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外研版高中英语必修4全册复习课件(精品)


本课件为基于精确校对的word书稿制作的“逐字编 辑”课件,使用时欲修改课件,请双击对应内容,进入可 编辑状态。

高中英语第四册(必修4)

第19讲 Module1 Life in the Future 第20讲 Module2 Traffic Jam 第21讲 Module3 Body Language and Non-verbal

Communication 第22讲 Module4 Great Scientists 第23讲 Module5 A Trip Along the Three Gorges 第24讲 Module6 Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World

新课标·外研版

高中英语第四册(必修4)

第19讲

Module 1

Life in the Future

第19讲 Module 1 Life in the Future

第19讲 │ 美文欣赏 美文欣赏
[2011· 江西卷] 假设你是星光中学的李华,将参加主题为 “Let's Ride Bicycles”的英语演讲比赛。请撰写一份演讲稿, 主要内容包括: 1.目前汽车带来的空气污染和交通堵塞等问题; 2.骑自行车的益处,如节能环保、有利健康等。 参考词汇:低碳生活(lowcarbon life);节能(energy saving) 注意:1.词数:120词左右; 2.演讲稿开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

第19讲 │ 美文欣赏
Good morning, everyone, I am Li Hua from Xingguang Middle School. The topic of my speech is “Let's Ride Bicycles.” __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Thank you!

第19讲 │ 美文欣赏
【精彩美文】 Good morning,everyone, I am Li Hua from Xingguang Middle School. The topic of my speech is “Let's Ride Bicycles”. As is known to all,with the improvement of people's living standards,cars have become a popular means of transport,bringing great convenience to our life. However, they have also caused some problems such as air pollution and traffic jams.

第19讲 │ 美文欣赏
How can we solve the problems then?As far as I'm concerned,riding bicycles is a good solution. For one thing, bicycles don't need any petrol and they are energysaving. For another,bicycles are environmentally friendly because they won't give off waste gas. What's more,riding bicycles is a good way for us to exercise and it is beneficial to our health. Therefore,let's take the responsibility to build up a lowcarbon city by riding bicycles. Come on and join us!
Thank you!

第19讲 │ 美文欣赏
【全品点睛】 ①行文逻辑:自我介绍→汽车带来的问题→骑自行车的益 处→发出倡议。较好地使用了连接和过渡成分,如连接词汇: however, as far as I'm concerned,what's more等以及过渡句: How can we solve the problems then. ②词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇。如:a popular means of,such as,for one thing…for another,give off, beneficial,take the responsibility,build up等。

第19讲 │ 美文欣赏
③句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如:非限 制性定语从句:As is known to all;现在分词短语作伴随状 语:…bringing great con?venience to our life;原因状语从 句:…because they won't give off waste gas;祈使句:let's take…/Come on and join us!

第19讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. _______ vt. 预测,预言→ __________ n. 预测→predictable predict prediction adj. 可预言的,可预报的 2. ____ adj.危险的;冒险的→risk vt.&n.冒险 risky 3. ____ vi. 依赖;依靠→ _______ adj. 可靠的→reliability n. rely reliable 可靠性 4.load vt. 装载n. 装载量;负担→ _______ v.卸货→ unload _________ v. 下载 download

第19讲 │ 基础梳理
5. ______ vt. 供给动力n. 动力,能力,权力→powered adj. 用 power 动力推动的,有动力装置的→ _________ adj. 有力的;有 powerful 功效的 6. _________ n.失去能力;伤残→disabled adj.残疾的 disability 7. _________ adv.无疑地;确定地→definite adj. 明确的,一 definitely 定的 8. _________ adv.最后;终于→eventual adj. 最后的,最终的 eventually

第19讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.确切地;肯定地 2.自然资源 3.用完;耗尽 4.依赖;依靠 5.替代性能源 6.除掉;处理掉 7.免费 8.履行;实施;执行 9.被附在/粘在 10. 小心;当心

for sure natural resources run out/use up rely on alternative energy get rid of free of charge carry out be attached to look out/be careful

第19讲 │ 基础梳理
11. 即将被淘汰;即将过时 12. 作为开始;首先;第一点

on the way out for a start

第19讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.No one knows _______, and _________________ is a risky for sure making predictions business. 谁也说不准,并且猜测也是件冒险的事。 2. ___________ garbage problems, the city will ____ huge To get rid of load spaceships with waste materials and send them towards the sun, __________ landfill and environmental problems. preventing 为了摆脱垃圾问题的困扰,城市将会用巨型宇宙飞船装载 废弃材料,朝太阳发射,防止垃圾填埋和环境问题。 3.Everyone will be given a telephone number at birth that will never change no matter where they live . ______________________ 每个人一出生就会给予一个电话号码,将来无论他们住在 哪里,这个电话号码都不会改变。

第19讲 │ 基础梳理
4.Distance surgery will become ________ as doctors common __________________ from thousands of miles away, with carry out operations each city _______ its own telesurgery outpatient clinic. having 随着每个城市都拥有自己的远程手术门诊部,医生将能从 数千里以外实施手术,远程手术将变得非常平常。 5.Senior citizens and people with disabilities will be able to go anywhere in the world ______ hightech cameras using __________ their head.年长的市民和残疾人通过使用绑在 attached to 头上的高新技术相机可以周游世界。 6. Don’t call me before seven. I will ________________. be getting dressed 不要在七点之前给我打电话。那时我将在穿衣服。

第19讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 The future continuous

第19讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 alternative adj. (available in place of sth. else; other)替换 的;供选择的n. (sth. you can choose to do or use instead of sth. else) 可供选择的事物 (1) alternatively adv. 二者择一地 (2) have no alternative/choice but to do 别无选择只能…… alternative ways 可供选择的方法

第19讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 alternative和 choice (1)alternative意为“取舍,抉择”,一般指从两者中选择一个, 只限办法、打算,而不能指具体的事物。 (2) choice意为“选择”,强调自由的选择,不管选择方式及 对象的多少。

第19讲 │ 单词点睛
【情景记忆】

第19讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) Do you have ____________________ to the problem? an alternative solution 你有没有别的办法来解决这个问题? (2) We _______________________________ Gibson. had no alternative/choice but to fire 我们别无他法,只能辞退了吉布森。 (3) What influenced you most in your choice of career? _____ 在你选择职业时对你影响最大的是什么?

第19讲 │ 单词点睛
2.单项填空 If you don’t like the school lunch,you have the ________ of bringing your own. A. choice B. alternative C. right D. preparation 【解析】 B 句意为:要是你不喜欢学校准备的午餐,可 以自己带饭。alternative可供选择的事物,have the alternative of…强调“有另外一种选择”。choice表示“选 择”不用于这个搭配,而且“可以有多个选择”。right表 示“权利”可以用于have the right to do sth.有权利做某事。

第19讲 │ 单词点睛
2 load n.( a large quantity of sth. that is carried by a vehicle, person, etc.)负荷;重担;装载量v. (to put a large quantity of sth. into a vehicle or container)装(载);使担负 (1) be/take a load off sb.’s mind 心上的石头落地, 使……如释重 负 (2) load…into 把……装进 load…with 给……装上/加上 be loaded with 装载有,负担有

第19讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The good news has taken __________________. a load off my mind 听了这条好消息我就放心了。 (2) The dockers are __________________ coal. loading the ship with 码头工人正把煤装上船。 (3) He went home ___________ honours. loaded with 他载誉回乡。

第19讲 │ 单词点睛
3 charge v. (to ask sb. for a particular amount of money for sth. you are selling)收费;充电;指控,指责n. (the amount of money you have to pay for goods or services)收费,要价; 指控;掌管 (1) take charge of 负责,掌管(动作) in charge of 负责,掌管(状态) in/under the charge of… 由……负责 (2) free of charge(=for free) 免费 the charge for sth. 某物的收费 charge sb. for sth. ___ 为某物向某人收费 (3) charge sb. ____ sth. 因某事控告某人 with

第19讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 charge, price和cost 这三个单词虽然都与“价钱,价格”有关,但三者的真正含义 和用途是不一样的,区别如下: (1) charge一般是卖者或提供服务者索要的“费用”。如: All goods are delivered free of charge. (2) price一般指商品的售价,有时是泛指“物价”。如: What is the price of this table? Prices in this country are very high. (3) cost则指生产某东西的成本,或者某服务或活动所花的费 用。 如: the cost of production

第19讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1. 根据语境选择charge,price或cost的适当形式填空 (1) We were shocked by the _____ of a cup of coffee in price London. (2) What’s the ______ for your delivery? charge (3) The shop was not making enough money to cover its ____ costs.

第19讲 │ 单词点睛
2. 根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) As long as you’ve paid in advance we won’t _____________ charge you for delivery. 只要你预先付款, 我们就不收你送货费。 (2) These patients are ____________________ Dr. Wilson. in/under the charge of 这些病人是威尔逊医生负责治疗的。 (3) Tom ____________ the government after the military took took charge of over in 1975. 1975年军事政变后汤姆掌管了政府。

第19讲 │ 单词点睛
4 attach v.( fasten or connect one object to another)将某 物系在、缚在或附在(另一物)上 (1) attach…to… 把……连/拴/装/贴在……上面 be attached to sth./sb. 被装/绑/固定/粘在……上;喜欢,依恋(某人) (2) attach importance/significance to… 重视,认为……很重要

第19讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) _____________________ your application form. Attach a recent photo to 请在求职表上贴一张最近的照片。 (2) She ________________________ regular exercise. attaches great importance to 她认为定期锻炼很重要。

第19讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 run out [(of a supply of sth.) be used up, finished or exhausted](供应品)用完, 耗尽 run out of sth. (of a person) use up or finish (a supply of sth.)(指人)用完, 耗尽(供应品) (1) use ___ 用完;耗尽 up give ____ 分发,发布,公布;被用完,耗尽 out (2) run ____ 撞上,偶然遇到;遭遇,陷入 into run ______ 偶然遇见(或看到) across

第19讲 │ 短语储存
【易错警示】 run out是不及物动词短语,其主语通常是时间、金钱、食物等 无生命的名词。run out of则是及物动词短语,主语是人,后 接宾语。use up是及物动词短语,相当于run out of;而give out 是不及物动词短语,表示“(某物)用完了,没有了”,无 被动语态。

第19讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) We ________________________ petrol. are running out of/using up 我们的汽油快用光了。 (2) The project is ___________ financial difficulties. running into 这一项目遇到了财务困难。

第19讲 │ 短语储存
2.单项填空 It is predicated that existing reserves of fossil fuel ________ by 2045. A. have been run out B. are going to be run out C. will have run out D. have run out 【解析】 C 考查动词的时态和语态。run out是不及物动 词短语,无被动语态,通常以物作主语。再结合后面的时 间状语by 2045可知应该用将来完成时,由此可以判断答案 为C。

第19讲 │ 短语储存
2 rely on/upon (to trust or depend on)依靠,信赖,指望 sb. to do sth. (1) rely on 指望或依赖某人做某事 sb. (’s) doing sth. rely on sb./sth. for sth. 依靠……获得…… rely on it that 指望……相信…… (2) count on 依靠,信赖,指望 (3) depend on 依靠,信赖;取决于 【温馨提示】 rely on后面用that从句作宾语时,中间需要加形式宾语it。如: You can rely on it that it will rain this weekend. 你放心好了, 本周末一定下雨。

第19讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) You may ________________________________. rely/depend/count on me to help you 你可以依靠我来帮助你的。 (2) Many people now ___________________ news. rely on the Internet for 现在很多人依赖互联网获得新闻。 (3) How much is produced __________ how hard we work. 产量 depends on 的大小在于我们努力的程度。

第19讲 │ 短语储存
3 look out (for sb./sth.) (be careful; watch out)当心, 注意; look sth. out (search for sth. and find it)查出,找出

第19讲 │ 短语储存
(1) watch out (for…) take care be careful (2) look after look _____ into look down on/upon look forward to look over look through look up 当心;小心;提防 当心;小心 当心;小心 照顾;照看 调查;审查 轻视;看不起 盼望;期待 查看;(仔细)检查 检查;浏览 抬头向上看;查找,查阅

