高中非谓语动词练习 A 1. When he was a boy, he used to go there and watch _____. A. to repair bicycles B. bicycles to be repaired C. bicycles being repaired D. repairing bicycles 2. --- Have you consid
ered _____ your job as a teacher? --- Yes. I like the job because a teacher is often considered _____ a gardener. A. to change; to be B. to change; being C. changing; being D. changing; to be 3. The dog, _____, will be made a good watchdog. A. to train properly B. being trained properly C. properly to train D. trained properly 4. _____ the diamond, he had to look for a place to hide it. A. Having stolen B. Having been stolen C. Stolen D. Stealing 5. _____ the front door _____, he had to enter the room through the back door. A. Seen; painted B. Seeing; painted C. Being seen; being painted D. Seeing; being painted 6. And there, almost _____ in the big chair, sat her little brother, who never had to be told to keep quiet. A. having lost B. losing C. to be lost D. lost 7. He looked around and caught a man _____ his hand into the pocket of a passenger. A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting 8. To answer correctly is more important than _____. A. that you finish quickly B. finishing quickly C. to finish quickly D. finish quickly 9. The old farmer, _____ the badly injured and burnt soldier, came out of the burning farmhouse, calling continuously for help. A. supporting B. having supported C. being supported by D. being supported 10. In January , 2004, the United States successfully launched “Spirit”, a Mars Exploration Rover, _____ a new milestone in the history of mankind. A. it marked B. marking C. marked D. to mark 11. It was getting dark; I found a car _____ in a pool by the side of the road. A. to be stuck B. stuck C. sticking D. stick 12. You can’t imagine what great trouble they have _____ the problem _____. A. to solve; being talked about B. solving; discussing C. to solve; to talk about D. solving; being discussed 13. The monument was built in honor of the explorer who was believed _____ the river. A. to have discovered B. to have been discovered C. to discover D. having been discovered 14. The thief fell to the ground, his left foot _____ and blood _____ down from his mouth. A. breaking; running B. broken; running C. breaking; run D. broken; run 15. The program was so exciting that the children kept their eyes _____ on the screen. A. to fix B. to be fixed C. fixed D. fixing 16. As I will be away for at least a year, I’d appreciate _____ from you now and then so that I can know how everyone is getting along. A. having heard B. to hear C. hearing D. being heard 17. _____, the subject was always in my mind. A. Walking or sleeping B. Walking or slept C. Having walked or slept D. To walk and sleep 18. --- Did you get a dictionary? --- No, I _____, but there were not any _____. A. tried; to be left B. had tried to; leaving C. tried to; left D. had tried; have left 19. When he came to, he found himself _____ on a chair, with his hands _____ back.
A. to sit; tying B. sitting; tying C. seating; tied D. seated; tied 20. The joke told by Tom made us _____, so the teacher couldn’t make himself _____. A. to laugh; hearing B. laughing; heard C. laughing; hear D. laughed; heard 21. All of the flowers now _____ here have developed from those once _____ in the forest. A. raised; grown B. rising; growing C. raised; growing D. rising; grown 22. Henry can’t attend the party _____ at Tom’s house at present because he is preparing the speech at the party _____ at Marie’s house tomorrow. A. held; being held B. to be held; to be held C. to be held; held D. being held; to