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人教新课标高中英语核心词汇中英文释义及例句选修10第4单元


人教新课标高中英语核心词汇释义及例句

选修10第4单元

静宁一中 夏青锋

efficiently (13)
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in an efficient manner She runs the business very efficiently.(C

ambridge) get industry running more efficiently 使工业经营管理效率更高(Oxford) I work very efficiently and am decisive, and accurate in my judgement.(Collins) adv. 有效率地;效率高地 This requires that a number of people work together quickly and efficiently. 这就需要许多人一起快速而高效地工作。 I work very efficiently and am decisive, and accurate in my judgement. 我工 作非常有效率,处事果断,而且判断准确。 (词典例句) There is a practical aspect to this: it helps society to function efficiently, and encourages a general level of self-discipline that simplifies day-to-day interaction. (2014js)

静宁一中 夏青锋

diameter (1)
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(the length of) a straight line that reaches from one point on the edge of a round shape or object, through its centre, to a point on the opposite edge The diameter measures twice the radius半径. |The pond is six feet in diameter.(Cambridge) n. 直径 [dia-=across相对,交叉;log, logue=speech, The diameter of the tree-trunk is about 2 meters. 这树干的直径大约是2米。 The diameter and the circumference of a circle correlate. 圆的直径与圆周有 相互关系。 (词典例句) The holes are only borings, less than a foot in diameter. (nce4)

静宁一中 夏青锋

recipe (9)
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a set of instructions telling you how to prepare and cook food, including a list of what food is needed for this For real Indian food, just follow these recipes.|Do you know a good recipe for wholemeal bread?(Cambridge) n. 菜谱 A recipe tells you that you need so many eggs, so much milk, etc. 这个菜谱上说需要多少鸡蛋、 多少牛奶等等。 The recipe calls for 2,000 kilos of fresh strawberries,675 kilos of strawberry jam, 1,550 bottles of strawberry extract, 1,500 bars of butter,1,625 kilos of sugar, 9,000 eggs, 860 cans of evaporated milk, 1,155 kilos of flour, 20 kilos of baking powder, 1 (9wb) A recent research has found a new recipe of success. (2011gd)

静宁一中 夏青锋

booklet (15)
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leaflet: a very thin book with a small number of pages and a paper cover, giving information about something a free booklet on drug abuse(Cambridge) n. 小册子 The booklet is especially useful for students. 这个小册子对于学生尤其有用。 Would you read the instruction booklet from beginning to end or would you look at the contents page and then read only what you needed to know? (10) I look forward to receiving your information booklet and application forms as soon as possible. (2013gd) Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested. --Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) Talent alone cannot make a writer. There must be a man behind the book. -Emerson 仅有天才不能成为作家,书的背后必须有一个具有堂堂人格的人。――爱默 生

静宁一中 夏青锋

up to …
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used to say that something is less than or equal to but not more than a stated value, number or level We can teach dancers up to intermediate level here.(Cambridge) 取决于…… It's your choice and your life …… it's up to you who and what you let in it. 这是你的选择,你的生活……该让什么进入,该请谁入戏,都取决于你。 There are certain techniques you can learn and then it is up to you to practise, practise and practise. (10) What shall we do tonight then?——__,whatever you want. A. Help yourself B. It's a deal C. No problem D. It's up to you (2012n2)

静宁一中 夏青锋

preview (6)
? ? ? ? ? being performed publicly before it officially opens Miller's new play is previewing at the Theatre Royal tomorrow.(Cambridge) to describe On page 11, Sally Gaines previews next week's films on TV.(Cambridge) If a journalist previews something such as a film, exhibition, or invention, they see it and describe it to the public before the public see it for themselves. He knew about the interview prior to its publication and had actually previewed the piece...(Collins) vt. 预习;事先查看 [见上;-ive形容词后缀,…的] Please preview the text before next class. 下次来上课之前请预习课文。 Before reading in detail, good readers preview the text. (10) Nineteenth-century science and the vivid Vernes imagination gave people an unbelievably accurate preview of one of the greatest events of the 20th century. (2000shsp)
静宁一中 夏青锋

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in detail (4)
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including or considering all the information about something or every part of something We haven't discussed the matter in detail yet. |The book described her sufferings in graphic detail. |He talked in great detail about the curtains he's chosen for his lounge.(Cambridge) 详细的 He describes the robbery in detail to us . 他向我们详细地描述了抢劫事件。 He has eight lawyer assistants to help him and examines every single letter in detail. (nce3) We'd better discuss everything _______ before we work out the plan. A. in detail B. in general C. on purpose D. on time (2011js)

