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高二英语语法填空解题技巧


高二英语语法填空解题技巧
I、解题技巧: 一、有提示词填空题的解题技巧: 有提示词题要求使用括号中单词的正确形式填空,主要考查谓语动词的时态语态、非谓语动词、 形容词和副词的比较等级、词性转化这四种情况。 1、给出动词原形: 首先,判断要填的动词是谓语动词还是非谓语动词。然后按以下两点进行思考。 (一)句中没有谓语,或者虽然已有谓语动词,但需填的词与已存在谓语主语一致,且中间有并列 或转折连词时,需填的词则是谓语动词,就要考虑时态、语态、语气、主谓一致等。时态考虑要瞻 前顾后。 例 1. The first card ____________(design) by J.C. Horsley as a commercial endeavor. 例 2. That was definitely not an attractive idea so I politely declined her invitation, _________(close) my book and walked away. 例 3. All over the world, people move from place to place. More and more people __________ (leave) towns and farms to move to cities. This movement (move) to cities is called urbanization. 例 4. Smaller cars are just one of the directions that the car industry is taking. Also the industry _________ (produce) cars that pollute less and have a less harmful effect on the environment these days. 例 5. Nobody knows what _____________________ (happen) if she had refused to pay. (二)若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并列谓语时,所给动词就是非谓语动词。若是非谓语动词就要 确定用 doing 形式 done 形式,还是 to do 形式。非谓语的形式可以根据它与其逻辑主语之间是主动 关系还是被动关系,以及非谓语动词的动作与谓语动词的动作发生的先后顺序来确定。 例 6. … but it is not enough only ______________(memorize) rules from a grammar book. 例 7. _________(speak) out your inner feeling won’t make you feel ashamed;on the contrary…… 技巧 1: 作主语或宾语时, 通常用______________形式表示习惯或一般情况; 用______________ 形式表示具体情况或将来;用____________________________表示已发生。 例 8. ____________(complete) the project as planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day. 例 9. The young student did all that he could ______ (pass)the examinations. 例 10. Some people say that oldest children, who are smart and strong-willed, are very likely _____________(success). 技巧 2 :作目的状语或者在固定结构中,一般用_________。 例 11. He saw the stone, ______(say) to himself: “The night will be very dark.” 例 12. The headmaster went into the lab, ________ (follow) by the foreign guests. 技巧 3 :分词作伴随状语,原因状语,条件状语等时,要看它与逻辑主语的关系确定形式。与 句中主语是主动关系使用_____________;与句中主语是被动关系使用_____________。 例 13. I didn’t talk much to the man __________ (sit) next to me. 语法填空
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例 14. Lessons_________(learn) in sports can help us in our dealing with other people. 技巧 4: 分词做后置定语也要看它与被修饰词之间的关系确定形式。 与所修饰的名词是主动关系 使用_____________;与所修饰的名词是被动关系使用_____________。 例 15. At 9:07pm, Sept.25, The Shenzhou VII spacecraft was lifted by the long March Ⅱ-F carrier rocket into space. The launch of the Shenzhou VII is China’s third manned space venture since October 23, when it joined Russia and the United States as the only countries _____________(send) astronauts into space. 技巧 5:名词前有 first, second,…last, only 修饰时,后面要用_____________做后置定语。 例 16. Mr. Green was disappointed to see the washing machine he had had ______ (repair) go wrong again. 例 17. Can you tell me the way you thought of ___________ (work) out the problem. 技巧 6:固定结构,如:___________________________ 等。 2、给出形容词或副词: 当所给词为形容词或副词时,往往考查形容词与副词之间的转换或是比较级或最高级。有 than 的前 面要用比较级并注意根据语境理解隐形的比较级; 有 in, of, I have ever seen 等表示比较范围的用最高 级。 [例 1]It takes ______ (little) time to go there by plane than by train. [例 2]My pronunciation is poor. His is even ______ (bad). [例 3]Hainan is China’s second ______ (large) island. [例 4]Mr. Li, our English teacher, is one of the ______ (nice) people I know. [例 5]“Thirty-five cents,” she said ___________ (rude). [例 6]____________ (fortunate), I then noticed that I had just only 10 minutes left ...! 3、给出代词: ⑴ 注意指代对象(通常是前面出现的名词或整句),是人还是事物,是男还是女,是单数还是复数, 是作主语还是作宾语。 [例 1]…“Did anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh dear! It’s __(I).” ⑵ 如是物主代词(表示某人的),作主语、宾语或表语用名词性物主代词,在名词前作定语只能用形 容词性物主代词。 [例 2]Tom, a friend of ____ (I), is our monitor. [例 3]I’d been at home in Hong Kong, with ______ (it) choking smog. ⑶ 反身代词反指谁,它通常作主语和宾语的同位语,这时应与主语或宾语一致;也可作某些动词或 介词的宾语,这时需与主语一致。 [例 4]The children amused _______ (they) by playing hide-and-seek games. 4、给出名词: 弄清名词是否该用复数,是否要用所有格或是否要转换词性。 [例 1]We were poor in those _______ (day). [例 2] It’s about an _____ (hour) drive from here. [例 3]As ________ (nature) architects, the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly how thick the adobe walls

