必修 I---Unit 5 Nelson Mandela—a modern hero
一、知识点 1. A great person is a someone who devotes his/her life to helping others. 伟人是把自己的生命 奉献给帮助别人的人。 （He started to study ecology and decided
to devote his whole life to the science.他开始研究生态学， 并决心将他的一生献身于这门科学。 He devoted himself entirely to music.他将一生奉献给了音乐。 ） 2. fight against 对抗，反对，与??作斗争 We are all brothers in the same fight against injustice.在共同反对非正义行为的斗争中, 我们都 是同志. People often have to fight for their liberty.人们往往不得不为自由而战。 He and his wife are always fighting about who will take after the children. 他与他妻子总是在为 由谁来照看孩子而吵架。 3. He worked selflessly in China as a doctor and saved many Chinese soldiers. 作为一个医生他 无私地在中国工作，并且拯救了很多中国战士。 4. He strongly believed in the three principles: nationalism; people’s rights; people’s livelihood. 他主张三民主义：民主、民权、民生。 5. be free from 免于，不受 A judge must be free from prejudice.法官必须不抱成见。 6. in a peaceful way 以和平的方式 7. be in prison 入狱，在狱中服刑 in the prison 在监狱 8. the same?as?和??一样 9. the first man to land on the moon 第一个登上月球的人 10. The time when I first met him was a very difficult period of my life. 第一次见到他的时候是 在我一生中非常艰难的时期。 （定语从句） 11. He was generous with his time,for which I was grateful.他十分慷慨地给予我时间， 我为此非 常感激。 （He is generous with his money.他花钱大方。I am grateful to you for helping me.感谢 你的帮助。Our grateful thanks are due to you.我们衷心感谢你。 ） 12. have little education 受的教育少 13. I could not read or write well. 我既不会读也不会写。 14. I worried about whether I would become out of work. 我担心我是不是会失业。 15. I became more hopeful about my future. 我对自己的未来充满了希望。 （I am hopeful that she will come tomorrow. 我对她明天要来抱着希望。 ） 16. as soon as I could 尽快， 马上 17. The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. （定语从句） 过去 30 年来所出现的大量法律剥夺我们的权利，阻挡我们的进步，一直到今天，我们还处在几乎什 么权利都没有的阶段。 （The 19th century saw many changes. 许多变革发生于 19 世纪。 at an early stage in our history 在我们的历史早期） 18. ?we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important, or fight the government. 我们被置于这样一个境地：要么我们被迫接受低人一等的现实，要么 跟政府作斗争。
19. Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. 只有到这个时候，我们才决定用 暴力反抗暴力。 （Only 位于句首，修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句时，句子采用部分倒装的 语序；修饰状语从句时，只有主句采用部分倒装的语序。 如：① Only in this way can you come up with a solution to the problem.只有这样，你才能想出 解决这个问题的办法。 ② Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.叫了三次他才来参加会议。 ③ Only when he is seriously ill does he ever stay in bed.病的很重时，他才卧床休息。 Only then did I realize my mistake. 直到那时我才知道我的错误.） 20. as a matter of fact 事实上 （As a matter of fact，it is health that counts. 事实上，健康才是 最重要的。 As a matter of fact, parents don’t want their children to be in trouble. 事实上，父 母都不希望子女有麻烦。 ） 21. In 1963, I helped him blow up some government buildings. 在 1963 年，我帮助他炸毁了一些政府大楼。 （Can you lend me a pump to blow up my bicycle tyres? 你能借给我个打气筒给车胎打打气吗? Then it turned out that some stars, like our own sun will blow up one day. 然后，事实上有些恒 星，就像我们自己的太阳，有朝一日会爆炸。 ） 22. ?I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal. ?? 我知道这是为了实现我们的黑人和白人平等的梦想。 23. in trouble 处于困境 遇到麻烦? ? Do as you're told, otherwise you'll be in trouble.叫你怎麽做就怎麽做, 否则有麻烦. 24. be willing to do sth. 愿意，乐于 Only very few people would be willing to share with him their opinions.很少有人愿意跟他分享他们的见解。 25. What was his attitude towards the unfair situation black people faced? 他对黑人面临的不公 平处境什么态度？ 26. turn to 变成；求助于，借助于, 翻到，转向?? She had no one to turn to for advice. 她没有一个可以商量的人。 Who can I turn to in my hour of need? 在我需要的时候我能向谁求助呢？ As they were out of work,??Mr and Mrs Black had to turn to their relatives for help.布莱克夫妇 由于失业，不得不向亲戚求帮助。 27. ? the quality of life for black people got worse. ?? 黑人的生活质量更糟糕。 28?.many people remember me as one of the first active black fighters for human rights 很多人 认为我是为人权而战的第一批积极的黑人战士之一。 29. lose heart 灰心;泄气, 丧失勇气,失去信心 Difficulties were increasing. Even then we did not lose heart. 尽管困难在增加，但我们毫不灰 心。 You will succeed sooner or later while you don't lose heart.只要你不失去信心，你迟早会成功。 If you fail, you should not lose heart but just keep on going. 如果你失败了，你也不该灰心。 30. escape from 逃脱，逃离，从??逃出 He listens to music as an escape from the pressures of work. 他听音乐以缓解一下工作的压力. He stayed in the background to escape from the public attention. 他呆在幕后为了避开公众的注 意。
