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【北师大版】2014届高三英语一轮复习精品课件:模块 8 (全套)


高中英语

模块8

第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

第23讲 Unit 23 Conflict
第24讲 Unit 24 Society

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佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第22讲 Unit 22 Environmental Protection

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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佳 作 晨 ? 读

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全球气候变暖是目前人类面临的最大环 境问题。请你根据以下提示,写一篇英语 短文,为“节能减排”献计献策。 背景:随着经济的发展,更多的温室气 体被排放,其中大约70%为二氧化碳,这也 是全球变暖的主要原因之一。 后果:海平面上升;自然灾害频繁。 措施: 1.多使用清洁能源,少用煤、石油;
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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佳 作 晨 ? 要求: 读

1. 短文必须包括所有内容要点,可适当发挥, 措施中3、4点由考生自由发挥; ? 2.词数:100左右。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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佳 —— 精 彩 美 文 —— 作 With the development of economy, more and more 晨 读 greenhouse gases are being discharged into the air. CO2
makes up about 70% of the greenhouse gases, which is considered to be one of the greatest causes of global warming. It has harmful effects, causing the sea level to rise and many natural disasters to strike.

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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佳 作 So we must take effective measures to save our planet. 晨 Firstly, we should use more clean energy and less coal and 读 oil. Secondly, we should go to work on foot or by bus
instead of driving a car if possible. Thirdly, we should plant more trees, because plants can turn CO2 into oxygen. More importantly, we should form the habit of saving energy in our daily life.

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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佳 —— 名 师 点 睛 —— 作 1.行文逻辑:提出观点→解释原因→给出建议。较 晨 读 好地使用了连接词,如:Firstly, Secondly, Thirdly 等。
2.词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇和短语。如: discharge into, make up, take effective measures, form the habit of 等。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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佳 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。 作 晨 如: 定语从句…which is considered to be one of the 读 greatest causes of global warming。 状语从句 because
plants can turn CO2 into oxygen。 非谓语动词 causing …to rise and … to strike; to save our planet 等。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 relevant relevance 基 1.________ adj. 植物的,植物学的 relevantly ? 础 agriculture agricultural →________ n. 植物学 梳 coincidence ? 理 2.________ adj. 有关的→________ n. 有关, coincident 切题→________ adv. 有关地,切题地 irrigate irrigation ? 3.___________ n. 农业→___________ adj. 农业的 ? 4.___________ n. 巧合 ? →__________ adj. 一致的,巧合的
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botanical

botany

第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection
roughly

rough

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? 6.________ adj. 艰难的,粗糙的,粗野的 construction construct 基 →________ adv. 艰难地,粗略地,粗鲁地 potential 础 potentiality potentially ? 7.________ vt. 建造→_____________ n. 建 梳 consideration considerate 理 造,建设 considerable consider ? 8.________ n. 潜力,可能性 adj. 潜在的, 有可能的→__________ adv. 潜在地 finance financial →__________ n. 潜力 financially ? 9.__________ adj. 想得周到的,体贴的 →_____________ n. 考虑,体贴→________ v. 考虑→_________________ adj. 相当大的 返回目录

第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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? Ⅱ.短语检测 beyond one's control ? 1.超出??的控制 ahead of 基 ____________________ apart from 础? 2.在??前面__________________ answer for 梳 call for an end to sth ? 3.除了??之外_______________ 理 on one's behalf ? 4.负责任__________________ all in all ? 5.要求结束某事 result in ______________________________ earn one's living as a _______________ ? 6.代表?? matter of fact ? 7.总的说来 ________________________
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? Ⅲ.佳句再现 ? 1.without… 引导的含蓄虚拟条件句 Without these naturally occurring gases ? 基? leaving ? 础 ____________________________________ ? 梳 _, the sun's rays would bounce back into ? 理 space __________ the Earth cold and impossible to live on. ? 如果没有这个自然存在的气体,太阳 的光线将会反射回太空,使地球变得寒冷 ,人类无法居住。
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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? 2.given+sth /that从句 Given it seems ? ________ this data, that 基 ____________________ the link between 础 human activities and rising global 梳 temperatures is not merely a coincidence. 理 ? 根据这一数据推断,人类活动与全球 stop from happening 变暖之间的关系好像不仅仅是一个巧合。 ? 3.stop?from doing…阻止??发生 ? How can we ________ these disasters _____________? 我们如何才能防止这些 灾难的发生呢? 返回目录

第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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? 4.Why+动词原形 “为什么??呢?” why wait ? But ____________ around for 基 governments to take action? 但是为什么要等 础 政府采取行动呢? seen have 梳 ? 5.时间名词+saw/will see/have (has) seen 理 +宾语 ? The last few years ____________ environmental disasters on a grand scale, and experts are predicting far worse to come. 过去 的几年经历了大规模的自然灾害,专家预 测以后将会更糟。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 reserve v.(to put aside or keep sth for a later occasion or special use)保留,储备(强调为某一特殊目 的);(to order or set aside such as seats, accommodation, etc. for use by a particular person at a future time)订(座位),预订 ? 考 温馨提示 ? 点 preserve vt. 保护;维持;保养;防止(食物)腐坏 ? 探 (强调使不受破坏)。如: ? 析 You can preserve meat or fish in salt. 你可以用盐保存肉或鱼。
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?四川卷?阅读B] If no vouchers are presented, the B&Bs may reserve(保留) the right to charge at full price for every night of stay. 如果没交活动卷的话,B&Bs(提供房间和早餐的旅 馆)可能会保留每晚收取全价的权利。

考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

have reserved a room (2)I ____________________ for you at the hotel. 我已在旅馆为你预订了一个房间。 reserve my opinion (3)I'll ____________________ this time. 这次我保留我的看法。 preserve order (4)Policemen ____________________ in the streets. 警察在街上维持秩序。 (5)The ancient Egyptians knew how to preserve dead bodies from decay ______________________________________. 古埃及人知道如何保存尸体使之不会腐烂。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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(6)[2011?福建卷] I'd prefer to________ my judgement until I find all the evidence. A.show B.express C.pass D.reserve [解析] D 考查动词辨析。根据语境“我在找到所有 的证据之前宁愿保留自己的判断。”可知选D。

考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

means n.方法;手段(单复数同形) by means of… 用??办法,借助?? a means of… 一种??的方式 by all means 当然可以;尽一切办法 by any means 无论如何 by no means 绝不,一点也不(位于句首,用部分倒装 结构) means of transportation 交通方式

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

【词语辨析】 method, way, means与approach (1)method指有系统、有条理地办事或解决问题的方法, 较正式,常和介词with搭配。 (2)way是常用词,常和介词in搭配。 (3)means指为达到某种目的或目标而采用的方法、手 段或途径,常和介词by搭配。 (4)approach指从事某事的特别方法、途径。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

温馨提示 means 表示“方式,方法”时,单复数同形。 当means 作主语且有every, each等修饰时,谓语动词 用单数;由some,several,few, many等修饰时,谓 语动词用复数。

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考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?湖北卷?阅读B] It goes like this: You can't take any means of transportation more than once. We would start from home, walking two blocks to the rail station. 事情是这样的:每种交通工具都不能使用超过一次。 我们会从家开始,步行两个街区到达火车站。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

(2)He is a strong determined person and by no means ____________________ will he give in to difficulties. 他是一个意志坚定的人,他绝不会向困难认输。 by all means (3)You must realize your dream__________________. 你必须尽一切办法实现你的梦想。 by means of a rope (4)He let himself down slowly __________________. 他借助一根绳子慢慢地下来了。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

(5)用means,way或method填空 method ①Children should learn the proper ______________ of brushing teeth. 孩子应该学会刷牙的正确方法。 way ②Only in this ________ can you find out the truth. 只有用这种方法你才能找到真相。 ③We express our thoughts by ________ of words. means 我们通过说话的方式表达我们的意思。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

(6)[2011?浙江卷] —Can I come and have a look at your new house? —Yes,________! A.with pleasure B.I like it C.I quite agree D.by all means [解析] D 考查情景交际。从第一句句意“我可以来 看看你的新房子吗?”可知应选by all means,表示 “当然行,可以”。with pleasure表示“乐意帮忙”;I like it表示“我喜欢”;I quite agree表示“我非常 赞同”。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

threat n.恐吓, 威胁; 凶兆 (1)a threat to/of sb /sth 对??构成威胁 (2)threaten v. 恐吓, 预示??的凶兆 threaten sb (with sth) (用某物)威胁某人 threaten to do sth 恐吓要做某事 (3)threatened adj. 受到威胁的 threatening adj. 威胁的;阴沉沉的 threateningly adv. 威胁地; 危险地

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?浙江卷?阅读C] In our country today, the greatest threat to the lives of children and adolescents is not disease or starvation or abandonment, but the terrible reality of violence. 现在在我们国家,对孩子和青少年生活的最大威胁不是 疾病、饥饿或抛弃,而是现实生活中可怕的暴力。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

is a threat (2)Terrorism ________________ to the whole country. 恐怖主义是整个国家的威胁。 threatened to (3)He ________________ make the photos public yesterday. 昨天,他扬言把照片公之于众。 threatens me with a gun (4)The attacker ______________________________. 袭击者用枪威胁我。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

claim vt.&n.要求;夺走;声称;索取 (1)claim sth /to do sth 声称某事(物)/要做某事 claim compensation 要求赔偿损失 claim sth back 要回某物; 索回某物 claim for sth 索赔某物 (2)make/advance/put forward a claim 提出要求 accept a claim for compensation 接受赔偿要求 lay claim to sth 声称对某事物有权利

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

【词语辨析】 announce, declare与claim (1)announce侧重于“通知,宣布(结果、决定等)”。如: She announced that the singer would give one extra song. 她宣布歌手将再加唱一首歌。 (2)declare的意思是“宣布(公告、法律等),声明”。如: They declared martial law in the mining communities. 他们宣布对矿区实行军事管制。 (3)claim意为“声称要求得到;认领”。如: If anybody owns this camera, will he or she please come forward and claim it? 这是谁的相机?请失主前来认领。
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?全国卷Ⅱ?完形] As I pulled the bus over to drop off a little girl, she handed me an earring saying I should keep it in case somebody claimed(认领) it. 当我把车靠边停下来让小女孩下车时,她一边递给 我一个耳环,一边说我应该把它(耳环)保存好,以防 有人认领。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

(2)After the battle, both sides ________ victory. claimed 战斗结束后,双方都声称胜利了。 make/advance/put forward a claim (3)Does she __________________________________ for damages? 她提出赔偿损害的要求了吗? claimed (4)He ____________ the ownership of the house. 他要求那座房屋的所有权。 claimed that (5)She ________________ the ring was stolen, not lost. 她声称那只戒指是被偷了,而不是遗失了。 claims to be (6)She __________________ a good pianist. 她声称自己是位优秀的钢琴家。
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

(7)He ________ that he could finish the work without any help. A.claimed B.required C.demanded D.denounced [解析] A 句意:他宣称他不需要任何帮助能够完成 工作。claim表示“声称,宣称”;require表示“要 求,需要”;demand表示“要求,请求”; denounce表示“指责,谴责”。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

5

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考 点 探 析

flee (fled, fled)vi.逃走, 消失, 逃避; (时间)飞逝 vt.逃离 (1)flee from 从??逃走 flee to 逃到?? flee away/past (时间等)飞逝,消失 (2)run away from 逃走 make off 逃走

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)Many artists fled to America at the beginning of World War Ⅱ. 第二次世界大战初期,许多艺术家逃到了美国。 were fleeing (2)The mists ____________________ before the rising sun.太阳慢慢升起,薄雾渐渐消失。 fled from the fire (3)The frightened people ______________________. 人们惊恐万状地逃离了火灾现场。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 speed up (使)加速 slow down 减缓(速度) at a speed of… 以??速度 at high/low/full speed 以高/低/全速 pick up speed 开足马力 ? 考 speed limit 速度限制