第19讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用look短语的适当形式填空 (1) _________!There’s danger ahead! Look out (2) A working party has been set up to _________ the problem. look into (3) If you want to know how a word is used, ____ it ___ in the look up dictionary. (4) Don’t __________________ people who’ve never been to look down on/upon university. (5) She likes _______________ newspapers at breakfast. looking through

第19讲 │ 短语储存
4 carry out (to do sth. that you have said you will do or that sb. has asked you to do)履行, 实行,执行[perform or conduct (an experiment, etc.)] 进行(实验等) carry on (with sth./doing sth.) carry on sth. be/get carried away 继续(做某事) 进行某事,开展某事 失去自制力,忘乎所以

第19讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用carry短语的适当形式填空 (1) There is a shortage of people to _________ research. carry out (2)Will the government _________ its promise to reform the law? carry out (3) Sorry, I interrupted you. Please carry on . ________ (4) It was so noisy that it was hard to ________ a conversation. carry on (5) I just got ____________ because it was such fun. carried away

第19讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
I’m too busy enjoying my life now to worry about the future! 我现在忙于享受生活,没时间为未来担忧! 【句式点拨】 too…to…太……以至于不能…… 【温馨提示】 too…to在下列情况下表示肯定含义: (1) 当too后是glad,pleased,happy,delighted,satisfied, ready,willing,eager,anxious等形容词时。如: They are too anxious to leave.他们急于离开。

第19讲 │ 句型透视
He is always too ready to help others. 他总是乐于助人。 与这些词连用时,too前还常加上only,all,but,just, simply等副词,意思不变,因为这些词加 上too后与very同 义。如: I’m only too glad to see you.见到你非常高兴。 They are but too pleased to hear the news. 他们听到这则消息,非常高兴。 (2) 与cannot连用时。 You cannot be too careful(=You can never be careful enough) to do your homework. 你做作业越仔细越好(=无论怎样仔细也不过分)。

第19讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 同义句转换 (1) The room is so small that five people can’t live in. = The room is ___________ five people _________. too small for to live in (2) The box is too heavy for me to carry. = This is __________ box for me to carry. too heavy a (3) I am very pleased to help you. = I am only __________ to help you. too pleased

第19讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1. Childhood experiences often play a big part in _______ shaping one’s character. 2.He was _____ (解雇) on the spot. fired 3.They ________ (改变 ) the talk to a more interesting subject. switched 4.Bankers are cautiously _________ (乐观的) about the optimistic country’s economic future. 5.It is impossible to predict what will happen. ______

第19讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 run out, for a start, carry out, for sure, be attached to 1. I think he lives there but I couldn’t say _______. for sure is running out/has run out 2. Our salt _______________________. You should buy some. 3. I don’t want to see him in my house. _________, he is too For a start noisy. 4. This middle school ____________ a teachers’ college. is attached to 5. A survey is now _______________ nationwide. being carried out

第19讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 浙江卷] The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise,if ________ regularly,can improve our health. A.being carried out B.carrying out C.carried out D.to carry out 【解析】 C 本题考查非谓语动词。exercise和carry out逻 辑上构成了被动关系,且此处是省略,故用过去分词。

第19讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.[2010· 江西卷] Parents ________ much importance to education. They will do their best to give their children that priceless gift. A.attach B.pay C.link D.Apply 【解析】 A 本题考查动词辨析。attach importance to是固 定搭配,表示“重视;看重”。

第19讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.As there is less and less coal and oil, scientists are exploring new ways of making use of energy, such as sunlight, wind and water for power and fuel. A.primary B.alternative C.instant D.Unique 【解析】 B 本题考查形容词辨析。既然石油和煤都越来 越少,人们只好使用一些其他可替代这些燃料的东西。 alternative 有“可选择的,可替代的”之意,符合句意。 primary首要的,初期的;instant立即的,迅速的;unique 独特的。

第19讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.Wait a minute. I'll ________ a good book for you to read on the journey. A.look around B.look into C.look up D.look out 【解析】 D 本题考查动词短语辨析。look around环顾; look into调查;look up抬头看,查阅;look out查找,找出。

第19讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.—Do you think we should accept that offer? —Yes, we should, for we ________ such bad luck up till now, and time ________ out. A.have had; is running B.had; is running C.have; has been run D.have had; has been run 【解析】 A 本题考查动词的时态和语态。前面有现在完 成时的时间状语up till now,故第一空用现在完成时;后面 指时间快用光了,用进行时表示将来时。

第19讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.When we will hold the flower show in the park mainly ________ the weather recently. A.lies on B.puts on C.relies on D.depends on 【解析】 D 本题考查动词短语辨析。depend on表示 “依靠,依赖,信任”时和rely on意义相同。但是depend on还可以表示“取决于,由……决定”。

第19讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.Knowing he was safe was a ________ off my mind. A.load B.thing C.matter D.Event 【解析】 A 重负”。 a load off one's mind 表示“心中释然,如释

第19讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.You have been sitting on my hat and now it is badly out of________. A.date B.shape C.order D.balance 【解析】 B 本题考查名词辨析。out of date意为“过时 的”;out of shape意为“变形的”;out of order意为“无 序的,乱套的”;out of balance意为“失去平衡”。从题 干“你坐在我的帽子上”推测帽子应该是“变形了”,故 选B项。

第19讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.—Can I help you? —I'd like a room with a bath. How much do you________? A.pay B.offer C.charge D.Afford 【解析】 C 本题考查动词辨析。charge在此处是指“要 价”。pay意为“付款给(某人),支付(价款)”;offer意为 “主动提供”;afford意为“付得起”,皆不符合题意。本 题的关键是空格处动作的发出者是you,而不是I。

第19讲 │ 跟踪训练
10. —When can I see you, Mr Black? Three o'clock this afternoon? —Oh, no. I ________ a meeting then. A.will have B.will be having C.am having D.Have 【解析】 B 本题考查动词的时态。此处用将来进行时强 调在将来某个时间正在进行的动作。故选B。

第20讲

Module 2

Traffic Jam

第20讲 Module 2 Jam

Traffic

第20讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1.permit n. 执照,许可证 vt. 允许,准许→过去式/过去分词 __________________ →现在分词 permitting → __________ _________ permitted/permitted permission n. 允许 2.receipt n. 收据→ _______ v. 收到,接收;接待,接见 receive →reception n.招待会;接受;接待 limited 3.limit n.限制,范围 v. 限制→ _______ adj. 有限的→ _________ adj. 无限的→limitation n.限制,局限 limitless

第20讲 │ 基础梳理
4. _________ adj. 给人印象深刻的→ __________ n. 印象 impressive impression →impress vt. 留下深刻印象 5.convenient adj.方便的,便利的→ ___________ n.方便, convenience 便利→ ___________ adj. 不方便的→ ____________ n. 不 inconvenient inconvenience 方便 6. explore vt. 探索→ __________ n. 探索→explorer n. 探索者 ______ exploration 7. react vi.反应;作出回应→ _______ n. 反应 reaction 8. _______ n. 解答,答案→solve v.解决 solution 9. mood n. 心情,心境→ _______ adj.心情坏的,喜怒无常的 moody 10.registration n.执照;登记→ _______ n. 登记,注册 register

第20讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.与……相连 2.被困在…… 3.举起手 4.马上;一会儿 5.要求得到 6.到处旅行;四处走动 7.限制在…… 8.很好地欣赏到 9.施工中;正在建设中 10. 值得做

be connected to/with… be/get stuck in… raise one’s hand in no time ask for get around be limited to have a good view of under construction be worth doing

第20讲 │ 基础梳理
11.关上(电灯、电视等);断掉 12. 遵守规则 13. 违反规则 14. 保持冷静 15. 让发动机开着 16. 心情很好 17. 肯定不;没门儿 18. 把……挡在外面,使……不入内 19. 交通堵塞 20. 令某人发疯

switch off follow the rules break the rules keep cool leave the motor on in a good mood no way keep…out of traffic jam drive sb. mad/crazy

第20讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1. You should check the cab has a business permit, and ___________________ a receipt.你应该核实一下出租车是否 make sure you ask for 有营业执照,并确保向他们索要发票。 2.Public transport ________ a cheap way ____________ in provides to get around Beijing. 公共交通为北京旅游提供了一种经济的出行方式。 3. It’s a good idea to avoid public transport during the rush _____________________ hour.避免在高峰期乘坐公共交通工具是个好主意。 4.You will have _____________ the ________________ city. a good view of rapidly changing 你能很好地欣赏到正在日益变化的城市。

第20讲 │ 基础梳理
5.The situation in central London, ______ drivers spend fifty where percent of their time in queues, became so bad that the __________ local government decided to _________________ it. do something about 在伦敦市中心,司机要花费一半的时间排队等候,这种情 况如此糟糕,以至于市政府决定采取一些措施。

第20讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 Imperatives

第20讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 permit n. 许可证;执照 v. 允许,容许 (1) permission n. 准许;许可;批准 (2) permit sb. to do sth. 准许某人做某事 permit doing sth. 准许做某事 (3) with/without one’s permission 在某人的允许下/未经某人的许可 ask for permission 请求许可

第20讲 │ 单词点睛
【经典句式】 Weather permitting,… = If weather permits,… 如果天气许可的话/假如天气好的话,……

第20讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Please ______________ a few words. permit me to say 请允许我说几句话。 Weather permitting (2) __________________,we’ll climb the mountain. 天气许可的话,我们就去爬山。 (3) It’s illegal to read people’s private letters __________________. without permission 未经允许看别人的私人信件是不合法的。

第20讲 │ 单词点睛
2 limit n.限度,限制范围;极限 vt.限制(定) (1) limited adj. 有限的 limitless adj. 无限的 (2) a limit to/on 对……的限制 limit sth. to…/be limited to… 限制在……

第20讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) I shall _____ myself __ three aspects of the subject. limit to 我仅探讨这一问题的三个方面。 (2) Each branch of the government haslimited powers. ______ 政府的每一个部门拥有有限的权力。 (3) There’s no _______ what you can do if you try. limit to 如果你努力,没有什么你不能做的。

第20讲 │ 单词点睛
3 provide vt. 提供,供应 (1) provided/providing conj. 假若;如果……的话 (2) provide sb. with sth.=provide sth. for sb. 向某人提供某物 offer sb. sth.=offer sth. to sb. 主动提供某物给某人 supply sb. with sth.=supply sth. to sb. 向某人提供某物

第20讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Enough food and clothing __________________ for the poor have been provided children. 已经给那些穷孩子们提供了足够的食物和衣服。 (2) He _______ me some useful advice. offered 他给我提供了些有用的建议。 (3) __________________ that you have enough money in your Provided/Providing account,you can withdraw up to $ 100 a day. 只要账户存款足够, 你每天最多可提取100美元。

第20讲 │ 单词点睛
4 convenient adj. 方便的;便利的 (1) convenience n. 方便,便利;便利的事物、用具 inconvenient adj. 不方便的;不便利的 inconvenience n. 不方便;不便 (2) sth. be convenient for/to sb. 对某人来说……是方便的 at one’s convenience 在某人方便时 【经典句式】 It is convenient for sb. to do sth.… 对某人来说做某事方便。

第20讲 │ 单词点睛
【易错警示】 convenient的主语是it或其他的物,而不能用人。如: I can’t see him now; it’s not convenient. √ I can’t see him now; I am not convenient.× 我现在不便见他。

第20讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Will it be convenient for you to start work tomorrow? ________________________ 你明天开始工作方便吗? (2) ______________________ for you? Is three o’clock convenient 三点钟你方便吗?