The couple had a narrow escape from the fire.这对夫妻从火灾中死里逃生。 31. He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep. 在 午餐的休息时间和晚上我们本应该睡觉的时候他教授我们。 should have done 本应做而未做 needn’t have done 本不应做而做了 can’t have done 过去不可能做过 32. He said they should not be stopped from studying for their degrees.他说他们不应该被剥夺通 过学习获得学位的权利。 33. ?but they did pass their exams. 但是他们确实通过了考试。 34. That made me feel good about myself. 这让我觉得自己还不错。 35. be better educated 受到良好教育 36. I didn’ t work again for twenty years until the ANC came to power in 1994. 在非国大于 1994 年执政之前，我有 20 年没有工作。 （After Mandela came to power and became president, his government did their best to change the unfair situation for black people. 曼德勒掌权成为总统 后，他的政府尽力为黑人改变不平等的状况。 ） 37. All the terror and fear of that time came back to me. 我回忆起那时的所有的恐怖和令人畏惧的情景。 After the attack , her eyes filled with terror every time when she saw a dog. 自从遭遇袭击之后， 她每次看见狗，眼睛里都满是恐惧。 38. be proud to do sth. I'll be proud to be part of it 我会以成为其中一份子而自豪。 be proud of sth You should be proud of what you have achieved.你们应当为自己所取得的成绩而自豪。 39. set up 创立，建立，为?作准备；竖立，架起，建造；开业，开始经商 The company was set up ten years ago. 公司是十年前建立的。 He plans to set up his own business. 他决定自己做生意。 He begged me to let him join the club we have just set up. 他恳求我让他加入我们刚建立的俱 乐部。 40. be sentenced to ? 被判处?? He suggested that the murderer referred to be sentenced to death at once.他建议所涉及到的杀人 凶手立刻被判处死刑。 Robert was sentenced to three years in prison for stealing and released a month ago. 罗伯特因偷 窃被判处三年监禁，于一个月前被释放。 41. Do you have any thoughts on that? 你认为那怎么样？ 42. to my understanding 按我的理解 43. He was in poor health in his youth so he had to be educated at home. 他年轻时身体不好，所 有只得在家接受教育。 44. be accepted by ? 被??录取、接受 45. give free medical care to people there 给那儿的人免费医疗
As far as I know, in some developed countries people enjoy free medical care.就我所知，在一些 发达国家人们享有免费医疗。 46. He died from blood poisoning. 他死于败血症。 47. At that time the war between China and Japan was under way.那时中日战争正在进行之中。 48. Mao Zedong praised Bethune’s excellent qualities in this article. 毛泽东在这篇文章了赞扬 了白求恩的优良品质。 49. point of view 观察点；观点 It depends on your point of view.这将因个人观点而异。 50. compete with? 与??竞争?? If you want to compete with someone, compete with yourself. 如果你想同别人竞争，先同自己 竞争。 51. advise??v. 常用搭配 advise + n./pron. advise + doing advise sb. to do sth. advise + that 从句（从句的谓语用“should + v 原” ， should 常省略） 注：1）与 advise 用法类似的动词如 forbid, ,allow,permit,admit,consider 等直接接动词作宾语 时要用动名词，但接宾补（主补）时，宾补（主补）要用不定式。 如：We forbid smoking here.（宾语，用动名词） We forbid you to smoke here.（宾补，用动 词不定式） You are forbidden to smoke here.（主补，用动词不定式） 2）区别：advise（劝说）/persuade（劝服） EX:??1)我劝过他，但未能劝服他。_______________________________ 2) We trust you: only you can _____________ him to give up smoking. A. suggest? ???B. attract? ???C. advise? ?? ?D. persuade Keys: 1)I advised him but I couldn’t persuade him.??2) D 二、练习 一)单词拼写 1. Q_______ is more important than quantity. 2. After 4 years’ university study, he ______ his study for a bachelor’s degree. 3. She is not only beautiful, but also well e________. 4. She did a very good job and got a r_______ from the company. 5. I hated being treated with v________. 6. The c_______ of life put an end to his life. 7. In our country people of or over 18 have the right to v________. 8. The event has put him into an embarrassing p___________. 9. Boys are usually not a_________ in English class. 10. He broke the law and was put in p________. 二)短语翻译(每空一词)。 1．刚开学的那天，我们的老师就给我们提了一些学习英语的建议。 ? ?On the very first day of school, our teacher __________ us ___________ English learning. 2． 大多数下岗的人员都是文化不高的人。 ? ?Most of the people who ___ ____??___??_____ usually have little education.
