), and decide which is the best answer, then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line though the centre. 1. (A) She’s much too cold and distant. (B) She’s not loving toward her own family. (C) She’s loving, but doesn’t know how to show it. (D) She’s never expressed her love to him. 2. (A) What we can learn from love. (B) What love means. (C) How we can find love. (D) How our ideas of love began. 3. (A) Improve his energy level. (B) Eat different foods. (C) Change his ideas. (D) Exercise a lot more. 4. (A) She has been exercising. (B) She has pulled a muscle. (C) She has worn herself out. (D) She has been to the gym. 5. (A) Forget about studying. (B) Take a class in study skills. (C) Spend more time studying. (D) Learn special techniques. 6. (A) They always try to learn new things. (B) They always try to be joyful. (C) They are too simple to be happy.
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(D) They don’t care about money. 7. (A) The advertisements seen in many places. (B) The use of Uncle Sam’s image. (C) The places Uncle Sam has been to. (D) The men who joined the army. 8. (A) To visit a friend there. (B) To build a statue for the US. (C) To meet typical Americans. (D) To view symbols of the US. 9. (A) Mother and son. (B) Father and daughter (C) Doctor and patient (D) Brother and sister. 10. (A) 60 (B) 70 (C) 85 (D) 86 Task 2 Understanding a Long Conversation Directions: Listen to the following long conversation. At the end of the conversation, five questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer, then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line though the centre. 11.(A) The causes for a person getting heart disease. (B) The advice that the woman’s doctor has for her. (C) The woman’s problem with her heart. (D) The amount of exercise the woman should get. 12. (A) She is talking to her parents. (B) She is seeing her doctor (C) She is running on the school track. (D) She is going to the track. 13. (A) That she is exercising too much. (B)That she isn’t listening to her doctor. (C)That her heart is growing weaker. (D)That her heart is not strong enough. 14. (A) It is something that the woman’s doctor told him. (B) It is something that people commonly know (C) It is something that his parents told him. (D) It was helpful in his own exercise program. 15. (A) Brother and sister (B) Father and daughter (C) Mother and son (D) Doctor and patient
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Task 3 Understanding a Short Passage Directions: In this section, you will hear a short passage. At the end of the passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. 16.(A) Caring doctors and nurses. (B) Care centers for the elderly. (C) Getting depressed because of caring for old people (D) Living inside a home for old people. 17.(A) She is a doctor (B) She is a nurse (C) She is a pianist (D) She is a student. 18. (A) Their love for family members. (B) Their endless fight against diseases. (C) Their great experiences in life (D) Their understanding of the meaning of life. 19.(A) Her 19 children (B) Her travels abroad (C) Her uplifting friends (D) Her experience in the care center 20.(A) People who can play the piano (B)People who are uplifting (C)People who like to listen (D)People who are talkative and friendly

Part II. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. (10%) (10%)
A. calculate F. evolved K. preliminary P. scheduled U. whistles 1. B. complete G. fame L. provide Q. shallow V. withstand C. comprehensive H. inspected M. reached R. summed D. cultivate I. justification N. recruit S. switch E. evidence J. precaution O. reform T. tell

It’s said that the meeting, which is

to be held this month, will be put off till next
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month. 2. It’s getting more and more difficult to experienced staff. 3. He insisted that the idea out of work done by British scientists. 4. It is often the case that popular music stars rise to at a young age. 5. A very promising football player back home, Kamte decided to to golf and turned professional in 2002. 6. Education should aim to a child’s mind to its utmost potential. 7. The lab director said that the experiment was at its stage and they would need more time to come to a final result. 8. We have tried to make the test simple but so that it will give us a basic idea of what you do and do not understand. 9. It is made quite clear in the report that China will stick to its and opening-up policy. 10. They appeared to offer a free computer, with software and a printer. 11. He often a tune during the morning tea break when his boss is not around 12. If you dare on me when the teacher gets back I won’t say a word to you any more. 13. His face was very red, which was a clear of his fever. 14. They that the aging population is adding one percent yearly to health service costs. 15. At the end of the class the teacher up the main points of the lesson in three sentences. 16. If he is only interested in your looks, that just shows how he is. 17. We didn’t for such a sudden and large-scale enemy attack. 18. He for the phone, picked it up, and dialed the hotel’s number. 19. The doctor advised us to take every so as not to catch cold. 20. Your dislike of it is hardly a(n) to attack the whole thing.