be held 23. Seeing the soldiers well _____ for the flood-fight, the general nodded with satisfaction. A. prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. having prepared 24. Don’t worry. I’ll have it _____ and get someone _____ it to you tomorrow. A. typed; send B. to type; to send C. type; send D. typed; to send 25. The sun was shining brightly, _____ everything there _____ more beautiful. A. making; look B. to make; looked C. and made; looking D. and making; be looked 26. How could he get the plan _____ without any one to support him? A. to carry out B. carry out C. carrying out D. carried out 27. New ideas sometimes have to wait for years before _____. A. being fully accepting B. fully accepting C. having fully accepted D. fully accepted 28. Having passed all the tests, she felt a great weight _____ off her mind. A. taking B. taken C. take D. to be taken 29. I’m examining the article he has just finished _____ the possible mistakes in it. A. being corrected B. to correct C. corrected D. having corrected 30. _____ full preparations, we decided to put off the meeting till next week. A. We did not make B. Having not made C. We had not made D. Not having made 31. We should prevent such a silly mistake _____ again. A. occurring B. to occur C. to be occurred D. from being occurred 32. I regret _____ hard at school, or I would have succeeded in passing the exam. A. not to work B. having not worked C. to have not worked D. not having worked 33. They looked forward with hope _____ a chance to receive further education. A. for getting B. of getting C. to get D. to getting 34. “Well, I’ll tell you a secret ...” said the boy, with his mouth almost _____ my ear. A. touched B. touching C. touch D. to touch 35. Towards evening, the patient opened his mouth as if _____ something to his son. A. said B. say C. to say D. to have said 36. --- Would you be _____ lend me your bicycle? --- Sure. A. so kind as to B. kind enough as to C. very kind to D. so kind to 37. The beach is so beautiful that it is worthwhile, I think, _____ for a short holiday. A. of going B. to be going C. your going D. you to go 38. The teacher asked more _____ to prevent the students’ eyes from being injured. A. to do B. done C. to be done D. being done 39. Some of the schools in Shanghai have moved one step closer to _____ with the global education community. A. being connected B. connect C. having connected D. be connected 40. The performance of the host, _____ to please the audience and draw their attention, was greeted with a cold silence, however. A. had intended B. intended C. being intended D. to intend
41. _____ and out of breath, we reached the top of the mountain and stopped _____ the beautiful scenery. A. Tiring; to admire B. Being tired; admiring C. Tired; to admire D. Tired; admiring 42. The 18-storeyed building, when _____, will shut out the sun _____ up the rooms in my house. A. completed; lighted B. completing; lighting C. completing; lighted D. completed; lighting 43. --- I hear Warren _____ in a middle school. --- What? I can’t imagine him _____ as a teacher. A. teaches; working B. teaches; work C. teach; to work D. teach; working 44. _____ he’s only been learning English for a year, he speaks it very well. A. Considered B. Considering C. Having considered D. To consider 45. It was _____ computer games that cost the boy a lot of time that he ought to have spent on his lessons. A. to have played B. playing C. played D. having played 46. At no time does the salesgirl get up late in the morning, for she is always too busy _____ a good rest. A. to take B. taking C. took D. taken 