第20讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 be/get stuck in… (be or become fixed in one place and unable to move)被困在……;卡住了,卡壳了,进行不下 去了
stick out stick ___ to 伸出;显眼;引人注目 坚持(真理);遵循;忠于

第20讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用stick短语的适当形式填空 (1) Our car _______________ the snow. got/was stuck in (2) Mum, can you help me with my homework? _________. I am stuck (3) If you ______ the truth,you have nothing to fear. stick to (4) She has red hair that always _________ in a crowd. sticks out

第20讲 │ 短语储存
2 be (well) worth doing (非常)值得做

(1) worthwhile adj. 值得的 (2) be worthy of 值得;配得上(不跟表示钱数的名词) be worthy of doing/being done 值得做(某事) be worthy to do/to be done 值得做(某事)

第20讲 │ 短语储存
【经典句式】 It’s worthwhile doing/to do sth. 做某事是值得的。 【温馨提示】 worth 后面要加动名词的主动形式来表示被动含义,而be worthy of后的动名词及be worthy 后面的不定式要根据实际情 况用主动或被动形式。

第20讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) The film Titanic is so exciting that it is

__________________________________________________ well worth seeing/worthy of being seen/worthy to be seen
twice. 电影《泰坦尼克号》激动人心,非常值得再看一遍。 (2) _____________ taking the trouble to explain a job fully to It’s worthwhile new employees.给新雇员们详细解释一下工作要求, 费点 事也是值得的。

第20讲 │ 短语储存
3 get around/round (消息)传开;到处旅行 get about (消息)传开;走动,到处跑;旅行 get across (使……)被理解,讲清楚 get down __ (doing) sth. 开始认真做某事 to get away from 逃离;脱身;(得以)离开 get off 出发,离开;下班;下车 get on/along with… 进展,进步;相处 get ____ 克服;解决;从(疾病等)中恢复 over get through 用完,耗尽;处理;通过;打通电话

第20讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用get短语的适当形式填空 (1) Bad news ___________________________ quickly. gets around/round/about (2) Your meaning didn’t really _________. get across (3) I tried calling you several times but I couldn’t _________. get through (4) I think the problem can be _________ without too much got over difficulty. (5) It’s time I ___________ thinking about that essay. got down to

第20讲 │ 短语储存
4 in no time 马上;一会儿 (1) at one time 曾经;一度 at a time 每次;一次 (2) at all times 总是;随时;永远 at times 有时;间或 from time to time 不时;有时;偶尔 at the same time 同时 (3) in time 及时;迟早;最后,终于 on time 按时;准时 (4) of all time 自古以来;从未有过

第20讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) Don’t try to do everything at once;take it a bit ________. at a time 不要什么事情都一块儿干,要一次做一点儿。 (2) Jed got the car fixed _________. in no time 杰德马上就把那辆车修理好了。 (3) She has to work at weekends _______________. from time to time 她偶尔周末还得工作。 (4) He can be really badtempered ________. at times 他有的时候脾气可真坏。

第20讲 │ 短语储存
5 no way 肯定不;没门儿 in no way 绝不;一点也不(放于句首时要引起部分倒装) in a/one/some way 在某种意义上;在某一方面 all the way 一路上;自始至终 have a long way to go 还要做很大的努力

第20讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) —Are you going to give me that money? — No way _______! “你会给我那些钱吗?”“没门儿!” (2) The work is well done __________________. in a/one/some way 在某种意义上,这工作做得不错。 (3) In no way ____________ seen as a defeat. should this be 这绝对不应看做是一种失败。

第20讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
Don’t leave the motor on. 不要让发动机一直开着。 【句式点拨】 “leave+宾语+宾语补足语” 结构意为“使……保持某种状 态”。常见形式为: leave sb./sth. done/doing/adj./adv./prep. … leave sth. as it is/was…

第20讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) Don’t _______________ outside in the rain. leave her waiting 不要让她在外面雨中等着。 (2) We can leave it open/on for the moment. _______________ 我们可以暂时让它开着。 (3) Don’t touch my desk; _____________. leave it as it is 不要碰我的书桌,就让它那样吧。 (4) Please excuse me if I have left any of your questions ___________. 如果我落下了任何一个您的问题没有回答, unanswered 请您原谅。

第20讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1. His paintings are on d_________ at the exhibition. isplay 2. Those scientists are e_________ all possible ways to cure xploring the disease. 3.His collection of paintings is most _________ (令人印象深 impressive 刻). 4.How did Wilson r_________ to your idea? eact 5.The child was the s_________ survivor of the air crash. All ingle the others died.

第20讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 under construction, keep cool, get around, keep …out of, be connected to 1. We must _________ in the face of danger. keep cool 2. It’s hard to _________ without a car. get around 3. A new teaching building is ________________ in our school. under construction 4. The refrigerator has ________________ the electricity supply. been connected to 5. This will _____ more cars out of the city center. _____ keep

第20讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 浙江卷] The school advisers help you talk through your problems but they don't give you any direct _______. A.solution B.target C.measure D.function 【解析】 A 本题考查名词辨析。根据句意:学校的咨询 师会帮助你讨论你的问题,但是他们不会给直接的解决办 法(solution)。

第20讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.[2010· 福建卷] In April, thousands of holidaymakers remained ________ abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud. A.sticking B.stuck C.to be stuck D.to have stuck 【解析】 B 考查非谓语动词。句意为:由于火山灰的原 因,四月份仍有成千上万的度假者滞留在国外。remain用 作连系动词,接过去分词作表语,表示主语所处的状态或 已经发生的被动动作。

第20讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.Please don't speak of this. I don't want it to ________. A.get along B.get on C.get to D.get around 【解析】 D 本题考查动词短语辨析。句意为:请不要说 这个,我不想让它传播出去。get along 进展,相处;get on 上车,进展,相处;get to到达;get around(消息)传开, 传出去。依据句意可知选D。

第20讲 │ 跟踪训练
4. ________ that there is no opposition, I will report it to the general manager. A.To provide B.Be provided C.Having provided D.Providing 【解析】 D that假如。 本题考查非谓语动词。providing/provided

第20讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.—Have you been wasting time on computer games again? —________. I've been studying a lot and I need a break. A.No way B.Not really C.I don't agree D.I could't agree more 【解析】 B 本题考查交际用语。no way没门儿;not really并非如此;I could't agree more我十分同意。句意为: “你一直把时间浪费在打游戏上吗?”“并非如此,我一 直在学习,我需要休息一下。”所以答案应是B。

第20讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.—Have you received Jack's plan? —Yes, but I don't think his plan is ________. A.worth being considered B.worthy to be considered C.worthy of considering D.worth to be considered 【解析】 B 本题考查非谓语动词。be worth后面接动名词 的主动形式,表示被动含义,由此可以排除A、D两项。 worthy的习惯用法是worthy of being done和worthy to be done。因此B项正确。

第20讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.Many people coming from all over the country arrived at the same ________, a small village, to attend a live meeting. A.direction B.game C.destination D.time 【解析】 C 本题考查名词辨析。根据句意“很多人都从 全国各地来到同一个村庄”,这里村庄即目的地 (destination)。

第20讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.—It's a good idea. But who is going to ________ the plan? —I think Tom and Greg will. A.set aside B.carry out C.take in D.get through 【解析】 B 本题考查动词短语辨析。carry out the plan意 为“执行这项计划”。set aside意为“把……置于一旁”; take in意为“接受,吸收,欺骗”;get through意为“通 过,接通(电话)”。

第20讲 │ 跟踪训练
9. Weather________, we'll go shopping. A.permits B.permitted C.having permitted D.permitting 【解析】 D 考查独立主格结构。题干中没有连词,它不 是复合句,也不是并列句。 句中使用了逗号,且we小写, 可知其不是两个简单句。能够这样使用的只有独立主格。 此处为独立主格结构,即“名词+分词”。由于permit为 不及物动词,意为“(天气)允许”,用现在分词permitting。

阅读写作(十)

应用文写作之倡议书

阅读写作(十)[应用文写作之倡 议书 ]

阅读写作(十) │ 写作点拨 写作点拨
倡议书是公开提倡某种做法,倡导某项活动,鼓动别人 响应的一种信函文书。倡议书分为个人倡议书和集体倡议书两 种。倡议书的结构为:标题、正文、署名和日期。高考一般对 此不作考查,只考查正文部分。倡议书的正文内容,一般有三 部分: 第一部分:正文的开头。简明扼要地写提出倡议的目的、 意义和有关背景,让人们懂得“为什么”要去做所倡议的活动。 只有了解、理解了活动的目的、意义,人们才会自觉地行动起 来。否则,就会让人莫名其妙,就很难让人响应。

阅读写作(十) │ 写作点拨
第二部分:正文的主体。写倡议的主要内容和具体措施, 即写“做什么”和“怎么做”。这是倡议书的核心部分。这部 分最好用条款式分别列出,交代清楚,让响应者有所遵循,清 楚要做什么和怎么去做。要写得明确、清晰。 第三部分:结尾。写倡议者的决心和希望。这部分要写得 热情洋溢,富于鼓动性。最好能提出一个能概括全文主旨的响 亮、有力的口号,让响应者容易记住倡议主要内容,又受到鼓 舞。

阅读写作(十) │ 词句模板 词句模板
1.段首常用语: (1) I think/suggest we should… (2) In my opinion, we had better… (3) In order to…, I advise… (4) It is required that we…

阅读写作(十) │ 词句模板
2.段中常用语: (1) I'm calling for your active participation in… (2) Do you cherish precious opportunities to volunteer in… (3) I think we should follow the following advice. (4) Here is a great one not to be missed by any enthusiastic youth.

阅读写作(十) │ 词句模板
3.段尾常用语: (1) It's time that we should do something to… (2) Let's join our hands and take action immediately. (3) In my opinion, we should be polite and spare no efforts to do something… (4) Only in this way can we make…a great success.

阅读写作(十) │ 词句模板
【活学活用】 假如你是李华,现任你们学校的学生会主席。你将代表学 生会起草一份倡议书,号召全校同学行动起来,为环保运动做 出自己的努力。同时下周六学校将组织同学们在全市进行环保 宣传活动,征召志愿者到校学生会报名。 注意: 1.短文应该包括以上所提供的主要信息,可适当发挥; 2.词数:120左右; 3.倡议书格式已提供,不计入总词数。 4.参考词汇:征召(新人)recruitment

阅读写作(十) │ 词句模板
24 November, 2012 Dear brothers and sisters, ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Li Hua

阅读写作(十) │ 词句模板
【参考范文】 24 November, 2012 Dear brothers and sisters, Oh behalf of the Student Union, I, the Chairman of the Union, am earnestly calling for your active participation in our environmental protection campaign. It is the duty of every global villager; man just cannot sustain his glorious civilization without a healthy living environment, which will be possible only if man makes considerable efforts to protect the environment.

阅读写作(十) │ 词句模板
Do you cherish precious opportunities to volunteer in our joint efforts in environmental protection? Here is a great one not to be missed by any enthusiastic youth. Right next Saturday, our school is to run a publicity campaign to advocate environmental protection across the city. The Student Union will be in charge of recruitment of volunteers. Let's join our hands and take action immediately. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

第21讲

Module 3

Body Language

第21讲 Module 3 Body Language and Non-verbal Communication

第21讲 │ 美文欣赏 美文欣赏
[2011· 江苏卷] 下面这幅 照片展现了女儿为回家的妈 妈拿包的情景。请根据你对 这幅照片的理解用英语写一 篇短文。 你的短文应包含以下内 容:

第21讲 │ 美文欣赏
1.描述照片内容,如情景、人物、动作,等等; 2.结合自身实际,谈谈你的感想; 3.举例说明你能为家长减负做些什么。 注意: 1.可参照图中文字及下面文章开头所给提示,作必要的 发挥想象。 2.词数150左右。开头已经写好,不计入总词数。 3.作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。

第21讲 │ 美文欣赏
The burden of students has been a hot topic for years, but the load of parents has received little attention, especially from their own children. __________________________________________________

第21讲 │ 美文欣赏
【精彩美文】 The burden of students has been a hot topic for years, but the load of parents has received little attention, especially from their own children. The picture shows us a touching moment when a little girl comes to greet her working mom. Realizing her mom must be very tired after a day's work, the girl helps to remove the bag from her shoulder. In response, the mom kneels down to show how happy and thankful she feels.

第21讲 │ 美文欣赏
All this reminds me of my mother who has been doing whatever she could to let me have the best. But, totally engaged in my own study, I seldom pay attention to what mother needs and feels,and always think studying well is the only thing I could do in return. Now I know I can do my bit to help with the everyday washing, bedroom cleaning, or at least prepare breakfast myself, so as to share mother's daily burden. The picture convinces me it is even more important to be a good

daughter than a “good” student.

