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人教版高一英语必修二unit 2全课件


Unit 2 The Olympic Games

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

1.competevi.比赛;竞赛;竞争;比得上 1)compete with/against sb. for sth.为争取某物 和某人对抗 We need to compete with them for the ri

ght. compete with sb./ sth.与……媲美,比得上 Their products can't compete with ours. compete in参加……比赛/竞争 How many countries competed in the ancient Olympic Games? (P9) compete to do sth 竞争做某事 Several advertising agencies are competing to get the contract. 几家广告公司在竞争这份合同。 (2)competition n.比赛 competitive adj.有竞争力的 competitor n.比赛者;对手
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

[即学即练]
(1)Over 1 000 athletes will compete _______________ the race.将 in 有1 000多名运动员参加赛跑。 competed against for (2)The two teams ________________ each other _____ the championship. 这两个队竞争冠军。 (3)Several advertising agencies are ________________ the contract. 几家广告公司在竞争这份合同。

即学即用 (1)为了和别人更有效地展开竞争,越来越多的人谋 求高层次的教育来充实自己。 To compete more effectively with others

, more

and more people equip themselves with a higher

education.
(2)约翰想在学校里谋个职位,但没有成功。

John competed for
didn’t get it.

a place in a school, but he

2.admit v.承认;准许进入;容纳 。
1)admit +n./doing (having done)/that-clause

承认某事/(已经)做了某事
He admitted her beauty. He admitted lying to his mother.

H eadmitted having lied to his mother.
They freely admit (that) they still have a lot to learn. admit sb. / sth. to be 承认某人/某物是…… He finally admitted Lily to be his daughter. He finally admitted Team A to be the best.

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

2)admit sb./sth to /into...准许某人进入(或加入)… The ticket will admit three persons to the concert. 3)be admitted to/ into 被… 接纳,被… 录取 He was admitted to/into the famous university. 4) admit of 容许 This matter admits of no delay. 此事刻不容缓。 5) It is admitted that... 人们公认… It is admitted that Fan Bingbing is a very attractive woman.

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

[即学即练] (1)You must admit ______ the task ____________ difficult.你 to be 必须承认这项任务是艰巨的。 (2)He admitted ________________ stealing the bicycle. 他承认偷了自行 车。 to (3)The ticket will admit ______ three persons ______ the

concert.
这张票可允许三个人参加音乐会。 (4)__________________ It’s admitted that the plan is unreasonable. 普遍认为这个计划不合理。

3.replace vt. 替换,取代;更换; 把…放回原处

replace(=take the place of) sb./sth.取代某人/某物
A new vase replaced the old one. replace sb as 取代某人而成为 He replaced his father as the manager. replace sth. with/by sth. 用……替换……

My mother replaced the old vese with a new one.
in place of=in one's place 代替 We use gas in place of coal in cooking.= We use gas in coal's place in cooking. take one's place=take the place of 代替

Tractors have taken the place of horses in many places

即学即用 (1)有什么能取代母亲的爱和关怀吗? Can anything _____________________________? replace a mother’s love and (2)课堂上,电脑永远不会取代老师。 care be replaced by computers in class Teachers will never ___________ ( 3) 她取代汤姆成了当地的老师。 She ________Tom ______the local teacher . replaced as ( 4)把书放回书架上 Replace the book on the shelf. _________ ( 5)我用新轮胎替换了旧轮胎 replaced with I __________ the old tyres ______ new ones.

4.charge vt. & vi.收费,控诉;n.费用
charge sb. for sth.因……向某人收费

He charged me for the coffe.
charge sb. with sth.指控某人犯有…… Police charged him with murder. I charge him with stealing my lamb 我指控他 偷了我的羊 charge sth. (up)充电 free of charge免费

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

in charge of sth./sb掌管,负责, 照料(表主动) An experienced engineer is in charge of the job. 一位有经验的工程师负责这工作。 Mary is in charge of the children. 玛丽负责照顾这些孩子。 in/under the charge of sb .在…的掌管下/由某人主 管=in /under sb’ charge (表被动) The job is in the charge of an experienced engineer. 这工作由一位有经验的工程师负责。=The job is in an experienced engineer's charge. take charge of掌管;负责 John will take charge of the next meeting. 约翰将主持下一次会议。
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

即学即用 (1)旅馆向他们收服务费。 Hotels ______ charge them _____ for services.