静宁一中 夏青锋

manual (2)
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(BOOK) [C] a book which gives you practical instructions on how to do something or how to use something, such as a machine a DIY manual |The computer comes with a 600-page instruction manual.(Cambridge) n. 手册;指南 This manual is full of useful tips. 这本小册子里有很多实用的小建议。 His manual dexterity and fine spatial skills were wasted on routine tasks. 他 灵巧的动手能力和杰出的空间识别能力都浪费在日常事务上了。 (词典例句) These days, people who do manual work often receive far more money than people who work in offices. (nce3)

静宁一中 夏青锋

underneath (4)
? ? under or below The tunnel goes right underneath the city. |They found a bomb underneath the car. |Underneath that shy exterior, she's actually a very warm person. |He was wearing a garish T-shirt underneath his shirt.(Cambridge) adv. & prep. 在下面;在…的下面 The coin rolled underneath the piano. 硬币滚到钢琴的下面了。 She looked at the back door. Water was flowing in underneath. Turning around she saw dirty brown water fountaining out of the drain and filling the sink. (6wb) The shooting-range is lit from underneath by rows of ruby-red light fittings. 射击场被一排排深红色的灯光设备从下面照亮了。 (词典例句)

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静宁一中 夏青锋

brewery (6)
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a company that makes beer or a place where beer is made (Cambridge) n. 酿酒厂;啤酒厂 I work in a brewery. 我在酿酒厂工作。 I also noticed that I became breathless quickly, and that I wasn't enjoying sport as much. (6) They'd get back in the car breathless and energized, smelling fresh from the cold air. (2013tj) Not where I breathe, but where I love, I live. -- Robert Southey Fear less, hope more; Whine less, breathe more. -- Swedish proverb 少一些畏惧,多一些希望;少一些抱怨,多一些呼吸。——谚语

静宁一中 夏青锋

bent (42)
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a bent object has a curved or twisted shape The lamp post got bent in the crash.(Cambridge) If an object is bent, it is damaged and no longer has its correct shape. The trees were all bent and twisted from the wind.(Collins) If a person is bent, their body has become curved because of old age or disease. ...a bent, frail, old man.(Collins) adj. 弯曲的 He only found a piece of bent wire. 他只发现了一节弯曲的电线。 This time with great caution I bent down to examine the snakes and I found them very sleepy. (8) The man then bent down and gave his wife the flower, telling her who it was from. (2014fj)

静宁一中 夏青锋

lotus (4)
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a type of tropical water lily (= a plant with large flat leaves which float on the surface of lakes and pools) (Cambridge) n. 荷花;莲花;睡莲 The lotus leaves are unfolding. 荷叶舒眉展目着。 After the rain the lotus flowers looked fuller. 雨后荷花显得更加润泽了。 (词 典例句) In a recently published book, I came across some exercises with interesting names such as fishbone diagrams, lotus flowers and clustering. (2006js)

静宁一中 夏青锋

acquisition (5)
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[U] action of acquiring the acquisition of antiques, knowledge, a fortune(Cambridge) n. 获得;习得 [quer, quest, quir, quis=seek寻,求,问] Next to acquiring good friends, the best acquisition is that of good books. 除了获得得好友之外,最有意义的获得就是获得好书。 From her wardrobe Laura took her latest acquisition, a bright red dress. 劳 拉从衣柜里拿出了她最近的购物战果,一件鲜红色连衣裙。 (词典例句) Staying alongside host families enables students to get enough practice for the short time of their studying so that their language acquisition is likely to become faster. (2007hn)

静宁一中 夏青锋

ballet (3)
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(a theatrical work with) a type of dancing where carefully organized movements tell a story or express an idea a ballet dancer |By the age of fifteen he had already composed his first ballet (= music for a ballet)(Cambridge) n. 芭蕾舞 Is there a ballet performance tonight? 今晚有芭蕾舞表演吗? He suggested that the twins ______ to a ballet school. (send) (10) Every kind of dance from ballet to belly dancing could be found on the stages of the Paris theaters of the Paris theaters. (2013ah) Wrestling is ballet with violence. --Jesse Ventura To me, boxing is like a ballet, except there’s no music, no choreography, and the dancers hit each other. -- Jack Handey 对我来说,拳击像芭蕾舞,除了没有音乐,没有舞蹈的技艺,只有跳舞者在 相互碰撞。——杰克· 汉迪

