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2015高考英语语法填空真题汇总


阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Yangshuo,China

It was raining lightly when I __1__ (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn.But I didn't care.A few hours __2__,I'd been at home in Hong Kong,with __3__ (it) choking smog.Here,the air was clean and fresh,even with the rain.

I'd skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River __4__ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese __5__ (painting).Instead,I'd headed straight for Yangshuo.For those who fly to Guilin,it's only an hour away __6__ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city.

Yangshuo __7__ (be) really beautiful.A study of travelers __8__ (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world.And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia.Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong,says it __9__ (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people __10__ (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

【语篇导读】 桂林山水甲天下,阳朔风光甲桂林。作者讲述了从香港去阳朔旅游时的所见。

1.解析:考查动词的时态。主句谓语动词使用了过去进行时,根据语境此处要用一般 过去时态。 答案 arrived

2.解析:考查副词的用法。由语境可知,几个小时之前我还在香港的家中,由此可知 before/earlier 符合句意。 答案 before/earlier

3.解析:考查形容词性物主代词的用法。空格后面有名词 smog,故要使用形容词性物 主代词。 答案 its

4.解析:考查定语从句关系代词的用法。由句子结构不难判断这是一个定语从句。先 行词为指物的 mountain tops and dark waters,关系词在从句中作主语,因此答案为 that/ which。 答案 that/ which

5.解析:考查名词的复数。“so many+复数名词”为一常用短语。 答案 paintings

6.解析:考查介词的固定用法。根据句意可知,这只是驱车一小时的路程。“by+交通 工具名词”为一固定短语。

答案

by

7.解析:考查主谓一致和动词时态。本段介绍阳朔的自然条件,属客观事实,要用一 般现在时,由于主语是单数第三人称形式,因此答案为 is。 答案 is

8.解析:考查过去分词短语作后置定语的用法。study 与 conduct 之间为动宾关系,故 用表示被动的过去分词形式。此外,by 是解题的关键词,conducted by...意为“由……所 做的”。 答案 conducted

9.解析:考查副词的用法。该词修饰谓语动词 arrange,故要用其副词形式。 答案 regularly

10.解析:考查现在分词短语作后置定语的用法。由于 live 与其所修饰的名词 people 之间为逻辑上的主谓关系,故用表示主动意义的现在分词形式。 答案 living

2Passage 2

(2015?新课标全国Ⅱ)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

The adobe dwellings(土坯房)__1__(build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even __2__ most modern of architects and engineers.In addition to their simple beauty,what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their __3__(able) to “air condition”a house without __4__(use)electric equipment.Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat __5__(slow)during cool nights,thus warming the house.When a new day breaks,the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough __6__ (cool) the house during the hot day: __7__ the same time, they warm up again for the night.This cycle __8__ (go) day after day: The walls warm up during the day and cool off during the night and are thus always a timely offset(抵消)for the outside temperatures.As__9__(nature) architects,the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly__10__thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.

【语篇导读】 相比现代化的建筑,简陋的土坯房可谓丑陋不堪。但当代的建筑师却对其情有独钟。 短文主要介绍了土坯房能够调节温度的原理。

1.解析:考查过去分词短语作后置定语。主语 dwellings 与动词 build 之间为逻辑上的 动宾关系, 故用过去分词形式。 又由 by 一词的暗示也可知用表示被动意义的过去分词。 答案 built

2.解析:考查定冠词的用法。空格之后为形容词的最高级形式,故填定冠词。

答案

the

3.解析: 考查形容词与名词的转换。 形容词性物主代词 their 之后应当用名词, 故将 able 转化为其名词形式。 答案 ability

4.解析:考查介词的用法。介词 without 之后的动词要用动名词形答案

using

5.解析:考查副词的用法。由土坯制成的墙壁在炎热的白天吸收太阳的热量并在凉爽 的夜间慢慢将热量释放出来。修饰谓语动词 give out,因此要用副词形式。 答案 slowly

6.解析:考查固定句式的用法。“形容词+enough+动词不定式”为一常用句式。 答案 to cool

7.解析:考查固定短语的用法。at the same time 意为“同时”,是一个常用介词短语。 答案 at

8.解析:考查动词的时态。这是一篇说明文,主要介绍了土坯房冬暖夏凉的原理,故 用一般现在时态。 答案 goes

9.解析:考查形容词的用法。修饰名词 architects,故要用形容词形式。 答案 natural

10.解析:考查宾语从句的连接词用法。分析句子结构可知,这是一个宾语从句。根据 形容词 thick 及结构可知这里的意思是印第安人要算出土坯墙的确切厚度。 所以答案为 how。 答案 how

3Passage 3

(2015?福建)

阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,在每个空格 内填入一个适当的英语单词,所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。

Sometimes we have disagreements with people.When this (1)h_____, the important thing is to try not to let a calm discussion turn into a heated argument.Here (2)_____ my tips for you.

The (3)f_____ thing I would say is that the way you begin the conversation is very important.

Imagine you are a student and you share a flat (4)_____ another student who you think isn't doing her share of the housework.If you say, “Look, you never do your share of the housework.(5) _____ are you going to do about it?”, the discussion will very soon turn

into an argument.It's much more (6)_____ (有帮助)to say something like, “I think we had (7)b_____ have another look about how we divide up the housework.Maybe there is a better way of dealing with it.”

My second piece of (8)a_____ is simple.If you're the person who is in the wrong, just admit it! This is the easiest and best way to avoid an argument.Just make an (9)_____ (道 歉), and move on.The other person will have more respect for you (10)_____ the future if you do that.

【答案】 1.happens 2.are 3.first 4.with 5.What 6.helpful/beneficial 7.better 8.advice 9.apology 10.in

4Passage 4

(2015?湖南)

Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that best fits the context.

Research has become both simpler and more complex. It's simpler because, __1__ you have a computer, you can find information you need by searching the Internet. For all your information, you don't have to go to __2__ library to find the relevant resource and take notes on it. Instead, you can find some sources from the Internet __3__ print the copies needed.Remember, however, that you should usually consult different types of sources. That is, you __4__ always rely just on the Internet for your research.

While finding information is easier than ever, at the same time, researching has become __5__ complex. There is a lot more material available, which means you may be overwhelmed __6__ the amount of information. You need to learn __7__ to sort through and find the relevant information for your particular project. Also, __8__need to check the accuracy of it.

【语篇导读】 随着电脑和因特网的出现,研究变得既简单又复杂。一方面,我们不必像以往一样在 书中搜索资料,这为我们提供了极大的方便;另一方面,网络中众多的资料良莠不齐, 选择准确的信息使我们的工作变得愈加复杂。

1.解析:考查状语从句。根据句意,如果你有了电脑,你可以通过上网获得所需的信 息。 答案 if

2.解析:考查冠词。go to the library 去图书馆;in the library 在图书馆。 答案 the

3.解析:考查连词。and 连接并列谓语 find 和 print。 答案 and

4.解析:考查情态动词。根据上文你应该(should)查阅不同的资料。 答案 shouldn't

5.解析:考查形容词比较级。参见上文第一句 more complex。 答案 more

6.解析:考查介词。be overwhelmed with 面临,陷入。 答案 with

7.解析:考查疑问词。根据句意,你需要学习如何分类并找到特定任务的相关信息。 how to do 是含有疑问词的不定式,在此处作宾语。 答案 how

8.解析:考查代词。参见上文 You need to learn how to sort throug. 答案 you


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