tceic.com
学霸学习网 这下你爽了
赞助商链接
当前位置:首页 >> 高三英语 >>

高考英语语法知识网络15套 专题12 定语从句


高考英语科语法知识网络 专题 12 定语从句

I. 定语从句起了形容词的作用,在句中修饰一个名词或代词。被修饰的词叫做先行词,引导定语从句的词叫关系词,他的作用一是放在先行词与定语从 句中间起了连接作用,二是在从句中担当一个成分,并与先行词保持数的一致。 关系词 who 先行词 人 从句成分 主语 例 句 备 注

Do you know the man who is talking with your mother? Mr. Smith is the person with whom I am working

whom 关系 代 whose 词



宾语 The boy (whom) she loved died in the war..

whom, which 和 that 在从句中做宾 语时,常可以省略,但介词提前 I like those books whose topics are about history.

人或物

定语 The boy whose father works abroad is my deskmate.

时后面关系代词不能省略,也不 可以用 that A plane is a machine that can fly.

that

人或物

主语, 宾语 She is the pop star (that) I want to see very much.

The book (which) I gave you was worth $10. which 物 主语, 宾语 The picture which was about the accident was terrible. He is such a person as is respected by all of us. as 人或物 主语, 宾语 This is the same pen as I lost yesterday. 关系 副 词 when where why 时间 地点 原因 时间状语 地点状语 原因状语 I will never forget the day when we met there. This is the house where I was born. I can’t imagine the reason why he turned down my offer. 可用 on which 可用 in which 可用 for which as 做宾语一般不省略

II. that 与 which, who, whom 的用法区别 情 况 用法说明 1.先行词为 all, everything, anything, nothing, little, much,等不定代词时 只用 that 的情况 2.先行词被 all, any, every, each, much, little, no, some, few 等修饰时 2.All the books that you offered has been given out. 例 句

1.He told me everything that he knows.

3.先行词有形容词最高级和序数词修饰时 4.先行词既指人又指物时 5.先行词被 the only, the very 修饰时 6.句中已经有 who 或 which 时,为了避免重复时 1.在非限制性定语从句中, 只能用 which 指代物, 用 who/whom 指人 只用 which, who, whom 的情况 2.在由“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句中,只 能用 which 指物,whom 指人。 3.先行词本身是 that 时, 关系词用 which, 先行词 为 those, one, he 时多用 who。 III. as、which 和 that 的区别 从句 区 别

3.This is the best film that I have ever read. 4.We talked about the persons and things that we remembered. 5.He is the only man that I want to see. 6.Who is the man that is making a speech?

1.He has a son, who has gone abroad for further study.

2.I like the person to whom the teacher is talking.

3.Those who respect others are usually respected by others.





限制性 定语从句中

名词前有 such 和 the same 修饰时, 关系代词 用 as,不能用 which as 和 which 都可以指代前面整个主句。如果

He is not such a fool as he looks. Don’t read such books as you can’t understand.

They won the game, as we had expected. 非限制性 定语从句中 有“正如,象”的含义,并可以放在主句前, They won the game, which we hadn’t expected. 也可以放在后面,那么用 as;而 which 引导 As is well known, he is a famous film star in the 1980s. 的从句只能放主句后,并无“正如”的意思。 the same... as 和 the same ...that the same... as 指同类事物 the same ...that 指原物 That’s the same tool as I used last week.(同类工具,不是同一把) That’s the same tool that I used last week.那就是我上周用过的工具。

注意:the way 做先行词时,定语从句可由 that, in which 引导或不用引导词。 IV.定语从句与其它从句(句型)的区别 类 别 区 别 例 句

定语从句 与

定语从句与并列句的主要区别在于:并列 句有像 and,but,so 等并列连词或两个句

①Mr Li has three daughters,none of _____ is an engineer. ②Mr Li has three daughters,but none of _____ is a dancer.

并列句

子用分号连接,这时就不能再用引导定语 从句的关系词了。

从结构上看,①小题是定语从句,故填 whom; ②小题有并列连词 but,是并列句,故填代词 them。 This is the place where we used to live a few years ago.

