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英美概况期末试题


I.Explain the following terms: 1. the British Isles 2. Poets’ Corner 3. EU 4. the Conservative Party 5. the Seven Year’s War 6. WASPs 7. “roaring 20s” 8. melting pot 9. British Empire 10. system of US politic I. Translate the following into Chinese: 1. Westminster Abby 2. the Church of England 3. Commonwealth 4. Mr. Speaker 5. Judicial System 6. the Great Charter 7. the House of Plantagenet 8. Puritans 9. monopoly capitalism 10. the first Pan-American Conferencce II. Multi-choices: 1. The longest river in Britain is the _____ River. (Severn, Thames, Mersey, Humber) 2. The leading anthracite coalfields in Britain are in__ (Scotland, England, Wales, ) 3. The English people are descendants of____ (Celts, Roman, Anglo-Saxons) 4. The established church of Britain is___ (the Church of England, Free churches, ) 5. Easter is kept, commemorating the __ (coming, birth, death, resurrection) of Jesus Christ. 6. In Britain, government cannot spend any money without the permission of___. (the Queen, the Prime Minister, the House of Commons, the House of Lords) 7. All the government ministers of Britain must be members of_____. (the House of Lords, the House of Common, the Privy Council, Parliament) 8. ___ is the largest state of the US in area.(Hawii, Texas, Alaska, Pennsylvania) 9. The dominant ethnic group in the US today is_____. (the black people, WASPs, Asian Americans, Hispanics) 10. People in the US have kept moving westward for reasons except___. (religious freedom, fertile soil in the West, good climate in the west, discovery gold) 11. The Constitution of the United State was framed in ___in 1787. (Washington, Boston, New York, Philadelphia) 12. The President of the US exercises the ____ power. (legislative, executive, judicial, veto) 13. Congress can veto the President’s veto by a ___ vote of the full membership of Both houses.(two-fifths, two-thirds, three-fourths, three-fifths) 14. The Constitution of US says that only___ can declare war upon other nation.

(the President, Congress, Department of Defense, the National Security Council) 15. In which year did Japan attack Pearl Harbor?(1939,1940,1941,1942) 16. The British Empire reached the peak of its colonial expansion after____. ( Anglo-Boer War, the First Opium War, World War I, World War II) 17. The American Industrial Revolution began in 1807 with its___ industry. ( shipbuilding, coal mining, textile, machine-making) 18. In the late half of the 19th century, __ was the main objective of the US overseas expansion. (India, China, Vietnam, the Philippines) 19. The Spanish-American War strengthened the in___. (the Far East, Americas, Europe, Africa) 20. The US imperialism was marked by all the following except____. (highly developed industry, high concentration of capital, overseas territorial expansion, Free business competition) III. Fill in the blanks: 1. Britain is separated from the European continent by ____,_____,_____. 2. Britain has a_____, maritime climate. 3. The English people tend to be _______ characteristic. 4. The present Sovereign is Queen______, daughter of George VI was crowned in 1953. 5. The British government is constitutional ______. 6. The earliest setters on the British Islands were___ and ____. 7. The Great Charter aimed at restricting the power of the ____. 8. The British Empire began with the founding of______ in 1583, and fell after the __ Of the World War II. 9. Most of Americans ____ origin. 10. Since 1790, the US population center gravity has kept moving___. 11. Most of the Black people in the US speak____,but the Hispanics speak___. 12. In the US, _____ outnumber other religions groups. 13. The Constitution of the US follows two principles: the____ system and the__ powers. 14. River__ (Hudson,St.Lawrence Colorado, Missouri) flows through New York city. 15. In order to grab Cuba, the US went into war with___ in 1898. As a result of the war, Spain Ceded Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines to the US. IV. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Answer these questions: Why English is a global Language? How did the United State involved into the World War I? Tell some American Mountains and Rivers. Why American is immigrant country? Why is Britain called a “welfare state”?


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