47. _____ as the most excellent student in her university, as most classmates had expected, made her parents very happy. A. Mary was chosen B. Mary chosen C. Mary being chosen D. Mary’s being chosen 48. _____ the big snake, the little girl stood under the tree _____ to death. A. Seeing; frightened B. Seeing; frightening C. Seen; frighten D. To see; frightening 49. You will see this product made in this factory _____ wherever you go. A. to be advertised B. advertised C. advertise D. advertising 50. Mr. Green is said _____ an experiment to prove the new method of solving the problem when young. A. to do B. to have done C. to be doing D. to have been doing 答案及部分解析： 1-5 CDDAD 26-30 DDBBD 6-10 DDCAB 31-35 ADDBC 11-15 BDABC 36-40 ACCAB 16-20 CACDB 21-25 CDCDA 41-45 CDABB 46-50 ADABB
1. 用-ing 形式一般式的被动语态作宾语补足语，强调自行车被修理的过程。 2. consider 作“考虑”解时，后常接-ing 形式（短语）作宾语；作“认为” 解时，后常接含有名词、形容词 或 to be 的复合结构。 3. 过去分词短语作条件状语，相当于 if it is trained properly。watchdog 看门狗。 4. 从动作发生的时间来看，应是先偷钻石，再找地方藏匿，故用-ing 形式的完成式。 5. see 表示的动作与句子谓语动词（had to enter）所表示的动作几乎同时发生，且与其逻辑主语（he） 为主动关系，故用一般式。由句意“看到前门正在被漆，……”可知，第二空应用 being painted。 6. lost in the big chair 为过去分词短语在句中作伴随状语。此句的正常语序为：Her little brother sat there... 7. catch sb. doing sth. （偶然或突然）发现或撞见某人正在做某事。 8. 题意为“正确做出答案要比快速完成更重要”。两个非谓语动词短语在形式上应保持一致。 9. -ing 形式的一般式在句中作非限制性定语。
10. 题意为“2004 年 1 月， 美国成功地发射了“勇气”号火星探测器，标志着人类历史上一个新的里程碑”。 11. 由短语 be stuck in（陷入）可知此处应用过去分词作宾语补足语。 12. 由 have great trouble （in）doing sth.可知第一空应用 solving; being discussed 作定语修饰 problem，表 示“正在被讨论的问题”。 13. 用不定式的完成式表示动作发生在(定语)从句谓语动作之前。 14. 考查独立主格结构。foot 和 break 之间是被动关系，blood 和 run 是主动关系。 15. 由固定结构 fix one’s eyes on/upon...可知此处应用过去分词。 16. appreciate 后常接-ing 形式（短语）作宾语。 17. 题意为“无论是走路还是睡觉，我总是在想这个问题。”注意：此题中-ing 形式短语的逻辑主语与句 子的主语并不一致，有的语法家称其为“垂悬分词”。又如：Having suffered such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river. 18. tried to 后省去了 get one。 19. 由 seat 的用法(be seated)可知第一空应用 seated 作宾语补足语； with his hands tied back 为 with 的复合 结构在句中作伴随状语。 22. 由 at present 可知第一空应用 being held（表示正在被进行的动作）；由 tomorrow 可知第二空应用 to be held（表示即将被进行的动作）。 23. 由固定短语 be (well) prepared for 可知此处应用过去分词作宾补。 24. 此处为 have sth. done 结构和 get sb. to do sth. 结构。 26. 考查 get sth. done 结构。carry out 执行。 27. before full accepted 相当于 before they are fully accepted。 28. feel 后可接含有非谓语动词的复合结构。此处宾语与宾语补足语之间为被动关系，故用过去分词。题 意为“所有考试都通过后，她感觉如释重负。” 29. 不定式短语在句中作目的状语。he has just finished 为定语从句。 30. -ing 形式短语作原因状语。not 要置于-ing 形式之前。
31. prevent sb./sth. (from) doing sth.为固定搭配。occur 为不及物动词。 32. regret doing sth.后悔做过某事；regret to do sth.遗憾（抱歉）地要做……。 33. look forward to doing sth.盼望做某事，注意 with hope（满怀希望地）插入了短语 look forward to 中。 34. 考查 with 的复合结构。his mouth 与 touch 之间是主动关系。 35. “as if+不定式短语”在句中作方式状语。 37. 考查句型 It is worthwhile to do sth./doing sth.。I think 为插入语。 38. 由 ask sb. to do sth.可知此处应用不定式。宾语与宾语补足语之间为被动关系，故用 to be done。 39. close to 中的 to 为介词。be connected with 可理解为“与……接轨”。 40. intended to please the audience...相当于 which had been intended to please the audience...。 41. tired and out of breath 为“形容词和介词短语”在句中作状语。stop to do sth. 停下来去做另外一件事。 42. when completed=when it is completed；lighting up...在此相当于 which lights up...。 43. 第一空应用一般现在时表示，意为“我听说沃伦在一所中学教书”；imagine 后常接-ing 形式(短语)或 -ing 形式的复合结构作宾语。 44. 此处 considering 为连词， 意为“考虑到”； 它还可用作介词， Considering the weather, he arrives very 如： early 考虑到天气，他算早的啦。 45. 此句是强调句型，强调句子的主语 playing computer games。 46. 考查 too...to...结构。注意：at no time（在什何时候都不）放在句首时,句子要用倒装 语序。 47. -ing 形式的复合结构作主语时， 其逻辑主语常用名词所有格或形容词性的物主代词。 most classmates as had expected 为非限制性定语从句。 48. seeing the big snake 在句中作时间状语；frightened to death 在句中作伴随状语。 49. advertise 意为“为……登广告”。made in this factory 作定语修饰 product; advertised 作宾语补足语。 50. 由 when young 可知此处应该用不定式的完成式。