? 点 ? 探 ? 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2011?广东卷?阅读D] Besides, stronger management of public resources like forests can also help to speed up the development. 此外,对如森林之类的公共资源的更有力的管理也 可以帮助加速发展。 (2)The train left for the destination at full speed ________________. 火车全速驶向目的地。 have speeded up (3)They ________________ production. 他们已经加快了生产。
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

(4)[2011?山东卷] They are broadening the bridge to ________ the flow of traffic. A.put off B.speed up C.turn on D.work out [解析] B 考查动词短语。句意:他们正在加宽桥 梁以提高车流的速度。put off推迟,延期;speed up(使)加快速度;turn on打开(开关、电器等); work out计算出,解决,制定,锻炼,以某种方式 发展。根据句意只有B项符合语境。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

all in all 总而言之 in all 总计 not at all 一点也不 after all 毕竟 above all 最重要的是 【知识拓展】 ? 考 英语中表示“总共,总而言之”的单词和短语有: ? 点 in total, to sum up, to conclude, in conclusion, altogether, ? 探 totally。

2

? 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)All in all, it's been a pretty bad year for John Major. 总的说来,对于John Major来讲,这是相当糟糕的 一年。 (2)Having lived in the countryside for 20 years, the old isn't man __________ accustomed to the busy city life at all ________________. 在农村住了20年,那位老人一点也不习惯城市繁忙 的生活。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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above all (3)Children need many things, but ________ they need love. 孩子们需要很多东西。但他们最需要的是爱。 (4)You can't expect him to finish the work After all alone.________________, he is still a kid. 你不能期望他独自完成工作。毕竟他还是个孩子。

考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

(5)________, the party was a great success, and for everyone it was very happy. A.All in all B.Not at all C.In all D.In totally [解析] A

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考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

3

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考 点 探 析

die from 死于(外因) (1)die off 相继死去 die away (声音、光线、风等)逐渐平息 die down (火、兴奋等)渐弱,渐息 die for 急切想要 die out (动植物物种)灭绝; (风俗、习惯等)逐渐消 失;(火)熄灭 die of 因??致死,死于(内因) (2)dying adj. 临死的;垂死的 (be)dying to do/for sth 渴望(做)某事 (3)dead adj. 死的 death n. 死;死亡
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

温馨提示 (1)die的现在分词dying还表示“奄奄一息的”之意, 不 要与dead混淆。 (2)die of 因??而死(原因多来自内部,如死于情感、 冻、饿、生病等)。常见的搭配有: die of hunger (cold, poison, illness/a disease, old age, boredom, thirst, sorrow, disappointed love, a fever, heat…)死于饥饿(寒冷、中毒、病、年老、无聊、 渴、忧伤、失恋、发烧、热??)
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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(3)die from 由于??而死(原因常来自外部)。常见的 搭配有: die from a wound (lack of food, accident, overwork, carelessness, drinking, some unknown cause…) 死于受伤 (缺乏食物、事故、工作过度、粗心、 饮酒过量、不明原因??)

考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)Every day, more than two thousand children worldwide die from accidental injury. 每天,世界上两千多名儿童死于意外伤害。 (2)We can't figure out the reason for more and more dying out animals ____________. 我们弄不清楚越来越多的动物灭绝的原因。 died of (3)The animals ____________ starvation in the snow. 那些动物在雪地里死于饥饿。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

All of them are dying to see (4)____________________________ the new movies directed by Zhang Yimou. 他们全都渴望看到张艺谋执导的新电影。 died away (5)At last, the music __________ and we could sleep. 最后,音乐渐渐弱了下来,我们就可以睡觉了。

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考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

(6)The species is threatened with ________, which really worries the animal conservationists. A.extinct B.extinction C.extinguish D.die out [解析] B 词性辨析题。句意:这种物种面临着灭 绝的威胁,使得动物保护主义者很担心。extinction 是名词。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

4

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考 点 探 析

apart from 除了??;除了??(还有) in addition to 除了?? besides 除??之外 except 除了??之外 except for 除??之外;只是 except that(what/when/where…) 除了??

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

【词语辨析】 in addition (to), apart from, except, except for 与besides (1)in addition 是副词短语,意为“加之,又,另外 (包括除去内容在内)”。 如: There was an earthquake and,in addition,there were tidal waves. 除了地震之外,还有海啸。 (2)in addition to是介词短语,意为“加之; 除??之外 (包括除去内容在内)”。 如: He speaks French in addition to English. 他除了英语之外,还会说法语。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

(3)apart from是介词短语,意为“除……以外(包括或 不包括除去内容)”。如: Apart from a few faults, he is a trustworthy teacher. 除了少许几个缺点外,他是个值得信赖的老师。 (4)except,except for 都有“除??之外”之意。 except 指从同类的人或物中排除;except for所排除的不属 同一类。如: He likes everyone except me. 除了我以外,每个人他都喜欢。 The composition is good except for a few spelling mistakes. 这篇作文除了有几个拼写错误外还是很优秀的。 返回目录

第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

(5)besides除??之外 (还有) (包括被除去内容,和 in addition to 同义)。 如: There were three more visitors besides me. 除我之外,还有三位访客。 Besides being a scholar, he was a famous writer. 他除了是一位学者,还是一位有名的作家。 No one knows it besides me.(疑问句、否定句中和 except同义) 除我以外,谁也不知道这事。(只有我知道)

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

温馨提示 apart from后跟名词或动名词,相当于besides 除??以外(还包括)或except除??以外(不包括)。 如: Apart from my mother tongue, I speak several foreign languages as well. 除了母语外,我还会讲好几种外语。 I like all the subjects apart from English. 除了英语外,我喜欢所有学科。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?广东卷?阅读C] Apart from that, there were all sorts of disasters that used to occur on the way to and from work. 除此之外,过去在上班下班的路上还发生各种各样 的灾难。 except (2)We go there every day ________________ Monday. 除了星期一,我们每天都去那里。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

except for/apart from (3)He is a good man ______________________ his bad temper. 他除了脾气坏之外,倒是个好人。 except that (4)Your article is good ____________________ there are some spelling mistakes. 除了些拼写错误外,你的文章很好。 Apart from/Besides (5)_____________________ the cost, it will take a lot of time. 除了成本外,它将还会耗费很多时间。 Apart from/Except for (6)_____________________ that, everything goes well. 除了那之外,一切正常。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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考 点 探 析

(7)[2011?福建卷] ________ good service, the restaurant offers different kinds of traditional Fujian dishes. A.Far from B.Apart from C.Instead of D.Regardless of [解析] B 考查介词短语。far from 远非; apart from 除了??外; instead of 代替; regardless of 尽管。句意:除了好的服务外,这家餐馆还提供不 同种类的福建传统菜。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

5

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考 点 探 析

lead to 导致;造成(后果) lead vi. & vt. 领导;带领,率领;通向?? n. 主要角色;领先地位 lead a…life 过着??的生活 lead the way 带路 follow the lead 效法 in the lead 领先 take the lead 带路;带头,领先 lead sb to do sth 使得/诱使某人做某事

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?天津卷?阅读A] As a bicycle rider, you have a responsibility to ride only on streets and posted bicycle paths. Riding on sidewalks or other walkways can lead to a fine. 作为一位自行车骑手,你有责任只在街道和标明了 的自行车道上骑车。在人行道或其他步行通道上骑 车可能会导致被罚款。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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led you to think so (2)What ____________________? 是什么使你这样想的? All roads lead to (3)____________________ Rome. 条条道路通罗马。 led him to visit many places (4)This success _________________________________. 这次成功使得他能到许多地方旅游。

考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

(5)The students in the university are all taking courses ________ a degree. A.sticking to B.leading to C.turning to D.referring to [解析] B 考查动词短语辨析。stick to坚持; lead to导致,引起,通往;turn to求助,转向,查阅; refer to指的是,谈论,查阅。句意:大学生都在学 习课程,以取得学位。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

6

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

break away from 脱离, 离开; 背弃, 与??脱 离关系 break down (机器、车辆等)坏了;(计划、谈判等) 失败;(健康、精神等)变坏 break in 插嘴,打岔 break into 强行进入;打断,插嘴 break out (火灾、战争等)突然发生或爆发 break through 突破,有重要创见 break up 解散,驱散

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)It is important for us to break away from the old traditional ideas which are out of date and impractical. 摆脱过时不实用的陈旧传统观念对我们来说是很重 要的。 broke out (2)A fire ______________ during the night. 夜间发生了火灾。 break through (3)Scientists say they're beginning to ____________ in the fight against cancer. 科学家们说,他们在防治癌症方面开始有所突破。
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

broke up (4)The police ______________ the crowd. 警察驱散了人群。 broke into (5)He ____________ the discussion with a shout of warning. 他大声警告,打断了讨论。 broke in (6)The secretary ______________ to say that a telegram had just arrived. 秘书插话说刚收到一个电报。 break away from (7)Can't you ______________ old habits? 你不能摆脱掉旧习惯吗? broke down (8)The car ______________ after an hour's driving. 车子开了一个小时就坏了。
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

(9)—How about your journey to Mount Emei? —Everything was wonderful except that our car ________ twice on the way. A.slowed down B.broke down C.got down D.put down [解析] B 考查动词短语的区别。答语的意思是: 一切都进展顺利除了我们的汽车在途中抛锚了两次 外。 break down 抛锚; slow down 慢下来; get down 记下,写下; put down 记下;镇压。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 Given this data, it seems that the link between human activities and rising global temperatures is not merely a coincidence. 根据这一数据推断,人 类活动与全球变暖之间的关系好像不仅仅是一个巧合。

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考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

句型公式

given+sth /that从句

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考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【句式点拨】 given后接名词、代词或that从句,意为“鉴于,考虑 到(某事物);假如”, 相当于taking (sth) into account, 或者由if引导的条件状语从句。 如: Given that she is interested in children, I am sure teaching is the right career for her. 考虑到她喜欢孩子, 我可以肯定教书是最适合她 的职业。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【相关拓展】 supposing/providing/provided+that从句 以??为条件;假如 seeing/considering+that从句 鉴于,由于;考虑到 regarding sth 关于,对于

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?浙江卷?阅读C] Given that this is the case, why aren't students taught to manage conflict the way they are taught to solve math problems, drive cars, or stay physically fit? 如果这是真实的话,学生为什么不能像学习解决数 学难题、开车或健身那样被教会处理冲突?

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

providing/provided(that)it doesn't rain (2)I shall go __________________________________. 假如不下雨,我就去。 Seeing(that)the weather is bad (3)__________________________, we'll stay at home. 因为天气不好, 我们要待在家里了。 Considering/Given the distance (4)__________________________, he arrived quickly enough. 鉴于路程较远,他来得够快了。 Considering he's only just started (5)___________________________, he knows quite a lot about it. 考虑到他只是刚刚开始, 他对此的了解已经不少了。 regarding your request (6)She said nothing_____________________________. 你所提出的要求她只字未提。
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

2

But why wait around for governments to take action? 但是为什么要等政府采取行动呢? 句型公式 Why+动词原形+…?“为什么???”

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考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【句式点拨】 (1)“Why +动词原形”表示反问语气,表示某事不可取 或不必要。 (2)“Why not + 动词原形”是用来“提出建议”的一种句 式, 它可以和 “Why don't you + 动词原形”或 “Let's + 动词原形” 互换。 【相关拓展】 (1)Why not+动词原形? “为什么不???” (2)Why don't you+动词原形? “为什么不???” (3)Let's + 动词原形! “让我们??!”