定语从句的前面有名词作先行词,而状语 从句没有先行词。 定语从句 与 状语从句 定语从句修饰、限制、说明名词,只能放 在先行词的后面,而状语从句说明动作发 生的情况,并且可以放在主句的前面。

这是几年前我们居住的地方。 (定语从句,先行词为 the place) Let’s go where we can find a better job. 我们到能找到更好的工作的地方去吧。 (地点状语从句) Do you know the time when the class is over? 你知道下课的时间吗? (定 语从句) It was already five o’clock when the class was over. =When the class was over, it was already five o’clock. 当下课时己经是 5 点了。 (时间状语从句)

When, where 和 why 在引导定语从句时可 以用“介词+which”的结构来替换,在引 导状语从句时却不行。

This is the factory in which (where) his father once worked. 这就是他的父亲曾经工作过的那个工厂。 (定语从句) Put back the book where it was. 把书放回原处。 (状语从句) It is such an interesting book as we all like. 它是我们大家都喜欢的如此

定语从句中的关系词在从句中充当某种句 子成分,因此去掉它则从句成分不完整; 而结果状语从句中的连接词在从句中不作 任何成分,去掉后从句的成分仍然完整。

有趣的书。 (as 用作动词 like 的宾语,它引导的是定语从句) It is such an interesting book that we all like it. 它是一本如此有趣的书,我们大家都喜欢它。 (that 不充当句子成分,故它引导的是结果状语从句)

定语从句在复合句中相当于形容词,对先 定语从句 行词起修饰、描述或限制的作用,与先行 与 词之间有从属关系。同位语的作用相当于 同位语从句 名词,对前面的名词给予补充说明或进一

The news that she had passed the exam made her parents very happy. 她考试及格的消息使她父母亲很高兴。 (同位语从句) 此句中的同位语从句 The news that she had passed the exam 可以改写成表语从句:The news is that he passed the exam.

步解释,是前面名词的具体内容,与先行词 之间是同位关系。

The news that he told us interested all of us. 他告诉我们的消息使大家都感兴趣。 (定语从句) The news that he told us 是定语从句,此句不能改写为:The news is that he told us.

强调句的结构为“It is/was+被强调部分 +that+从句” 。被强调部分可以是除谓语 定语从句 以外的任何成分,当被强调部分是人时, 与 还可用 who 代替 that。这一句型中,一定 强调句 不能因为被强调部分是表时间或地点的词 就用 when 或 where 代替 that。

①It is on the morning of May 1st _____ I met Liang Wei at the airport. ②It is the factory _____ Mr Wang works. 从结构上看: ①小题是强调句,故填 that。 ②小题则是定语从句,用上述方法转换便知 the factory 前差个介词 in, 故填 where。



推荐相关:

2016届高考英语复习语法专题之定语从句经典精讲

2016届高考英语复习语法专题定语从句经典精讲_高考_高中教育_教育专区。高考...what D. which 12.The Beatles,___ many of you are old enough to remember...


高考英语语法复习专题-定语从句

嘉兴英语教学 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用高考英语语法复习专题一 --- 定语从句 一、考点聚焦 1、功能:相当于形容词,修饰名词或代词,在句中作定语 2...


高考英语语法专题复习分类汇编-定语从句与状语从句

g25710258c贡献于2013-12-18 0.0分 (0人评价)暂无用户评价 我要评价 ...高考英语语法专题复习分类汇编定语从句与状语从句一.定语从句 Julia was good at...


...2015高考英语语法精讲+精练:专题八+定语从句常考点

【最高考】2015高考英语语法精讲+精练:专题八+定语从句常考点_英语_高中教育_教育...C 11. B 12. A 13. C 14. C 15. C 16. A 17. C 18. B 19. ...


(4页Word版)高考英语语法-定语从句

(4页Word版)高考英语语法-定语从句 - 语法复习专题(12)定语从句 ? 一、考点聚焦 1、功能:相当于形容词,修饰名词或代词,在句中作定语 2、位置:定语从句置于被...


高考英语语法必考知识点

高考英语语法必考知识点_英语_高中教育_教育专区。包含...主句完整时,从句可 能是定语从句,状语从句,或者...


高考英语语法填空定语从句专练

高考英语语法填空定语从句专练_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考英语语法...【2015年高考英语语法天... 暂无评价 12页 ¥2.00 高考英语语法专题讲练...


高考英语语法专题复习讲义定语从句

嘉兴英语教学 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 2012 届高考英语语法专题复习经典讲义定语从句定语从句及相关术语 1.定语从句: 定语从句是由关 系代词或关系...


2017年高中英语语法复习专题讲解-定语从句(经典)

2017年高中英语语法复习专题讲解-定语从句(经典)_...and 12 of ___ were won by women. 六、高考真题 【2012 全国卷 II】That evening, ___ I...


高考英语语法专题讲解-定语从句_同位语从句_强调句[1]

高考英语复习:同位语从句... 2页 5财富值 高考英语语法专题:定语从... 3页...that D.this 11.Crusoe’s dog became ill and died , A.as B.which 12...

网站首页 | 网站地图
All rights reserved Powered by 学霸学习网 www.tceic.com
copyright ©right 2010-2021。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@126.com