(2)他被指控犯有谋杀罪。
He was charged with murder.

(3)父亲去世后他掌管了农场。
He took charge of the farm after his

father’s death.
(4)这项研究由怀特教授负责。 The research is ________________ in the charge of Professor White.

5.bargain vi.讨价还价;讲条件;n.便宜货
(1)bargain with sb. about/over/for sth.

和某人就某事讨价还价
She bargained with the fishmonger over the price. 她与鱼贩讲价钱。 (2)make a bargain with sb.和某人达成协议、约定 He has made a bargain with his father. (3)a good (bad) bargain买得(不)合算 (4) strike a bargain with sb. 与某人成交

(5) It's a bargin. 这可是便宜货。
(6) a bargain price (=a low price) 廉价

[即学即练]
a real bargain (1)These shoes are ____________________ at such a low price.

这些鞋子价格这样低,真是便宜货。 made a bargain with his wife,“You do the (2)He ________________________
shopping and I will cook.” 他和妻子达成协议:“你去买东西,我做饭。” bargained withher ______ (3)We ____________ about the price. 我们跟她议价。

6.deserve

vi.& vt.值得;应受(报答或惩罚 deserve sth. (eg. consideration/attention) )
=be worth sth 值得(考虑/注意)
You've been working all morning---you deserve a rest. 你已经干了一个上午了,该休息一下了。

deserve to do应该做某事(主动)
deserve doing = deserve to be done应该被做;值得被做(被 动) The child deserved to be rewarded/punished. rewarding/punishing.

这孩子该奖/罚。
You deserve it. 这是你应得的。

即学即用 (1)不劳者就该挨饿。 Those who do not work ___________ deserve to starve.

(2)他做了这样的事,应该受到惩罚。
deserves to be punished He_________________________ for what he did.

(=He deserves punishing/punishment for what he
did.)

(3)这些看法值得认真考虑[我们注意]。
consideration These views _________serious__________________ deserve

[our attention] _________________.

重点短语 【辨析】 take part in/join/join in/join sb. in doing
sth./attend take part in 指参加群众性的活动、会议等并在其中发挥 作用

join
join in join sb. in doing sth. attend

指加入党派、组织、团体,成为其中一员
指参加一些大规模活动,如球赛、游戏等 指和某人一起做某事,join的宾语可以是 人,也可以是组织、团体 多指参加大型的集会活动,如会议、婚礼、 典礼、报告、上学等。另外还有“照顾、照 料”之意

即学即用 (2)他们不停地跳舞,直到我们中许多人都参加了进 去。

They danced and danced until a lot of us
joined in .

(3)我和全家人一道祝你有一个幸福的将来。
All the family join me in wishing you a

happy future.

[学以致用] 1.用take part in,join,join in,join(sb.)in,attend填 空 ①______________social practice is becoming popular among students. ②To__________the Party,he took an active part in a variety of activities. ③Since you have no time,you need not________the tea party. ④ Would you like to________us in the discussion tomorrow? 答案:①Taking part in ②join ③attend ④join

2.as well 1)相当于too 和 also,用于肯定句中, 表示“也,又,而且”,用于句尾,不用逗号。

If you go, I’ll go as well.
要是你去,我也去。

Are they coming as well?
他们也来吗? 2)as well 在口语中也可用于句中, 作“也好, 也行”或 “倒不如”解, 用来缓和语气。 You may as well go.

as well as常用来连接两个并列的成分, 作“也, 还”解

。它强调的是前一项, 后一项只是顺便提及。因此连
接并列主语时, 谓语动词与前一项一致;而用not only

...but also...连接时, 谓语动词与后一项一致。如:
Your wife as well as you is friendly to me. 不仅你而且 你的妻子也对我很友好.(=Not only you but also your wife is friendly to me. as well as 用来表示同级比较, 指“一样好”。

You look as well as you did ten years ago. 你的身体看
起来还和十年前一样好。

as well as的涵义是“还有”、“不但…而且…”。值得注意的
是,在A as well as B的结构里,语意的重点在 A,不在 B。因此 ,“He can speak Spanish as well as English.”的译文应该是 :“他不但会说英语,而且会讲西班牙语” may/might as well 表示委婉的建议,一般是