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?辽宁卷?阅读A] Why spend thousands of dollars flying to Disney World when you can spend less than half of that within a day's drive of most cities? 为什么要花费数千美元,飞到迪士尼世界?大多数 城市里,在一天的车程之内,你只要花不到一半的 钱(便可让孩子玩得开心)。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

Why bother to write (2)______________________? We'll see him tomorrow. 还写信干什么? 我们明天就见到他了。 Why not/Why don't you (3)______________________ accept her idea? 为什么不采纳她的建议? Let's start (4)_______________by introducing ourselves! 让我们先自我介绍吧!

考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

(5)—It's a long time since I saw my sister. —________ her this weekend? A.Why not visit B.Why not to visit C.Why not visiting D.Why don't visit ? 考 [解析] A “Why not + 动词原形” 表示“为什么 ? 点 不??”,是向对方提出建议的一种方式。

? 探 ? 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

3

It is important to preserve forests because otherwise a lot of animals will have nowhere to live. 保护森林之所以重要,是因为如果不这样的话, 很多动物将无处生存。

句型公式 ? 考 (1)otherwise sb /sth will (not)… ? 点 (2)otherwise sb /sth would have done/would do sth

? 探 ? 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【句式点拨】 (1)otherwise用作副词或连词时,常常表示否定的条 件,或者说,表示与前述内容相反的条件。 这个否 定条件可以是现实的,也可以是与事实相反的(假想 的,虚拟的)。 在前一种情况下,含otherwise的分 句谓语动词用陈述语气,在后一种情况下,用虚拟 语气。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

如: Seize the chance, otherwise/or you will regret it. 抓住这个机会,否则你会后悔的。 They liked the apartment, otherwise/or they wouldn't have stayed so long. 他们喜欢这个公寓,要不然他们不会住这么久的。 (表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气)

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

(2)otherwise用作副词,有“在其他方面,不然,除此 之外”等意思。如: He is slow, but otherwise he is a good worker. 他动作比较慢,但除了这一点他是个好工人。 How could I prove otherwise? 我怎么能证明相反的情况呢?

考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?天津卷?阅读A] The speed limit for bicycles on campus is 15 mph, unless otherwise posted. 自行车在校园限速每小时15公里,另有规定的除外。 otherwise (2)You'd better go now, ____________ you'll miss the train. 你最好现在就走,要不然就赶不上火车了。 (3)They got two free tickets to Canada, otherwise they'd never have been ____________________________ able to afford to go. 他们得到了两张去加拿大的免费票,否则的话,他 们是绝对出不起旅费的。
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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

(4)I ran the way to school, otherwise I ________ late. A.was B.will be C.would have been D.had been [解析] C

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考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

4

The last few years have seen environmental disasters on a grand scale, and experts are predicting far worse to come. 过去的几年经历了大 规模的自然灾害,专家预测以后将会更糟。

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考 点 探 析

句型公式 时间名词+saw/will see/have(has)seen+宾语

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

【相关句型】 时间名词+witnessed/will witness/have (has) witnessed+宾语

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考 点 探 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)The last decade has seen great changes in China since President Hu Jintao came into power. 自从胡锦涛总书记执政后,过去的十年见证了中国 的巨大变化。 (2)The twentieth century _____________two world wars. saw/witnessed 20世纪见证了两次世界大战。 (3)The next three years will witness your growing into a man ______________________________. 接下来的3年会见证你长大成人。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

(4)—Recent years have ________ rapid change of my hometown. —Yes, I could hardly recognize it when I arrived yesterday. A.watched B.contributed C.witnessed D.made ? 考 [解析] C 考查时间作主语,谓语动词的选用。句意: ? 点 “最近几年见证了我家乡的巨大变化。”“是的,我昨天 ? 探 回来的时候都几乎认不出了。”

? 析

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

Ⅰ.单词拼写 ehalf 1.On b________ of my colleagues and myself I thank you. 2.As they had no children of their own, they decided to dopt a________ an orphan. beyond 3.It's ________ (超越)us to give them all the help they need. rough 4.The jeep bumped along the ________ (不平 的)mountain road. fragile 5.Life is ________ (脆弱的); we should protect it well.

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

Ⅱ.选词填空

that important test, and as a result, he got punished. answer for 2.The murder will have to ____________ his crimes one day. to take action 3.I felt that it was time for us ____________. break away from 4.You have to ___________________ smoking; otherwise you may die of lung cancer. ? 跟5.To make sure that he was at home, I called him up in advance ? 踪 __________________.

break away from, in advance, refer to, take action, 1. answer foolish of him to____________ his notes during It was for refer to

? 训 ? 练

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

Ⅲ.单项填空 1.____________ more and more forests damaged,some animals and plants are facing the danger of dying out. A. As B. For C. With D. By [解析] C 考查 “with + n./pron.+v.?ed”,在这 里表示原因。as和for常常引导的是一个表示原因的句 子,而介词by显然没有这种用法。句意是:由于越来 越多的森林遭到破坏,一些动植物正面临着灭绝的危 ? 跟 险。

? 踪 ? 训 ? 练

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

2.By all ________, you must try every ________ to help him. A.mean; mean B.means; means C.means; mean D.mean; means [解析] B means是一个单复数同形的名词。 by all means为习语, 意为“一定,尽一切办法”。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

3.Kind people are ________ of not only other people but also animals. A.anxious B.afraid C.delighted D.considerate [解析] D be considerate of 为固定搭配, 意思是 “体谅??”。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

4. Here is a letter ________ from a DEAR BABY piece in the Philadelphia Bulletin on Feb. 8, 2008. A. adopted B. edited C. adapted D. heard [解析] C 考查动词辨析。句意:这封信改写自2008年 2月8日费城公报中DEAR BABY 版块的一篇文章。 adapt from意思是“由??改编来的”。 A项干扰性最 大,这两个词拼写只差一个字母,非常容易记混, adopt“收养,采用,采纳”。 而edit意思是“编辑”, ? 跟 也不符合语境。

? 踪 ? 训 ? 练

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

5.At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River ________, one of the ten largest cities in China. A.lies Chongqing B.Chongqing lies C.does lie Chongqing D.does Chongqing lie [解析] A 考查倒装。表示方位的地点状语提前,句子 主语为名词,且动词为come,lie等,句子完全倒装, 所以选A项。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

6.The economic reform ________ great change in the lives of the common people. A. got through B. resulted from C. turned into D. brought about [解析] D 考查词组辨析。get through 通过;result from因??发生; turn into 变成;bring about带来变 化。 句意:经济改革给老百姓的生活带来巨大的 变化。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

7. [2012?浙江卷] “It's such a nice place.” Mother said as she sat at the table ________ for customers. A. to be reserved B. having reserved C. reserving D. reserved [解析] D 考查非谓语动词作定语。 句中, 逻辑主语 是the table, 与 reserve 构成被动关系,表示“桌子被 预订了”,所以用过去分词。A项虽然也表示“被动”, 但表将来,故排除。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

8.The last decade ________ tremendous changes in the means of transportation. A.has witnessed B.was witnessed C.witnessed D.is witnessed [解析] A 本题考查时态。the last decade意为“十年 来”,表示的时间包括现在,所以用现在完成时。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

9.________ the unusual circumstances, we agree to accept your requirements. A. Considering B. Considered C. To be considered D. Being considered [解析] A 本题考查considering的用法。 这里 considering 意为“考虑到”,其形式和后面的主语 无关。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

10.People may have different opinions about Karen, but I admire her.________, she is a great musician. A.After all B.As a result C.In other words D.As usual [解析] A 考查短语辨析。after all毕竟;as a result结 果;in other words换句话说;as usual和往常一样。根 据句意,可知选A。

请完成课时作业(二十二)

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阅读写作(二十二) [开放类写作]

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

◇ 写作点拨 ◇ 开放作文与传统意义上的写作形似而神不似,是一 种全新的写作形式。随着高考英语改革进程的不断深 入与发展,相信英语写作的命题形式也会日趋灵活与 开放。开放作文更能反映出考生的真实写作水平。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

开放作文属于非控制性写作,与传统意义上的写作 有所不同。开放作文的题目主要为简短的文字提示或 图画,这给考生留下了很大的自由发挥和想象的空间。 但也对考生提出了更高的要求,它不仅考查考生的语 言表达和组织能力,更考查考生的逻辑思维和想象能 力,同时还从多角度考查考生分析和解决问题的能力。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

开放作文侧重考查两种文体:记叙文和议论文。记 叙文体的开放作文往往给考生一段材料,要求考生根 据所给材料的内容,运用逻辑推理的方法,给故事添 加开头、发展过程及结尾;议论文体的开放作文逻辑 性强,要求考生在所给材料或图画的基础上提炼观点, 进行论证,并得出结论。写作时要遵循以下写作技巧:

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

第一部分:阐述图画中的内容与主题。仔细观察,认 真审题,通过审题确定文章的主题、时态和体裁。 第二部分:结合考生的生活或学习情况,阐明图画的 寓意及其对我们生活的启示。要紧扣图画信息的主题, 进行合理的阐述,并表达自己的感想。在这一部分, 只需用简单的语言讲出道理即可,没有必要过深地挖 掘图画信息,但要保证文章思想是健康的、积极向上 的。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

◇ 词句模板 ◇ 1.阐述图画内容与主题的句型有: (1)As is shown in the picture… (2)As we can see in the picture… (3)In the picture we can see that… (4)From the picture I can see… (5)What an interesting picture! (6)As can be seen in the picture…

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

2.阐明图画寓意的句型有: (1)The picture is trying to tell us that… (2)The picture reflects a common social problem/phenomenon… (3)The picture vividly shows… (4)The picture conveys a message that… (5)I think the picture wants to show us that… (6)From the picture, we can draw a conclusion that… (7)As the picture suggests… (8)This picture makes me think a lot about…

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

【活学活用】 请根据下面的图片,写一篇短文,内容包括: 1.描述漫画内容; 2.说出其中的寓意; 3.发表你的观点。 注意: 1.可适当增添内容,使文章层次分明,行文连贯; 2.词数120左右; 3.开头语已给出(不计入总词数)。

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

As can be seen in the picture, the young tree is supported by a stick while growing.________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

【参考范文】 As can be seen in the picture, the young tree is supported by a stick while growing. However once there is no support,the tree is broken off. In fact, it reflects a common phenomenon: many parents take care of their children too much.

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第22讲

Unit 22

Environmental Protection

In our daily life,some parents often take unnecessary action,which will lead to an undesirable result in the long run. Children need not only support and care but also challenges of difficulties and experiences of hardships. Too much care is not helpful to their growth and development. Putting yourself in their shoes, as children grow up, parents should give them more space to deal with their own things independently.

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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第23讲 Unit 23 Conflict

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

? ? ? ?