静宁一中 夏青锋

resemble (1)
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to look like or be like someone or something You resemble your mother very closely.|After the earthquake, the city resembled a battlefield.(Cambridge) vt. 像;类似 [re-加强意义;sembl相似,类似] She resembles her sister in appearance but not in character. 她和她姐姐外貌相似,但性格不同。 Tick only the statements that you think resemble your situation. (10) No matter how famous the product's origin is, if it fails to impress consumers with its own qualities it begins to resemble an exercise in self-promotional marketing. (2008hn)

静宁一中 夏青锋

tend to (do sth) (71)
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to be likely to behave in a particular way or have a particular characteristic [+ to infinitive] We tend to get cold winters and warm, dry summers in this part of the country.(Cambridge) be likely to behave in a certainway or to have a certain characteristic or influence I tend to go to bed earlier during the winter. 我在冬天常睡得较早。 |Women tend to live longer than men. 女人多比男人长寿。 |Recent laws have tended to restrict the freedom of the press. 新法例有限制新闻自由的趋势。|It tends to rain here a lot in summer. 这里夏天较为多雨。(Oxford) 易于;往往会(做某事) I‘m pretty easygoing and tend to get along with most people. 我非常平易近人,而且易于与大部分人融洽相处。 I tend to see pictures in my mind when I am reading or listening. (10) Schedules tend to be flexible, with business meetings sometimes starting later than planned. (2014zj)

静宁一中 夏青锋

vague (4)
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not clearly expressed, known, described or decided I do have a vague memory of meeting her many years ago. |The patient had complained of vague pains and backache.(Cambridge) not clear in shape, or not clearly seen Through the mist I could just make out a vague figure.(Cambridge) describes someone who is not able to think clearly, or who, sometimes as a way of hiding what they really think, does not express their opinions clearly My aunt is incredibly vague - she can never remember where she's left things. |Their report is studiously vague (= intentionally not exact) on future economic prospects.(Cambridge) adj. 含糊的;不清楚地 [vag=wander走,漫游,游荡→游移不定→(语义)不确定,不明确] You can always respond with a safe, but vague answer. 你依然可以用一个安全而又含糊的回答来应付。 I usually remember people's faces but I am often vague about their names. (10) Through the mist I could just make out a vague figure. 透过雾霭,我只能看见 一个模糊的人影。 (词典例句)
静宁一中 夏青锋

auditory (3)
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of or about hearing It's an artificial device which stimulates the auditory areas of the brain.(Cambridge) adj. 听的;听觉的 He says that music is ingrained in our auditory, cognitive and motor functions. 他认为音乐根植于人们的听觉、知觉和运动技能之中。 Auditory learners learn best when there is an oral component to the material they are learning. (10) Human mind constantly depend on objects which are taken from visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory and tactile means. 人的心理不断地依赖于从视 觉,听觉,嗅觉,味觉和触觉得到的目标。 (词典例句)

静宁一中 夏青锋

tactile (4)
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If you describe someone as tactile, you mean that they tend to touch other people a lot when talking to them. The children are very tactile with warm, loving natures.(Collins) Something such as fabric which is tactile is pleasant or interesting to touch Tweed粗花呢 is timeless永恒的, tactile and tough.(Collins) Tactile experiences or sensations are received or felt by touch. (FORMAL) Babies who sleep with their parents receive much more tactile stimulation than babies who sleep in a cot...(Collins) adj. 触觉的;可感触的;触觉型的 Next to vision in importance is tactile sensing or touching. 仅次于视觉重要性的是触觉。 Before you listen, work with a partner and think of some things that could help a tactile learner practise reading. (10) The children are very tactile with warm, loving natures. 小孩子说话时喜欢用 上热烈、表达喜爱的肢体触碰。 (词典例句)

静宁一中 夏青锋

oral (12)
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spoken; not written an oral agreement/exam(Cambridge) adj. 口头的;口述的 [or, orat=pray, address祷告,说话] The old man told us a story passed on by oral tradition. 老人给我们讲述了一个口头流传的故事。 I spoke privately to the candidate after the oral. 口试后,我私下里与那位考 生谈了谈。 (词典例句) On most days, our grades were based on our oral answer to homework questions. (2014hn)

静宁一中 夏青锋


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