荆州中学 2015～2016 学年度上学期 期 末 考 试 卷
1.答第 I 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。2.选出每小题答案后,
则无效。(试卷总分：150 分；考试时间：120 分钟)
第一部分 听力（共两节, 满分 20 分） 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。听力结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的 答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟 的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where does the conversation probably take place? A． In the woman’s house. B． In a hotel. C． In a supermarket 2.Why is the man late for the concert? A．He didn’t catch the bus. B．He had a car accident. C．His bike broke down. 3.What does the woman imply? A．Betty went shopping yesterday. B．Betty doesn’t like shopping. C．Betty prefers shopping to studying. 4.Where does the man think he left his wallet? A．In the restaurant. B．In the bookstore. C．In the taxi. 5.What are the speakers talking about? A．An actor. B．A teacher. C．A role. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。 每段对话或独白后有几个小题， 从题中所给的 A、 B、 C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在席卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你 将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答 时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 请听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. How did the man travel around the world? A．By car. B．By motorbike. C．By train.
7. Why didn’t the man choose cycling? A．It was a bit boring B．It was not adventurous. C．It was unpractical sometimes. 请听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Why does the woman call the man? A．To visit his factory. B．To invite him to her party. C．To ask about his Christmas plan. 9. When will the customer come to London? A．On the 20th. B．On the 22nd. C．On the 25th 10. Where is the factory? A．In London. B．In Leeds. C．In Bath. 请听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. Why does the man give up the tickets in the lower balcony? A．The tickets have been sold out B．He prefers the seats in the centre. C．There are no four seats together. 12. How will the man get the tickets? A．He will collect them himself. B．The woman will mail them to him. C．He will ask his friends to pick them up. 13. When will the man get to the theatre on Thursday night? A．By 6︰00. B．By 7︰00. C．By 8︰00. 请听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. Where did the woman go today? A．To a company downtown. B．To a college office. C．To a job fair. 15. What is the woman? A．A clerk. B．A graduate. C．A manager. 16. What can we learn about the IT company? A．It has international branches. B．It is in banking and tourism business. C．It takes on 35 new employees each year. 请听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What should the passengers do with their passports before they get to Italy? A．Lock them away. B．Carry them at all times. C．Leave them with their trainmen. 18. When should the passengers be in the restaurant car for dinner?
A．At about 8︰15 P.m. B．At about 8︰00 P.m. P.m. 19. What will the passengers do when the train gets to Italy? A．Change trains. B．Go on a tour. café . 20. What does the speaker forbid the passengers to do? A．Open the windows on the train. B．Eat their own food on the train. C．Leave the train before it gets to Italy.
C．At about 7︰45
C．Have lunch in a
第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Misery and setbacks are not always as terrible as one imagines. Hard times can offer new ways of looking at life that would otherwise never be known. And if you are a writer, this can be the source of much of your success. Popular British author, Charles Dickens' family could hardly make ends meet. They could only afford to send one of their six children to school. Dickens was not that child. His parents chose to send a daughter, who had a talent for music, to an academy. Then at the age of 12, Dickens' life took another turn for the worse. His father, a clerk, was placed in prison for unpaid debts. And being the oldest male left at home, Dickens took up work at a factory. His horrible experience there became the fuel for his future writing. His father was freed three months later and inherited a small amount of money. Dickens was then sent to school. From 1836 to 1837, he wrote a monthly series of stories. Thus the "Pickwick Papers" came into being, which brought fame to the 23-year-old man. Throughout his career, Dickens covers various situations in his novels. He wrote bout the miserable lives of the poor in "Oliver Twist", the French Revolution in "Tale of Two Cities", and social reform in "Hard Times". He also wrote "David Copperfield", a book thought to be based on his own life. "I don't write bitterly or angrily, for I know all these things have worked together to make me what I am," he once said. His difficult childhood did indeed shape the person he became, as well as his writing career. There are shades of young Dickens in many of his beloved characters including David Copperfield and Oliver Twist. Like the author, all these characters come from poor beginnings and are able to rise above their setbacks and achieve success. "Mind, like bodies, will often fall into an ill-conditioned state from too much comfort," he once wrote.