佳 作 晨 ? 读

[2012?江苏卷] 生活中冲突时有发生。 假设你班同学苏华和李江打篮球时发生争 执,导致关系紧张。 请你结合此事,并根 据以下提示,用英语写一篇短文,向学校 英文报“Happy Teens”专栏投稿。 ? 注意: ? 1.对所有要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不 要简单翻译。 ? 2.词数150 左右。 开头已经写好,不 返回目录 计入总词数。

第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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佳 作 简要描述事情 晨 的经过 读 分析发生冲突 的原因 1.遇事不够冷 静

打篮球、碰撞、争执,等等

2.??
谈谈避免冲突 (请考生根据自己的经历或感想, 的做法 提出至少两种做法)
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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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佳 —— 精 彩 美 文 —— 作 Conflicts with others are common in everyday life. 晨 读 During the basketball game yesterday afternoon, Su Hua
and Li Jiang bumped into each other, trying to catch the ball. Then they started shouting and yelling, and it turned into a horrible quarrel.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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佳 作 To be honest, it was Su's fault but Li was also to 晨 blame—they were not calm enough and both said some 读 really mean things. They cared too much about winning
and losing. As a matter of fact, blocking, pushing and bumping are just part of a tough game.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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佳 To avoid such conflicts, we should be kind to one 作 晨 another, which is essential to enjoying a harmonious life. It 读 is also a virtue to forgive and forget, especially in such a
competitive and stressful society. Instead of blaming each other, we should communicate more and put ourselves in

others' place. Don' t be selfcentered and try to be considerate. We must learn to handle conflicts calmly and wisely.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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佳 —— 名 师 点 睛 —— 作 1.行文逻辑:简述事情经过→分析原因→避免冲突 晨 读 的做法。较好地使用了连接词,如:and, To be honest, As
a matter of fact 等。 2.词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇和短语。如: bump into, turn into, be to blame, care about, essential, put ourselves in others' place, considerate, handle, calmly and wisely 等。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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佳 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如: 作 晨 非谓语动词trying to catch the ball;shouting and yelling; 读 To avoid such conflicts;It is also a virtue to forgive and
forget;Instead of blaming。定语从句which is essential to enjoying a harmonious life。祈使句Don' t be selfcentered and try to be considerate.等。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 基 1.________ n. 纪念碑→________ n. 记忆力 justice ? just 础 →________ 梳 immigration immigrate ? vt. 记忆,记住 理 immigrant ? 2.________ n. 正义,公正→________ adj. adolescent 公正的,正直的 adolescence depart departure ? 3.____________n. 移民,移民入境 →___________ v. 移民→__________n.(外 来)移民
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memorial

memory

memorize

第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict
appointment

appoint

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? 6.________ vt. 任命,委任;约定 possession possess 基 →__________________ n. 任命,约会 slavery slave 础 representative represent ? 7.____________ n. 私有物品 梳 theoretical →___________ vt. 拥有 theory 理 ? 8._________n. 奴隶制度→________ n. 奴 隶 ? 9.___________ n. 代表→____________ v. 代表 ? 10.___________ adj. 理论的→________ n. 返回目录 理论

第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

? ? ? 基? ? 础 ? ? 梳
? 理

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Ⅱ.短语检测 hand over 1.把??交给 ____________________ bid…goodbye 2.向??告别__________________ be exposed to in a flash 3.处于可能受伤害的境遇 stand _______________ up for have a gift for 4.瞬间,即刻 __________________ keep off 5.保护,维护 put forward look down on/upon ______________________________ come about 6.有??的天赋_______________ 7.减去________________________
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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

? Ⅲ.佳句再现 ? 1.部分倒装结构 Seldom ? 基? ________ has drumming caused such ? 础 conflict. ? 梳 known Had ? 由于练鼓引发的这样的纠纷很少见。 ? 理 ? 2.Had/Should/Were置于句首的虚拟条件 句 ? ________ they ________ their neighbour was a drummer, they wouldn‘t have moved into the building. 如果他们知道他们的邻居 是位鼓手,他们不会搬进这栋大楼来。 返回目录

第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

? ? ? ?

? 3.as+adj.+冠词+名词+as+比较对象 ? By the look of them, their trenches were in as bad a state as 基 ____________________ our own. 础? 从他们的样子看来,他们的战壕和我 梳 the more weight 们的一样糟糕。 the more 理 ? 4.the more…the more… 越??越?? ? In fact, __________ I use the bike, _________________ I seem to put on. did give ? 实际上,我自行车用得越多,我的体 重越增加。 ? 5.do/does/did+动词原形 “确实做 返回目录

第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 remark n.谈论,言论,评述 v.评论, 谈及 (1)make a remark on 就??发表意见 (2)remark on/upon 谈论;评论 (3)remarkable adj. 非凡的;显著的 be remarkable for 以??而著称

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?湖北卷?阅读A] As we flew home over Britain, both of us remarked how green everything looked. 在我们飞过英国回家时,我们两个人都说一切看起 来多绿啊。

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

remarked that article was well written (2)The editor__________________________________ last month. 上个月编者评论那篇文章写得很好。 (3)The similarity between them has been remarked on often____________________. 他们之间很相似, 这是常有人提到的事。 making humorous remarks (4)He had a habit of___________________________. 他说话很幽默。 made remarkable progress (5)She has______________________. 她取得了惊人的进步。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(6)As the famous expert ________, the secret ________ happiness is to think about positive things and stay optimistic. A.retells; on B.reminds; to C.remarks; of D.respects; in [解析] C 考查动词及介词辨析。remark “谈及,说 起,评论”; 介词of表所属关系, 无生命事物的所 有格通常用of表示。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

2

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考 点 探 析

distribute v. 分发、分配某事物;使(某物)散开; 散布 (1)distribute sth to 把某物分给?? distribute sth among 在??中分配某物 (2)distribution n. 分发; 分配 distributor n. 分发者; 分配者

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?福建卷?阅读A] Some people believe that a Robin Hood is at work, others that a wealthy person simply wants to distribute his or her fortune before dying. 一些人相信罗宾汉还在工作,另一些人认为,只是 有个富人想把他/她的财富在死去之前分发掉。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

distributed (2)The demonstrators ________________ leaflets to passersby. 示威者向行人分发传单。 the distribution of profits (3)At present, ____________________________ cannot satisfy most of the people. 目前利润的分配未能满足大多数人民。 (4)The teacher in the kindergarten distributing the small gifts is________________________________ to the children. 幼儿园的老师正在给小朋友们派发小礼物。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

3

consume vt.消耗 (1)be consumed with envy/hatred/greed 心中充满了忌妒/仇恨/贪欲 (2)consumption n. 消费, 消费量 consumer n. 消费者

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考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2011?安徽卷?任务型读写] Like it or not, our adult lives will be consumed by the struggle for money, but we don't make an effort to teach children how to manage it. 不管你喜欢还是不喜欢,我们的成人生活将被挣钱消 耗掉。但是我们却没有为教会孩子如何应付这样的事 情而付出努力。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

consumes a lot of fuel (2)The car ______________________. 这辆汽车很费汽油。 (3)Each year Americans consume a high percentage of the world's energy ___________________________________________. 每年美国人都消耗掉很大比例的世界能源。 (4)He has to cut down the consumption of meat on___________________________________. 他不得不少吃肉。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

4

possess v.占有; 拥有 (1)possess sb of sth 使某人拥有某物 possess oneself 自制;自控 (2)be possessed of 具有(某种品质) be possessed with/by sth 一心想着某事

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(3)possession n. 拥有;个人财产 in one's possession 为??所拥有 be in possession of 拥有?? be in the possession of sb 被某人拥有 take possession of 占领; 占有?? come into possession of 继承 (4)possessive adj. 不愿与人分享的;所有格的 possessor n. 拥有者

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

温馨提示 (1)possess意为“拥有,持有”,也可表示“使?? 有”, 而be possessed of则表示“有??”。如: He is possessed of great learning. 他具有很强的学习能力。 (2)possess语气要比have重一些,只用于表示拥有好的 东西。如: He possesses many good qualities. 不能说He possesses many faults.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)Charles was possessed of a sound intellect and a happy manner. Charles具有健全的智力和得体的举止。 possesses (2)He ____________ a beautiful house in the countryside. 他在农村拥有一套美丽的房子。 possessed of (3)He's never been __________________ much sense of humor.他没有幽默感。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

in the possession of (4)The company is __________________ the old man. 这家公司为那位老人所有。 (5)When his father died, he came into possession of ________________________ the big supermarket. 他父亲死后,他继承了那家大超市。 possessed with (6)Jake is now __________________ the dream of going abroad some day. 现在Jake一心想着有一天能去国外的梦想。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(7)According to the facts ________, he cannot be possibly guilty. A.in my possession B.in my profession C.in the procession D.in the provision [解析] A 考查词义辨析。 in sb's possession为某人 所有(占有);profession(专业要求较强的)职业; procession游行;provision给养,口粮。句意:根据 我掌握的事实,他不可能有罪。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

5

expose vt. 显露;暴露;使曝光;使面临 expose sth /sb /oneself to 显露,暴露 be exposed to 暴露于 auto expose 自动曝光

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考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

【巧学助记】

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考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?北京卷?完形] As I grew older and was exposed to more, my interests in the world of dance certainly varied but that little girl's dream of someday becoming a dancer in the company never left me. 我长大些之后,接触了更多的舞蹈。我对于舞蹈世 界的兴趣当然发生了改变,但是那个小女孩希望有 一天成为公司的一名舞蹈家的梦想从没有远离我。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

shouldn't expose the soldiers to (2)You _____________________________________ unnecessary risks. 你不应该让士兵们冒不必要的危险。 (3)The crime of the corrupt officials must be exposed without any reserve _____________________________________. 对于贪官污吏的罪行,一定要毫不保留地予以 揭发。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(4)The more one is ________ the English speaking environment, the better he or she will learn the language. A.exposed to B.filled in C.caught on D.kept up [解析] A 考查词组辨析。 be exposed to 被暴露 在??

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

6

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考 点 探 析

classify vt. 划分;分类,归类 (1)classify…as 划分,界定 classify…by/according to 根据??将??分类 (2)classified adj. 分类的;机密的 be classified as 分成/为??类 (3)classification n. 分类;分级

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【词语辨析】 organize, arrange, classify与sort 这些动词均含“使有条理,安排”之意。 (1)organize指按计划或需要把人或物安排、组织成一个 整体。如: We'll organize an oratorical contest. 我们将筹划一次演说比赛。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

(2)arrange指按计划、秩序、需要和可能等进行的安排。 如: It was arranged that they should leave the following spring.已安排他们于第二年春天离开。 (3)classify指按照事物类型或质量等进行分类。如: Eggs are classified according to size. 鸡蛋按大小分等级。 (4)sort通常指根据类型或种类分类或整理选择。如: Can't you sort the good from the bad? 你难道不会区分好坏吗?

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)Would you classify her novels as serious literature or as mere entertainment? 你把她的小说归入严肃文学类还是仅仅是消遣类? are classified by/according to (2)The books in the library ________________________ subject. 图书馆的书是按科目分类的。 Would you classify it as (3)______________________ a hard drug or a soft drug? 你会把它界定为致瘾毒品还是非致瘾毒品?