needed to be to make the cycle work on most days. 5、词类转换题的解题技巧 根据该词在句子中所作的句子成分来确定用哪种形式。具体方法有: 例 1.The youngster immediately fell ________ (silence) as tears flew down from his big blue eyes. 例 2. In a ________ (danger) part of the sea off the coast of New Zealand, they learnt to… 例 3.Teachers must try their best to make most of their students ________ (interest) in the subject. 技巧 1:作表语、定语或补语,通常用_____________形式。 例 4.When China’s ancient scientific and technological ________ (achieve) are mentioned, the nation will generally refer to the Four Great Inventions. 例 5. Instructors expect students to be familiar with ____________ (inform) in the reading. 技巧 2:作主语,或在及物动词或介词后作宾语,用_____________形式。 例 6. With the large numbers of students, the ________ (operate) of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. 技巧 3:在形容词性物主代词后,或者在“冠词(+形容词)”后,用_____________形式。 例 7. There must be something _______ (serious) wrong with our society. 例 8. Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet _______ (main) because their busy lifestyles leave them little time. 技巧 4:修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子,作状语,用_____________形式。 例 9. People certainly have a variety of reasons for going back to school but one important thing to know is: no knowledge is ________ (use). 例 10. Your mistake caused a lot of ________ (necessary) work in the office. 技巧 5:词义转换题。词类不一定要变,主要是考查具有与词根意义_____________的派生词, 需根据句子意思及前后逻辑关系,在词根前加_____________等,在词根后加_________等。 例 11. There was a lot of information about the city’s well-known tourist [34] _______ (attract). 例 12. As far as I am concerned, my [37]__________(suggest) is that we should always have a notebook. 例 13. It would be ___________ (believe) that such an honest man should have betrayed his friends. 技巧 6 :括号中所给词为动词时,也不一定是考动词的时态语态或非谓语动词,有可能考 _____________。 二、纯空格试题的解题技巧 首先,分析句子结构,确定填哪类词。然后,再根据句子的意思,确定具体填什么词;或根据 两句间的逻辑关系确定用哪个连词。确定填哪类词有以下技巧: 例 1. Whenever he was discouraged or faced with difficult problems he would open the box, take out an imaginary kiss, and remember the love of this beautiful child _________ had put it there. 技巧 1①:定语从句缺主语或宾语,一定是填适当的关系词,如:__________________。 例 2. I was on my way to the Taiyetos Mountains. The sun was setting when my car broke (break) down 语法填空
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near a remote and poor village. Cursing my misfortune, I was wondering where I was going to spend the night when I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to_______ should have the honor of receiving me. 技巧 1②:_________缺主语或宾语,根据句子意思填适当的词,如:who/ whom 谁, which 哪 一个/些, what 东西/话/地方, whoever, whichever, whatever, whomever。 例 3. While she was getting me was a garage. 技巧 2①:定语从句缺地点状语用________________, 缺时间状语用_________________,缺原 因状语用____________。 例 4. It is said that the father kept that little gold box by his bed for all the years of his life. __________________ he was discouraged or faced with difficult problems he would open the box, take out an imaginary kiss, and remember the love of this beautiful girl. 例 5. ____________ old you are, it’s not too late to make your life more interesting. 技巧 2②:状语从句缺地点状语用________________, 缺时间状语用_________________,缺原 因状语用____________,方式状语用___________________。 例 6. It is said that ______ short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty(920-1279)was very anxious to help his rice crop grow up quickly. 技巧 3:________若没有限定词(冠词,不定代词) ,很可能是填_________。 例 7. The little girl looked ______ at him with tears rolling from her eyes and said: “Daddy, it’s not empty. I blew kisses into it______ it was all full.” The father was crushed. He fell ___ his knees and put his arms around his precious little girl. He begged her to forgive him for his unnecessary anger. 技巧 4 :_________的使用要注意_________和_________提示。 例 8. It took them just three minutes to steal paintings from two world-famous artists, Pablo Picasso______ Candido Portinari, which are worth millions of dollars. 技巧 4 ① :两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连接词,可能是填________。 例 9. All I saw was this beautiful girl, whose smile just melted me _______ almost instantly gave me a completely new sense of what life is all about. 技巧 4 ② : _________发出两个或几个动作, 且_________ 中间没有连词, 一定是填_________。 例 10. Keep a positive attitude ________ good things will happen. 例 11. He was very tired after doing this for a whole day, ______ he felt very happy. 技巧 4 ③ :若两句(一个主谓关系算一句)之间没有连词,也没有分号或句号,一定是填 __________________。 例 12. What is acceptable in one country ______ be considered extremely rude in another. 例 13. He had no time or energy to play with his children or talk with his wife, but he ______ bring home a regular salary. settled (settle) into a tiny but clean room, the head of the village was a small town some 20 kilometres away _________there tying up his horse to my car to pull it to