第21讲 │ 美文欣赏
【全品点睛】 ①行文逻辑:描述照片→结合实际谈感想→举例说明怎样 去做。 ②词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇。如:remove,in response, remind… of,(be) engaged in, seldom pay attention to; in return,so as to, at least等。

第21讲 │ 美文欣赏
③句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如:定语 从句:…when a little girl comes to greet her working mom/who has been doing…;宾语从句:how happy and thankful she feels/whatever she could to let me have the best/what mother needs and feels/…it is even more important to be a good daughter than a “good” student.等; 以及非谓语 动词结构:realizing her mom/to show how happy…等的使用, 提高了文章的档次。

第21讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. communication n. 交际,交流;通信→communicate vt.交 _____________ 流;通讯;传达 2. unconsciousadj. 无意的,不知不觉的→conscious adj. 有意 __________ 的,有知觉的 3.formal adj. 正式的→ _________ adj.非正式的 informal 4. ___________ adv. 传统地→ __________ adj.传统的 traditionally traditional →tradition n. 传统

第21讲 │ 基础梳理
5. __________ adj. 恐吓的,具有威胁的→ _________ v. 威胁, threatening threaten 恐吓→ threat n. 威胁,恐吓 6. panic n.& v.惊恐,恐慌→ _________ 过去式/过去分词 panicked → _________ 现在分词 panicking 7. _________ n.邀请→ invite v. 邀请 invitation 8. ____________ n. 表演;表现→perform vt. 执行,履行;表 performance 演;表现 9.social adj. 社会的→ _______ adv. 社会地→ _______n. 社会 socially society 10. _________ n. 掌声→ applaud v. 鼓掌 applause equally 11. _______ n.平等→ equal adj. 平等的→ ________ adv. 平等 equality 地,同样地

第21讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.站岗;警戒 2.达成协议 3.举起 4.赠送;暴露(自己的情况) 5.来回地;一上一下地 6.向……问好 7.打开(灯、无线电等) 8. 请某人帮忙 9. 在世上;究竟 10. 和某人握手

on guard make a deal hold up/lift up give away up and down say hello to… switch on ask sb. a favour/ask a favour of sb. on earth shake hands with sb.

第21讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1. Indeed body positions are part of ____________ “body what we call language”. 的确,身体姿势是我们称之为“身体语言”的一部分。 2.…yet there is also “learned body language”, _________________________________. which varies from culture to culture ……然而也有一些“有意识的”身势语言,随着文化的不 同而有所变化。 3.Muslims give a “salaam”,______ they touch their heart, where mouth and forehead. 穆斯林行额手鞠躬礼,用手触左胸、 嘴和额。

第21讲 │ 基础梳理
4.Body language is ___________ for anyone _________. fascinating to study 身势语对于任何研究者来说都具有吸引力。 5.In France you should shake hands _____________________ every time you say hello _____________. and goodbye 在法国,每次问好和道别都应该握手。

第21讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 Adverbial clause of condition,adverbial clause of concession

第21讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 conscious adj. (noticing or realizing sth.)觉察到的,意 识到的;(awake and able to understand what is happening around you)有意识的,清醒的
(1) unconscious adj. (2) be (un)conscious of be (un)conscious that… 无意的;不知不觉的 (未)意识到 (未)意识到……

第21讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 I am _______________________. 我察觉到有人在监视我。 conscious of being watched

第21讲 │ 单词点睛
2 vary vi. (be different in size, volume, strength, etc.; change, esp. according to some factor)变化,有不同 vt.( make sth. different by introducing changes)改变,使不 同 (1) various adj. 各种各样的 variety n. 变化,多样性 variation n. 变化,变动 (2) vary with… 随……而变化 vary in 在……方面不同 vary from…to… 由……到……情况不等 (3) a variety of/varieties of 种种;各种

第21讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 vary (1) Opinions _____ on this point. 对这一点看法各异。 vary their lessons (2) Teachers should _______________ to make them more interesting. 为了增加趣味,教师应该使自己的课多样化。 (3) Everyone arrived late at the meeting for various/varieties ______________ of/a variety of reasons . ____________________ 由于种种原因,每个人赴会都迟到了。

第21讲 │ 单词点睛
3 involve vt.(make sth. necessary as a condition or result)包 含,需要;(cause sb./sth. to take part in)把……卷入, 使……参与,牵涉 (1) involved adj. 参与的;关注的;关系密切的 (2) involve sb. __ (doing) sth. 把某人牵涉到(做)某事中去 in get involved in… 被卷入……,参与 be/involved (with sb.) (与某人)有关系的

第21讲 │ 单词点睛
【温馨提示】 involve表示“包含,需要”,后面加动词时要用动名词形式。 如: The job involved my living in London. 工作需要我住在伦敦. 【活学活用】 (1) Don’t _____________ your quarrel! involve me in 不要把我牵扯进你们的争吵中! (2) There was a serious incident _________ a group of involving youths/with a group of youths _________. involved 有一起严重的事件涉及一群年轻人。

第21讲 │ 单词点睛
4 request vt. & n. (to ask for sth. in a polite or formal way) 请求;要求 (1) request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 request sth. of/from sb. 向某人请求某事或某物 (2) at sb.’s request 应某人的要求 【经典句式】 request that sb. (should) do sth. 要求/请求某人做某事

第21讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Mr Paine requested that I (should) help him. ___________ 佩恩先生请求我帮助他。 (2) You _______________________ in the restaurant. are requested not to smoke 请你不要在饭店里吸烟。

第21讲 │ 单词点睛
5 favour n. 善行,恩惠;赞同,支持;喜爱;偏袒vt. 支持; 喜爱;偏袒 (1) favourable adj. 赞成的;肯定的,令人高兴的 favourite adj. 最喜欢的n. 最喜爱的人或物 (2) ask sb. a favor/ask a favour of sb. 请某人帮忙 do sb. a favour 帮某人个忙 in one’s favour 对某人有利 in favour of sb./sth. 赞成/支持某人/某事 win sb.’s favour 获得某人的好感

第21讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) ______________ and turn the radio down while I’m on the Do me a favour phone, will you? 劳驾, 我在打电话, 把收音机的声音调小点儿好吗? (2) I’m all __________ equal pay for equal work. in favour of 我完全支持同工同酬。 (3) The decision went ___________. in his favour 这一决定对他有利。 (4) You made _____________________ on the examiners. a favourable impression 你给主考留下了很好的印象。

第21讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 hold up 举起;支撑;提出(做榜样);抢劫;(delay)延误 back hold _____ 犹豫不决;阻挡;抑制;退缩 hold on (to) 坚持;保持(不卖掉) get/take/catch hold of 抓住

第21讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用hold相关短语的适当形式填空 (1) The car __________ by fog. was held up (2) His son ___________ as a model of hard work. was held up (3) You should _________ your lovely house. hold on to (4) When danger came,no one _________. held back

第21讲 │ 短语储存
2 give away (distribute or present)分发,颁发;(give sth. free of charge)赠送; (reveal sth./sb. intentionally or unintentionally)泄露,暴露 give __ (to sb.) 让步;投降 in give sb. a hand 帮忙 give up (to sb.) 放弃 give ___ 分发;用完 out give off 散发(光、热等)

第21讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用give相关短语的适当形式填空 (1) He gave away most of his money to charity. _________ (2) You can’t have a hot bath;the water will ________. give out (3) The rioters were at last forced to ________ the police. give in to (4) He smiled and didn’t _________ his real feelings. give away

第21讲 │ 短语储存
3 make a deal 达成协议;做成交易 (1) deal with 处理;对付,和某人打交道;涉及 deal in… 卖某物,经营某物 deal out 分发;分配 (2) a great/good deal 大量;很多(一般修饰动词或比较级) a great/good deal of 大量的(修饰不可数名词) 【经典句式】 It’s a deal! 就这么办吧!

第21讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) The boss is trying to _______________ this company. 这位 make a deal with 老板正设法和这家公司达成一项协议。 (2) Today I feel ___________ better. a great deal 今天我感觉好多了。 (3) —I can only pay you $500 for the car. —OK, it’s a deal . _________ “这个车我只能付你500美元。”“好,成交。” (4) Some businessmen are hard __________. to deal with 有些商人很难打交道。

第21讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
1 Body language is fascinating for anyone to study. 身势语对于任何研究者来说都具有吸引力。 【句式点拨】 “主语+be+形容词(+for sb.)+不定式” 结构。不定式一般 用主动形式,与主语存在逻辑上的动宾关系,所以不定式应保 持及物性。在该结构中,如果不定式是不及物动词,动词后要 加相应的介词。在这种句式中形容词常用easy, hard, difficult, interesting,fit,pleasant等。

第21讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) No one likes to talk to him because he is difficult __________________. to get along/on with 没有人喜欢跟他谈话,因为他很难相处。 (2) The suitcase ________________. What’s in it? is heavy to carry 这个箱子搬起来特别重,里面放了什么?

第21讲 │ 句型透视
2 (1) Whatever you do, don’t leave immediately after the meal is finished. 无论你做什么,都不要一吃完饭就离开。 (2) However hungry you are, you shouldn’t start to eat before your host does. 无论你有多饿,都不要在主人吃饭前先吃。 【句式点拨】 whatever和however都可以引导让步状语从句,相当于no matter what和no matter how。类似词还有whoever, whomever, whichever, whenever, wherever等。

第21讲 │ 句型透视
【易错警示】 whatever,whoever (whomever)等连接代词还可以引导名词性 从句。whatever=anything that(任何;一切事物);whoever= anyone who (无论谁)。此时,它们不能与no matter…换用。

第21讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) ______________________________,I won’t agree with you. Whatever/No matter what you say 不管你说什么,我都不会同意。 (2) Whoever/Anyone who breaks the rules will be punished. _________________________________ 谁违反这些规则都将受到处罚。 (3) ________________________________________, you can Whenever/No matter when you are in trouble turn to me. 无论你什么时候遇到困难,都可以找我帮忙。

第21讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.People use more than words when they c__________ with ommunicate each other. 2.January’s sales were ______ (稍微) better than average. slightly 3.Fear s______ quickly through the village. pread 4.She b____ over to pick up a book from the floor. ent 5. Don’t panic We’ll soon get you out of there. ____!