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(4)We________ certain livings as birds not because they have long legs or short legs, but because they all have feathers. A.think B.classify C.look D.divide [解析] B 考查动词词义辨析。 classify…as…“把??归类为??”。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

7

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考 点 探 析

intend vt. 想要, 打算;为特殊目的而设计 (1)intend to do 打算做?? intend that 打算?? intend…for… 打算供??使用; 打算送给??,打算使??成为 (2)be intended for 为??而(做、建);供??用 be intended to be 为??打算或设计的 It is intended that… 企图, 意图是?? (3)intention n. 意图,目的

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【词语辨析】 intend, mean与propose (1)intend 是正式用语, 指“心里已有做某事的目标或 计划”, 含有“行动坚决”之意。 如: I intended to write to you.我要给你写信。 (2)mean 可与 intend互换, 但强调“做事的意图”, 较口语化。 如: I mean to go to bed earlier tonight. 今晚我想早点睡觉。 (3)propose指“公开明确地提出自己的目的或计划”。 如: I proposed to speak for an hour.我想讲一个小时。
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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?辽宁卷?阅读A] The book Happy: And Other Bad Thoughts is intended for parents with young children. 《幸福和坏想法》一书是为有小孩的父母写的。 no intention (2)We have __________________ of buying a Japanese car. 我们无意购买日本汽车。 be intended (3)Under no circumstances should it ____________ for trading or investing purposes. 它绝不可以供贸易或投资目的使用。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(4)The idea of robot ________ by a Crech playwright. The word “robot” means “work” in the Crech language and that is what it________ to do. A.was invented; intended B.was invented; is intended C.is invented; intend D.is invented; is intended [解析] B 考查时态语态。由语境可知第一个空为 一般过去式,故排除C、D两项, be intended to “(它) 被使用的目的是??”。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

8

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考 点 探 析

expense n.支出,消费;费用;开支,经费(常用 复数) (1)at sb 's expense 由某人负担费用 at the expense of sb/sth 在牺牲??的情况下 at one's own expense 自费 at public expense 公费 spare no expense 不惜代价 (2)expend vt. 花费, 消耗 expensive adj. 贵的 expensively adv. 昂贵地;高价地

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?山东卷?阅读A] Unfortunately, the leaders invested the money unwisely and lost millions of dollars. In addition, they used millions more dollars for personal expenses.不幸的是,这些领导人对这些 钱的投资很不明智而失去了数百万美元。此外,他 们用了更多钱来进行个人花费。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(2)We were taken out for a meal at the company's expense _______________________. 公司出钱请我们外出就餐。 at the expense of (3)He built up the business ____________________ his own health. 他以自己的健康为代价逐步建立起这个企业。 (4)Every time we get into trouble, he'll come and spare no expense to help us out _______________________________ . 每次我们遇到困难,他都会全力以赴地来帮助我们。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(5)One thousand dollars a month is not a fortune but would help cover my living ________. A.bills B.expenses C.prices D.charges [解析] B 考查词义辨析。bill账单;expense费用, 代价;price价格;charge指控,控告,费用。 charge指费用时所指的是强制性的收费,而expense 指的是个人的花费。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 hand over 交出,移交 hand sb/sth over to sb 把某人/某物正式交给某人 hand in 交上去(给老师或上级) hand sth on (to sb) 把某事物交(或留)给(某人)使用 hand down 把??传下来 ? 考 hand out 散发,分发 ? 点 at hand 在近处;即将到来 ? 探 by hand 手工的

? 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

give/lend sb a hand 帮某人一把 hand in hand 手拉手;同时并存 in hand 在手头,可供使用 on hand 现有(尤指帮助) on the one (other)hand 一方面(另一方面) hands up 举手,举起手来

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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【活学活用】 (1)Agreement was reached, and the children were sent into the fields to catch frogs. Every week a truck arrived to collect the catch and hand over the money. 协议达成后,孩子们被派到田间去捉青蛙。每周卡 车会来收集这些青蛙并付款。

考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

at hand (2)The examinations are near ______________. 考试即将来临。 Hand in (3)____________ your examination papers now, please. 现在请把考卷交上来。 handed over to (4)The thief was ________________ the police station. 这个小偷已经送交派出所了。 in hand (5)Having enough data ____________, we can set to work. 手头有足够的资料,我们就可以开始工作了。 hand it on (6)Please read this notice and ______________. 本通知看后请传阅。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(7)John is the only son of the couple, so it is certain that he will ________ the big business when his father gets old. A.hand over B.take over C.go over D.turn over [解析] B 考查词组辨析。句意:约翰是家里唯一 的儿子,所以当他爸爸年纪大了, 他一定会接管他 爸爸的大生意。 hand over 把??交给; take over 接管; go over 查看,留下印象; turn over 翻转; 移交。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

2

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考 点 探 析

give in 屈服,让步;交上(试卷等) give in to sb 对某人让步 give out 分发;发出(气味、热等) give away 赠送,分发(奖品等);泄露 give off 发出(光等) give back (归)还; 使返回; 使恢复

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【词语辨析】 give in与 give up (1)give in意为 “屈服,上交”。作“屈服”讲时,只 作不及物动词短语,后不直接跟宾语,如果接宾语, 后常接介词to, 表示“向某人屈服或交给某人”。如: I would rather die than give in to the enemy. 我宁死也不向敌人屈服。 (2)give up 意为“放弃”,是及物动词短语,后跟名词、 代词或动名词,表示“放弃(做)某事”。如: We must never give up hope when in trouble. 处于困难中时,我们必须从不放弃希望。
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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)As neither management nor labour would give in, the union organized a strike. 由于劳资双方互不让步,工会组织了一次罢工。 (2)Don't mention that at the beginning of the story, or it give away may ____________ the shocking ending. 在故事的开头别提那件事,要不然可能会泄露了令 人震惊的结尾。 gave in her report (3)She ____________________. 她上交了她的报告。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(4)Her parents died when she was a baby and she was ________ by her aunt. A.given in B.given up C.brought up D.used up [解析] C 考查动词短语辨析。give in 让步;give up 放弃; bring up 抚养; use up 用光,用尽。 依题意可知答案。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

3

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考 点 探 析

blow out 吹灭 at a/one blow 一举;一下子 blow up 炸毁;给(某物)充气 blow off 吹掉 blow sb away 击毙某人 blow away 吹走 blow one's nose 擤鼻子 blow sb a kiss 飞吻

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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【活学活用】 (1)Miss Li, blow out the candles, but first make a wish, please. 李小姐,把蜡烛吹灭吧,不过先许个愿吧。 at a/one blow (2)I killed six flies ____________________. 我一下子打死了六只苍蝇。

考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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blow away (3)A strong wind may ______________ flower pots outside people's flats. 一阵大风可能会吹走放在人们的屋外的花盆。 blow up (4)Could you lend me a pump to ________________ my bicycle tires? 你能借我一个打气筒给自行车轮胎打气吗?

考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

4

in peace 平静地, 处于平静状态

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考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2011?广东卷?阅读B] We should live in peace with animals.我们应该与动物和平相处。 (2)The two communities live together in peace with one another ______________________________________. 这两个社区和平相处。 rest in peace (3)May he ________________. 愿他安息。 let me do my work in peace (4)Please ____________________________. 请让我安静地工作。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

5

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考 点 探 析

call in 打电话来;召来,请来 call back 回电话 call for 需要;要求 call off 取消(某活动) call on/upon sb 拜访某人 call at (a place) 拜访某地 call up 给??打电话,使??回忆 call on sb to do sth 号召??去做??

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)Police have been called in to help find missing Sandra Day, aged 7. 已经请了警察帮着寻找失踪的七岁小孩Sandra Day。 (2)The party ____________ us to serve the people. calls on 党号召我们为人民服务。 call in (3)Go to ____________ a doctor, please. 去请一位医生来。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

call at (4)We will ____________ the factory this week. 这周我们将参观这个工厂。 calls for (5)Success ____________ hard work. 成功需要艰苦的劳动 called off (6)The meeting was ____________. 这个会议被取消了。 up called (7)I ____________ you ____________ this afternoon. 今天下午我给你打了电话。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(8)As I grew up in a small town at the foot of a mountain, the visit to the village ________ scenes of my childhood. A.called up B.called for C.called on D.called in [解析] A 考查词组辨析。call up召唤,使想 起,应征入伍;call for 要求,需要,去接某人; call on 拜访,要求; call in 召集,召来,召回。 依题意可知答案。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 I did give it back to you when I got home from camping. 我野营回家后确实把它还给你了。

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考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

句型公式

强调谓语动词的句式:do/did/does+动词原形

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考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

【句式点拨】 “do/did/does+动词原形”这一结构用于表强调,加 强谓语动词的语气。人称和时态体现在助动词do的形 式上。

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考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)To be honest, I do think he is a consummate villain. 说实话,我确实认为他是个十足的恶棍。 does speak English well (2)He ______________________________. 他英语的确说得很好。 did tell you about it (3)I ________________________ yesterday. 我昨天确实向你讲述了这件事。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

2

At least by the time I get back I will have read that awfully boring book that my history teacher has made me read over the holidays. 至少等我回 来的时候我将已读过那本历史老师让我在假期阅读的 无聊至极的书。 句型公式 by the time+主语+do/does/is…,主语+will have done/will be…

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考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

【句式点拨】 (1)by the time 表示“到??时为止”,常与完成时连 用。当从句中的时态为一般过去时态时,主句谓语 动词用过去完成时态。 (2)如果主句的动词为be,其谓语部分通常用will be; 如果是实义动词, 通常用will have done sth。 如: By the time you graduate from the school, you will have learned over 3,000 English words. 到你毕业时,你将学到三千多个英语单词。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(3)by也可用作介词,表示“在??(时间)前”。这时, 时态可灵活选用。如果by后跟过去时间的名词,则 主句时态用过去完成时;如果是现在或将来时间的 名词,则主句用将来时或将来完成时。 【相关拓展】 by the time +主语+did/was,主语+had done

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

【活学活用】 (1)[2011?辽宁卷?单选] By the time Jack returned home from England, his son had graduated from college. 到杰克从英国返回家时,他的儿子已经从大学毕 业了。

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考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

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考 点 探 析

(2)By the time my parents came back home from their offices, I ____________ preparing the dinner. had finished 到爸爸妈妈从办公室下班回家的时候,我已经准备 好晚餐了。 By the time we get to their house (3)____________________________ (在我们到达他们 家之前), they will have finished supper.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

(4)[2012?北京卷] By the time you have finished this book, your meal ________ cold. A.gets B.has got C.will get D.is getting [解析] C 考查动词的时态。By the time you have finished this book指的是未来,所以主句用一般将来时。 ? 考 句意:到你看完这本书时,你的饭菜就凉了。

? 点 ? 探 ? 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

(5)By the time he realizes he ________ into a trap, it'll be too late for him to do anything about it. A.walks B.walked C.has walked D.had walked [解析] C

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考 点 探 析

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

Ⅰ.单词拼写 xpense 1.He finished the job at the e________ of his health. lassified 2.The books in the library are c________ by subject. ntended 3.I i________ to catch the early train, but I didn't get up in time. security 4.What I need now is the ________ (安全)of a happy home. allowance 5.The scholarship includes an ____________ (津贴)of 80 dollars for books.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

Ⅱ.选词填空

put forward, send for, come about, in peace, look 1. down on house in no time, or I'll ______________ the Leave the send for
police. 2.How did it ____________ that he knew where we had come about been? 3.At the last meeting several important plans were put forward ______________________.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

4.Men do have a good reason for avoiding the topic of loneliness, because they fear that others will usually look down on ________________ them. in peace 5.The Smiths were living ____________ with the neighbours.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

Ⅲ.单项填空 1.They ________ it as a junk food, along with greasy French fries, potato chips, and hamburgers. A.think B.classify C.look D.divide [解析] B 考查动词词义辨析。 classify…as…表示 “把??归类为??”。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

2.My father ________ my brother for driving but he wanted to pick ________ the knowledge of the computer during his spare time. A.advised; up B.persuaded; out C.intended; up D.managed; out [解析] C intend sb for sth 意为“打算让某人做某事”; pick up 在此意为“学会”, 这里指学会电脑知识。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

3.The chairman of the board has expressed his wishes that he will ________ his business to his son when he gets old. A.take over B.think over C.hand over D.go over [解析] C 考查动词短语辨析。句意:董事长已经表达 过了他的意愿:等他老了,他就把生意交给他儿子了。 take over“接管,接任”;think over“仔细考虑”; hand over“交给”;go over“浏览;复习”。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

4.I agree that you ________ him monitor. A.consider B.pick C.refer D.appoint [解析] D 句意:我同意你任命他为班长。consider认 为,当作(consider sb as sth);pick 选择、挑选(pick sth from sth);refer提交(refer sth to sb);appoint委派, 任命[appoint sb (as) sth]。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

5.There was a fire in the hotel.The ________ is now being looked ________. A.reason; through B.reason; into C.cause; through D.cause; into [解析] D 句意:那家旅馆发生了火灾。起火原因正在 调查之中。cause的意思是“起因”;look into的意思 是“调查”。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

6.In no country ________ Britain, as has been mentioned, ________ experience four seasons during the course of a single day. A.other than; one can B.apart from; one can C.other than; can one D.rather than; can one [解析] C 考查固定短语和倒装。other than除??之 外(不包括在内);apart from除??之外;rather than而 不是。In no country具有否定意义,用于句首时, 句 子用部分倒装句。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