On June 9th, 1870, aged 58, Dickens died, leaving one unfinished work. The words on his tombstone read:" He was a sympathizer to the poor, the suffering and the oppressed, and by his death, one of England's greatest writers is lost to the world." 21. The book that called public attention to Dickens was ________ A. The Pickwick Papers B. Oliver Twist C. Tale of Two Cities D. David Copperfield 22. How did Dickens see his childhood? A. He felt grateful for it. B. He felt it a pity that things weren't in his favor. C. He loved writing about it. D. He chose to forget the bitterness about it. 23. From the story, we can see Dickens' attitude towards an easy life is ________. A. to enjoy it B. to hate it C. not to be addicted to it D. to work hard for it B The American Academy of Pediatrics wants all US schools attended by children aged 10 to 18 to delay their opening times to 8:30 am or later. Currently, only 15 per cent start after this time. The aim is to deal with the widespread lack of sleep by helping teenagers manage the shift in their body clocks that coincides with adolescence. This turns them into "night owls" who favour going to bed and rising 2 hours later than when they were younger. Research has shown that this results in more car accidents, increased late arrivals at school as well as lower grades, and higher risks of depression, moodiness and obesity. A survey published in 2006 by the US National Sleep Foundation found that 59 per cent of middle school students and 87 per cent of high school students were failing to get the recommended 8.5 to 9.5 hours sleep on school nights. About 1,000 schools in 70 US school districts have independently switched to later start times. The academy is the most influential organization yet to call for a complete change in start times in most schools across the entire nation. "The demonstrated benefits are widespread and include more sleep, less daytime sleepiness, and improvements in test scores, health, mood, and safety," says Judith Owens, director of Sleep Medicine at Children's National Health System in Washington D. C. For example, research published in February by Kyla Wahlstrom of the University of Minnesota highlights the benefits of a later start following a three-year study of 9,000 students from eight high schools in three states. "She found improved grades and standardised test scores, and a 65 to 70 per cent decrease in teen car accidents," says Owens. "This is a big step forward," says Russell Foster of the University of Oxford, a
supporter of later start times. He was involved in a UK pilot study that found that switching the start of school from 8:50 to 10 am had a "significant effect" on educational performance. "Anything is better than 8 am, and moving to 8:30 will make a difference, but a 10 o'clock start would be even better," he says. 24. Which of the following is the living habit of "night owls"? A.Early to bed, early to rise. B. Early to bed, late to rise. C. Late to bed, early to rise. D. Late to bed, late to rise. 25. The underlined word "this" in Paragraph 2 refers to _______. A. delaying school opening times B. not having enough sleep C. the shift in teenagers' body clocks D. going to bed and rising later 26. All of the following are the benefits of later start school times EXCEPT ________. A. improvement in intelligence B. improvement in health C. improvement in mood D. improvement in safety 27. Whose research has shown later start school times could help reduce teenage traffic accidents? A. US dostors' B. Judith Owens'. C. Kyla Wahlstrom's. D. Russell Foster's. C A recent documentary ( 纪 录 片 ) produced by the British Broadcasting Corporation has caused a stir in China and in the UK. The documentary, titled Are Our Kids Tough Enough? Chinese School revolves (以...为主题) around five Chinese teachers who are sent to teach 50 UK teens at a school in Hampshire. The teachers instruct the students for a month. The pupils are then tested, and the results are compared to the ones of those who have continued in the regular UK education system. The idea is to see if the Chinese method improves academic performance. The Chinese teachers use their own teaching methods but receive strong resistance from the students. A clip from the documentary online shows some problems, with Chinese teachers calling their students lazy and lacking in discipline, while the students say the high pressure and harsh teachers are driving them crazy. This has aroused a new debate in both China and the UK, with some arguing the teenagers need more regulation and discipline. Others say Chinese methods encourage rote learning instead of independent thinking. For instance, Chinese language teachers should do more than pass on knowledge about words and characters. They should