第21讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 up and down, say hello to, on earth, lift up, by accident 1.Help me ______ the stone, will you? lift up 2.They were all jumping ____________ and screaming up and down excitedly. 3. Please ___________ your brothers. say hello to 4. I cut my finger ___________. by accident 5. How _________ did she manage that? on earth

第21讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.If a person has not had enough sleep,his actions will give him ________ during the day. A.away B.up C.in D.back 【解析】 A 本题考查动词短语辨析。give…away“泄露(秘 密等),出卖”,这里是“显露出”的意思。give up放弃; give in屈服,让步;give back归还,返还。

第21讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.My sister was against my suggestion while my brother was ________ it. A.in favor of B.in memory of C.in honor of D.in search of 【解析】 A 本题考查介词短语辨析。句意为:我姐姐(妹 妹)反对我的建议,然而我哥哥(弟弟)却支持我。in favor of sb. 是“支持某人”之意,符合题意。in memory of 和in honor of 都是“纪念”的意思;in search of意为“寻找”。

第21讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.She ________ that no one be told of her decision until the next meeting. A.searched B.announced C.requested D.questioned 【解析】 C 本题考查动词辨析。句意为:她要求下次开 会前不要向任何人透露她的决定。search搜查; request 要 求;question对……提出质疑;announce宣布;只有 request后接从句用虚拟语气,should+动词原形,should 可以省略。所以应选C。

第21讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.Try not to start every sentence with “the”—________the beginnings of your sentences. A.vary B.decorate C.form D.describe 【解析】 A 本题考查动词辨析。vary意为 “改变,使不 同,使多样化”,此处表示“要使句子的开头有变 化。”decorate意为 “修饰,装饰”;form意为 “形成, 养成”;describe意为 “描述”。

第21讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.—I was conscious________ his unfriendliness. — Yes,I have known it already! A.for B.with C.at D.of 【解析】 D 意识到。 本题考查conscious的搭配。be conscious of

第21讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.The dog always remain ________,so many people are afraid of it. A.aggressive B.attentive C.strong D.clever 【解析】 A 本题考查形容词辨析。句意为:这只狗天生 有攻击性,因此很多人都很害怕它。 attentive意为“注意 的,留意的”;strong意为“强壮的”;clever意为“聪明 的,可爱的”; aggressive意为“攻击性的,好斗的”。根 据be afraid of可知选A。

第21讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.The chair was too weak to ________ Mr Smith. A.hold up B.hold on C.hold to D.hold off 【解析】 A 量”。 由句意可知选A,意为“支撑,承受……的重

第21讲 │ 跟踪训练
8. We're just trying to reach a point ________ both sides will sit down together and talk. A.where B.that C.when D.which 【解析】 A 本题考查定语从句。point意为“阶段,地步, 程度”, 在定语从句中作状语,这时定语从句的引导词一 般用关系副词where。

第22讲

Module 4

Great Scientists

第22讲 Module 4 Great Scientists

第22讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. leading adj.主要的→lead vt. 领导,带领→ _____ n. 领袖, _______ leader leadership 领导者→ _________ n. 领导,领导层 2. _______ vt.教育→ _________ n.教育→educator n.教育 education educate 家 3. _______ adj.原来的,最初的→origin n.起源 original 4. _______ adj. 身体的,物理的→ _________ adv. 身体上 physical physically →physics n. 物理→ ______ adj. 精神的,心理的,智力的 mental → _________ adv. 精神上; 心理上; 智力上 mentally

第22讲 │ 基础梳理
5.graduate vi.毕业→ __________ n. 毕业 graduation 6. personal adj. 个人的,私人的,亲自的→ personally adv. 亲 _________ 身,亲自;就个人而言→ _________ n. 人格,品格,个性 personality 7.relativity n. 相对论,相关性→ _______ n.亲属(戚) adj.相 对的;比较的;相关的→ ________ adv.相对地,比较地→ relative _____ v. (使)有关联,涉及→ ______ adj. 有关的, 相联系 relatively 的→ relate_______ n.关系,关联;亲属,亲戚 related 8. _______ vi.爆炸→explosion n. 爆炸,爆炸声 relation

explode

第22讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.养育;培养 2.做某事的关键 3.引进 4.由于……的结果 5.谋生 6.掌权 7. 偶然 8.被绑在;被固定在,依附于 9.以直线方向 10. 冲破;突破

bring up the key to doing sth. bring in as a result of earn one’s living come to power by accident be attached to in a straight direction break through

第22讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1. He thought that _______________ people was to have more ______ the key to feeding rice and to produce it more quickly. _________ 他认为,解决人们吃饭问题的关键在于拥有更多的稻米, 并且更快地生产。 2. He thought there was only one way _________— to do this __________ different species of rice plants, and then he by crossing could produce a new plant which could give a _______ yield higher than either of the original plants. ______ 他认为唯一的方法是使不同的水稻杂交,这样就能产生比 原先任何一种水稻产量都要高的新品种。

第22讲 │ 基础梳理
3. The tubes _______________ a long stick which helped were attached to ____________ the rocket ___________________. keep moving in a straight direction 这些管子被捆绑在一根长杆子上,有助于保持火箭直线运 动。 becoming 4.Or was he carried miles into space, _________ the world’s first astronaut? 还是他被带到太空,成为了第一个进入太空的人?

第22讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 Revision of the passive voice,by +- form ing

第22讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 replace v. (take the place of)取代,代替;(provide a substitute for )更换;(to put sth. back in the place where it was before)放回原处 (1) replace A with B 用B代替A (2) take the place of/take one’s place 代替 in place of 取代;代替 【温馨提示】 in place of 是介词短语,通常充当状语;而replace 与 take the place of分别是动词和动词短语,一般作谓语。

第22讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Can anything _____________________ a mother’s love? replace/take the place of 有什么东西能取代母爱吗? (2) I’ ll attend the meeting _________ our manager. in place of 我将代替经理去参加会议。 (3) When you have finished reading the book,please _________ on the shelf. replace it 当你看完这本书,请把它放回书架上。

第22讲 │ 单词点睛
2 quantity n. 量;数量 a large/small quantity of 大/少量的 quantities of 许多的;大量的 【易错警示】 学生极易把quantity和quality(质量,素质,品质)混淆,需特别 注意。

第22讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) A large quantity of beer was sold . _________ 出售了大量的啤酒。 (2) A large quantity of books __________ the library. was sent to 大量的书被送到了图书馆。

第22讲 │ 单词点睛
3 escape n. 逃脱,逃避vi. 逃脱;溢出,泄露vt. 逃避,避 免;(be forgotten or unnoticed by)被……忘掉 escape from/out of…从……中逃离,逃脱 escape (doing) sth. 逃避(做)某事 a narrow escape 九死一生,幸免于难 【易错警示】 escape表示“从某地逃跑,逃离”时,是不及物动词;当表示 “逃避,避开某事”时是及物动词,后面加名词或动名词。如: We were lucky to escape being punished/punishment. 我们很幸运,没有受罚。

第22讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The fire spread quickly but luckily all the people ______________________ the burning house. were able to escape from 火势蔓延得很快,但幸运的是所有的人都设法从燃烧的房 子里逃出来了。 (2) He narrowly ___________________. escaped being killed 他险些丧命。 (3) His name __________ for the moment. escaped me 我一时想不起他的名字来了。

第22讲 │ 单词点睛
4 case n. 事例;情况;病例;案件;盒;手提箱 (just) in case in case of in that case in any case in no case as is often the case 以防,以防万一;假设 如果;假使 既然那样;假使那样的话 无论如何;不管怎样 在任何情形下都不;无论如何都不 情况经常是这样的

第22讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) You don’t like your job? ___________ why don’t you leave? In that case 你不喜欢这份工作吗?既然那样,那你为什么不辞掉呢? (2) Take an umbrella with you ______ it rains. in case 你把伞带上,以防下雨。 (3)__________________________, they can’t go out. 万一下雨, In case of rain/In case it rains 他们就不能出去了。 (4) The bus is usually on time, but start early, just in case. _________ 这辆公共汽车通常是准时的,但要早点动身以防万一。 (5) He is late again, as is often the case _______________. 他又迟到了,这是常事。

第22讲 │ 单词点睛
5 clear adj. 清澈的;晴朗的;清晰的,清楚的;明显的vt. 清除,收拾;使清楚;使清澈 vi. 变清澈;变晴;变清楚 be clear about 了解,明白…… make sth. clear/make it clear that… 清楚地阐述…… It is clear that… 很明显…… clear A of B/clear B from/off A 把……清除,把……清理干净 clear the table 收拾餐桌 clear (sth.) away 把……移走/清除 clear sth. up 解释,把……弄清楚;澄清 clear (up) 放晴

第22讲 │ 单词点睛
【情景记忆】

第22讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1. 根据语境选择clear合适的英语释义 a. having or feeling no doubt or confusion b. without cloud or mist c. easy to understand and not causing any confusion d. to remove sth. that is not wanted or needed from a place e. to make people, cars, etc. leave a place

第22讲 │ 单词点睛
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) The skies were clear and blue. b I have made my views clear in the letter. c Are you clear about the arrangements for tomorrow? a Within minutes, police had cleared the area. e I cleared my desk of all papers/cleared all papers off the desk and got down to work. d

第22讲 │ 单词点睛
2. 根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) I ____________ to him that I rejected his proposal. made it clear 我清楚地告诉他, 我拒绝了他的建议。 (2) _______________ whether he shares these views with us. It is not yet clear 他是否和我们观点相同还不清楚。 (3) Please clear away the dishes after dinner. _________ 饭后请把盘子拿走。 (4) The White House hopes these problems can be __________ cleared up soon. 白宫希望这些问题能很快被澄清。

第22讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 bring up 抚养,教育,养育;提出;呕吐
带来;引起;导致 赚(钱);带进;引入 拿出;使罢工;开放;生产;使显现 使恢复;使想起;把……带回来

bring _____ about bring in bring ___ out bring back

第22讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用bring相关短语的适当形式填空 (1) In the course of study they __________ many questions. brought up (2) Computers have ____________ many changes in the world. brought about (3) Alcohol just _________ the worst in her. brings out (4) The photographs ____________ many pleasant memories. brought back (5) Researchers were brought in from all over China to develop ______________ the new product.

第22讲 │ 短语储存
2 come to/into power (开始)掌权;上台 (1) be in/within one’s power 为某人力所能及;有能力(做某事) be beyond/outside one’s power(to do) 超过了某人的能力,没有能力(做某事) do everything in one’s power 尽一切能力(做事) in power 当权;掌权 (2) come into effect 生效;开始起作用 come into being 形成;产生 come into use 开始使用

第22讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) The project is off our hands since the new manager __________________. came to/into power 自从新经理上台之后,这个项目就不归我们管了。 beyond/outside/not in/within my power (2) It’s ____________________________________ to change all. 我没有能力改变这一切。 (3) Computers ________________ in the class. have come into use 电脑已经开始应用于课堂上了。 (4) Do we know exactly when the world ______________? came into being 我们是否确切地知道世界是何时开始存在的?

第22讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.In the ricegrowing world,the Chinese scientist,Yuan Longping,is a ______ (领先的) figure. leading 2.The poor weather was ______ (部分地) responsible for the partly crash. 3.This company is more concerned with quality than with _____ quantity. 4.The suffering has affected both her mental and physical ______ health. 5.He p_______ articles in various newspapers every year. ublishes

第22讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 earn one’s living, by accident, bring in, be attached to, bring up 1.The corn ______________ from Mexico. was brought in 2. This hospital ____________ the medical college nearby. is attached to 3. He did all sorts of jobs to _____________. earn his living 4. The pilot, whether __________ or design made the plane do by accident a sharp turn. 5. At the meeting he __________ a subject rarely raised before. brought up

第22讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 浙江卷] The majority of people in the town strongly ________ the plan to build a playground for children. A.consider B.support C.confirm D.submit 【解析】 B 本题考查动词辨析。根据句意:在这个城镇 的大多数人都强烈支持(support)那个为儿童建一所操场的 计划。

第22讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.[2010· 陕西卷] His first book ________ next month is based on a true story. A.published B.to be published C.to publish D.being published 【解析】 B 本题考查非谓语动词。根据his first book和 publish之间构成动宾关系,排除C选项,根据时间next month只能选B。

第22讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.—Why does the river smell terrible? —Because large quantities of water ________. A.have polluted B.is being polluted C.has been polluted D.have been polluted 【解析】 D 本题考查动词时态、语态和主谓一致。根据 前一分句可知所填动词表示过去发生的动作对现在产生的 影响,时态用现在完成时,动词与主语是被动关系,用被 动语态。主语是large quantities of water,其中心词是 quantities,是复数,谓语动词用复数,故选D。

第22讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.[2011· 辽宁卷] You are old enough to ________ your own living. A.win B. gain C. take D. earn 【解析】 D 本题考查动词辨析。earn one’s living的意思 是“自谋生计”,符合句意“你已经足够成熟了,应该自 谋生计了”。

第22讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.Don't refer to the dictionary every time you come across a new word as sometimes its meaning may be clearly in a given context. A.picked out B.ruled out C.brought out D.taken out 【解析】 C 本题考查动词短语辨析。pick out挑选出; rule out排除在外,取消;bring out取出;使清楚,使明显, 显示出来;take out取出,拿出。题干意思是:阅读时,不 要一遇到生词就查字典,有时其意思可以在所给上下文中 清楚地显示出来。选C。

第22讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.John isn't here today. Who can ________ him in the game? A.replace B.take the place C.instead of D.in place of 【解析】 A replace v. 代替,取代;take the place of 是动 词短语,“代替,取代”的意思,而B项缺少of;instead of 和 in place of 也有此意,但都是介词短语,而本题缺少 谓语,故选A。