7.Had they known what was coming next, they ________ second thoughts. A. may have B. could have C. must have had D. might have had [解析] D 考查虚拟语气。从前面Had they known… 知,此处是If条件句对过去状况的虚拟,所以主句用 should/would/could/might+have done 结构,故排除 A、B和C项,只有D项正确,选D项。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

8.Your mother, however, ________ say that to us that day. A.does B.did C.is doing D.was doing [解析] B 助动词did起强调作用。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

9.Yesterday he called ________ me ________ my office and told me the good news. A. at; at B. on; on C. at; on D. on; at [解析] D 考查动词和介词的搭配。call on sb at someplace到某地拜访某人。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

10.I haven't seen Sara since she was a little girl, and she has changed beyond________. A.hearing B.strength C.recognition D.measure [解析] C 考查名词辨析。hearing 听力;strength 力气,力量; recognition 认出,识别,认识; measure 测量,措施。 依题意可知答案。

请完成课时作业(二十三)

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阅读写作(二十三) [阅读理解技 法指导之推理判断]

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

◇ 重视推理判断 ◇ 推理判断题属于高层次阅读理解题。这种题型包 括判断题和推理题。这两类题常常相互依存,推理是 为了得出正确的判断,正确的判断又依赖于合乎逻辑 的推理。做好该题型要从整体上把握语篇内容,在语 篇的表面意义与隐含意义、已知信息与未知信息间架 起桥梁,透过字里行间去体会作者的“弦外之音”。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

推理判断题常常可以分为如下几类:1.细节推断。如时 间、地点、人物关系等;2.逻辑推断。根据已知的结果 推断导致结果产生的可能原因;3.目的、意图、态度推 断。根据文章的论述,推断作者的写作目的以及作者 的情感态度;4.预测想象推断。文章没有明确说明,要 求根据语篇对文章可能涉及的内容进行预测判断。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

一、推理判断主要的设题方式有: 1.It can be inferred from the passage (or the last paragraph) that… 2.It can be learned from the passage (or the last paragraph) that… 3.It can be concluded from the passage (or the last paragraph) that… 4.It implies that… 5.Where would you most probably find this passage? 6.What would the author most likely continue to talk about in the next paragraph(s)?
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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

二、推理判断主要的解题策略有: 1.根据不同文体,推断目的意图。不同的文章可能有不 同的写作目的, 通常作者的写作目的有以下三种: (1)to entertain readers(娱乐读者,让人发笑),常见于 故事类的文章。(2)to persuade readers(说服读者接受某 种观点)常见于广告类的文章。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

(3)to inform readers(告知读者某些信息)多见于科普 类﹑新闻报道类﹑文化类或社会类的文章。高考阅读 试题涉及各类文章,而以议论文为主,文章的主题句、 核心句往往会直接或间接地表明作者的态度立场;阅 读理解中也有说明文、描述文。前者因为其体裁的客 观性,所以作者的态度也往往采取中立。而后者因为 其文章观点往往不直接提出,而且作者写作时也常带 有某种倾向性,所以,阅读时要善于根据文章的文体 来推断作者的情感态度和目的。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

2.根据用词风格,推断情感态度。一篇好的文章,其用 词风格常常直接流露或蕴含作者的内心世界和情感态 度。所以阅读时要善于捕捉表达或暗示情感态度的句 子或短语,捕捉那些烘托气氛,渲染情感的词句,进 而很好地洞察作者的思想倾向,是支持、反对抑或中 立。对于选项而言,要分清选项中的褒义词、中性词 和贬义词,以此对照全文。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

如:(1)表示褒义的词语:positive赞成的,supporting 支持的,praising赞扬的,optimistic乐观的,admiring 羡慕的,enthusiastic热情的等;(2)表示中性的词语: uninterested无兴趣的,不感兴趣的; neutral中立的; impersonal不带个人感情的;subjective主观的; objective客观的等;(3)表示贬义的词语:disgusted感 到恶心的,厌恶的;critical批评的;negative 否定的, 反对的; suspicious 怀疑的; worried 担忧的等。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

3.根据写作思路,推断段落发展。不同的文体,写作思 路和写作手法也不尽相同。做题时,要善于体会作者 的写作思路,揣摩作者的谋篇布局,从宏观上洞察文 章的结构框架;同时,还要把握作者行文时所运用的 修辞手段,如对比、排比等。通过梳理写作思路,领 悟写作手法,即可对文章的发展作出比较科学合理的 推断和预测。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

4.根据事实细节,推断合理信息。推理题要求在理解原 文表面文字信息的基础上,作出一定判断和推论,从 而得到文章的隐含意义和深层意义。推理题所涉及的 内容可能是文中某一句话,也可能是某几句话,但做 题的指导思想都是以文字信息为依据,既不能作出在 原文中找不到文字根据的推理,也不能根据表面文字 信息作多步推理。也就是说,要做到判断有据, 推论 有理, 忠实原文。切忌用自己的观点代替作者的本意, 切忌片面思考,得出片面结论。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

[2012?四川卷] On a hill 600 feet above the surrounding land, we watch the lines of rain move across the scene, the moon rise over the hills, and the stars appear in the sky. The views invite a long look from a comfortable chair in front of the wooden house. Every window in our wooden house has a view, and the forest and lakes seldom look the same as the hour before. Each look reminds us where we are.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

There is space for our three boys to play outside, to shoot arrows, collect tree seeds, build earth houses and climb trees. Our kids have learned the names of the trees, and with the names have come familiarity and appreciation. As they tell all who show even a passing interest, maple (枫树) makes the best fighting sticks and white pines are the best climbing trees.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

The air is clean and fresh. The water from the well has a pleasant taste, and it is perhaps the healthiest water our kids will ever drink. Though they have one glass a day of juice and the rest is water, they never say anything against that.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

The seasons change just outside the door. We watch the maples turn every shade of yellow and red in the fall and note the poplars' (杨树) putting out the first green leaves of spring. The rainbow smelt fills the local stream as the ice gradually disappears, and the wood frogs start to sing in pools after being frozen for the winter. A family of birds rules our skies and flies over the lake.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

1.What can be learned from Paragraph 2? A. The scenes are colorful and changeable. B. There are many windows in the wooden house. C. The views remind us that we are in a wooden house. D. The lakes outside the windows are quite different in color.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

【点睛】 本文为记叙文,描述了作者与家人身居大自然 中的切身感受。文章主要展示了作者居住环境的优美 和在此美景中生活的惬意。 [解析] A 推理判断题。本段中提到,每面窗户都会有 一幅不同的风景,森林和湖泊与一小时之前所见到的 都不一样。据此可知,作者身居的环境是多彩和变化 的。故选A。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

2.By mentioning the names of the trees, the author aims to show that ________. A. the kids like playing in trees B. the kids are very familiar with trees C. the kids have learned much knowledge D. the kids find trees useful learning tools

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

[解析] C 推理判断题。根据第四段话中“Our kids have learned the names of the trees…As they tell all…white pines are the best climbing trees.”可知孩子 们已经了解了周围环境包括树在内的很多知识。故答 案选C。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

3.What does the underlined sentence in the last paragraph mean? A. The change of seasons is easily felt. B. The seasons make the scenes change. C. The weather often changes in the forest. D. The door is a good position to enjoy changing seasons.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

[解析] A 推理判断题。根据本段对于周围大自然的变 化的描述可知,作者身处此地,能够很容易地感觉到 季节的变换。故答案为A。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

4.What is the main purpose of the author writing the text? A. To describe the beauty of the scene around the house. B. To introduce her children's happy life in the forest. C. To show that living in the forest is healthful. D. To share the joy of living in the nature.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

[解析] D 推理判断题。此题推测文章的写作目的。通 读全文,不难了解,作者是与读者分享身居大自然中 的快乐生活。故答案为D。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

【活学活用】 A In the more and more competitive service industry, it is no longer enough to promise customer satisfaction. Today,customer “delight” is what companies are trying to achieve in order to keep and increase market share.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

It is accepted in the marketing industry,and confirmed by a number of researches,that customers receiving good service will promote business by telling up to 12 other people;those treated badly will tell their tales of woe to up to 20 people. Interestingly,80 percent of people who feel their complaints are handled fairly will stay loyal.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

New challenges for customer care have come when people can obtain goods and services through telephone call centers and the Internet. For example,many companies now have to invest (投资)a lot of money in information technology and staff training in order to cope with the “phone rage”—caused by delays in answering calls,being cut off in midconversation or left waiting for long periods.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

“Many people do not like talking to machines,”says Dr. Storey,Senior Lecturer in Marketing at City University Business School. “Banks, for example,encourage staff at call centers to use customer data to establish instant and good relationship with them. The aim is to make the customers feel they know you and that you can trust them—the sort of comfortable feelings people have during face- face tochats with their local branch manager.”

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

Recommended ways of creating customer delight include:underpromising and overdelivering (saying that a repair will be carried out within five hours,but getting it done within two);replacing a faulty product immediately;throwing in a gift voucher (购物礼券)as an unexpected “thank you” to regular customers;and always returning calls,even when they are complaints.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

Aiming for customer delight is all very well,but if services do not reach the high level promised, disappointment or worse will be the result. This can be eased by offering an apology and an explanation of why the service did not meet usual standards with empathy (for example,“I know how you must feel”),and possible solutions (replacement,compensation or whatever fairness suggests best meets the case).

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

Airlines face some of the toughest challenges over customer care. Fierce competition has convinced them that delighting passengers is an important marketing tool,while there is great potential for customer anger over delays caused by weather, unclaimed luggage and technical problems.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

For British Airways staff,a winning telephone style is considered vital in handling the large volume of calls about bookings and flight times. They are trained to answer quickly,with their name,job title and a “we are here to help” attitude. The company has invested heavily in information technology to make sure that information is available instantly on screen.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

British Airways also says its customer care policies are applied within the company and staff are taught to regard each other as customers requiring the highest standards of service. Customer care is obviously here to stay and it would be a foolish company that used slogans such as “we do as we please”.On the other hand,the more customers are promised,the greater the risk of disappointment.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

1.The writer mentions “phone rage” (Paragraph 3)to show that ________. A.customers often use phones to express their anger B.people still prefer to buy goods online C.customer care becomes more demanding D.customers rely on their phones to obtain services

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

【点睛】 随着竞争的越来越激烈,对于消费者的争夺很 多时候将会决定着一个企业的兴衰荣辱,那么如何搞 好与消费者的关系呢?面对口味各异的顾客,作为企 业又应该如何对待呢?文章围绕这一话题一步步展开。 [解析] C 逻辑推理题。文章第三段提到随着人们从电 话或网络中买到商品、得到服务,很多公司在信息技 术和员工培训上投入大量资金,来应对消费者的投诉, 由此可知,现在对商家而言如何处理消费者日益增多 的投诉是非常必要和紧急的。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

2.If a manager should show his empathy (Paragraph 6), what would he probably say? A.“I know how upset you must be.” B.“I appreciate your understanding.” C.“I’m sorry for the delay.” D.“I know it’s our fault.”

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

[解析] A 推理判断题。从文章第六段This can be eased by offering an apology…with empathy (for example, “I know how you must feel”)…可知。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

3.Customer delight is important for airlines because ________. A.their telephone style remains unchanged B.they are more likely to meet with complaints C.the services cost them a lot of money D.the policies can be applied to their staff

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

[解析] B 推理判断题。从文章第七段Airlines face some of the toughest…while there is great potential for customers…可知,航空业由于各种原因面临的消费者 投诉更多,所以对航空业而言,让消费者满意对于本 行业来说有着无可替代的重要性,由此可知选B。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

4.Which of the following is conveyed in this article? A.Face- face service creates comfortable feelings toamong customers. B.Companies that promise more will naturally attract more customers. C.A company should promise less but do more in a competitive market. D.Customer delight is more important for airlines than for banks.