技巧 5:若结构完整,空格后的谓语动词是原型,且又与上下文时态不一致或主谓不一致时,很 有可能是填____________或___________________________________。 例 14. ______ with hard work can you expect to get pay rise. 例 15. … as it took them just three minutes ________ (steal) paintings by two world-famous artists. 例 16. Dating sites also make _____ easy to avoid someone whom you are not interested in. 例 17. This made the goat so jealous _____ it began plotting against the donkey. 例 18. Cynthia’s story shows vividly that people remember more how much a manager cares _____ how much he pays. 例 19. It is said that ______ used to be a theatre here. 例 20. One day, he came up with an idea __________ he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches. He did so the next day. 技巧 6:由__________________来判断空格应填的词。 III、解题步骤 ⑴ 略读全文抓大意。 ⑵ 分析句子结构,根据所填词在句中充当什么成分确定要填哪类词,即从句子结构的完整性去 思考该填哪类词。 ⑶ 根据句子意思的完整性去思考具体填哪个词。 ⑷ 根据前后句子之间的逻辑关系确定填适当的并列连词或从句的引导词。 ⑸ 先易后难,等容易的做好后再考虑难题。做完后再通读一遍,认真检查。 IV、仿真模拟 (一) Once, there were four candles. They burnt slowly. The surroundings were so soft hear them speak. The first candle said, “I am Peace, but nobody The 缺少的).” Not long later, Faith’s flame slowly decreased and went out completely as well. Sadly, the third candle said, “People call me Love and I think I don’t have the (love) those who are the Suddenly, 8 6 (near) to them. 7 4 (strong) to 5 stay lit any longer. People neglect me and put me aside, not knowing my importance. They even forget 3 2 (want) to keep me lit.” Then, Peace’s flame slowly decreased and went out completely. (two) candle said, “My name is Faith, but these days, I am no longer indispensable (不可 1 you could