第22讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.Having lived in the town for many years,Mr Smith no longer felt ________ among the local people. A.out of control B.out of touch C.out of place D.out of use 【解析】 C 本题考查介词短语辨析。史密斯先生在这座 城镇住了好多年,因此在当地人中他不再觉得被排斥在外 了。四个介词短语的主要含义为:A“失去控制”;B“没有 联系”;C“不在适当的位置,不恰当,格格不入”;D“不 再被使用”。从语意的连贯判断选C。

第22讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.His idea of having weekly family meals together,which seemed difficult at first,has ________ many good changes in their lives. A.got through B.resulted from C.turned into D.brought about 【解析】 D 本题考查动词短语辨析。bring about意为 “带来,引起”;get through意为“通过接通(电话)”; result from 意为“因……发生”;turn into 意为“变成”。 句意表示“他的想法给他们的生活带来了许多良好的变 化”,故D项正确。

第22讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.He tried to make it ________ to his parents that he didn’t like the job at all. A.clear B.clean C.obvious D.anxious 【解析】 A make it clear that… “清楚地阐明…”。句意为: 他尽力向他的父母说清楚他根本不喜欢这份工作。

第22讲 │ 跟踪训练
10. Have you heard of the case________ a child accused his parents of being illtreated? A.what B.how C.where D.why 【解析】 C 本题考查定语从句。先行词为case, 意为“案 例,事例”,在定语从句中作状语时,要用关系副词where。

阅读写作(十一)

应用文写作之演讲致辞

阅读写作(十一)[应用文写作之 演讲致辞 ]

阅读写作(十一) │ 写作点拨 写作点拨
在一些正式场合接待客人时,主人一般总是要说一些热 情友好的话,表示欢迎,使客人感到“宾至如归”,这就叫欢 迎致辞;当客人在你处逗留一段时间准备离开时,主人设宴会 欢送,宾主欢聚一堂,并致祝愿,这时主人说的一些话就叫欢 送致辞。无论谁发表演说,发言人都是为了达到某一特定的目 的,所以根据致辞的目的,发言稿可分为宣讲类和欢迎(送)类。 其共同的特点在于:要突出主题,易于为听众接受。此类写作 在结构安排上可分为如下三个部分:

阅读写作(十一) │ 写作点拨
第一部分:称谓(对听众或与会者的称呼)。如:Comrades, Friends, Ladies and Gentlemen, Dear fellow students, Boys and girls, Good afternoon, everyone… 第二部分:正文或导言。正文部分明确介绍欢迎或欢送的 对象,简单介绍其身份、经历、客人在逗留期间进行了哪些活 动等。 第三部分:结束语。如:That's all. Thank you! Thank you for your listening (attention).等。

阅读写作(十一) │ 词句模板 词句模板
1.欢迎辞常用语: (1) We are glad to have a chance to get together with… (2) We feel greatly honored to have a chance to be with… (3) Let's give our warm welcome to… (4) Thank you for your accepting our invitation to come to… (5) First of all, allow me on behalf of sb. to do sth. (6) Now let us ask sb. to speak to us.

阅读写作(十一) │ 词句模板
2.欢送辞常用语: (1) In bidding farewell to sb.… (2) To convey our profound friendship to sb.… (3) To convey our best regards and respects to sb.… (4) To wish sb. a pleasant journey home and good health. (5) May the friendship between…be further developed!

阅读写作(十一) │ 词句模板
【活学活用】 假定英国客人琼斯(Jones)夫妇将到你校参观访问,他们将 把一批图书和电脑作为礼物送给你们。你们将送一幅中国画给 他们。现在要你准备一篇欢迎辞(speech),内容包括以下几点: 1.欢迎英国客人来参观我校; 2.感谢他们送的礼物; 3.简单介绍你们学校的情况:学校有36年的历史,现在 有两座教学楼,一座办公楼,一座实验楼,一个图书馆和一个 大操场。教师工作认真,学生学习努力; 4.欢迎客人在参观后提建议,以改进学校工作。 注意:100—120词。 _________________________________________________

阅读写作(十一) │ 词句模板
【参考范文】 Ladies and gentlemen, I have the honor to make a speech to welcome the respected British guests—Mr Jones and Mrs Jones. Thank you very much for your gifts—a lot of books and computers. In return we'll send you a famous Chinese picture as a present. Here I'll introduce our school to you.

阅读写作(十一) │ 词句模板
It is a big one. It is 36 years since it was built. Now it has been equipped with two teaching buildings,an office building, a laboratory building, a library and a large playground. The teachers are strict in their work and students study hard. After you have been shown around our school, we hope you'll give us advice on how to improve our work so that we can run our school better. Wish you to have a good time in our school. Thank you!

第23讲

Module 5

A Trip Along

第23讲 Module 5 A Trip Along the Three Gorges

第23讲 │ 美文欣赏 美文欣赏
[2011· 湖北卷] 请根据以下提示,结合你校园生活中的一 个事例,就与人合作这一话题,用英语写一篇短文。 Working in groups at school is an opportunity to learn more about teamwork. Teamwork shows us how other people's roles fit the purpose of the group, and it teaches us to be patient and how to respond to different people.

第23讲 │ 美文欣赏
注意:1.无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语; 2.除诗歌外,文体不限; 3.内容必须结合校园生活中的一个事例; 4.文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称; 5.词数为100左右。

第23讲 │ 美文欣赏
【精彩美文】 Years of school life has taught me a lot of things, of which

teamwork is the most important for me. In fact, I didn't realize its importance until I was chosen monitor of my class in my senior middle school. At first, I did most of the duties myself while other students cared little about class activities. As a result, I was tired out and depressed. Then I turned to my teacher and he advised me to cooperate with others. Thus I began to recognize the strengths of my classmates and have everyone do their part in class.

第23讲 │ 美文欣赏
It is working in teams instead of on my own that has freed me of trouble and made my work more efficient.

第23讲 │ 美文欣赏
【全品点睛】 ①行文逻辑:提出观点→进行论证→照应主题。较好地使 用了连接词语,如: in fact,while,as a result, then,thus等。 ②词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇。如:be tired out and depressed,turn to,cooperate with,free…of,instead of, on my own等。

第23讲 │ 美文欣赏
③句式句法:运用了较多的句式和句法结构。如:非限制 性定语从句:…of which teamwork is the most important for me;并列句:I did most of the duties myself while other students cared little about class activities;强调句:It is working in teams instead of on my own that has freed me of trouble and made my work more efficient.

第23讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 surrounding 1.surround vt. 围绕,环绕→ ___________ adj.周围的,附近 的→surroundingsn.环境(常用复数) __________ 2. _____ adj. 多山的,丘陵起伏的→hill n.小山 hilly 3.narrow v.(使)变狭窄 adj.窄的,勉强的→ _________ adv. narrowly 勉强地,差一点 distance 4.distant adj. 遥远的→ _________ n.距离,遥远 5. _______ vt.开发→exploitation n. 开发,剥削 exploit

第23讲 │ 基础梳理
6.forbid vt. 禁止→ _______ 过去式→ _________ 过去分词 forbade forbidden 7. ________ adv.自然地→nature n. 自然→ _______ adj. 自然 natural naturally 的,天生的

第23讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.在……边缘 2.休假四周 3.至少 4.穿过,通过;经历;仔细查看 5.有大量的…… 6.利用 7.在远处;远处的 8.(俚语)从……中得到乐趣 9.把……描述成…… 10.存在;走红;活跃的

at the edge of… have four weeks off at least go through be heavy with… take advantage of in the distance get a kick out of… describe…as… be around

第23讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1. He and a colleague ____________ two years there ________ teaching were to spend English at a teacher training college. 他和他的同事将在一所教师培训学院教两年英语。 2.On a distant mountain was a sign in 20- characters.远山 _________ foot 上写着20英尺见方的汉字。 3.Passengers are required to take their passports ____ them. _________________ with 乘客们被要求随身携带护照。 4.I’m _____________ one in ______ I’ve been in a place for allowed to stick only if more than 24 hours. 只有当我在一个地方呆的时间超过24小 时,我才允许自己别个别针。

第23讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 Revision of modal verbs

第23讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 surround vt. 包围;环绕;围绕 (1) surroundings n. [复数]环境;周围的情况 surrounding adj. 周围的,附近的 (2) be surrounded by/with sth./sb. 被某物/某人所包围

第23讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The teacher sat on the grass _______________________. surrounded by his students 那老师坐在草地上,四周围着他的学生。 (2) The house is in beautiful ____________. surroundings 这座房屋四周环境优美。

第23讲 │ 单词点睛
2 trade n. [U]贸易;商业;交易;生意v. 交易;买卖; 用……进行交换 trade in… 做……生意 trade with… 与……做生意 trade…for… 以……换取……

第23讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) I’ll _____ my stamp collection ____ your model plane. trade for 我想用我收集的邮票换你的飞机模型。 (2) A knowledge of English is a must __________________. in international trade 在国际贸易中掌握一定的英语知识是必要的。

第23讲 │ 单词点睛
3 narrow adj. 狭窄的;勉强的;狭隘的,目光短浅的 v. (使)变窄;使缩小 (1) narrowly adv. 勉强地;差一点儿 (2) a narrow escape 九死一生 (3) narrowly escape/miss 侥幸避开,侥幸错过 narrow (sth.) (down) to sth. 把(……)缩小到

第23讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The shop sells only a _________ range of goods. narrow 这家商店的商品种类有限。 (2) She _________ escaped injury. 她险些受伤。 narrowly (3) The gap between the two teams has ___________ three narrowed to points. 两队之间的差距缩小到三分。

第23讲 │ 单词点睛
4 forbid(forbade, forbidden) vt. (order sb. not to do sth.) 禁止;不许 forbid sb. sth. 禁止某人某事 forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事 forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事 forbid sb. from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事 【经典句式】 It is forbidden to do sth.禁止做某事

第23讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) He ________________ mentioning the subject again. forbade them from 他不准他们再提到这个话题。 (2) It ___________________ at school. is forbidden to smoke 禁止在学校抽烟。

第23讲 │ 单词点睛
5 view n. 视野;风景;(personal opinion)见解(+ about/on) v. (look at or watch sth. carefully)观看;(to think about sb. or sth. in a particular way)对待 (1) have a view of 能欣赏到 in view 在视野中 come into view 进入视野 (2) point of view 观点 take/hold the view that 持……的观点 in view of 鉴于;考虑到;由于 __ 在我看来 in my view (3) view sth./sb. as 把……看成……

第23讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) _________ the weather, we will cancel the outing. In view of 因天气关系, 我们要取消此次郊游。 (2) In my view you should apologize to her. ___________, 在我看来,你应该向她道歉。 (3) Many people _____________________ the price of houses hold/take the view that should fall. 很多人认为房价应该下降。 (4) From here we can __________________ the whole city. have a good view of 从这里我们能欣赏到整个城市。

第23讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 have…off 休假;不上班 take a day/today off 一天/今天不上班 be off (work) 休假;不上班 ask for a leave 请假 three days’ sick leave 三天的病假 be on leave 休假 be on holiday/vacation 在度假 have/take a holiday/vacation 去度假 go on holiday/vacation 去度假

第23讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) I want to ______________________ to go back home. ask for three days’ leave 我想请三天假回家。 (2) Tomorrow I ____________________________________ will have/take a vacation/holiday/go on ________________. 明天我外出度假。 vacation/holiday (3) I’m tired,so I want to have __________. But I can’t. one year off 我累极了,想休一年的假,可我又不能。

第23讲 │ 短语储存
2 at least 至少, 起码 not in the least 一点儿也不;丝毫也不 at (the) most 至多 last but not least 最后的但同样重要 【经典句式】 It’s the least I can do.这是我能做的最起码的事。

第23讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) I’ll look after them—it’s _________________. the least I can help 我可以照顾他们——这是我至少能帮忙的了。 (2) —Are you tired? — Not in the least . _____________ “你累吗?”“一点儿也不。”

第23讲 │ 短语储存
2.单项填空 She may be slow but ________ she’s reliable. A. at last B. at least C. at most D. in the least 【解析】 B 句意为:她迟钝是迟钝, 但至少她很可靠。 at last最后;at least至少,起码;at most最多;in the least 一点儿也不。根据前后两句的逻辑关系B项正确。

第23讲 │ 短语储存
3 go through 穿过;(be officially accepted or agreed)通过 (法律、条例);(to experience a difficult or unpleasant situation, feeling, etc.)经历,遭受;(to search sth. in order to find sth. in particular)仔细查看 get through 打通电话;完成 go without 没有……也行 go against 对某人不利;与……不符;违反 go in for 赞成;参加;从事 go by (时间)过去;依照 go over 仔细检查;仔细研究 go off 离开;爆炸;熄灭;变质,变坏

第23讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) I’ve ____________ all my pockets but I still can’t find my key gone through to my bike. 我找遍了所有的衣袋,却仍找不到自行车钥匙。 (2) You will never know ____________________ to educate her what she went through children. 你永远不会知道为了教育孩子她受了多少苦。 (3) Suddenly, all the lights ________. went off 突然所有的灯都灭了。 (4) How long can a human being __________ food? go without 人不吃东西能活多久?