Part III. Reading Comprehension (40 %)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. Passage 1 The Standing Committee of the Ninth National People’s Congress(NPC), the nation’s top legislative body, passed the long-debated amendments to the Marriage Law on April 28, 2002. The amendments to the 20-year-old Marriage Law were passed by 127 votes in favor, one against and nine abstentions. One of the guiding principles behind the revision was to protect the rights of women and children.
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The new marriage law reaffirms that husband and wife should be faithful to, and respect each other, as well as safeguards the marriage and family relations featuring equality, harmony and civilization. Committing bigamy (重婚) will thus lead to criminal punishment, with a maximum of two-year imprisonment, according to the Criminal Code. The revised law regulates when one party is involved in bigamy and cohabitation with someone other than the legal spouse, divorce should be granted after mediation if either side files such an application, accompanied by compensation to the betrayed spouse. The new marriage law has established many new principles and systems applicable to the civil law, and the system of nullifying or revoking a marriage is one of them. The revised marriage law stipulates the marriage can be nullified in the following cases: bigamy; spouse with a blood relationship banned by law; and spouse below the lawful age of marriage. According to the new marriage law, forced marriages can be revoked(废除) once the aggrieved files a notice of repeal(取消) to the people’s court or the marriage registration bureau. The revised marriage law has set the scope of jointly owned and individually owned property more clearly. Property gained within the span of marriage, such as salary, profits, intellectual property earnings and inheritance other than those specified by the marriage law, are considered jointly owned property. It also stipulates at the same time that one party’s pre-marriage private property, medical compensation, living allowance for the disabled, inherited or granted property designated to only one party and daily necessities exclusively for one party are considered individually owned. 1. The amendments to the 20-year-old Marriage law were passed after______. A. making rights protection B. establishing guiding principles C. some serious discussions D. some bitter arguments 2. What responsibility do husbands and wives have for each other that is supported by the new law? A. To respect each other B. To safeguard each other C. To reaffirm each other D. To protect each other’s children 3. What must occur before a divorce due to bigamy? A. A breakup party. B. Cohabitation . C. Punishment . D. Mediation 4. Which of the following is NOT dealt with in the new Marriage Law?
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A. Adultery B. Domestic violence C. Marriage nullity and revocation D. Property division 5. What is the main purpose of this passage? A. To explain every aspect of marriage law B. To demonstrate three new elements in the revised marriage law C. To protect the rights of women and children D. To discuss new principles and systems. Passage 2 Mary Engelbreit was a talented but struggling artist in her mid-twenties when she flew to New York from her native Saint Louis, hoping to find work illustrating children's books — her life's goal. So she was disappointed when all the book publishers she visited turned her down. One even suggested her drawings might be better suited to greeting cards. "I was crushed," Engelbreit admits. Greeting cards seemed a come-down from her high expectations, but the advice stayed with her, and she decided to give it a try. The results transformed her life forever. Today Mary Engelbreit sells an astonishing 14 million greeting cards a year. Her popular designs appear on more than 2,000 products, including books, calendars, and kitchen items. She runs a retail company with shops in nine cities (16 more are planned), and her products are carried by 25,000 retailers. Annual retail sales are in the $100 million range — all as a result of that fateful, disappointing trip to New York. It's probably no accident that one of Engelbreit's bolder cards shows a young girl in overalls, her bare feet up on a desk, a farm field in the window behind her. "We Don't Care How They Do It in New York," the card boasts. Once you know Engelbreit's distinctive style, you can recognize her cards from 20 paces away — bright, funny, and with an eye to the past. Her cards usually have elaborate border designs comprised of repeated images: hearts, flowers, peaches, and teapots, for example. Most often, there's Ann Estelle, a woman with short, straight hair, big glasses, hat and an acid tongue. Ann Estelle (named after her grandmother) is the imaginary representative of Mary's outlook. Engelbreit is cheerful, down-to-earth, humorous, and always cute. "I think the world could use more cuteness," she explains. Indeed, it's her trademark. Her business card once featured a drawing of Ann Estelle, cigar in her mouth and drink in hand, with the message "Engelbreit's the Name, Cute Is My Game." She adds, "As the world gets more complicated, it's nice to have old-fashioned stuff around to help people cope with the demands of modern life. It's like comfort food. This is comfort art.” 6. When she flew to New York, Mary Engelbreit expected that_______. A. she would illustrate children’s books.
