北京市 2012 届高三下学期综合练习试题分类汇编之阅读理解
北京市朝阳区高三年级第一次综合练习 第三部分：阅读理解（共两节, 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A FreeRice.com is a non-profit website
run by the United Nations World Food Program (UNWFP). It aims to provide education to everyone for free and help end world hunger. Join us and have fun with our vocabulary game. For each vocabulary word you get right, we donate free rice through UNWFP to those hungry people. How do you play the vocabulary game? Click on the answer that is closest in meaning to the word. If you get it right, you get a harder word. If wrong, you get an easier word. For each word you get right, we donate 20 grains of rice to UNWFP. How does the vocabulary game help you? This game may make you smarter. While learning new vocabulary, it can help you: ★Present your ideas better ★Write better papers, e-mails and business letters ★Speak more accurately and influentially ★Read faster because you understand better ★Get better grades in high school and college ★Perform better at job interviews ★Be more effective and successful at your job After you have done FreeRice for a couple of days, you may notice a phenomenon. Words that you have never consciously used before will begin to pop into your head while you are speaking or writing. You will feel yourself using and knowing more words. How does the FreeRice vocabulary program work? FreeRice has a database containing thousands of words at different levels of difficulty. There are words proper for people just learning English and words that will challenge the most learned professors. In between are thousands of words for students, business people, doctors, truck drivers… everyone! FreeRice adjusts to your level of vocabulary. It starts by giving you words at different levels of difficulty and then, based on how you do, designs a proper starting level for you. When you get a word wrong, you go to an easier level. When you get three words in a row right, you go to a harder level. There are 60 levels in all, but it is rare for people to get above Level 50.
Sign up now and you will have fun as well as help end world hunger. 56. According to the passage, the purpose of the vocabulary game is to ______. A. combine English learning with helping hungry people B. make it popular in English-speaking countries C. encourage people to produce more rice D. provide English learning for poor areas 57. Playing the vocabulary game enables you to ______. A. develop some new ideas C. be admitted to a university B. increase chances of job interview D. perform better in a speech competition
58. People of different vocabulary levels can play the game because ______. A. it is free of charge B. it offers fair chances to everyone C. it changes levels with their performance D. it meets the needs of people in different fields
B In a room at Texas Children Cancer Center in Houston, eight-year-old Simran Jatar lay in bed with a drip (点滴) above her to fight her bone cancer. Over her bald (秃的) head, she wore a pink hat that matched her clothes. But the third grader’s cheery dressing didn’t mask her pain and weary eyes. Then a visitor showed up. “Do you want to write a song?” asked Anita Kruse, 49, rolling a cart equipped with an electronic keyboard, a microphone and speakers. Simran stared. “Have you ever written a poem?” Anita Kruse continued. “Well, yes,” Simran said. Within minutes, Simran was reading her poem into the microphone. “Some bird soaring through the sky,” she said softly. “Imagination in its head…” Anita Kruse added piano music, a few warbling (鸣, 唱) birds, and finally the girl’s voice. Thirty minutes later, she presented Simran with a CD of her first recorded song. That was the beginning of Anita Kruse’s project, Purple Songs Can Fly, one that has helped more than 125 young patients write and record songs. As a composer and pianist who had performed at the hospital, Kruse said that the idea of how she could help “came in one flash”. The effect on the kids has been great. One teenage girl, curling (蜷缩) in pain in her wheelchair, stood unaided to dance to a hip-hop song she had written. A 12-year-old boy with Hodgkin’s disease who rarely spoke surprised his doctors with a song he called I Can Make It. “My time with the kids is heartbreaking because of the severity of their illnesses,” says Anita Kruse. “But they also make you happy, when the children are smiling, excited to share their CD with their families.” Simran is now an active sixth grader and cancer-free. From time to time, she and her mother
listen to her song, Always Remembering, and they always remember the “really sweet and nice and loving” lady who gave them a shining moment in the dark hour. 59. Simran Jatar lay in bed in hospital because ______. A. most of her hair had fallen out B. she was receiving treatment for cancer C. she felt depressed and quit from school D. she was suffering from a pain in her back 60. What do we know about Anita Kruse’s project? A. It helps young patients record songs. B. It is supported by singers and patients. C. It aims to replace the medical treatment. D. It offers patients chances to realize their dreams. 61. What does the case of a 12-year-old boy suggest? A. Most children are naturally fond of music. B. He was brave enough to put up performance. C. The project has positive effect on young patients. D. Singing is the best way to treat some illnesses. 62. What is probably the best title for the passage? A. Purple Songs Can Fly C. A Shining Moment in Life B. Singing Can Improve Health D. A Kind Woman—Anita Kruse
C High Speed Book Scanner Simply turning pages of a book quickly may not seem like the best way to scan it. A Japanese research group at Tokyo University has created new software that allows hundreds of pages to be scanned within minutes. Scanning text is normally a boring process with each page having to be inserted into a scanner, but the team led by Professor Masatoshi Ishikawa uses a high speed camera that takes 500 pictures a second to scan pages as they are turned by workers. Normal scanners can only scan the information that is actually before them on the page. This high speed book scanner uses a camera that captures pages at 1000fps as they are turned. A system built in allows it to automatically correct any changes to the text due to the page bending as well as light differences due to shadows. “It takes a shot of the shape, then it calculates the shape and uses those calculations to film the scanning,” Ishikawa said, explaining the system used to reconstruct the original page. The current system is able to scan an average 250-page book in a little over 60 seconds using basic computer hardware. While it now requires extra time to process the scanned images (影像), the researchers hope to eventually make the technology both faster and much smaller. “In the
more distant future, once it becomes possible to put all of this processing on one chip (芯片) and then put that in an iPad or iPod, one could scan just using that chip. At that point, it becomes possible to scan something quickly to save for later reading,” Ishikawa said. Being able to scan books with an iPhone may be further off, but Ishikawa says that a commercial version of the large-scale computer based scanning system could be available in two or three years. While the technology has the potential to take paper books into the digital age, it remains to be how publishers will react to people scanning their books while just turning pages quickly. 63. According to the passage, the advantage of the new scanning software is that ______. A. there is no need to scan every page B. it can work much more effectively C. no manpower is needed in operating the scanner D. it can make the scanning process more interesting 64. According to Ishikawa, the scanner works by_____. A. changing the shape of the images C. reconstructing the original page B. reducing the size of the images D. scanning several pages at the same time
65. What is Ishikawa’s attitude towards the development of the scanning system? A. Optimistic. B. Uncertain. C. Disapproving. D. Cautious.