第23讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
On a distant mountain was a sign in 20-foot characters. 远山上写着20英尺见方的汉字。 【句式点拨】 表示“位置”的介词短语放于句首,句子需要使用倒装结构, 并且是全部倒装: (1)介词短语+lie/stand/live/sit+名词 (2)介词短语+be+名词

第23讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) On the wall ________________. hang two pictures 墙上挂着两幅画。 (2) On the ground ____________________. lay a poor peasant boy 在地上躺着一个贫穷的农村孩子。 (3) Among them _________________ from all over the world. are famous scientists 他们这中间有来自世界各地的著名科学家。

第23讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.He had to make a decision on the s____. pot 2.Drinking is f________ in my family. orbidden 3.He spoke _________ (自然地) in front of the television naturally camera. 4.The bomb was exploded by r_____ control. emote 5. People try all means to e______ natural resources. xploit

第23讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 be described as, take advantage of, be heavy with, be around, have …off 1.The air ____________ the smell of flowers. is heavy with 2. I am not feeling well. I want to ____ this afternoon ____. have off 3. Don’t believe in him. You will ____________________. be taken advantage of 4. In the story, the king _____________ rude and cruel. is described as 5. She’s ___________ as a film director since the 1960’s. been around

第23讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2011· 全国卷Ⅱ] —Did you forget about my birthday? —________ I’ve booked a table at Michel’s restaurant for this evening. A.What then? B.I’m afraid so. C.How could I? D.For sure. 【解析】 C 本题考查交际用语。根据第二个人后面的回 答“我已经在米歇尔餐馆预订了今晚的座位”可知选C, 表示“怎么可能呢?”What then?然后呢/那又怎么样呢? I’m afraid so.恐怕如此。For sure.确定的。

第23讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.What do you mean, there are only ten tickets? There ________ be twelve. A.should B.would C.will D.shall 【解析】 A 本题考查情态动词。句意为: 你这是什么意 思,只有十张票吗?应该有十二张票的。should表示按情 理“应该,应当”。

第23讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.By nine o'clock,all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma, ________ appeared a rare rainbow soon. A.of which B.on which C.from which D.above which 【解析】 D 本题考查非限制性定语从句。句意表示“一 道罕见的彩虹出现在珠穆朗玛峰的上方”,因此介词要用 above;定语从句为倒装形式。

第23讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.The students are forbidden, unless they have special passes, ________after 11 pm. A.from staying out B.to stay out C.staying out D.stay out 【解析】 B 句意为:晚上11:00之后,禁止学生外出,除 非他们有特别通行证。句子被unless引导的条件状语从句隔 开了。“禁止某人做某事”用forbid sb. to do sth.结构,故 选B。

第23讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.She ________ the company's accounts, looking for evidence of fraud. A.got through B.got over C.went through D.dipped into 【解析】 C 本题考查动词短语辨析。get through打通电 话;get over克服;go through仔细检查;dip into把……浸 入。由句意“她仔细审核了公司的账目,查找欺诈的证据” 可知答案。

第23讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.The performer was waving his stick in the street and it ______ missed the child standing nearby. A.narrowly B.nearly C.hardly D.closely 【解析】 A 本题考查副词辨析。narrowly意为“仅仅,勉 强,恰好”,符合题意。如:One car narrowly missed hitting the other one. 一辆车差点儿和另一辆车相撞。The boy narrowly escaped being drowned. 那个男孩差一点儿被 淹死。其他选项的词义不符合题意,也无此用法。

第23讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.Just in front of our house ________ with a history of1,000 years. A.does a tall tree stand B.stands a tall tree C.a tall tree is standing D.a tall tree stands 【解析】 B 本题考查倒装。根据完全倒装的语法原则: 介词短语放句首,句子完全倒装,因此选B。

第23讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.They found themselves in front of a wooden house ________ with bamboo. A.surrounding B.surround C.surrounded D.being surrounded 【解析】 C 考查非谓语动词。surrounded with bamboo 过去分词短语作后置定语,修饰house。

第23讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.If you want to get a good ________, you'd better stand on the top of the hill. A.sight B.scene C.view D.look 【解析】 C 本题考查名词辨析。view表示“景色,视 野”;scene表示“场景”;sight表示“视野”;look表示 “外表”。该句意为:要想看到更好的景色,你最好站在 山顶上。从句意判断,最佳答案为C。

第23讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.Sorry. I can’t A.say C.spot the difference between them. B.speak D.seek

【解析】 C spot发现,spot the difference看出区别,表示 此意还可以说tell the difference。

第24讲

Module 6

Unexplained

第24讲 Module 2 Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World

第24讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. __________ adj.吓人的→ frighten v.使惊吓,惊恐→ _______ frightening _________ frightened adj.受惊的,受恐吓的→ fright n. 惊吓,恐怖 2.exist vi.存在,生存→ ________ n. 存在→ _______ adj.现存 existing existence 的,现在的 3.sharp adj. 锋利的,尖的;急剧的 adv. 准时的→ sharply adv. 尖锐地,急剧地→ _______ v.(使)锋利, 尖 sharpen _______ 锐

第24讲 │ 基础梳理
4. _________ adj.神秘的→mystery n.神秘,神秘的人或物 mysterious 5. _____ vi.使适应,使适合;改编→adaption n. 适应,改编 adapt 6.destruction n.毁坏→_______ vt.毁坏 destroy 7.unpredictable adj.变化莫测的→ __________ adj.可预言的; predictable 可预报的→ _______ vt.预言;预报→ ________ n. 预言, prediction predict 预报 8. indicate vt. 象征,暗示→indication n. 指出; 迹象; 指示 _______ 9. ______ n.运气,命运,一大笔钱→fortunate adj. 幸运的→ fortune _________ __________ fortunately adv. 幸运地→ unfortunate adj.不幸的

第24讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1. 几乎;接近 2. 再次成为新闻 3.不可能做某事 4. 对……表示怀疑 5.适应…… 6. 逐渐消失;灭绝 7.帮助弄清楚;阐明某事 8.开门见山;谈正题 9. 应用或适用于;喜欢;想法得到

close to be back in the news be unlikely to do sth. be skeptical about adapt to… die out throw light on come straight to the point go for

第24讲 │ 基础梳理
10.由于;因……造成 11.了不起,真精彩 12.与……密切相关 13. 根据普遍的看法

due to… be (quite/really) something be closely connected to/with according to popular belief

第24讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1. He ________________ a round black creature moving claims to have seen quickly through the water. 他声称他看见一个黑黑的、圆圆的动物在水中快速游动。 2. They say that the lowtemperature lake _______________ is unlikely to be ______________ able to support such large living creatures. 他们说,水温 这样低的湖泊不可能存活体形如此巨大的动物。

第24讲 │ 基础梳理
3. ________________________, if you were born in the year of According to popular belief natural leader the dragon, you are intelligent, brave and a___________. 根 据普遍的说法,如果你出生在龙年,你聪明,勇敢,而且 是天生的领袖。 4. However, ______ the border in Wales, the red dragon which across appears on the Welsh flag is _______________symbol, a positive ____________________________________________. indicating strength and a sense of national identity 然而,在边界那边的威尔士,出现在威尔士国旗上的红色 龙却是一个正面象征,暗示着力量和民族认同感。

第24讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 may have, might have

第24讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 claim vt. (to state that sth. is true, even though it has not been proved)声称;( demand or request sth. because it is or one believes it is one’s right or one’s property) 要求,认领; 索赔n.要求;索赔;声称;对某事物的权利 claim that… 声称…… claim to do sth. 声称做某事 【经典句式】 It is claimed that…据说……

第24讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】

_________________ some doctors were working 80 hours a It was claimed that
week. 据说有些医生每周工作80个小时。

第24讲 │ 单词点睛
2 calm adj. (relaxed, not angry, nervous, or upset)平静的; 镇定的;(of the sea without large waves; still) (指海洋)无浪的, 平静的 【易混辨析】 calm, quiet, still和silent calm指天气、海洋等时,表示一种无风无浪的“平静”;指人 时,表示镇静、平和的心情。 quiet指没有动静,没有噪音, 尤指没有骚动的安宁状态。 still侧重于“不动,静止”。 silent用于事物时,侧重没有声响,寂静;用于指人时,强调 少言寡语。

第24讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 选择calm, quiet, still或silent填空 (1) Please keep ____ while I take your photo. still (2) After the storm the sea was _____ again. calm (3) It is important to stay _____ in an emergency. calm (4) Can’t you keep the children _____? I’m trying to quiet concentrate. (5) He was silent for a moment, and then began his answer. _____

第24讲 │ 单词点睛
3 adapt vt. (become adjusted to new conditions, etc.) (使) 适应;(to change sth. to make it suitable for a different purpose) (使)适合;改编,改写 (1) adaptable adj. 能适应的, 适应性强的;可改编的 adaption/adaptation n. 适应;改编本,改写本 (2) adapt (oneself) to 使(自己)适应或习惯于 adapt from… 根据……改写,改编

第24讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) She _________________ the new climate soon. adapted (herself) to 她很快就适应了这种新气候。 (2) The novel ________________ for radio from the Russian has been adapted original. 这部小说已由俄文原著改编成广播节目。

第24讲 │ 单词点睛
2.单项填空 These styles can be ________ to suit individual tastes. A. switch B. replaced C. adopted D. adapted 【解析】 D 句意为:这些式样均可改动以适应个人不同 的爱好。switch使转变,使转换;replace代替,替换; adopt收养,采纳;adapt使适合。根据语境D项合适。

第24讲 │ 单词点睛
4 fortune n. 运气;命运;(a very large amount of money) 大笔的钱,巨款 (1) fortunate adj. 幸运的 fortunately adv. 幸运地 (2) tell one’s fortune 给某人算命 try one’s fortune 碰运气 make a fortune 发财 【温馨提示】 当表示“财富”时,fortune是可数名词,常用其单数形式,如: a large fortune一大笔钱;而wealth是不可数名词,possessions 表示“所有物”要用复数形式。

第24讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) ___________,he found the money that he had lost. Fortunately 幸运的是,他找到了他丢失的钱。 (2) He went to Australia and soon ______________. made a fortune 他到澳大利亚后,不久就发财了。

第24讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 close to 几乎;接近;接近于 be/get close to 接近;靠近 be close to death/tears/despair 差一点死去/差一点哭出来/几乎绝望 be close to doing sth. 几乎/差一点做某事 【温馨提示】 be close to 中to是介词,后面加名词或动名词。

第24讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) Several times he tried to __________ the boy in the water, get close to but he failed because of waves. 好几次他努力去靠近水里的男孩,可因为风浪太大都失败 了。 (2) He _____________________ in the accident. was close to being killed 他差点死于这场事故。

第24讲 │ 短语储存
2 die out 灭绝 ;(风俗、习惯等)消失 die away(风、声音、光等)逐渐减弱;逐渐消逝;逐渐模糊 die down 逐渐平息;逐渐减弱 die off 相继死去;先后死去 die of/from 死于 be dying for 迫切需要;渴望

第24讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) This kind of animal is ___________________ in this in danger of dying out country. 这种动物在这个国家濒临灭绝。 (2) The old traditions ___________. are dying out 旧传统正在逐渐消失。