3． 别灰心， 你会成功的。 ? ?Don’t _____??_____. You will succeed. 4. 相信自己，别相信他的鬼话。 ? ?______??______ yourself. Don’t ___________ him. 5. 大学尚未毕业，他就创办了自己的公司。 ??He _____??______ his own company before graduating from college. 6. 他从不为考试担心。 ? ?He ______never ______??______??_______ examination. 7. 只有通过努力拼搏， 才能实现自己的梦想。 ? ?Only by working hard _____ you _________ your dream. 8. 我们决不能嘲笑那些陷入困境的人，相反，我们应该帮助他们。 ? ?We should never laugh at those ______ ________. On the contrary, we should try our best to help them. 9. 他上台后就推出了一系列的改革方案。 ? ?After ______ ______ _________, he carried out a series of reform. 10. 他乐于助人。 He ______ ______ _____ ______ others. 三）单项选择 1. _____ out for the game. Some girls stay in the classroom, talking. A. Not all the students go B. All the students not go C. Both the students don’t go D. All the students go 2. You can’t pass the coming examination if you ______. A. lose your heart B. lose heart C. lose hearts D. lose your hearts 3. You can’t _____ until tomorrow morning after the blood examination. A. not only eat but also drink B. either eat or drink C. neither eat nor drink D. both eat and drink 4. If my brother is allowed to go out, ______. A. so I should B. so am I C. so should I D. so I am 5. He ______ prison two years ago and now he _______. A. was put in; was set free B. was shut into, is set free C. put into, has been set freely D. was put into; has been set free 6. Only at that time ______ that he had made a lot of mistakes in his homework. A. he realized B. did he realize C. he did realized D. realized he 7. This is the plane _______ he went to Shanghai ______ business. A. where, for a B. by which, on the C. on which, on D. where, on
8. —I can ’t see the words on the blackboard clearly. —Why, your eyes need _____ .Perhaps you need _______ glasses. A. to examined, to wear B. to examine ,to wear C. to be examined, to wear D. examining, wearing 9. Instead, he seemed to see Tom ’s face, with the wide smile he ______ whenever he told a joke. A. wore B. brought C. appeared D. carried 10. This is ______ that dog. A. as a big dog as B. as big a dog as C. a as big dog as D. a big as dog as 11. A new school was ______ in the village last year. A. held up B. set up C. sent up D. brought up 12. The number of the students in our school _____ large. A. are B. is C. am D. be 13. The road to the mountains _____ by the snow for almost a month. A. has been cut off B. have been cut off C. has been cut down D. have been cut down 14. According to the time table , the train for Beijing______ at seven o’clock in the evening . A. leaves B. has left C. was left D. will leave 15. We were all waiting for you. You _____for the seaside by yourself without leaving a message. A. mustn’t leave B. shouldn’t have left C. could not have left D. needn’t leave 必修 I---unit 5 练习参考答案 （一） 1. Quality? ?2. continued? ?3. educated? ?4. reward? ?5. violence??6. cruelty 7. vote? ? 8. position? ?9. active? ?10. prison （二） 1. advised; on? ?2. are out of work? ?3. lose heart? ? 4. Believe in; believe 5. set up? ? 6. has; been worried about? ? 7. can; realize? ?8. in trouble 9. coming to power? ? 10. is willing to help （三） ABBBD BCCAB BBAAB