Hope. As long as I am burning, we can relight the other candles.” 10 hope and delight, the child took the candle of Hope and lit the other candles. (二) When I was about 12, I developed a passion for writing poetry. I gave up all my other and spent my spare time possible occasion soon got me and start writing poems in class. Of course, I did this staring with 6 4 (cautious), but it was not long before I got caught. One day 5 I was busy writing a poem during a geography lesson, I looked up to find the teacher standing over me, (angry) because I wasn’t paying attention. He tore up the poem, with a warning not 7 (write) a good poem, so that evening I wrote to waste time in his class. Yet I was convinced that I it out again from memory. Not long after, I read about a poem contest and I decided to send in my poem. Weeks later, long after I’d given up hope, I got a letter 8 (inform) me I’d won first prize. Everyone at school was 10 watched me more carefully than ever. He ____9_____ (impress) except the geography teacher, 2 3 1 (hobby), (read) poetry and writing it. This habit of writing poetry on every trouble. If a lesson didn’t interest me, I’d take out my notebook

was quite determined that I wasn’t going to write poetry in his lesson. (三) Nothing can compare to the warm hug of a person, but when there is no one else around, this little Japanese 1 (invent) can do the job quite well. It is called the “tranquility chair”, 3 2 back is shaped like a giant human doll with a affectionate hug. The chair is the product of a Japanese company. “It in that company. “ is expected to rise the Japanese market. The company has also come up with a similar product like “Life Rhythm Dolls”, which are programmed 8 (remind) the users to take their medicine on time. 9 (suffer) from anxiety, fear or (四) Friendship is indispensable(不可缺少的) to people’s life. A man without friends is like an angel 9 (gentle) to him, “Don’t be afraid. My name is 语法填空
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(friend) face and long arms that can wrap around you in an 4 (make) you feel safe,” said a spokesman (current) over the age of 65, and the number

5 7

it is specially designed for the old, anyone can use it.” 6 40% in the coming decades, the tranquility chair is really quite suitable for

Given that a quarter of Japan’s population is

Meanwhile, the spokesman explained that the hugging chair is also designed to help dementia (痴呆) patients as well as people 10 (control) anger.

(wait) no longer, Love went out completely.

child entered the room and saw the three candles no longer burning. The child began without wings, 1

to cry, “Why aren’t you burning?” Just at that moment, the fourth candle spoke

life will suffer in the long tolerance of

2

(lonely) and depression.

Friendship is the mother of our soul, who will warm her kid if hurt things such as happiness, is important 5 4 (maintain) a true friendship. 6

3

(occur). We have many

例 1.silent

例 2.dangerous

例 3.interested

技巧 1:作表语、定语或补语,通常用形容词形式。

(excite) and bitterness, to share with our friends in life, etc. Thus, it

例 4.achievements 形式。例 7.seriously

例 5.information 例 8.mainly

技巧 2:作主语,或在及物动词或介词后作宾语, 技巧 4:修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子,作状语,用 技巧 5:词义转换题。词类不一定要变,主要是考查 例 12.suggestion 例 13.unbelievable 技巧 6:

用名词形式。 例 6.operation authentic and meaningful friendship. 副词形式。例 9.useless

技巧 3:在形容词性物主代词后,或者在“冠词(+形容词)”后,用名词

It takes many special qualities to make a friend. Understanding should come first. Only when we get a better understanding of each other can we gain your friend when he/she is all our life. Tolerance is the maintain your friendship. 参考答案: I、解题技巧: 一、有提示词填空题的解题技巧: 1、给出动词原形: 例 1.was designed happened 例 2.closed 例 3.are leaving 例 4.is producing 例 5.would have 例 6.to memorize 例 7.Speaking 技巧 1 : 作主语或宾语时, 通常用 doing / being done 9 (three) essential part in friendship. We are 10 (absolute) different persons. This individual distinction may cause conflict. But just try to tolerate others so that you can 7 trouble. 8 (give) by God that we should treasure it It also takes a special kind of love that seems to have no end. Never hesitate to show your kindness to Love is not selfish. Love is such a valuable quality