66. What does the underlined sentence mean? A. People will get any book they like more easily. B. Publishers will refuse to comment on the new software. C. Publishers will probably not welcome the new software. D. People won’t need to buy books any more with an iPhone.
D Visitors to museums have to pay “voluntary” admission fees, Boris Johnson, the mayor (市长) of London, urged yesterday. He said that encouraging visitors to set a value on museums and art galleries, which have been free since 2001, would work extremely well. Mr. Johnson held up New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art as a model. Although New York’s museums are officially free, visitors are strongly encouraged to pay a recommended entry fee of $20. At the Met, entry is impossible without first going to the ticket desk. Mr. Johnson’s spokesman later admitted that free admission was a “huge draw” for London, but he said, “Having visited the Met last week, the mayor is impressed by how they maximize voluntary contributions and believes there are lessons to be learnt.” Mark Jones, director of the Victoria and Albert Museum, told The Times that the museum already requested a ?3 donation but was not as forceful as New York’s institutions. He said, “I’m not in favor of anything that
makes people feel they won’t want to go because they feel like they will have to pay.” When entrance fees to national museums were decided not to be charged here in 2001, there was a 70 percent increase in visitor numbers in the first year. Political parties have since been unwilling to suggest change, despite concerns about cost. Hugo Swire, the former Shadow Culture Secretary, was dismissed in 2007 for suggesting that “museums and galleries should have the right to charge if they wish”. Some in the art community argue, however, that free entrance has done little to increase the breadth (广泛) of visitors and has caused shortfalls in the budget for the museums. In response to it, Colin Tweedy, chief executive of Arts & Business, said that Britain was “leading the world” in allowing its treasures to be freely available. He said, “To return to museum charging would be a return to the dark ages.” Ben Bradshaw, the Culture Secretary, said, “The mayor revealed his true intention when he suggested those who could afford it should be encouraged to contribute to the arts. I believe it is a disaster for the culture, arts and sport.” He thinks that free museums and galleries have once been one of this Government’s great successes. 67. It can be inferred from the first two paragraphs that ______. A. museums in London are free by now B. most museums in London have admission fees C. Metropolitan Museum of Art is not officially free D. free entry is impossible to New York’s museums 68. We can learn from Mark Jones’ words that ______. A. his museum shows a lack of money C. he is in favor of New York’s action B. admission fees should be forceful D. he has a consideration for the visitors
69. According to the passage, the cancellation of entrance fees to national museums in 2001 _____. A. was changed in 2007 by Hugo Swire B. has been opposed by political parties C. has no influence on the number of visitors D. has caused financial problems to the museums 70.What does the underlined word “it” in the last paragraph refer to? A. Charging entrance fees to museums. C. Ensuring visitors’ benefits. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 根据短文内容, 从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。 B. Decrease in the number of visitors. D. Free access to museums.
Early Childhood Education Early childhood education is the formal (正规的) teaching and care of young children. It primarily focuses on learning through playing to encourage the child’s different kinds of development. 71 Studies with Head Start programs throughout the United States have shown some evidence that there are quite a few advantages to early childhood education, which can produce significant gains in children’s learning and development. Compared to a child who does not attend pre-school, children completing their early education programs are found to be better at math and reading skills. They are excited to learn and have the tools to do so. usually reported as “friendlier” by parents and the children’s peers (同伴). 73 In studies with matched control groups, more students who had early schooling experiences were employed at the age of 19, fewer were on welfare, and fewer were involved with the criminal activity. What’s more, some studies show that children attending pre-school are more likely to graduate and have higher education, and be well integrated (综合) as an adult. Early childhood education gives most children a jump-start on education for their kindergarten and primary school years. It is clear that early childhood education can have some great benefits for children. 74 If early childhood education is less effective, perhaps the 75 best model is finding strategies for allowing a parent to stay home with his or her child for at least the first two to three years. Also important is considering a child’s own personality. A. The long-term influence of early education is significant as well. B. They can benefit greatly from encouragement in their early childhood. C. Yet its quality must be assessed to see what kind of benefits it actually provides. D. They are also able to relate to others in a superior way and that improves their social skills. E. Many experts of education have concerned about what early childhood education means today. F. Individual differences in children mean that not all children will get equal benefits from early childhood education. G. It consists of activities that serve children in the pre-school years and is designed to improve later school performance. 答案 第三部分 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，共 40 分） 第一节 四选一 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 56. A 61. C 66. C 57. D 62. A 67. A 58. C 63. B 68. D 59. B 64. C 69. D 60. A 65. A 70. A 72 These children are more competent in their pre-school, kindergarten and school-age years, and they are
第二节 七选五 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 71. G 72. D 73. A 74. C 75. F