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B. she would be better suited to drawing greeting cards C. she would be turned down by the book publishers D. she would give a try at drawing greeting cards 7. As a result of that fateful, disappointing trip to New York, Engelbreit . A. drew illustrations for a children’s book B. gave up on drawing illustrations C. made a drawing of a young girl in overalls D. became a successful illustrator for greeting cards 8. You can tell Engelbreit’s cards from 20 paces away by their style of being . A. plain and funny B. bright and funny C. plain and bold D. serious 9. Which of the following characteristics is most important to Mary Engelbreit? A. Cheerful B. Down-to-earth C. Cute D. Humorous 10. According to Engelbreit, ___________could help people deal with the demands of modern life. A. being humorous B. being cute C. old-fashioned things D. complicated things. Passage 3 Millions of people in the Himalayas are in danger of massive earthquakes, according to scientists in the US and India. They say great earthquakes are the only release for stress that has been building within the Earth’s crust along the southern edge of the Himalayas for decades. This region has been struck with large earthquakes every few decades since the early nineteenth century. The fault lines have been silent since 1950, when the biggest earthquake within a single continent in recorded history shook Addam. But the pressure has been mounting. Portions of the Himalayan region have been inactive for possibly several centuries. If earthquakes happen in these areas, they could be catastrophic. Working from the human cost of earlier earthquakes in the light of today’s population numbers, Bilham’s team estimates 200,000 people could be killed in a single earthquake. However, if it happened near one of the huge cities on the Ganges Plain, they believe fatalities could be ten times greater. The region south of the Himalayas is earthquake-prone because the Indian sub-continent is colliding with the Eurasian plate to the north.. This process started at least 50 million years ago, creating the mountain range and the Qingzang Gaoyuan. At the point where the two plates converge, the Indian one plunges below the Eurasian. As the plates push together, pressure builds, until the Indian plate rolls suddenly
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downwards, sending a great earthquake reechoing across hundreds of kilometers. The convergence of the two plates is relatively rapid---about two centimeters a year. Many regions of the central Himalayas now have at least four meters of convergence, which would cause a great earthquake of 1934 that hit the region of Bihar, India, and western Nepal. In some areas, where earthquakes have not relaxed the stressed crust for much longer, a slip of as much as 10 meters could be waiting to happen, which would cause an earthquake larger than any seen in the twentieth century. 11. The main topic of this passage is _____. A. the biggest earthquakes in Asia B. the work done by earthquake researchers C. one great earthquake in Asia D. a potential danger to the Himalayan region 12. How many people would be killed if an earthquake occurred near a big city on the Ganges Plain? A. 20,000. B. 200,000. C. 20,000,000. D. 2,000,000 13. The word “earthquake-prone” (underlined in para.4) may refer to the state that earthquakes are_________. A. inclined to happen. B. impossible to predict. C. beyond prevention. D. out of control 14. The Qingzang Gaoyuan was the result of _______. A. the earthquake reechoing across hundreds of kilometers B. the convergence of Himalayas and the region of Bihar, India, and western Nepal C. the colliding between the Eurasian plate and the Indian sub-continent D. at least four meters of convergence 15. It can be inferred from the passage that________. A. the largest earthquakes occurred in the 20th century. B. more meters of slip lead to earthquakes that are more powerful. C. the region of Bihar, India, and western Nepal faces the greatest danger of earthquakes. D. 10 meters of slip should be made so we can relieve pressure Passage 4 At sixteen Ron Mackie might have stayed at school, but the future called to him excitedly. “Get out of the classroom into a job,” it said, and Ron obeyed. His father, supporting the decision, found a place for him in a supermarket. “You’re lucky, Ron,” he
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said. “For every boy with a job these days, there’s a dozen without.” So Ron joined the working world at twenty pounds a week. For a year he spent his days filling shelves with tins of food. By the end of that time he was looking back on his school days as a time of great variety and satisfaction. He searched for an interest in his work, with little success. One fine day instead of going to work Ron got a lift on a lorry going south. With nine pounds in his pocket, a full heart and a great longing for the sea, he set out to make a better way for himself. That evening, in Bournemouth, he had a sandwich and a drink in a cafe run by an elderly man and his wife. Before he had finished the sandwich, the woman had taken him on for the rest of the summer, at twenty pounds a week, a room upstairs and three meals a day. The ease and speed of it rather took Ron’s breath away. At quiet times Ron had to check the old man’s arithmetic in the records of the business. At the end of the season, he stayed on the coast. He was again surprised how straightforward it was for a boy of seventeen to make a living. He worked in shops mostly, but once he took a job in a hotel for three weeks. Late in October he was taken on by the sick manager of a shoe shop. Ron soon found himself in charge there: he was the only on who could keep the books. 16. By saying “For every boy with a job these days, there is a dozen without”, Ron’s father meant ______. A. at that time boys had jobs but girls didn’t B. every boy could only have one job because there weren’t enough C. there must have been at least twelve boys who had lost their jobs D. Ron was lucky to have a job while many others didn’t have one 17. Ron left his first job because ______. A. he wanted to work at the seaside B. he knew he would find work in Bournemouth C. he got a free lift on a lorry D. he didn’t feel well 18. What does the word “it”( in Paragraph 3) refer to? A. The money B. The Cafe C. The job D. Three meals 19. The number of jobs that Ron took in the passage is _____. A. three B. Four C. Five D. six 20. Ron soon found himself having some say in the shoe shop because_______. A. he was young and strong B. he got on well with the manager there C. he knew how to keep the accounts of the business D. he had lots of experience with shops.
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Part IV.
Passage A