针对当时的情况提出另外的提议。意思是“我们不
妨……,我们还是……吧”。 Eg.We may/ might as well start it now. 我们不妨现在就开始吧。 In that case ,I might as well bring them back with me 那样的话, 我还是拿回去吧。

3.stand for 代表;主张;象征;表示;容忍
eg.What do the five rings on the Olympic flag stand

for?
奥运旗上的五环代表什么? This symbol stands for strength. 这个符号象征着力量。 No one can stand for the way he speaks to his mother. 没有人能容忍他跟他母亲说话的方式 Would you just stand by and watch? 你愿意坐以观望吗? Her bright red hair made her stand out from the others 她那亮红色的秀发使她格外显眼

与 stand 搭配的短语拓展:

stand by
stand out stand aside

支持;袖手旁观
突出;显眼;坚持 让开;站到一边

stand up
stand back

站起来
退后

即学即用:用以上stand短语完成句子 stand for post office or postal order . 1.P.O._________ Stand aside and let us pass. 2.___________ 3.Hestands _________in out everything he does stand up 4.Please _________ when we call your name. stand by you. 5.Don’t worry .we ‘ll _________

No other countries could join in,nor could slaves

or women!
别的国家不能参加,奴隶和妇女也不能参加! 句型“nor/neither+系动词/助动词/情态动词+另一个主 语”用于否定陈述句之后,表示“也不”,相当于either 用 于否定句。

(1) “ neither/nor/so +系动词 ( 情态动词或助动词 ) +主 语”是一个倒装句型,表示前面的情况也适用于后者,so用 于肯定场合,neither/nor用于否定场合。 (2)如果前句有两个分句,谓语部分不同,或者既有肯定

又有否定,要用so it is with...或It’s the same with...句型。
(3)如果表示对前面的内容的进一步肯定,则要用“so+ 主语+be/助动词/情态动词”意为“??的确是这样”。 (4)“主语+do/did/does +so”表示“某人这样做了”, 本结构中的助动词不能改为be或情态动词。

①He isn’t a doctor,and nor/neither is his brother. 他不是医生,他哥哥也不是。

②If you go to school early tomorrow,so shall I.
如果明天你早点去学校,我也早去。 ③Mary was born in Australia and she lived in the United States.So it was with Jane./It was the same with Jane. 玛丽在澳大利亚出生,在美国居住。简也是。

④—It was cold yesterday. 昨天很冷。

—So it was.
确实如此。 ⑤The doctor asked him to eat more vegetables,and he did so. 医生让他多吃蔬菜,他就这样做了。

[学以致用] 1.完成句子 ①——他昨天上学迟到了。

—He came to school late yesterday.
——他确实迟到了。 —_____________________________________. ②他完成了作业,我也完成了。 He has finished his homework,_____________________.

③这个女孩很聪明,但是她不认真学习。 —The girl is clever,but she doesn’t study hard.

她哥哥也是如此。
—______________________her brother. 答案:①So he did the same with ②and so have I ③So it is with/It is

I lived in what you call“Ancient Greece”and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. 我生活在你们称之为“古希腊”的地方,我过去也经常 写有关很久以前奥运会的情况。

what引导宾语从句,并在从句中作call的宾语,
“Ancient Greece”作宾补。what用作代词,在意义上译法非 常灵活,它可以指“??的东西”“??的人”“??的时 间”“??的地点”等;在句中可以作主语、宾语、表语, 相当于定语从句中的“先行词+关系代词”。

①Before the sales start,I make a list of what my kids will need for the coming season.(指代“??的东西”,相当 于the thing(s)/something that) 在大减价开始之前,我先列一张孩子们在下个季节所需 要的东西的清单。 ②—In my opinion,you should owe your success mostly to

your parents.
——我认为你的成功主要归功于你的父母。 —You are right.They have brought me up and made me

what I am.(指代“??的人”,相当于the person that/who。)
——对,是他们把我培养成我现在的样子。

③After a long journey,they came to what was called “Gebi Desert ”.(指代“??的地方”,相当于the place

that)
长途跋涉之后,他们来到了被称之为 “ 戈壁滩 ” 的地 方。 ④After what seemed to be a long time,the soldier came back to life.(指代“??的时间”,相当于the time that)似乎

过了很长时间之后,士兵苏醒了过来。

[学以致用] 2.完成句子 ①我们生活在所谓的信息时代。

We live in________________the Information Age.
②时间是我们所需要的东西。 Time is__________________________. ③他所缺乏的是信心。 ________________________is confidence.

