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非谓语动词相关习题


高考非谓语动词练习及解析



1.(全国I卷27). Mrs. White showed her student some old maps _________from the library.

A. to borrow B. to be borrowed C. borrowed

D. borrowing



解析:根据选项此题考察非谓语动词,题干中空格划在名词maps后,空格后部分是对maps解释说明,因此此题考察非谓语动词做定语。非谓语动词做定语,首先判断动词与所修饰名词的主动还是被动关系,borrow和maps是被动关系,被动关系时非谓语动词形式有三种:to be done表示动作将要发生,being done表示动作正在发生,done表示动作已经完成,根据句意borrow的动作已经完成,因此选择C。

句意:怀特夫人向学生们展示了从图书馆借来的一些老地图。



2.(全国I卷34).With Father’s Day around the corner, I have taken some money out of the bank______ presents

for my dad.

A. buy B. to buy C. buying D. to have bought



解析:动词不定式的一般式作目的状语。“买礼物”发生在“从银行取了一些钱”后,所以D不可以选。

句意:父亲节将要到来,为了给爸爸买礼物我已经从银行取了一些钱。



3.(全国卷II 11).Though ______ to see us,the professor gave us a warm welcome。

A. surprise B was surprised C. surprised D. being surprised



解析:省略结构和非谓语动词考查。补完整为:Though he was surprised,跟后面句子的主语一致,可以省略主语和系动词。

_____ to give up smoking, he threw away his remaining cigarettes .

A Determined B Determine C Determing D Being determined



分析:正确答案是A很多同学选C 原因在于同学们单从主句主语he 与determine 的汉字关系:他决定(主动)去判断,而未注意到 determine 常以 be determined to do 的形式出现表示一种状态而状语从句的省略形式规则指出:当从句的主语和主句的主语相同且从句的句子模式是 主 系 表 时省略从句的主语和系动词保留表语。所以标准答案是A



4.(安徽卷30). He had wonderful childhood, _____with his mother to all corners of the word.

A. travel B. to travel C. traveled D. traveling



解析:主语(he)与动词travel之间存在主动关系,故用traveling作伴随状语。



5.(北京卷21). _____ at my classmates' faces, I read the same excitement in their eyes.

A. Looking B. Look C. To look D. Looked



解析:look与其逻辑主语I为主动关系,因此用looking



6.(北京卷25). I'm calling to enquire about the position_____ in yesterday's China Daily.

A. advertised B. to be advertise d

C. advertising D. having advertised



解析:the position肯定是被advertise的,此处的过去分词相当于一个定语从句:which was advertised。

句意:我打电话来咨询一下昨天中国日报上刊登职位的信息。



7.(福建卷25).Lots of rescue workers were working around the clock日以继夜, _____ supplies to Yushu, Oinghai province after the earthquake.

A. sending B. to send C. having sent D. to have sent



解析:现在分词短语作伴随状语。



8.(福建卷34). In April, thousands of holidaymakers remained_____ abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud.

A. sticking B. stuck C. to be stuck D. to have stuck



解析:非谓语动词与它的逻辑主语thousands of holidaymakers thousands of holidaymakers之间存在被动关系,且该动作已经完成(被阻止…..)。



9.(湖南卷21). Listen! Do you hear someone __________for help?

A. calling B. call C. to call D. called



解析:该 空在句中为非谓语动词作宾补,根据 someone与call的主动关系排除D项。hear后接不定式作 宾 补时应省略to,由此排除C项。由listen可判断此处表示正在求救,故选A项。



10.(湖南卷26 Dina, _______ for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a local advertising agency.

A. struggling B. struggled C. having struggled D . to struggle



解析:该空,分词短语作时间状语,其逻辑主语Dina与struggle为主动关系,故排除B项。由剧中的finally可知非谓语动词表示的动作发生在句中谓语took a position之前,故用现在分词的完成主动式。

struggle for为...努力



11.(湖南卷30). So far nobody has claimed the money ________in the library.

A. discovered B. to be discovered C. discovering D. having discovered



解析:该空在句中作后置定语修饰the money,根据the money与discover的被动关系,排除C、D两项。B项表示的是“将要被发现”的意思,根据句意“到目前为止还没有人来认领在图书馆所发现的钱”可判断选A项。



12.(江苏卷28). The retired man donated most of his savings to the school damaged by the earthquake in Yushu,________ the students to return to their classrooms.

A. enabling B. having enabled C. to enable D. to have enabled



解析:现在分词短语作结果状语。即:在他捐献后的结果。



13.(江西卷24). The lady walked around the shops, ________ an eye out for bargains.

A. keep B. kept C. keeping D. to keep



解析:句子主语lady和keep 之间是主动关系, 而且walk和keep 同时发生,现在分词短语作伴随状语。keep an eye out for sb./sth. 留心或注意某人或某物



14.(江西卷32). There were many talented actors out there just waiting________ .

A. to discover B. to be discovered C. discovered D.being discovered



解析:演员等待被发现,用被动,发现发生在等待之后,所以用不定式。





15.(辽宁卷25). We were astonished _______ the temple still in its original condition.

A. finding B. to find C. find D. to be found

解析:考查非谓语动词。be astonished 后应该跟动词不定式做状语。

句意:我们吃惊地发现那座庙仍然还是原来的状况。



16.(辽宁卷35). Alexander tried to get his work _______in the medical circles.

