2013-2014 学年度第一学期期中考试 高二年级英语试卷
第 I 卷（选择题 共 85 分） 第一部分:听力(共两节，满分20分) 第一节（共 5 小题海小题 1 分，满分 5 分）听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个 小题，从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。 每段对话仅读一遍。
1．What is the woman going to do？ A．To help the man find a job． B．To borrow some money from the man speaker． C．To ask the man for help． 2．What do we know from the woman’s reply？ A．She thought there were no tickets left． B．She thought the seats on the left side were fully occupied． C．The audience were deeply impressed by the show． 3．Where will the woman go first？ A. To the post office. B. To the school. C. To a friend’s house. 4．What can we learn about the house from the conversation？ A．It’s no longer available． B．It’s only for rent，not for sale． C．It’s not so good as advertised． 5．Why doesn’t the woman accept the invitation？ A．She’s taking an exam next day． B．She has to prepare for an exam． C．She doesn’t enjoy tours very much． 第二节（共 15 小题每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对 话或独白后有几个小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并 标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6．What day is it today? A. Friday. B. Saturday. C. Sunday. 7．When does the woman plan to have a going-away party？ A. On Saturday morning. B．On Sunday afternoon. C．On Friday evening. 8．Which city will John work in？ A．Paris. B．London. C．New York． 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 10 题。 9．What kind of bag was it？ A．It was a yellow leather shoulder bag. B．It was a brown cloth bag． C．It was a brown leather shoulder bag.
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10．What is in the missing bag? A. purse and a letter B. Two keys. C. All above. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11．What did they think their mother was？ A. She was happy. B. She was sad. C. She was angry. 12．Where is their father now？ A. He is in the kitchen. B. He is in the bedroom. C. He is away on business. 13．What makes the mother’s eyes tearing？ A．The heavy housework. B. Cutting onions. C. The naughty children. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14．What does the woman think of her job？ A．It’s satisfactory． B．It’s terrible，but the salary is high． C．She will not stand it any more． 15．Why does the man say that working in that company is a hard experience？ A．He’s worked in that company before． B．He has heard of it. C．He thought it would be like that． 16．What may the woman probably do at last？ A. Keep the job. B. Change the job. C. It’s hard to say. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17．When is New Zealand’s summer？ A．From December to February． B．From June to August， C．From May to July． 18．What’s the weather like in New Zealand？ A．Very hot． B．Very cold． C．Neither too cold nor too hot． 19．What’s the highest temperature in New Zealand？ A．25℃． B．A little above 25℃， C．30℃． 20．According to the passage，which statement is TRUE？ A．In New Zealand，you can skate in winter. B．It’s very hot in January in New Zealand． C．When it’s winter in China，it’s summer in New Zealand． 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节, 满分35分） 第一节：单项填空（共15小题，每小题1分，满分15分） 21. The tour will provide _______ unique opportunity for you to live with a British family for a week in ______ hope that you will have a better understanding of the UK. A. a; / B. an; / C. an; the D. a; the 22. He is really considering ___ himself to _____ these children of the earthquake-stricken area. A. devoting, educating B. devoting, educate C. to devote, educating D. to devote, educate 23. – You know I can be reached by telephone, why didn’t you call me? -- I did several times, but couldn’t _________. A. come across B. get through C. call back D. ring off 24. Recently, to maintain national balance, the Chinese government has _______ a
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policy of encouraging college graduates to take positions in rural areas. A. adopted B. admired C. adapted D admitted 25. He will have learnt English for eight years by the time he _______ from the university next year. A. will graduate B. will have graduated C. graduates D. is to graduate 26. We have a long way to go to solve all the problems _____ the Yangtze River A. in regard to B. in regard with C. in terms of D. in regard of 27. Can you imagine_______ all the way home in the heavy rain?. A. to walk B. walk C. walking D. Walks 28. He hurried to the booking office, only ____ that all the tickets had been sold out. A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told 29. He _____ have completed his work; otherwise, he wouldn't be enjoying himself by the seaside. A. should B. must C. wouldn't D. can't 30. ______ from his words, the man, _______ to collecting stamps, has used up all his savings, A. Judge; addicting B. Judged; addicted C. Judging; addicted D. To judge; addicting 31. The house was blown off in the tough weather is being repaired. A．