inspire students, helping them feel the sentiment from Chinese literature. This is a higher level of teaching. Yang Dongping, dean of the 21st Century Education Research Institute, says, "The Chinese teaching methods are designed to strictly train the majority. Foreign teaching methods, however, are more natural and relaxing, and designed to inspire students' interest in learning. Education methods are based on culture. That is why a successful education method in one place may not work that well when simply 'transplanted' into another place." Yang Dongping says, "The documentary does reflect some problems rooted in traditional Chinese teaching methods. Nobel prize winner, Yang Zhenning, gave a very fair comment on this issue. He said the Chinese-style education method works for most ordinary qualified students effectively, helping them reach high standards. However, it may compromise the training for high-potential outstanding students." 28. What is the purpose of 50 UK teens' being instructed by five Chinese teachers? A. To test the intelligence of the UK teens. B. To help the school improve their teaching efficiency. C. To do some practical research into the UK education system. D. To test the effectiveness of Chinese teaching method. 29. What's the meaning of the underlined work "harsh" in the fourth paragraph? A. Extremely strict B. Quite friendly C. Rather cold D. Very attractive 30. According to the report, Chinese teaching methods should focus more on ________. A. passing on knowledge B. encouraging independent thinking C. regulation and discipline D. training the majority strictly 31. Yang Zhenning's comment implies that traditional Chinese teaching methods are ________. A. good for Chinese students of all levels B. good for most ordinary qualified students C. helpful to students of high standards D. helpful to high-potential outstanding students D In the movie, The Day After Tomorrow, many climate changes including an ice age are caused by global warming. Much of the science in the movie has been questioned by people. However, there may be some truth to the idea in the movie that global warming could cause an ice age. The theory starts with an understanding of why Europe and Scandinavia are not colder already. After all, other places at the same latitude are covered with ice. The
ocean current called the Gulf Stream brings warm waters from the Caribbean to the UK and Europe. These waters warm the countries around their path. This is why the UK, Europe and Scandinavia have a warmer climate than Alaska. Global warming has nothing to do with this. Global warming is significant. It could slow the Gulf Stream, or even stop it. If this were to happen, the cold waters would stay in the area of Europe, the UK, Scandinavia and the North-eastern US. It could mean an ice age for those regions. Some weakness in the Gulf Stream could happen for different reasons. These days, it could happen due to global warming, caused by human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels. If a new ice age happens, it will probably be caused by the melting of the polar ice. This will lead large quantities of cold and fresh water to come into the ocean, which would disrupt the Gulf Stream and cause the cooling of many areas that now have a mild climate. Scientists have gathered a lot of data from the oceans and the land to try to determine whether an ice age could be caused by global warming. With all this information at hand, it appears that it is indeed possible that global warming could lead to an ice age. 32. According to the text, which of the following statement is TRUE? A. Global warming has created a warmer climate in the UK, Europe and Scandinavia. B. The Gulf Stream plays an important role in the warm climate of the UK, Europe and Scandinavia. C. Only the burning of fossil fuels can cause global warming. D. The climate of Alaska is also affected by the Gulf Stream. 33. By saying "Global warming is significant." the author means the following EXCEPT ________. A. the Gulf Stream will be slowed down or stopped B. the cold water will stay in the ocean of these areas C. people don't have to suffer from cold D. an ice age is just waiting to happen in some areas 34. What is the meaning of the word "current"? A. In common or general use. B. Of the present time. C. Stream of water. D. Flow of electricity 35. What's the main purpose of this passage? A. To warn people of the dangerous effects of global warming. B. To prove that the polar ice will disappear. C. To prove that a new ice age is no way to come. D. To introduce the causes and effects of the Gulf Stream. 第二节 (共 5 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 10 分)