例 10.unnecessary

具有与词根意义相反的派生词, 需根据句子意思及前后逻辑关系, 在词根前加 un-, im-, il-, ir-, in-, non-, dis-等,在词根后加-less 等。 有可能考词类转换。 二、纯空格试题的解题技巧 例 1. who/ that whom。 技巧 1 ① : 定语从句缺主语或宾语, 一定是填适当的关系词, 如: who, that, which, 例 2.who 技巧 1② : 名词性从句缺主语或宾语, 根据句子意思填适当的词, 如: who/ whom 例 11.attractions 括号中所给词为动词时,也不一定是考动词的时态语态或非谓语动词,

谁, which 哪一个/些, what 东西/话/地方, whoever, whichever, whatever, whomever 例 3.where 技巧 2①:定语从句 缺地点状语用 where, 缺时间状语用 when,缺原因状语用 why。 例 4.When/ Whenever 例 5.However 技巧 2②: 状语从句 缺地点状语用 where/ wherever, 缺时 例 6.a 技巧 3: 例 7.up; until; on 技巧 4 :介 间状语用 when/whenever,缺原因状语用 why,缺方式状语用 how/however。 名词前面 若没有限定词(冠词,不定代词) ,很可能是填限定词。 词 的使用要注意搭配和上下文语境提示。例 8.and 连接词,可能是填连词。 例 9.and 中间没有连词,一定是填连词。例 10.and 例 11.but

技巧 4 ① :两个或几个单词或短语之间没有 技巧 4 ③ :若两句(一个主谓关系算一 例 13.did 技

技巧 4 ② :同一个主语发出两个或几个动作,且时态一致,

形式表示习惯或一般情况; 用 to do / to be done 形式表示具体情况或将来;用 having done / having been done 表示已发生。 例 8. To complete 例 9.to pass 例 10.to succeed 技巧 2:作目的状语或者在固定结构中,一般 例 12.followed 技巧 3 :分词作伴随状语,原因状语,条件状语等时, 例 14.learned 技巧 4 :分词做后置定语也要看它与被修饰词之间 用 to do 形式。 例 11.saying 使用过去分词。例 13.sitting 分词。 例 15.to have sent the way to do 等。 2、给出形容词或副词: 1.less 例 2.worse 例 3.largest 例 3.its 例 3.natural 例 4.nicest 例 5.rudely 例 5.Unfortunately 3、给出代词: 例 1.me/mine 4、给出名词: 例 1. days 例 2.hour ’s 5、词类转换题的解题技巧 语法填空
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句) 之间没有连词, 也没有分号或句号, 一定是填并列连词或从属连词。 例 12.may 能是填情态动词或表示强调或倒装的助动词(do, does, did 等) 例 16.it 应填的词 IV、仿真模拟 ( 一 ) 1. that 9.gently 10.With 2.reading 10.who 3.friendly 3.occurs 4.makes 5.Although 6.currently 2.whose 3.into 4.cautiously 5.when 6.anger ( 二 ) 1.hobbies 8.informing 9.suffering (三) 1.invention (四)1. whose 9.third 2.wants 3.second 4.strength 5.to love 6.nearest 例 17.that 例 18.than 例 19.there 例 20.that 例 14.Only

巧 5:若结构完整, 空格后的谓语动词是原型,且又与上下文时态不一致或主谓不一致时,很有可 例 15.to steal 技巧 6:由特殊句式结构来判断空格

要看它与逻辑主语的关系确定形式。与句中主语是主动关系使用现在分词;与句中主语是被动关系 的关系确定形式。与所修饰的名词是主动关系使用现在分词;与所修饰的名词是被动关系使用过去 技巧 5 : 名词前有 first, second,…last, only 修饰时, 后面要用 to do / to 例 17.to work 技巧 6 :固定结构如: have sth. done , have done 做后置定语。 例 16.repaired

7.Waiting

8.a

7.had written 7.to 8.to remind 7.in 8.given

9.impressed

10.uncontrollable 2. loneliness 4.excitement 5.to maintain 6.an

例 2.mine

例 4.themselves

10.absolutely



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