its roof B. the roof of that C．of which the roof D. roof of which 32. ---Where is your new home now? --- In the new developed zone. But I ______ downtown for five years. A. have lived B. lived C. had lived D. was living 33. I would appreciate________, to be frank, if the goods could be delivered as soon as possible. A. this B. it C. you D. myself 34. ---Mum, Would you please buy a new bike for me? ---No. Why can you ride the old one? _______________. A. Out of sight, out of mind B. Blood is thicker than water C. Fortune favors fool D. Money doesn’t grow on trees 35. The tiger population in this forest has grown to three times _______ ten years ago, due to the measures taken by the local government. A. What it was B. what there was C. it was D. there was 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题； 每小题 1 分， 满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文， 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 One morning，when an old man was choosing a turkey in the market, a young gentleman stepped up and said, ‖I will take one of those turkeys.‖ ―Shall I wrap it up for you?‖ asked the __36__ man. ―Yes, here is your __37__,‖ answered the young gentleman,‖ and send it to my house.‖
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―But, it is not our custom to__38__ goods. You can carry it yourself. It is not _39__,‖said the market man. ―_40__it myself! Who do you think I am?‖ said the young gentleman, and he began to grow__41_. The old man was standing quite _42__.He had heard all that was said.‖ Excuse me, sir, I will carry your _43__,if you will allow me,‖ he said. ―Oh , certainly! You may __44__me,‖ said the young gentleman. When they reached the young gentleman’s house, the old man politely_ 45__him the turkey and turned to leave. ―Here, my friend, what shall I__46__ you?‖ said the young gentleman. ―Oh, nothing, Sir,‖ answered the old man.‖ It was no __47__to me, and you are welcome.‖ He bowed and went on. The young gentleman__48__ .Then he turned and walked back to the market. ―Who is that_49__ old man carrying my turkey for me?‖ he asked the market man. ―That is John Marshall, Chief__50__ of the United States. He is one of the greatest men in our country,‖ said the market man. The young gentleman was _51___and ashamed.‖ Why did he_ 52__to carry my turkey?‖ he asked. ―He wished to teach you that_53__ should feel himself too fine to carry his own packages,‖ answered the market man. ―Oh, no!‖ said another man who had_54__ and heard it all.‖ Judge Marshall carried the turkey simply because he wished to be__55__ and obliging(乐于助人的). That is his way.‖ 36. A. young B. market C. old D. dustbin\ 37. A. bag B. basket C. money D. Wallet 38. A. deliver B. Sell C buy D. wallet 39. A. small B. heavy C. soft D. easy 40. A. Stand B. Find C. Chose D. Carry 41. A. sad B. excited C. puzzled D. angry 42. A. straight B. low C near D. still 43. A. book B. vegetables C. turkey D. fruits 44. A. follow B. doubt C. allow D. guide 45. A. asked B. handed C. threw D. considered\ 46. A. describe B. near C pay D. require 47. A. meaning B. trouble C. use D. good 48. A. forgot B. appeared C. walked D. wondered 49. A. polite B. intelligent C. hardworking D. upset 50. A. Manager B. Judge C. Engineer D. Secretary 51. A. tired B. frightened C. surprised D. satisfied\ 52. A. prepare B. offer C .refuse D. dream 53 .A. somebody B. everybody C. anybody D. nobody 54. A. seen B. touched C. imagined D. decided 55. A. brave B. proud C. stubborn D. kind
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第三部分 阅读理解 ( 每小题1.5分，满分30分) A When Regina Spektor moved to the Bronx from Russia as a young child of 9, she could speak no English and her family was so poor and they could afford nothing, yet she carried with her a love of the piano and music. ―For me, the thing that I love the most was playing the piano, so when we left Russia I was so afraid I would forget how to play, I would just find a little table and I would just pretend to play my pieces,‖ she said. ―When you spend your life doing something like playing the piano and then that is taken away, it’s so surreal(不现实 的).