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Unit 23

Conflict

[解析] C 推理判断题。从文章最后一段…and it would be a foolish company that used slogans such as… 可推断出,聪明的企业往往不会喊空口号,而是注重 实际行动。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

B George Prochnik would like the world to put a sock in it. He makes his case in a new book,Listening for Meaning in a World of Noise. Here he explains himself (using his indoor voice): “We've become so accustomed to noise, there's almost a deep prejudice against the idea that silence might be beneficial. If you tell someone to be quiet, you sound like an old man. But it’s never been more important to find continuing quiet. Silence focuses us, improves our health,and is a key to lasting peace and satisfaction.”
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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

“We need to excite people about the sounds you start to hear if you merely quiet things down a little. During a Japanese tea ceremony, the smallest sounds become a kind of art—the spoons making a light ringing sound on a bowl; the edges of a kimono (和服) brushing against the floor.”

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

“Deaf people are very attentive(专注的) in almost every aspect of life. If two deaf people are walking together,using sign language, they constantly watch out for each other and protect each other by paying steady attention to the other.They are connected yet also fully aware of their surroundings. Even deaf teenagers! We in the hearing world can learn from them.If we remove the powerful blasts(一阵阵)of noise, we will become aware of an extraordinarily rich world around us—of little soft sounds and the sound of footsteps,of bird songs and ice cracking(开裂声).It’s astonishing how beautiful things sound when you can really listen.”
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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

5.What does Prochnik say about us? A.We are used to quietness. B.We have to put up with noise. C.We do not think silence to be beneficial. D.We do not believe lasting peace to be available.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

【点睛】本文主要论述没有噪音的美好世界。George Prochnik认为,没有噪音,我们会专注生活中各种美 好的声音,如鸟儿的鸣唱、脚步的声音等。并以日本 茶道和聋人的交流为例进行说明。 [解析] C 推理判断题。根据第二段的第一、二两句可 知我们对安静对我们有利这种观点持否定态度,故答 案选C。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

6.Which of the following is true according to Prochnik? A.We need more sounds in our lives. B.There is nothing to be learned from the deaf. C.We are not aware how rich the world around us is. D.There is too much noise at a Japanese tea ceremony.

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

[解析] C 推理判断题。根据最后一段,George Prochnik认为如果没有噪音,我们就能够意识到我们 这个世界非凡、丰富的声音,言外之意现在我们并没 有意识到。

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

7.It can be inferred from the text that ________. A.we can benefit a lot from old people B.it is a good idea to use sign language C.there is no escape from the world of sound D.it is possible to find how beautiful things sound

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第23讲

Unit 23

Conflict

[解析] D 推理判断题。我们之所以没有注意到非凡、 丰富、美妙的声音,就是因为噪音的存在,那么只要 我们去除噪音,就有可能欣赏到各种美妙的声音。

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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第24讲 Unit 24 Society

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

佳 作 晨 ? 读

?

?
? ?

当 前 , “ 酒 后 驾 车 ” (drinking and driving)依然是人们热议的话题。请你根 据以下提示就“酒后驾车”谈谈个人看法: 1.“酒后驾车”的危害。如:引发交 通事故,造成 交通阻塞,构成生命危险,造成财 产损失等。 2.你的建议。 注意:词数100左右。
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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

佳 —— 精 彩 美 文 —— 作 Nowadays, drinking and driving is still a heated topic 晨 读 among people in China. Here, I'd like to air my views about
it.

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

佳 作 As is known to us all, drinking and driving is a sort of 晨 terrible behavior that will threaten the safety of people, 读 including the driver himself. Many of the traffic accidents
caused by drinking and driving have brought about traffic jams, injuries and even death. Besides, a great deal of money has to be spent treating the injured and repairing the broken cars, which means a waste of money.

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

佳 作 I strongly suggest effective measures be taken before 晨 things get worse. Laws and regulations should be 读 strengthened to punish those performing drinking and
driving. Meanwhile, the public, especially drivers, should be more aware of public safety. I hope by doing so, drinking and driving can be things of past.

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

佳 —— 名 师 点 睛 —— 作 1.行文逻辑:引出话题→论述危害→给出建议。较 晨 读 好地使用了连接词,如: Besides, Meanwhile 等。
2.词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇和短语。如:a sort of, bring about, a great deal of, be more aware of, perform 等。

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

佳 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如: 作 晨 As is known to us all…;…that will threaten the safety of 读 people; …which means a waste of money(定语从句)。I
strongly suggest effective measures be taken before things get worse.(宾语从句,虚拟语气,被动语态)等。 此外,虚拟语气和被动语态的使用也是本文的一大 亮点。

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 current currency 基 1.________ adj. 自愿的→________ n. 志愿 govern government ? 础 者 governor 梳 resignatio resign n ? 理 2.________ n. 货币→________ adj. 通用的, elect election 现在的 ? 3.________ vt. 统治,治理 →_____________ n. 政府→________ n. 统治 者,管辖者 ? 4.________ vt. & vi. 辞职→__________ n. 辞 返回目录 职

voluntary

volunteer

第24讲

Unit 24

Society
grocery

grocer thirst

? ? ? ?

? 6.________ n. 食品杂货商→________ n. 杂 contain container 基 货店 abolish abolition 础 consequently ? 7.________ n. 口渴→________ adj. 渴的 梳 consequent ? 理 8.________ n. 容器→________ vt. 包含,包 consequence 括 ? 9.________ vt. 废除→________ n. 废除, 废止 ? 10.___________ adv. 因此,所以 ? →_____________ adj. 作为结果的, 随
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thirsty

第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

? ? 基? 础 ? 梳 理? ?

Ⅱ.短语检测 come into being 1.形成,产生____________________ turning point 2.转折点 __________________ wind sb up show off 3.故意惹恼某人_______________ knock into sb 4.炫耀 __________________ on principle 5.撞上某人 sentence sb to death ______________________________ well off apart from ? 6.原则上 _______________ take sb/sth seriously ? 7.判某人死刑 ________________________
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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? Ⅲ.佳句再现 ? 1.It is high time that…(从句用虚拟语气) it's high time took ? 基? As a society, ____________________ ? 础 that we ________ these issues more seriously. ? 梳 作为整个社会来讲,我们早就应该更 ? 理? 严肃地考虑这些问题。

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? 2.on the one hand…on the other hand… ? 一方面??另一方面?? on the one hand ? 基? In this spending circle, ? 础 ____________________, we accumulate On the other hand ? 梳 possessions but never feel like we have ? 理 enough. ____________________, we work towards the ownership of bigger and better houses and cars and never have time to enjoy them. 在这个消费圈中,一方面,我们积 累财富但从未感到富足。另一方面,我们 为了拥有更大更好的房子和轿车而工作,
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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

? 3.同位语从句 ? What is even more unbelievable is the fact that 基 ____________________ some murderers are 础 let out of prison after three or four years. 梳 ? 更加令人难以置信的是,有些谋杀犯 理 三、四年之后就被放出了监狱。 What if ? 4.What if… 要是??怎么办? ? ____________ some married people have affairs? ? 要是已婚者有婚外情怎么办呢?
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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

? 5.not only…but also…不仅??而且?? not only ? The hutongs ____________ link Beijing's but also 基 streets and communities after all, 础 ____________ its past and present, showing 梳 that Beijing is truly an ancient yet modern city. 理 ? 毕竟胡同不仅连接了北京的街道和社 区,还连接了北京的过去和现在,表明北 京确实是一个既古老又现代的城市。

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

1

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

◇ 单词点睛 ◇ undertake vt. 承担;从事;答应,保证 undertake sth /to do sth /that… 答应,允诺某事/做某事/?? undertake responsibility 承担责任 undertake to pay off one's debts 负责还清某人债务

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【词语辨析】 assume, bear, shoulder与undertake (1)assume为正式用词,意为“承担??职责”,其宾 语往往是表示身份或职位的名词。如: He assumed the role of the leader in the emergency. 他在紧急情况下担起了领导的职责。 (2)bear为常用词,意为“承担??负担”,宾语可以 是具体的重物, 也可以为抽象的重负。如: He could not bear that his friends should laugh at him. 他受不了朋友们竟也嘲笑他。

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

(3)shoulder为常用词,意为“肩负”,其宾语一般为 表示抽象的负担或责任的名词。如: The manager was ready to shoulder the blame. 经理愿意承担过失。 (4)undertake为正式用词,表示正式接受某项任务、承 担某种责任,其宾语为相应的名词。如: I can't undertake that you will make a profit. 我不能保证你会获利。

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?福建卷?阅读E] Most schools undertake programs of group or individual educational support. 大部分学校承担团体或个人教育支持项目。 undertook an important project (2)They ____________________________ last year. 他们去年承担了一个重要项目。 undertook to pay back (3)She __________________________ the money within three months. 她答应在三个月内偿还那笔钱。 (4)The manager ________________ that no one would undertook lose the job. 经理承诺没有人会失去工作。
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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

2

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

sentence n.句子;判决,宣判 vt. 判决;宣判 (1)pass/give sentence upon/on sb [律] 对某人判刑 serve one's sentence 服刑 under sentence of death 被判处死刑 topic sentence 主题句 (2)sentence sb to sth 判决,宣判 sentence sb to death 宣判某人死刑

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2011?福建卷?阅读E] Any driver found drinking beyond the limit will be charged. The driver declared guilty may be fined a maximum of HK $25,000 and be sentenced to up to 3 years in prison and punished for 10 drivingoffence points; or temporarily banned from driving. 饮酒超限的任何司机都将被控告。被宣布有罪的司 机可能会被处以最高25,000港元的罚款和处以最高 三年的徒刑,并扣10分或暂时禁驾。

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

sentence (2)He was given a fouryear ______________. 他被判了4年徒刑。 sentenced to a fine (3)He had been ____________________ of $1,000. 他被判处罚款1000美元。 sentenced to (4)The man was ____________________ three years in prison. 那人被判处三年徒刑。

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

(5)Some people believed that the judge ________ the criminal________. A.had sentence; to die B.would sentenced; to dying C.had sentenced; to dead D.would sentence; to death [解析] D 考查sentence的用法。sentence sb to death为固定用法,意思是“宣判某人死刑”。

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

3

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

burden n.重负,负重 v. 加负担于某人 (1)burden sb /oneself with sth 加??负担于某人/自己 (2)lighten/relieve a burden 减负 carry a burden 负载重物 share a burden 分担责任 shoulder a burden 肩负重担

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第24讲

Unit 24

Society

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考 点 探 析

【词语辨析】 burden,press与weight (1)burden 多指过重的思想负担。如: The people were burdened with heavy taxes. 人民为重税所累。 (2)press 压;挤;催促。如: He pressed his way through the crowd. 他挤过人群。 (3)weight 给……加重量。如: The ship was weighted too heavily.这艘船负重过大。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江苏卷?完形] From this point of view, technology has changed the culture of work. Being reachable might feel like a burden to those who may not want to be able to be contacted at all times. 从这一点来讲,科技已经改变了工作文化。对于那些 可能不想被时刻联系上的人来说,被联系上会感到是 一个负担。

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with (2)I don't want to ________ you ________ my burden problems. 我不想让我的问题给你增加负担。 the family burden (3)You should carry________________________. 你应该承担家庭重担。

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(4)Since we are parents, we ________ looking after all the family members. A.are burdened B.bear the burden of C.burden ourselves D.put a burden on [解析] B 句意:既然我们身为父母,就得承担起照 顾家人的责任。A、C两项应该改为are burdened with 和 burden ourselves with 才正确。而D项put a burden on sb意为“使某人承担责任”。

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4

elect vt. 选举 elect sb to sth 选举 elect sb as sth 推选某人做??