1＿＿Sunday, the students are at home. A. Being B. To be C. It is D. It being 2.The boy lay on his back, his teeth ＿＿and his glaring eyes ＿＿＿. A.set； looked B. set； looking C. setting； looked D. setting； looking
3.All the thing＿＿＿＿，his proposal is of greater value than yours. A. considered B. considering C. to consider D. consider
4.＿＿＿＿who she was, she said she was Mr.Johnson’s friend. A. Asking B. Asked C. To be asked D. When asking 5.He hurried to the station,＿＿＿the 9：30 train had already left. A. to find B. found C. only to find D. only finding 6.Which do you enjoy ＿＿＿your weekends, fishing or watching TV? A.spending B.to spend C.being spent D.spend 7.＿＿＿all my letters, I had a drink and went out. A.Finished B.Having finished C.Finishing D.To finish 8.She had no money ＿＿＿a birthday present for her children. A. to buy with B. buying C .bought D. with which to buy 9.From the dates＿＿＿on the gold coin, it is conformed that it was made five hundred years ago. A. marking B. marked C. to be marked D. having been marked 10.＿＿＿＿time and labour, cartoonists generally draw the hands of their characters with only 3 fingers and a thumb. A. To save B. Saved C. Saving D. Having saved
11.O’Neal works hard.He is often seen ＿＿＿heavily before his teammates start. A.sweated B.to be sweated C.sweating D.being sweated 12.I can hardly imagine Peter＿＿across the Atlantic Ocean in 15 days. A.sail B.to sail C.sailing D.to have sailed 13.Such＿＿＿the case, I couldn’t help but ＿＿＿＿＿ him. A.being； support B.is； to support C.has been； supporting D.be； supported 14.Does the way you thought of＿＿＿the water clean make any sense? A.making B.to make C.how to make D.having made
15.In order not to be disturbed, I spent three hours＿＿in my study. A.locking B.locked C.to lock D.being locked 16.You will find the word “psychology” ＿＿＿＿under “P” in your dictionary. A.have listed B.list C.listed D.listing 17.Sandy could do nothing but ＿＿＿to his mother that he was wrong. A.admitting B.admits C.admit D.to admit 18.When I caught him cheating me, I stopped ＿＿things in his shop. A.buying B.buy C.to buy D.bought 19.A doctor can expect＿＿＿at any hour of the day or night. A.calling B.to call C.being called D.to be called
20.Nearly every great building in Beijing was built＿ south. A.to face B.facing C.to have faced D.being facing
21.With his son＿＿＿, the old man felt unhappy. A.to be disappointed B.disappointing C.being disappointed D.to disappoint 22.It was＿＿＿＿computer games that cost the boy a lot of time that he ought to have spent on his lessons. A.to have played B.playing C.played D.having played
23.And there, almost＿＿＿in the big chair, sat her little brother, who never had to be told to keep quiet. A.having lost B.losing C.to be lost D.lost 24.As I will be away for at least a year, I’d appreciate＿＿from you now and then＿＿me how everyone is getting along. A.hearing； tell B.to hear； tell C.hearing； telling D.to hear； to tell
25.The students are forbidden, unless they have special passes, ＿＿＿ after 11 pm. A.to stay out B.from staying out C.staying out D.not to stay out
26.I worked so late in the office last night that I hardly had time＿＿＿ the last bus. A.catching B.to catch C.having caught D.to have caught
27.＿＿to sunlight for too much time will do harm to one’s skin. A.Exposed B.Having exposed C.Being exposed D.After being exposed
28.Mike didn’t start＿＿＿＿the importance of a foreign language till he graduated from school. A.knowing B.to know C.know D.to have known —— ＿＿＿a new chairman.
29.—— Why was a special meeting called? A.To elect B.Electing C.Our electing D.Elected
30.—— Why did Bob weep?