‖ Her father, Ilya Spektor, saved enough money to afford their first apartment. One day on the subway, Ilya Spektor spotted a man carrying a violin case. The man also seemed to have an Eastern European accent. A conversation led to a visit and, finally, Regina Spektor was introduced to Sonia Vargas, a piano teacher. She was a well-known professor who taught piano, took Spektor under her wing and trained her for years, at no cost. ―I remember talking to Sonia,‖ Spektor said. ―She said that when a student is ready, a teacher appears. So she said that I must have been ready to study piano, and so that’s why she came into my life.‖ Much later, While playing her own music and selling a CD that she’d created, Regina Spektor caught the attention of a music producer. The rest is history, complete with concerts around the world and performance in front of the Obamas at the White House. Regina Spektor greatly appreciated her parents, piano teachers and friends and family for helping her become the musician she is.‖ I love the idea that if you’re walking toward the world, the world will take some steps toward you,‖ she said. 56. When Regina Spektor was in Russia, she ____. A. spoke English very fluently B. had learned how to play the piano C. could afford a new piano D. was trained by a famous teacher 57. Why did Llya Spektor talk with the man? A. The man was very famous. B. They were form the same country C. They had the same accent D. Llya Spektor loved to make many friends 58. Which can summarize what Sonia Vargas said to Regina Spektor? A. No sweet without sweat. B. Chance favors the prepared mind C. He laughs best who laughs last. D. It’s never too late to mend. 59. We can infer from the text that Regina Spektor____. A. achieved great success in music B .is the best musician in the world C. paid a lot for learning from Sonia Vargas D. had a dream to become a great violinist B The Catskill Mountains are a year-round playground for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers. You will find a number of relaxing inns ready to meet your needs. Caleb Street’s Inn
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Located in the historic village of Catskill at the base of the mountains, Caleb Street’s Inn was built in 1785. It provides a view of the garden and Catskill Creek or guests can step outside for a walk along the Hudson River. A full breakfast is served every morning. Each of the four Pet-friendly rooms offers a private bath and a view of the river and neighboring buildings. Hiking trails(小路), golf courses and historic sites are only a short drive away. Winter Clove Inn Nature lovers can enjoy a pleasant location in the Northern Catskill Wilderness Preserve at Winter Clove Inn. With wood floors, each room has a private bath and air conditioning(空调). With active days of tennis, hiking or cross- country skiing ahead, guests don’t have to go far for a breakfast, lunch or dinner beside the fireplace at inn’s restaurant. Windham House A former pub built in 1805, Christman’s Windham House is the oldest inn continually operating in the Catskills. The 300 acres of grounds in the town of Windham include a tennis court, golf course, heated pool and a restaurant. Guests can relax on private balconies (阳台) overlooking a golf course and take their meals at Christman’s Windham House Restaurant. The inn is less than 2 miles from the hiking trails of Windham Mountain. Washington Irving In If you’re looking for a mountain inn with a Victorian feel, Washington Irving Inn has much to offer. Furnished with antiques, each of the 15 rooms has a private bath. Free breakfast is served. Hikers are a short walk from Kaaterskill Falls and Hunter Mountain trails. 60. What is special about Caleb Street’s Inn? A. It has a golf course for guest B. It provides a beautiful view of Kaaterskill Falls C. It’s decorated with wood floors D. It allows guests to take their dog or cat with them 61. Which of the following inns has an old –fashioned atmosphere? A Washington Irving In B. inter Clove Inn C Caleb Street’s Inn D. Windham House 62. All the four inns in the passage ______ A have private bathrooms B has air conditioning in the rooms C are convenient for hiking D serve free breakfast in the morning C Similar to people in danger, corals(珊瑚) under attack do what anyone would do—they call for help. A new study reported in the journal Science, shows that corals under attack by poisonous seaweed will turn to reef fish for help. The ―emergency responder‖ fish will come to help them within a matter of minutes. Large reef fish which live on seaweed have long been known to control the growth of seaweed that damages corals and play a major role in keeping a healthy reef ecosystem（生态系统）. However, the role that smaller fish play in protecting reef ecosystems is much less known.