根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有 两项为多余选项。 Arguments happen in every healthy relationship — we know it sounds contradictory, but it's true — but they can still have a negative impact if they aren't handled properly 36 . Take a breath. We know that it can be hard to think clearly when you' re angry, so we would first like to encourage you to try to take a second to collect your thoughts before engaging in a dialogue with your partner. Anger can be poisonous and if you're not careful you could potentially say something that might damage your relationship. 37 Even though you' re angry and it can be hard to be objective, try to see the situation for what it is. Do not worsen the argument just because your partner does. Ask yourself if this situation is worth arguing about. Try to understand the purpose behind an action — if something happened by accident, you should not treat it as if it were done on purpose. Avoid making excuses. 38 Denying something only makes it more hurtful and often your partner will be able to forgive you much more quickly if you are honest. Set basic rules. After a fight you and your partner can reflect on what happened. 39 . At this point you can set some basic rules for future fights, like not cussing each other or calling each other names, which might help reduce the intensity of your fights. 40 . And it's especially difficult when you' re arguing with someone that you care about. Thinking carefully and controlling yourself during an argument can help you avoid saying something that could permanently hurt your relationship. A. Take positive action. B. Take the situation as it is. C. Fighting with someone is never easy. D. Here's how to deal with the major dramas. E. You can discuss what hurt each of you and how you can move forward. F. If you have done something wrong, the best possible choice for you is to admit it. G. The way to prevent an argument from destroying your relationship is learning how to fight fair. 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共三节, 满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空 (共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出可以填 人空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A group of frogs were traveling through the woods, and two of them fell into a
pit (坑). When the other frogs saw how 41 the pit was, they told the two frogs that they 42 as well wait to die. The two frogs 43 the comments and tried to jump out of the pit with all their 44 . The other frogs kept telling them to 45 , and that they were as good as dead. Finally, one of the two frogs listened to what the other frogs said and 46 . He fell down and died. The other frog continued to jump 47 and try his best. Once again, the crowd of frogs yelled at him to stop the 48 and just die. He jumped even harder and finally 49 it. When he got out, the other frogs said, "Didn't you 50 us?" The frog explained to them that he was a little deaf. He thought they were 51 him the entire time 52 advising him to stop the pain of struggle. This story teachers us two 53 : First, there is the power of life and 54 in words. An encouraging word to someone who is 55 can lift him up and help him make it through. Second, a(n) 56 word to someone who is down can be what it 57 to kill him. Be careful of 58 you say. Speak positively to those who cross your path. The power of words is so great; it is sometimes hard to understand that an encouraging word can go such a(n) 59 way. Anyone can speak words that tend to rob another of the 60 to continue in difficult times. The individual who will take the time to encourage another is special. 41. A. deep B. wide C. dark D. shallow 42. A. must B. can C. might D. should 43. A. gave B. ignored C. accepted D. appreciated 44. A. energy B. power C. weight D. strength 45. A. try B. stop C. continue D. jump 46. A. gave in B. gave off C. gave up D. gave away 47. A. near B. hard C. fast D. far 48. A. breath B. pain C. swim D. relief 49. A. made B. had C. took D. got 50. A. hear B. tell C. see D. cheat 51. A. blaming B. threatening C. criticizing D. encouraging 52. A. more than B. other than C. rather than D. less than 53. A. classes B. lessons C. theories D. proverbs 54. A. death B. happiness C. sadness D. love 55. A. out B. short C. down D. strong 56. A. positive B. enthusiastic C. destructive D. challenging 57. A. spends B. costs C. pays D. takes 58. A. why B. when C. that D. what 59. A. long B. short C. easy D. tough 60. A. body B. spirit C. patience D. intelligence
第 II 卷