第24讲 │ 短语储存
2.单项填空 He didn’t say anything more until his mother’s anger ________. A. died out B. died off C. died down D. died of 【解析】 C 句意为:在他母亲的怒气渐渐平息之前他没 再说什么。die out灭绝;die off相继死去;die down渐渐平 息;die of死于。

第24讲 │ 短语储存
3 come straight to the point 谈正题;直入主题 (1) beside/off the point 不切正题;无关紧要 __ the point 切题;简洁中肯 to keep to the point 不偏离主题 (2) be on the point of… 正要…… (3) point ___ 指出 out point to/at 指向,指着 【经典句式】 There is no point (in) doing sth. 做某事没有意义。

第24讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) As I was in a hurry,I asked him to __________________ come straight to the _____ at once. point 由于我很匆忙,所以我让他立刻谈正题。 on the point of leaving (2) I was ____________________ when the telephone rang. 我正要离开,这时电话响了。 (3) There is ________________________. no point (in) arguing further 再争论已经没有意义了。

第24讲 │ 短语储存
4 go for 应用或适用于;喜欢;想法得到(某物) (指时间)过去, 消逝; 遵照或依照 下降;减少 患病 从事;钻研;参加 全力以赴,作最大努力

go by go down go down with… go in for go all out

第24讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用go短语的适当形式填空 (1) I think I’ll _____ the fruit salad. go for (2) Don’t give up. Just _____ it. go for (3) As time _______ my memory seems to get worse. goes by (4) Our youngest boy has ______________ mumps(腮腺炎). gone down with (5) I will _________ to help you. go all out

第24讲 │ 短语储存
5 due to 因为,由于 由于,因为 由于,因为 由于……的结果 由于;幸亏;多亏 由于;为了……的缘故 预定要做某事

(1) because of owing __ to as a result of thanks __ to on account of (2) be due to do sth.

第24讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) The policeman said the accident last night was ____________ due to careless driving. 警察说昨晚的事故是由于粗心驾驶造成的。 (2) His book is _________________ in October. due to be published 他的书预计在10月出版。

第24讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
1 There have been reports of monsters in Lake Tianchi since the beginning of the last century,although no one has seen one close up. 尽管没人在近前看过,但 是自从上个世纪初就有关于天池怪物的报道了。 【相关拓展】 There be 句型的其他变式结构: There used to be/There seems to be/There happens to be… There lie(s)/stand(s)/live(s)/sit(s)+n. There be 结构的动名词形式或独立主格结构:There being… There be 结构的不定式形式:There to be…

第24讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) ___________________ some people waiting at the bus stop. There happened to be 碰巧有些人在车站等车。 (2) __________ nothing else to do,we went home. There being 没有别的什么事可做,我们就回家了。 (3) We all expect _________ enough time for us to study by there to be ourselves. 我们都希望有足够的时间来自学。 (4) Look out! ___________________. There is a car coming 小心!有辆车开过来了。

第24讲 │ 句型透视
(5) I can’t imagine __________________ to be sent to study there being a chance abroad. 我不能想象有一个被派出国学习的机会。

第24讲 │ 句型透视
2 Why should the dragon have a different character in different parts of the world? 为什么在世界的不同地 区,龙竟然有不同的特性? 【要点解读】 should与疑问词连用, 表示不感兴趣、 难以相信等。也可以 表示惊讶,不以为然等情绪,用于某些句型中,多译为“竟 然”。

第24讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) ____________ know? How should I 我怎么知道? (2) It’s strange that he _______________. should be absent 真奇怪,他竟会缺席。 (3) You can’t imagine that such a good student like him _________ in the exam. should fail 你无法想象像他这样如此好的学生竟然考试不及格。

第24讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.A____ is the best form of defence. ttack 2.In Wales,the red dragon on the Welsh flag is a positive symbol, i________ strength and a sense of national identity. ndicating 3.The famous writer is still sharp (思维敏捷的) in thought _____ though he has attained the age of ninetytwo. 4.It was ________ (慷慨的) of you to share your food with me. generous 5. He has a _______ (积极的)attitude towards life. positive

第24讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 be back in the news, be skeptical about, throw light on, be quite something, go for 1.I _________________ what I read in the press. am skeptical about 2.Your words ____________ the truth. threw light on 3. This monster ________________. People across the country is back in the news are talking about it. 4. If you have a dream, you should _____ it. go for 5. He is quite something having achieved so much. _______________,

第24讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.There is a great deal of evidence _______ that music activities engage different parts of the brain. A.indicate B.indicating C.to indicate D.to be indicating 【解析】 B 本题考查非谓语动词。evidence与indicate为 逻辑上的主谓关系,故用indicating及引导的成分作后置定 语,修饰evidence。

第24讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.The good thing about children is that they ________ very easily to new environments. A.adapt B.appeal C.attach D.apply 【解析】 A 本题考查动词辨析。adapt适应(常与to搭配); appeal吸引;attach附着,系,捆;apply申请,应用。

第24讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.He never dreamed about ________ a chance to goabroad. A.there is B.there to be C.there being D.there is to be 【解析】 C 本题考查非谓语动词。dream about是一个固 定搭配,意为“梦想”,about是一个介词,后面跟名词或 动名词。

第24讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.Such circumstances are considered ________ for a long time. A.to exist B.to have existed C.having existing D.to have been existed 【解析】 B 本题考查非谓语动词。根据句意可知 considered表示“认为”,后面可以加to do作主语补足语, 根据for a long time可知应选B。

第24讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.It's ________ to get a satisfying job in the competitive society, so each of us should value what we've got. A.nothing B.anything C.everything D.something 【解析】 D 本题考查代词的用法。句意表示“有一份令 人满意的工作确实不错”。something在句中表示“有价值 或重要的人或物”。

第24讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.I believe the teacher's explanation will ________ this puzzling problem. A.throw light on B.come to light C.see the light D.bring to light 【解析】 A 本题考查动词短语辨析。throw light on 使……明白(清楚);come to light 暴露,被发现,表现出来; see the light 终于领悟,最终明白;bring sth. to light 揭露, 披露,揭发。根据句意应该选A。

第24讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.Our book isn’t ________ be published until December. A.due to B.plan to C.owing to D.thanks to 【解析】 A 此句中be due to do 表示“预定做(某事)”。

第24讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.[2011· 福建卷] Nowadays, there is a ________ increase in children’s creativity, for they are greatly encouraged to develop their talents. A. sharp B. slight C. natural D. modest 【解析】 A 本题考查形容词辨析。根据下句“孩子们受 到极大的鼓舞来发展他们的天分”可知“孩子们的创造力 快速提高”。sharp“急剧的”。

第24讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.The world will be different, and we will have to be prepared to ________ the change. A.adapt to B.adopt to C.apply to D.devote to 【解析】 A 考查动词短语辨析。adapt to是固定短语,意 为“适应,适合”;adopt采用,收养; apply…to… 将……应用于; devote…to… 把……献给……。

第24讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.They claim ________ a cure for the disease, but this hasn’t been proved. A.discover B.to have discovered C.having discovered D.to discover 【解析】 B 本题考查claim的用法。claim后用不定式,根 据句意可知不定式的动作发生在谓语动词前,用不定式的 完成式,故选B。

阅读写作(十二)

完形填空技法指导

阅读写作(十二)[形填空技法指 导之搭配习惯 ]

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯 重视搭配习惯
英语语言中的很多词汇均以短语搭配的形式出现,完形填 空中的词汇也不例外。很多时候,在分析语境、理清空白处含 义的基础上,利用对词汇前后搭配的分析可以快速、准确地推 断完形填空的未知信息。所谓前后搭配主要是指动词(名词、 形容词等)与介词的搭配、动词与其宾语的搭配、句式结构和 各种习惯搭配。在解答完形填空时,充分考虑这些搭配关系, 有助于我们作出正确选择。

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯
一、动介搭配 例1 On April 12,1888, Alfred's brother Ludwig died of heart attack. A major French newspaper ________ his brother for him and… A.found B.misunderstood C.mistook D.judged 【点睛】 C 在四个选项中能与“X for Y”搭配的只有选 项C, mistake X for Y 意为“误以为X是Y”,故选C。

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯
二、动宾搭配 例2 Nobel arranged in his will to give the largest part of his money to ________ the Nobel prizes, which would be awarded to people who… A.establish B.form C.develop D.promote 【点睛】 A 在不定式短语中,宾语是“诺贝尔奖”,根 据常识,能与“奖项”搭配的,在这四个选项中只有“设立” 符合语境,故选A。

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯
三、介词搭配 例3 [2011· 北京卷] (改编) I have gone from “hiding” in the back of the classroom and not wanting to call attention to myself, ________raising my hand. A.by B.for C.with D.to 【点睛】 D 根据上文I have gone from,可知设空处应 该用to,from…to…为习惯搭配,故正确答案为D项。

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯
四、句式搭配 例4 The book tells us of useful skills such as how to put what you have learned into pictures of your mind to ________ your memory better. A.make B.turn C.let D.change 【点睛】 A 在四个选项中,能接“宾语+形容词作宾补” 的只有A项。make your memory better意为“使你的记忆力变 得更好”,故选A。

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯
五、句型搭配 例5 I haven't had a phone in the house for three weeks now, and it's several days ________ I used a phone box. A.as B.when C.if D.since 【点睛】 D 本题考查的是it's+时间段+since…句型, 意为“自从……已(多长时间了)”。这句话的意思是“自从我 上次打投币电话已经有好几天了”。

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯
六、习语搭配 例6 [2011· 四川卷] (改编) I came to Morzaine,a small,friendly village in the Alps and immediately fell in love with it. What was ________to be a stopgap (权宜之计) trip turned into a new life. A.said B.proved C.supposed D.judged 【点睛】 C 句意为:原本只认为是一次权宜之计的旅行 最终却成就了我新的生活。be supposed to be意为“原以为是, 本该是”,故C符合题意。

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯
【活学活用】 1.Intellectual property (IP)(知识产权) is a product of the mind that has commercial value. The concept ________ back to 1623 when the first patent law to protect IP rights was passed. A.holds B.dates C.sets D.turns

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯
[解析] B date back to是惯用短语,意为“追溯到”,故选B。 值得注意的是,解题时,不能一看到搭配就选答案,这样往往 容易出错。因为有时单独看空格前后或单独看空格所在句,除 正确选项外,其他选项也可能与其前后构成搭配,这时,还需 要根据上下文的意思和逻辑,同时也需要结合生活常识才能定 夺。

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯
2.It was a beautiful letter, but there was no way, except for the name Michael, to identify the owner. Maybe if I called the information center, the operator could find a phone listing for the address on the envelope. Actually, I took great ________ to find both Hannah and Michael, who still remained single. A.pains B.Risks C.actions D.Cautions [解析] A 因表示“煞费苦心做某事”是take great pains to do sth.,故选A。另外,take risks to do sth.“冒险做某事”, take actions to do sth.“采取行动做某事”不合语境。

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯
3.Participating workplaces let employees wear jeans on October 5 for a MYM5 donation. “It's a real way for everyone to feel like they're making a ________ ,” says the Emmy-winning actress. A.difference B.Decision C.friend D.profit [解析] A make a difference 意为“有影响,起作用”。根 据上文可知,她认为这是一个让每个人感觉在起作用,出 一份力的有效途径。

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯
4.If someone else wishes to represent the idea or develop it further, he/she must consult the original artists, who will normally be ________ financially for its use. A.rewarded B.praised C.awarded D.punished [解析] A “reward for sth./doing sth.”即“为(做)某事而获 得报答/报酬”,“award sb. sth./sth. to sb.”即“授予某人 某物”,由此可知A项正确。

阅读写作(十二) │ 重视搭配习惯
5.[2011· 江西卷] (改编) Strangely enough,she soon dreamt that she was a world- famous chef (主厨).She made a ________ and wore diamonds and designer clothes. A.decision B.fortune C.business D.plan [解析] B 联系语境可知“她做梦挣很多钱”,make a fortune意为“挣大钱”,是固定短语。


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