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Scientists suspected that the role of inch-long fish, known as gobies might be equally, if not more, important to the health of coral reefs. To study the complexities of how gobies and their host coral affect one another, Professor Mark Hay and his colleague Danielle Dixon set up a series of experiments to observe how the small fish would respond when the corals that shelter them were threatened. They studied a type of corals species called Acropora nasuta. To cause a threatened response in the coral, the researchers moved a poisonous seaweed species into contact with the coral. Within a few minutes, they found that two species of gobies would move toward the contact site and begin removing the seaweed. ―These little fish would come out and cut the seaweed so it didn’t touch the coral,‖ said Hay. ―The coral releases a chemical and the fish respond right away.‖ To determine what was actually attracting the fish, Dixon and Hay collected water samples, which showed that the coral is releasing some chemical signal that attracts the fish to remove the seaweed. The fish are not responding to the seaweed itself. In the end, Hay explains, ― The fish are getting protection in a safe place to live and food from the coral, At the time, the coral gets a bodyguard in exchange for a small amount of food. It’s kind of like paying taxes in exchange for police protection. 63. Mark Hay does research to find the relationship between _________. A . corals and seaweed B. corals and water pollution C. smaller reef fish and corals D. reef fish and reef ecosystems 64. Reef fish will come to help corals when they ___________. A. are in need of food B. see corals are under threat C. hear a special sound made by corals D. receive chemical signals sent by corals 65. Compared with large reef fish, gobies ___________. A. rely less on seaweed for food B. are the same helpful to corals C. are less sensitive to corals’ signals D. are less critical to the health of coral reefs 66. The research shows that _______ . A. all seaweed does harm to corals B. gobies sometimes eat corals C. gobies and corals benefit each other D. chemicals released by corals can cause pollution D As we all know, the fast development of the highway system is one of the widely recognized aspects of China’s modernization process. As a matter of fact, there was no highway in China about twenty years ago. Now China has 68,000 kilometers of highway and will surpass（超越）that of the US in 2 or 3 years. However, I have a love-hate relationship with China’s highway system after taking to the road many times. To drivers, China’s highway system is probably the world’s most expensive with ―here toll, there toll, everywhere toll.‖ For example, transporting a large container(集装箱) from Guangdong Province
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to the Beijing-Tianjin area involves paying toll fees of somewhere between 4,000 to 6,000 yuan ($600-900), depending on its weight. This actually makes transporting the same container from Chicago to Beijing-Tianjin area via sea shipment even cheaper. When moving things around the country is more expensive than moving things halfway around the globe, you know there got to be something wrong. One doesn’t have to drive on highways for long to notice that the system is obviously inefficient. Many highways in China don’t see much traffic during the day. While Chinese can feel proud that our country is the king of the highways, it is quite another feeling to consider that the steel, concrete and labor that go into highway construction will have to be eventually paid by the vehicles that go through, and there just aren’t enough of them. That means a high toll rate is inevitable. Now I understand highways are expensive to build and the investment has to be withdrawn(收回) via toll collection. OK, you pay for what you get. But how much of the collected toll income goes toward paying back highway construction loans is very much in doubt. Has the whole thing become a scheme for meaningless job creation? In China, collecting toll fees is a very well-paid job, and in some cases pays better than a full professorship. I assume receiving cash and handing out a ticket doesn’t need much education, right? It certainly can’t be more stressful than migrant workers(农民工) pouring concrete on the road under the sun. And then there are those obvious wastes at the toll booths（收费亭）. China now has the world’s most beautiful and most expensive toll booths. Every time I drive by a toll booth and see a nice office building nearby for the so-called management staff, I can’t help thinking of the AC/DC song ―Highway to Hell!‖ According to traffic law, when the line of waiting traffic is over 200 meters long and when all lanes at the toll booth are not fully open, drivers have the right to pass free. However, I have certainly run into traffic jams caused by toll booth delays many times, and I have never enjoyed such a free ride. 67. What does the underlined word ―inevitable‖ in the 5th paragraph most probably mean? A. Achievable B. Unavoidable C. Unreasonable D. Acceptable 68. Which of the following is TRUE according to the author? A. China will have the longest highway in the world in two or three years. B. Moving things within China will cost more than moving things around the globe. C. When the traffic waiting line is over 200 meters long, he has the right to pass free. D. Much of the toll income does not go toward paying back highway construction. 69. What does the writer mainly want to express in this article? A. China has built too much more highways than actually are needed. B. Highway construction loans should not be recouped through toll collection. C. Too much money is wasted in collecting toll fees. D. There is something wrong with the toll system in China’s highway. 70. The author writes this passage in order to ________. A. criticize something B. solve problems C. ask for help D. encourage others