Cloze (10%)

A. longed B. caretakers F. eventually G. lived K. walking L. adjust

C. pledged H. essential

D. basic E. pretty I. picked J. fashionable

He didn't

1 to going to work without my father right away, so he came and 2

with me in New York for a while. He went wherever I went and seemed to adjust 3 well. Still, Jimmy 4 to live in my parents' house and work at his old job and I 5 to help him return. 6 , I was able to work it out. He has lived there for 11 years now with many different 7 and blossomed on his own. He has become 8 to the neighborhood. When you have any mail to be 9 up or your dog needs 10 , he is your man. Passage B A. automobile F. collections K. attracted B. grand G. suffering L. brands C. debut H. costumes D. intervals I. displaying E. premiere J. sponsored

China Fashion Week, China's 11

fashion event, was held for the 15th consecutive

year from October 24 to November 2 in Beijing, 12 the 2012 spring and summer 13 of various fashion designers. For the first time, the event was title 14 by Mercedes-Benz, world famous 15 manufacturer and sponsor of many significant international fashion events such as New York Fashion Week. The sponsorship suggests China's fashion industry may be gradually moving closer to the core area of international fashion circles. As the 16 finale of China's fashion event list this year, the fashion week 17 many of the most successful fashion 18 and best quality fashion designers in China, among whom five were winners of the Jingding Award, or Golden Thimble Award, the highest fashion design award in China. In addition, 13 Chinese and foreign fashion designers made their 19 during the fashion week. The creative designers, elegant performances of the models, colorful 20 and gorgeous runway stages made the event a great success.

Part V. Writing (20 %)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed to write a composition on the title: Life would be difficult without the Internet. You should write at least 120 words.
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