答案:①what is called
lacks

②what we need

③What he

There’s as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals. 国与国之间争取奥运会承办权的竞争就跟争夺奥运奖牌 一样激烈。

as...as像??那样,正如。第一个as为副词,修饰形容词
或副词原级。第二个as可以是连词,引导让步状语从句;也 可以是介词,后加名词或代词。

(1)as+adj./adv.+as...像??一样??

(2)as+adj.+a/an+n.+as...和??一样??
(3)as many/much as...与??一样多,多达?? (4)as+many/much+n.+as...和??一样多的?? (5)否定句式:not as/so...as...意为“不如??”。 (6)...times as+adj./adv.+as...“是??的几倍”表达倍

数的词必须置于比较结构之前。

①She is as tall as her mother(is). 她和她母亲一样高。 ②Getting rid of a bad habit is as much a struggle as

forming a good one.
摆脱坏习惯就像养成好习惯一样需要艰苦努力。 ③I have as many books as you have. 我和你的书一样多。 ④She is not as young as she was.

她不如从前那么年轻了。

[学以致用] 3.完成句子 ①Tom是和他弟弟一样努力的孩子。

Tom is ________________________________ his brother.
②诚实地说,我不像从前那样忙碌了。 To be honest,I’m not______________________before.

③她花在衣服上的钱是我花的两倍。

She spends______________________money on clothing as
I (do). 答案:①as hard-working a boy as twice as much ②so/as busy as ③

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

Reading

AN INTERVIEW

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

What is an interview ? It is an meeting at which a reporter asks questions in order to find out his view. Interviewer : the person who asks

questions (采访者) Interviewee : the person who answers questions (被采访者)
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

1. Do you know any differences
between the ancient and modern

Olympic Games? List two of them.
2. When and where will the next Olympic Games be held?

3. Do you know him?
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

Pausanias

帕萨尼亚斯 (143~176年)

希腊地理学家和历史学家,著

有《希腊志》——一本关于古
希腊地志和历史的十分有价值

的书。他描述了奥林匹亚和德尔
斐的宗教艺术和建筑,雅典的绘画和碑铭,卫

城的雅典娜雕像,以及(城外)名人和雅典阵亡
战士的纪念碑。引述J.G.弗雷泽的说法:“如

果没有帕萨尼亚斯,这些希腊废墟多半会成为
没有线索的迷宫,没有解答的谜团。”
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

What does the passage tell us?
the ancient Olympic Games the modern Olympic Games good & bad effects of the Olympic Games the similarities between them the differences between them
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

1.Can every athlete take part in the modern Olympic Games? 2.What is the difference between winter Olympics and Summer Olympics? 3.Why does every country which host the olympic Games build the special village?And what are in the village? 4.Why does every country want to host the Olympic Games? 5.What does the Olympic motto mean?
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

1. Can every athlete take part in the modern Olympic Games? Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be adimited as competitors.

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

2. What is the difference between Winter Olympics and Summer Olympics? There is no running race or horse riding events in winter Olympics. Instead there are competitions like skiing and skating which need snow and ice.
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

3.Why does every country which host the olympic Games build the special village? And what are in the village?
For each Olympics, a special village is built for athletes to live in, there is a main reception building, several stadiums for competitions, and a gymnasium in it as well.

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

4.Why does every country want to host the Olympic Games?
Because it is not only a great responsibility but also a great honor to host Olympic Games.

5.What does the Olympic motto The Olympic motto “Faster, Higher, mean?
Stronger” means every athlete should try to run faster, jump higher and throw further.
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

Scan the passage to find out the characteristics and similarities of the ancient and modern Olympics.

Ancient Olympics

1 one set of Games 2 no women or slaves can take part
3 only competitors from Greece

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

Modern Olympics

1 two main sets of German 2 anyone can take part if they reach the standard
3 competitors from all over the world

4 all round the world
5 more than 250 events
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

Similarities

1 have running races
2 held every 4 years 3 no prize money for winners

4 seen as most important competition

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

Read the passage carefully and answer
the following questions.