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第 II 卷（非选择题 共 35 分） 第四部分：任务型阅读（共 l0 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 l0 分）注意：每个空格 只填 l 个单词。请将答案写在答卷纸上相应题号的横线上。 Many people think successful leaders often have sharper minds than the rest of us — isn’t that how they got to the top in the first place? Although we often assume that people become powerful because of their superior thinking skills, research shows that the relationship flows in the other direction as well: Power changes the way a person thinks, making them better at focusing on relevant information, combining different pieces of knowledge, and identifying hidden patterns than people who are powerless. People who feel powerful also show improved ―administrative functioning‖: A sense of power ― has dramatic effects on thought and behavior,‖ writes Adam Galinsky, a professor at Columbia Business School, in an article in the journal Psychological Sciece. The good news is that we don’t have to wait until we’re the boss to get the mental rewards of powerfulness. Here are three ways to take advantage of the power of power. All of us can identify some area of life in which we’re able to take the lead. Studies show that when people are assigned to the manager role, they immediately become more likely to act decisively(果断地), to take risks, to continue the tasks they take up, and to think more abstractly and optimistically. This has implications for how we treat others — students, employees, children — as well, suggesting that we should give up the usual practice of waiting until individuals prove themselves worthy of holding power. Empowering people now, by giving them more autonomy(自主权), will lead them to think and act in ways befitting(适合) the role. Merely recalling a powerful moment from your own past makes you more likely to act powerfully in the present — a difference that is readily apparent to others. In a forthcoming study in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, researchers asked participants to recall a time they had or lacked power, then had them write a job application letter or participate in an interview for admission to business school. Independent judges found the people who’d been prepared to feel powerful more impressive and persuasive. In his study, Adam Galinsky and his colleagues asked seated participants to assume either an ―expansive‖ position (one arm on the armrest of their own chair, the other arm on the back of a nearby chair; legs crossed so that the ankle of one leg rested on the thigh(大腿) of the other leg and stretched beyond the edge of the chair) or a ―constricted‖ position (hands under their thighs, shoulders dropped, legs together). People in the expansive position were more likely to make a move bravely in a card game and were better at identifying hidden pictures within a series of separate images (a measure of abstract thinking). “To think and act like a powerful person,‖ Galinsky concludes, ―people do not need to possess role power or recall being in a powerful role‖ — they just need to arrange their bodies in a powerful way.
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Common (71)_______ Results of new research Effects of being powerful
How powerful people think Leaders succeed because of their (72)_______ minds. The thinking skills of powerful people are (73) ________ to others. We can (74)______ how to think like a powerful person.
Power changes one’s way of thinking. Power strengthens one’s focus on (75) _______ information. Being powerful helps people combine different pieces of knowledge. Powerful people show the improved ability of (76) _______. We can find some area of life in which we play a powerful (77) ________. Ways to think If you are a manager, you may take actions without (78) _____ and you like the are likely to be determined to continue the tasks you take up and to powerful think more abstractly and optimistically. Recalling a time when you felt powerful can (79) _____ to your ability. Assuming a powerful position helps one take a (80) _______ action in a card game or give a better performance when identifying pictures within a series of separate images. 第五部分 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 宿迁市政府聘请你作为一名信息调查组成员，参与宿迁市政府加快旅游业 发展这一决策开展民意调查。经过调查后请你代表调查组写一篇简短汇报材料， 汇报调查结果并提出你们的建议。信息提示如下： ? 积极作用 1.促进文化交流，让人们更多地了解宿迁的文化、习俗 及名人； 2. 能够提供更多的就业机会，有利于经济发展； 3. 优化生活环境，提高生活质量。 ? 负面影响 1. 破坏自然环境，造成严重污染。 2. 游客大量涌入，引起交通堵塞。 ? 建议（自拟） 1. …… 2. ……
注意：1. 词数 150 左右，开头已为你写好，不计入总词数。 2. 对所给要点，不要简单翻译，要有适当发挥； 3. 参考词汇： 促进 promote
Our group made an important survey on Suqian government’s decision to speed up its tourism. Most people think ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲
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