注意事项: 用 0.5 毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试 卷上无效。 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共三节,满分 55 分) 第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(每空最多不超过 3 个单词)或括号 内单词的正确形式。 It is very common to see an actor or an 61 (act) smoking casually in films. Some people worry that this may encourage young people 62 (try) smoking. A study in the 63 (late) British Medical Journal magazine says that the more teenagers watch actors smoking in films, the more 64 (like) they are to take up the habit themselves. The survey 65 (carry) out among 5,000 US children between the age of 9 and 15. The results showed that, among children 66 regularly watch films, about a third had tried cigarettes. " 67 is time for the film industry to take effective steps to keep actors 68 (smoke) in films," Stanton Glantz, a professor of medicine at the University of California said. He added that film stars must understand that their actions have a real influence 69 children's lives. Glantz also said that some of the children's favourite actors are being paid to smoke. "Any film that receives money from the tobacco industry should be required to keep the audience well 70 (inform) of the danger of smoking," he said. 第三节 完成句子（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 71. If he _____________________ the house, his family wouldn't have had a secure life during the war. (possession) 如果他没有拥有那栋房子，战争期间他们一家就不会过得那么安稳。 72. __________________ to buy that expensive car when this cheaper one is just as good. (sense) 这辆便宜的车也一样地好。买那辆贵的没有意义。 73. The dog, if _____________________________, will make a good guide dog. (train) 如果适当地训练，这只狗会成为一只很好的导盲犬。 74. The teacher said:"In no case ____________________________." (lose) 老师说：“在任何情况下，你都不应该丧失信心。” 75. __________ the funny story, the boy didn't notice that the teacher entered the classroom. (absorb) 被有趣的故事所吸引，这个男孩没有注意到老师进了教室。 第四部分 写作 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或
修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 As the development of the Internet, more and more people tend to send electronic cards instead paper ones at festivals. Comparing with the traditional ones, electronic cards are much interesting, for you can get not only pictures but also sound. Besides, that is faster to send an electronic card for free, thus save money. There are many websites online where varieties of the cards are available. If you are interested in none, you can design cards of specially styles. More importantly, with the popularity of electronic card, less paper is used for making paper ones, what contributes to the protection of the environment. 第二节 书面表达(共 1 题；满分 25 分) 假设你是荆州中学的学生李阳。你校英语俱乐部将选举新一届副主席，你欲 参选。请按照以下提示，写一篇竞选演讲稿。 竞选职位：校英语俱乐部主席 个人优势：1. 性格外向，与人相处融洽； 2. 善于组织各种活动 中选后的决心：协助主席，服务同学 中选后的设想：举办讲座、英语晚会、英语演讲比赛等活动来激发同学们学 习英语的兴趣，提高同学们的英语水平。 表达愿望：希望同学们投票选你，相信你能胜任这份工作。 注意：1. 词数不少于 120； 2. 开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Good afternoon, my dear friends, My name is Li Yang. Today I am honored to have the opportunity to run for the vise president of the English club. ________________________________________________
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荆州中学 2015～2016 学年度上学期 期 末 考 试 卷
听力： 1-5 BCBAA 阅读理解 A)21-23 AAC B)24-27 DBAC C)28-31 DABB D)32-35BCCA 七选五： 36-40 GBFEC 完形填空： 41-45 ACBDB 语法填空： 61. actress 66. who/that 完成句子： 71. had not taken/had possession of 或 had not been in possession of 72. It makes no sense / It doesn't make any sense 73. (it is) properly trained 74. should you lose heart 75. Absorbed in (reading) 短文改错： 76. As→With 77. insteadof
62. to try 67. It
64. likely 69. on
65. was carried 70. informed
68. from smoking
78. comparing→compared 80. that→it 82. the\ 84. card→cards 写作：
79. much→more 或 muchmore 81. save→saving 83. specially→special 85. what→which
My name is Li Yang. Today I am honored to have the opportunity to run for the vice president of the English club. I believe I am qualified for it. First of all, as an outgoing boy, I am getting along well with others, which will certainly be of much help to my work. Besides, having gained much experience by organizing class activities, I am good at organizing the English activities. Were I the vice president, I would try my best to assist the president and serve my fellow students. In addition to holding the English debate contests as well as the English speech contests, I will also invite some famous professors to give lectures on the English cultures and the ways of learning English, which will not only arouse your interest in learning English, but also help you improve your English. I sincerely hope that you will give me a chance to do something for you. Thank you.