1 What mazes Pausanias about the Olympic Games? 2 Why does he think Athens and Beijing should feel proud? 3 Why does he think people may be

comparing for money in the Modern Olympic
Games?
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

1 What mazes Pausanias about the

Olympic Games? Pausanias is amazed that many countries
tale part in the Olympic Games and

women too and there are two sets of
Games – the winter and the Summer Olympics.
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

2 Why does he think Athens and Beijing should feel proud? Because Li Yan has explained that it is a great honour to host the Olympic Games.

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

3 Why does he think people may be comparing for money in the Modern Olympic Games? He thinks that so many things have changed in the Olympic Games that he fears that spirit of the Olympics may have changed too.
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

Discuss this questions in groups: Why do many countries want to host the Olympic Games while others do not? Use the mind map below to help you.

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

a great honour tourism

great responsibility

Reasons to host the Olympic Games
new sports facilities

new investment

national pride

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

too expensive accidents / attacks

much planning pressure / stress

Reasons not to host the Olympic Games
many stadiums

accommodation

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

Summary of the interview
The Olympic Games are the biggest sports meeting in the world, which include two kinds, the Summer ________and the Winter ______ Olympics. Both of them are _____ ____. held every _____ four years
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

All countries can take part if their athletes reached the ________ standard to the games. Women are not only _______ allowed to join in but playing a very important _________ role. A ______ special______ village is built for the competitors to live in,
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

a ________ stadium for competitions, a

large swimming pool, a
__________ as well as seats for gymnasium

those who watch the games. It’s
a great _____ honor to host the Olympic Games.

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

The Olive wreath has been ________ replaced by medals. But it’s still about being able to run ______, jump ______ swifter higher and throw _______. further

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

Speaking

(1) Suppose you are Pausanias. Now you meet your old friend /your wife/ mother and you talk with him / her about the modern Olympics. (2) Suppose you are Li Yan. Now you meet your old friend/ mother /teacher and you talk with him/her about the ancient Olympics.
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

You may begin like this:
Friend---- Hi, Pausanias! I haven’t seen you for days. Where have you been? P---- I went to visit a girl in the year 2007…

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

Step 1

Revision

一般时态:am/is/are +过去分词
1、The Chinese food _____ to be the healthiest in the world. A. considers B. is considering C. is considered D. has considered

C

过去时态:was/were +过去分词
2、John ___ , for he went swimming yesterday without permission. would punished B. had punished C. punished D. was punished

D

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

Step 2

品语境 找规律

必修二 Units 1~2

1.The people of Beijing will plant more trees and build new roads.

More trees will be planted and new roads will be built.
2.They will pay more to the athletes.

More will be paid to the athletes.
3.They will encourage children to take more exercise.

Children will be encouraged to take more exercises.

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

SB1 UNIT 8

必修二 Units 1~2

Grammar

将来时的被动语态
将来时的被动语态表示: 1. 动作发生在将来. 2. 强调动作的承受者,或不能或无须体积提及动作的执行者 将来时的被动语态由”shall / will be +过去分词”或 ”be going to be +过去分词”构成. Will the port be opened to foreign ships? 这个港口将会对外国船只开放吗? The classroom is going to be cleaned after school. 教师将在放学以后打扫.
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

The Future Passive Voice
(一般将来时被动语态)

必修二 Units 1~2

1. 结构:

shall /will /be +过去分词

e.g. The 30th Olympic Games will be hosted by London in the

year 2012.
2. 否定句: not 置于 shall /will 之后 e.g. He will not be sent there tomorrow. 3. 疑问句式: 疑问词 + will /shall + 主语 + be +过去分词

e.g. When will the SARS patient be operated on?
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

shall(will)+be+ done

(1) 主语+谓语+宾语:
主动: We will build a new house next year.

被动: A new house will be built (by us) next year.
(2) 主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语 (习惯上把间接宾语变为被动语态的主语):

主动: My mother will give me a shirt.
被动: I will be given a shirt (by my mother).

如果把直接宾语改为主语时, 则在间接宾语前加to或for
被动: A new shirt will be given to me (by my mother).
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

(3) 主语+谓语+宾语+宾补。如果是含有复合宾语 的主动句变成被动句时, 将其中的宾语变为主 语, 宾补不变。例如: 主动: We will ask him to help you tomorrow. 被动: He will be asked to help you (by us).