—— He couldn’t bear＿＿＿like that before the whole class. C.to be laughed at D.being made fun
A.making fun of B.being made fun of
31.The students expected there＿＿＿more reviewing classes before the final exams. A.is B.to be C.being D.have been 32.I don’t mind＿＿＿by bus, but I hate＿＿in queues. A.traveling； stand B.to travel； to stand C.traveling； to stand D.traveling； to standing
33.We are looking forward to＿＿＿the film＿＿＿＿at the Grand Cinema. A.seeing； to show B.see； shown C.seeing； shown D.see； to show
34.At the shopping-centre,he didn’t know what＿＿and＿＿with an empty bag. A.to buy； leave B.to be bought； left C.to buy； left D.was to buy； leave 35.The policeman put down the phone, ＿＿＿with a smile on his face. A.satisfied B.satisfying C.to be satisfied D.having satisfied
36.＿＿＿, your composition is full of mistakes. A.Writing carelessly B.Written carelessl C.Having written carelessly D.Being written carelessly
37.She made a candle＿＿＿us light. A.give B.gave C.to give D.given 38.—— What do you suppose made her worried? A.Lose B.Lost C.Losing D.Because of losing 39.I know it’s not important, but I can’t help ＿＿about it. A.to think B.and think C.thinking D.being thought —— ＿＿＿a gold ring.
40.＿＿several times, the young scientist still kept on making his experiments. A.Having been failed B.Having failed C.Though failed D.Because of failure
41.＿＿＿all over the hill and around the lake are wild flowers of different kinds. A.To grow B.Growing C.Grown D.Grow 42.——Who are you going to have＿＿this letter for you? A.type B.typed C.been typed D.been typing 43.The food＿＿＿at the moment is for the dinner party. A.cooked B.to be cooked C.is being cooked D.being cooked 44.A kind old gentleman offered＿＿＿my bags to the taxi stand. A.his help carried B.carrying C.me to carry D.to help me to carry 45.You can hardly imagine the difficulty the woman had＿＿＿her children.
—— My secretary.
A.brought up B.to bring up
C.bringing up D.to have brought up
46.He was＿＿＿today, but was asked to stay for＿＿＿week. A.to have returned； another B.returning； one moreC.returned； another D.to return； other —— The Personnel office is the place＿＿＿.
47.—— Where should I send my form?
A.for sending it B.to send it toC.to send D.to send it 48.I could feel the wind＿＿on my face from an open window. A.to blow B.blowing C.to be blowing D.blown 49.—— Lucy, why didn’t you come last Sunday? —— I＿＿＿, but my father was in hospital. A.would B.had C.was going to D.did 50.——What terrible weather! I simply can’t get the car＿＿＿. — — Why not try＿＿＿＿the engine with some hot water? A. starting； filling B. start； filling C. started; to fill D. to start; fill 答案： 1. D。 