A. to recognize B. recognizing C. recognize D. recognized

解析:考查非谓语动词用法。宾语work和recognize之间存在被动关系,所以用过去分词作宾语补足语。

=have+宾语+done的结构。

句意:亚历山大试图让他的工作在医学圈内得到认可。



17.(山东卷23). I have a lot of readings _____ before the end of this term.

A. completing B. to complete C. completed D. being completed

解析:句意应为“这个学期结束前,我有很多阅读练习要做。”由于时间状语before the end of this term表达未来的时间,所以空格处使用动词不定式表示将来,充当readings的定语。注意不是have+宾语+done的结构。



18.(山东卷29). The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table already ______ for a meal to be cooked.

A. laid B. laying C. to lay D. being laid

解析:非谓语动词作定语。table与“放置”这个动作之间主存在逻辑上的被动关系。桌子应该是被放置,

选择laid。



19.(陕西卷16)._____from the top of the tower, the south foot of the mountain is a sea of trees.

A. Seen B. Seeing C. Have seen D. To see

解析:此处是非谓语动词做状语,逻辑主语是句子的主语,非谓语动词与逻辑主语是被动关系,用过去分词,选A。



20.(陕西卷19). His first book_____ next month is based on a true story.

A. published B. to be published C. to publish D. being published

解析:非谓语动词做后置定语,由时间状语next month可知所填非谓语动词表示将来的动作,用动词不定式,其逻辑主语是所修饰的名词book,不定式与逻辑主语是被动关系,故用不定式的被动式,选B。



21.(四川卷11). In many people’s opinion,that company,though relatively small,is pleasant_____ .

A. to deal with B. dealing with

C. to be dealt with D. dealt with

解析:考查不定式句型sb./sth. is adj./n. to do。该句型相当于to do sth. is adj./n.。命题人在该句型中插入了though状语,有一定的干扰。此题实际是that company is pleasant to deal with= to deal with that company is pleasant。在很多人看来,那个公司虽然小,和他们做起生意来倒也很愉快。dealt with做买卖





22.(四川卷4) A great number of students _____ said they were forced to practise the piano.

A. to question B. to be questioned C. questioned D. questioning

解析:question与students存在被动关系,question表示的动作也已完成,故用过去分词。



23.(四川卷17). The lawyer listened with full attention,_____ to miss any point.

A. not trying B. trying not C. to try not D. not to try

解析:句中listen和try not to miss为同时进行的动作,故用现在分词的一般式 做伴随状语。又动词不定式的否定式要在其前加not.故选B。



24.(天津卷12). It rained heavily in the south, _______ serious flooding in several provinces.

A. caused B. having caused C. causing D. to cause

解析:空格后serious flooding是rained heavily的后果,而且句子主语it和cause之间存在主动关系,所以此处要用动词的ing形式作 结果状语。

句意:南方下了大雨,造成好几个省分的严重洪灾。



25.(重庆卷30). The news shocked the public, _______ to great concern about students’ safety at school.

A. having led B. led C. leading D. to lead

解析:The news和lead之间是主动关系,并作shocked的伴随状语,所以用leading。

句意:这个消息使公众震惊,也引起了人们对学生在校安全的关注。



26.(重庆卷34). Many buildings in the city need repairing, but the one_______ first is the library.

A. repaired B. being repaired C. repairing D. to be repaired

解析:the one指代前面提到的buildings与repair是动宾关系,由前半句房屋需要修缮可知修缮这个动作发生在need之后,所以用to be repaired.



27.(浙江卷8). The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if _______ regularly, can improve our health.

A. being carried out B. carrying out

C. carried out D. to carry out

解析:=if proper amounts of exercise are carried out

句意:这个实验表明合理的运动量可以促进我们的健康,如果运动量有规律的进行的话。



28.(浙江卷20). The traffic rule says young children under the age of four and _______ less than 40 pounds must be in a child safety seat.

A. being weighed B. to weigh C. weighed D. weighing

解析:根据句子结构:主语:the traffic rule;谓语动词:says;宾语从句:young children under the age of four and ____ less than 40 pounds must be in a child safety seat。宾语从句中的主干为:young children must be in a child safety seat。under the age of four and ____ less than 40 pounds用于修饰宾语从句主语children。动词weigh与名词children是主动关系,所以选择weighing。

句意:交通法则规定四岁以下并且体重不超过四十磅的婴儿必须坐在婴儿安全座上。



29.(上海卷32). I had great difficulty _______ the suitable food on the menu in that restaurant.

A. find B. found C. to find D. finding

解析:have difficulty(in)doing sth.的结构:做某事有困难。



30.(上海卷33). Lucy has a great sense of humour and always keeps her colleagues_______ with her stories.

A. amused B. amusing C. to amuse D. to be amused

解析:过去分词作宾语补足语。与它所修饰的her colleagues存在被动关系。(be)amused with…



31.(上海卷35). _______ the city centre, we saw a stone statue of about 10 metres in height.

A. Approaching B. Approached

C. To approach D. To be approached

解析:现在分词作时间状语,此时分词的逻辑主语就是主句的主语。



32.(上海卷40). This is the only way we can imagine _______ the overuse of water in students' bathrooms.

A. reducing B. to reduce C. reduced D. reduce

解析:此处应该用不定式the way to do sth表示做……的途径、方式。the only way to do……,we can imagine 做定语,前面省略了that.


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