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

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Step 3 Practice:
英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

A.Turn the following sentences into Passive Voice: 1.They will give her a gold medal. She will be given a gold medal. 2.The construction workers will put down the old temple. The old temple will be pulled down. 3.They will read The Music of Chance by Paul Auster. The Music of Chance by Paul Auster will be read. 4.The rabbits will eat the carrots. The carrots will be eaten by the rabbits.
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

必修二 Units 1~2 英语(RJRussian ) 5.The businessman will buy the famous painting by Xu Beihong. The famous painting by Xu Beihong will be bought by the Russian businessman.

6.The teacher will mark the students’ homework tonight. The students’ homework will be marked tonight. 7.They will make some parts of the car in the factory. Some parts of the car will be made in the factory. 8.They will finish this project in five years. This project will be finished in five years.
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

B.用被动语态对下列句子画线部分提问

SB1 UNIT 8

必修二 Units 1~2

1. They will build many new sport venues for the Beijing Olympic Games. What will be built for the Beijing Olympic Games? 2. Millions of people will watch the final match on TV.

Where will the final match be watched by millions of people?
3.John will carry the Canadian flag at the opening of the Olympic Games. By whom will the Canadian flag be carried at the opening of the Olympic Games?
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

SB1 UNIT 8

必修二 Units 1~2

4. They will make all the flags by hand.
How will all the flags be made ? 5. Mrs. Jones will take care of your pet dog while you are away on holiday. What will be taken care of by Mrs. Jones while you are away on holiday? 6. The government will spend almost 100 million Yuan on this programme. How much money will be spent by the government on this programme?
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

SB1 UNIT 8

必修二 Units 1~2

Grammar

C.用适当的形式填空
become More and more students will study in our school, so it will _________ are designing (become) much larger. The engineers ____________(design) will be set a project now. a new building ___________(set) up. will be rebuilt The playground _______________(rebuild). New equipment Will be bought is finished ___________(buy) When the project _______________(finish). Will be kept enjoy More books ____________(keep) in the library. We can _______ will be (enjoy) reading in the bright reading room. There ________(be) will see many trees and flowers in the school. We ___________(see) a beautiful and modern school next year.

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

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英语(RJ)

Step 4 其他结构

必修二 Units 1~2

表示将来意义的被动结构还有:1.be going to be done;2.be to be done ;3.will(shall)+get +done等。例如: Some old buildings are going to be put down. The 29th Olympic Games is to be held in Beijing in 2008. The workers will get paid before the end of December. 同学们也要注意这些结构的否定式、疑问式等。例如: These trees are not going to be cut down.Are these trees going to be cut down?Yes,they are. The machines are not to be repaired tonight.Are they to be repaired tomorrow?Yes,they are.

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

Step 5

注意事项

必修二 Units 1~2

使用一般将来时的被动语态时,应注意以下两点 : 1.在时间、条件状语从句中,应使用现在时表示 将来时。同样,应使用现在时的被动语态表示将来 时的被动语态。例如: He says he will leave the company if he is punished for this . When the dam is completed,the Changjiang River will be controlled.

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

2.使用一般将来时被动语态时,学生易遗漏被动式 中的be。例如: 【误】A new film will shown at the cinema next week . 【正】A new film will be shown at the cinema next week .
【误】Is this bridge going to completed before the end of this year? 【正】Is this bridge going to be completed before the end of this year?

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

Translation

1. 这条裙子太漂亮了! 会有很多女 孩儿喜欢的! What a beautiful skirt! It will be loved by many girls. 2. 他一到达这个城市就会被认出。 He will be recognized as soon as he arrives at this city.
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

3. 这项工作很快就完成了。

必修二 Units 1~2

The work is going to be done soon. 4. 我们不会受到邀请。 We will not be invited.

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

Choost the best answer

1. All those old buildings A ______ down tomorrow. A. will be knocked B. will knock C. will have knocked D. knock 解析: will/shall be +p.p. 一 般来时被动语态。故答案选A。
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

2. The mistakes in the
exercises will _____ the C teacher. A. cross B. be crossing C. be crossed by D. cross by
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

3. It is said that a new C robot ____by him in a few days. A. designed B. has been designed C. will be designed

D. will have been
designed
主干回顾 · 夯基础 核心探究 · 破疑难 考点对练 · 全突破

英语(RJ)

必修二 Units 1~2

主干回顾 · 夯基础

核心探究 · 破疑难

考点对练 · 全突破


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