本题考查独立主格结构,因为前后主语不一致,所以前面分词的逻辑主语不可以省略。 being Sunday It 相当于 As it is Sunday。 2.B。独立主格结构在句中作伴随状语, teeth 与 set 两个词之间含有逻辑上的被动关系,所以用过去分词； look 这一动作是 eyes 所发出,所以用 looking。 3.A。独立主格结构在句中作状语,因为 things 与 consider 之间含有被动关系,所以用过去分词。 4.B。分词短语作状语,因为 ask 与句子的主语（she）之间有被动关系,所以用过去分词。5.C。本题考查 “（only）＋不定式”与“-ing 形式”作结果状语的区别。“only＋不定式”表示该结果在主语的预料之外；接 “-ing”形式表示由主句所产生的逻辑上的结果。 6.B。本题考查不定式作目的状语,本题极易误选 A。其实 enjoy 的宾语为 fishing or watching TV。 7.B。因 finish 这一动作发生在 I had a drink and went out 之前,所以必须用现在分词的完成式。 8.D。介词＋关系代词＋不定式的结构可以在句中用作定语，其作用相当于一个定语从句。9.B。本题考 查非谓语动词作定语。不定式作定语时,表示将来的动作；现在分词作定语,表示主动、进行；过去分词 作定语,表示被动、完成。因为 dates 是被标在 gold coin 上,所以用过去分词表示被动。 10.A。不定式作目的状语。
11.C。分词在句中作主语补足语。因 sweat 这一动作是 he 所发出,所以为主动。 12.C。Peter 为逻辑主语，与 sailing 构成复合结构，作 imagine 的宾语。 13.A。 can’t help but 为固定短语, but 后面接不带 to 的不定式； Such being the case 为独立主格结构， case the 为逻辑主语。 14.B。 15.B。lock 与其逻辑主语应含有动宾关系,即 “被锁在书房里”。 16.C。单词 psychology 被列在 “P”之下,有被动关系。 17.C。 表示 “除了”,为介词,当其前面有动词 do 的各种形式时,but 后接不带 to 的不定式。 but 18.A。 stop 当 后面接不定式时,表示“停下来去做某事”；如果接-ing 形式,则表示“停止正在做的事”。 19.D。expect 后面接不定式。由题意可知,doctor 与 call 之间是被动关系。 20.B。现在分词在句中表示状态。 21.B。with 复合结构在句中作状语,表示原因,意为“由于儿子很是令人 失望。” 22.B。本题为强调句型，被强调的部分是句子的主语，所以采用-ing 形式。 23.D。be lost in 是固定短语，意为“陷入……之中”。变为分词短语作状语时，仍用过去分词 lost。 24.C。appreciate 后直接接-ing 形式作宾语。 25.A。本题考查 forbid 的用法。当 forbid 用作被动形式时, 构成 be forbidden to do 结构。 26.B。 27.C。由题意“暴露在阳光下太久,会伤害人的皮肤”可知应采用-ing 形式的被动式作主语。28.B。start 后可以接-ing 形式或 to do,但如果 start 后面的动词表示心理活动的词 时,必须用不定式。 29.A。回答 why 引导的问句，一般用不定式；回答 what 问句，一般用-ing 形式。 30.B。bear 意为“容忍”, 后面接-ing 形式；make fun of 与其逻辑主语有被动关系,所以用 being done 形式。 31.B。expected there to be 的形式相当于 expected there would be...。 32.C。mind 意为“介意”, 后面接-ing 形式； hate 后可以接-ing 形式或 to do 两种形式。33.C。look forward to（to 为介词）后面接-ing 形式；film 与 show 之间含有被动关系,所以用过去分词作定语。 34.C。“特殊疑问词＋不定式”结构在句中作宾语；left 与 didn’t know 并列。 35.A。be satisfied with“对……满意”,即 satisfy 与 with 紧紧相连时,必须用其过去分词。 36.B。write 所表示的动作与其逻辑主语有被动关系。Being written 为现在分词进行时的被动,表示该动作
正在进行,与题意不符,所以选 B。 37.C。不定式作目的状语, 意为“她制了一些蜡烛用来照明”。 38.C。 参见注 29。 39.C。can’t help 表示“忍不住”后面接-ing 形式；表示“不能帮助”时,后面接不定式。40.B。fail 这一动作 发生在主句谓语动词之前,所以用现在分词的完成时,并且为主动概念。 41.B。 over the hill and around the all lake 为地点状语提前。wild flowers 是长在“山上及湖的周围”的。 42.A。who 为 have 的宾语。 43.D。根据句子意思可知该动作正在进行,所以用 being done 形式。 44.D。 本题考查 offer 与 help 的用法, 即 offer to do sth.与 help sb.(to) do sth。 45.C。 本题考查 have difficulty(in) doing sth.这一结构。本句中 the woman had 为定语从句,修饰 difficulty。 46.A。be to＋have done 结构,表示本应该做某事,但事实上却没有做。 47.B。本题考查不定式作定语的用法。根据 send 的用法，send sth.to some place，故选择答案 B。 48.B。blow 这一动作是 wind 发出的,所以为主动,因此选择 blowing。 49.C。该题考查了动词不定式的省略现象。由题意可知是表示过去的一种打算或计划，在“was going to” 后省略了前面的内容或动作，故应选 C。 50.A。get the car starting 意为“使汽车发动起来”；try doing 意为“试着做某事”。