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【词语辨析】 select,choose与elect (1)select 着重于经过慎重考虑,从很多对象中挑选出 最合适或最满意的。如: He selected one of his favorite books and read to his children. 他选了一本心爱的书念给他的孩子们听。

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(2)choose是凭着个人的判断能力或意愿进行选择,不特别 强调精挑细选。choose sth 选择某物;choose from 从??中挑选。如: He has chosen the biggest. 他挑了一个最大的。 (3)elect多指对人的正式选举。如: To our joy, he was elected as mayor. ? 考 使我们惊喜的是,他被选为市长。

? 点 ? 探 ? 析

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【活学活用】 (1)Who are you going to elect as the next minister of our class, Tom or Jack? 你准备选谁做咱们班下一任班长,汤姆还是杰克?

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(2)There are five pairs of shoes for you to ________ choose from. 有五双鞋可供你选择。 (3)We ________ him as chairman of the meeting last elected week. 我们上周选举他作为会议的主席。 (4)She ________ her favorite gift and presented it to her selected friend. 她挑选了她最喜欢的礼物给了她朋友。

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5

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resign v.辞职 (1)resign one's position (as secretary) 辞去(秘书)职务 resign office 辞职 resign oneself to 听任(某种影响) resign oneself to one's fate 听天由命 resign…to… 把??托付给?? (2)resignation n. 辞职;顺从

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【活学活用】 (1)The manager was forced to resign his post after allegations of corruption. 在涉嫌贪污后,经理被迫辞职。 (2)In order to look after her sick mother, Mary decided to resign her position as manager _____________________________________in the company. 为了照顾生病的母亲, 玛丽决定辞去公司经理的 职务。

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resign my children to (3)I ____________________________ your care. 我把孩子们委托你来照顾。 shall we resign ourselves to our fate (4)In no situation_______________________________. 在任何情况下,我们都不能听天由命。

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(5)The Prime Minister refused to comment on the rumor that he planned to ________. A.discharge B.dismiss C.resign D.resume [解析] C 句意:首相拒绝就他计划辞职的谣言做出 任何评论。

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6

vacant adj.空虚的, 空的

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【巧学助记】

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【词语辨析】 empty, vacant与hollow (1)empty 意思是“里面没有东西,一无所有”,具有 “空无一物”的隐含意义,它可以用来描绘box, vessel,cupboard,bag,purse,room,house, street,stomach,head 等词。如: This box is empty. 这只箱子空空如也。

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(2)vacant 意思是“闲着的、无人占据的”,着重指临时性 的情况,如:vacant seat,vacant apartment,vacant position等。如: We have no vacant position here. 我们这里没有空职。 (3)hollow 意思是“空心的,中空的,空洞的,下陷的”, ? 考 它常与tree,ball,cheeks,voice,sound,words, ? 点 promise等词连用。如: ? 探 This is a hollow tree.这是一棵中空的树。

? 析

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【活学活用】 (1)It is reported that in some cities there are more vacant buildings than there are homeless people. 据报道有的城市里空置的楼房都比无家可归的人多。 empty (2)We found the room ________________. 我们发现房间空空的。 (3)A ______________ seat was found in this vacant compartment. 在这个车厢里找到了一个空的座位。 hollow (4)I don't like to hear his ______________ words. 我不喜欢听他那些空洞的话。
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(5)If you want to look for a flat to rent to accompany your son to study here, I think there's a ________ one in our neighborhood. A. thin B. vacant C. hollow D. bare [解析] B

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◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 come into being 出现;存在,产生,形成;成立 come into effect 生效;实施 come into operation 施行,实行;生效 come into view/sight 看见 come into existence 存在 ? 考 come into use 开始使用 ? 点 come into fashion 开始流行 ? 探 come into power 掌权

? 析

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温馨提示 come into being为不及物动词短语,没有被 动语态形式; come into与come to不同,后者表示“达 到或逐渐??”,如come to realize意为“逐渐意识 到”。

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【活学活用】 (1)No one knows when such a custom first came into being. 没人知道这样的一种风俗什么时候开始出现的。 came into effect (2)The new tax regulations ________________ last month. 新税法是上个月生效的。

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came into being (3)We don't know when this world______________. 我们不知道世界是在何时形成的。 came into power (4)As soon as their party ________________,they changed the law. 他们的政党一上台,他们就修改了法律。 (5)When we reached the top of the mountain,a wide came into view/sight plain below ___________________. 我们一登上山顶,就望到了下面辽阔的平原。

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(6)Do you know when the system________ ? A.was come into being B.came into being C.abolished D.abandoned [解析] B 句意:你知道这个制度什么时候形成的 吗? come into being “形成;产生”, 不能用于被动 语态。 C、D两项与the system之间是被动关系。

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2

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show off 炫耀;卖弄 (1)show sb around/round 带某人参观 show up 出现;使清晰,使显露 show the way 带路;引路 show one's face 露面 (2)talk show 脱口秀 fashion show 时装秀

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?陕西卷?阅读B] Mike was trying to show off his talent by decorating the kitchen wall with his colour pencils.麦克用他的彩笔装饰厨房的墙壁以卖弄一下 他的才干。 showing off (2)The child danced around the room, ______________ to everybody. 那个孩子满屋子跳舞, 向大家炫耀一番。

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showed up (3)It was ten o'clock when he finally ____________. 十点钟时,他终于到了。 show off her new necklace (4)She wanted to __________________________ at the party. 她想在聚会上炫耀自己的新项链。

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3

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settle down 定居;平静,使安静 settle for sth 勉强接受 settle on sth 选定;决定 take down 拆毁;记下,记录 write down 写下,记下 put down 放下;记下;镇压 go down 下跌;下去 set down 让某人下车;记下

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?重庆卷?阅读C] As you settle down with just a fishing pole and a basket on the bank of River Orchy, near the Inverlochy Castle, any frustration(烦恼) will float away as gently as the circling water. 当你带着一根钓竿和一个篮子在Inverlochy城堡附近 的Orchy 河畔安顿下来,任何的烦恼都将会像循环 流动的水一样轻轻地流走。

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(2)He had often dreamed of retiring in England and settle down had planned to ____________ in the country. 他常想在英国过退休生活,并打算在这个国家定居 下来。 put/take/write down (3)Let me __________________ your telephone number lest I forget it. 让我先记下你的电话号码,以免忘了。

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4

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take it easy 不着急;轻松,从容 take one's chance 碰运气 take one's time 不匆忙;别着急;慢慢来 take sb wrong 误解(曲解)某人的意思 take sth seriously 认真对待某事 take apart 拆开 take sb on 雇用; 同某人较量 take up 占据; 从事; 接下去

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【词语辨析】 take it easy 与 take one's time (1)take it easy 相当于take things easy,意为“放心好 了,别着急”。 如: Hey, your serve is too fast. Take it easy, okay? 嘿,你的发球太快了,轻松一些好不好? (2)take one's time 相当于don’t hurry,意为“别着急”, 是从时间上来说的。 如: Would you take your time? I'll have to tidy up myself. 请稍候。我要梳理一下。 温馨提示 在该短语中,easy不能换成easily。
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【活学活用】 (1)I had been working so hard for several weeks that I decided to take it easy and relax over the weekend. 我已经好几个星期工作得如此辛苦了,所以我决定 慢慢来,在周末放松放松。

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Take it(things)easy for a few days (2)____________________________ and you will be able to go to work again. 放松几天,你就能重回工作岗位了。 Take your time (3)________________, and there's a lot of time left. 慢慢来,还有很多时间。 Take it easy (4)______________, and you will make it. 别着急,你会成功的。

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(5)[2011?天津卷] —Just a moment. I haven't finished packing my suitcase. — ________.It's high time we left for the airport. A.Go ahead B.Take it easy C.Hurry up D.That's fine [解析] C 考查交际用语。答语意思是:我们去机 场的时间到了。由此可以看出,答话人是在催促对 方快点。故选C,意为“赶快,抓紧”。Go ahead. 去做吧,用吧;Take it easy.别紧张;That's fine.那 太好了;均不符合语境。

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(6)—I've got a cough and my chest hurts. — ________. Let me examine you. A.Take it easy B.No, thanks C.Yes, please D.Go ahead [解析] A 考查医生与病人之间的会话。诊断前医 生通常会安慰一下病人,使病人不至于过分紧张。 所以用 Take it easy “别紧张”来对病人表示安慰。

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5

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break into 强行进入;闯入 break up 破裂;驱散;垮掉 break off 中止;中断;打断;折断 break away 逃走,逃离;断绝(联系);脱离 break down (机器、车辆)坏了;消除 break out (战争、打斗等不愉快事件)突然发生, 爆发 break in 闯入,打断,插嘴 温馨提示 break out无被动语态。

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)We had to break into the house as we had lost the key. 因为我们弄丢了钥匙,所以不得不破门而入。 (2)On his way to the tourist attraction, his car broke down __________________. 在他去旅游景点的路上,他的车坏了。 (3)When he was chatting with his best friend, his little broke in sister ____________________. 他在和他最好的朋友聊天的时候,他妹妹插嘴了。 break away from (4)You must __________________ such bad habits. 你必须改掉这些坏习惯。
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Society

6

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knock into 撞上,碰上,偶然遇到 knock down 撞倒;击倒;拆除;降低 knock out 使??筋疲力尽;完成;击倒 knock out of 敲打出来 knock over 撞倒;打翻 knock off 减价;停止

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【巧学助记】

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【活学活用】 (1)He didn't expect to knock into some of his friends here. 他没有想到在这儿遇见一些朋友。 knocked into (2)The boy was so careless that he ______________ a tree. 这个男孩如此粗心以至撞到了一棵树上。

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knocked (3)Jack ________ his opponent ________ in the second out round of the contest. 杰克在比赛的第二回合就把对方击倒了。 knocked over (4)He ________ a glass ________. 他把玻璃杯打翻了。 (5)They ____________ five dollars from the price. knocked off 他们把价格降低了五美元。

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(6)One of the powerful actions the government has taken is to ________ the illegal buildings to restore the beauty of the city. A.knock off B.knock into C.knock down D.knock out [解析] C 考查短语辨析。knock down “击倒;撞 倒;拆毁”。句意:政府采取的有力措施之一是拆除 违法建筑物,重新恢复城市的美丽。 knock off “击掉;撞掉;(使)停止;完成;结束”; knock into “撞上;偶遇”; knock out “(用锤) 敲打掉;使昏 迷;淘汰;使精疲力竭”。
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考 点 探 析

(7)Lost in thought, he almost ________ a man who carried a heavy box. A.knocked down B.knocked out C.knocked back D.knocked into [解析] D 考查动词短语辨析。knock down 击倒; knock out 打晕; knock back 使大吃一惊;knock into撞上。句意:由于走神,他差一点撞上一个扛 着重箱的人。

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◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 What if some married people have affairs? 要是已 婚者有婚外情怎么办呢?

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句型公式

What if…? 假如??又怎么样呢?倘使??将会怎么样?

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【句式点拨】 What if…?通常用来征询意见或用于提出建议,其 中if从句用一般现在时表示将来。如: What if he doesn't come?=What should we do if he doesn't come?如果他不来我们怎么办呢?

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考 点 探 析

【相关拓展】 (1)What about…???怎么样呢?(表示建议或征求 对方意见) (2)What for?为什么?有何用?(=Why?为何? 为什么?) (3)Why don't we…?我们为什么不??呢? (建议) (4)Why not…?为什么不??呢? (建议) (5)Let's…?Shall we…? 咱们??好吗? (建议) (6)So what? (表示不感兴趣或认为不重要) 那又怎么样?(口语)

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【活学活用】 (1)But what if I can't understand the local people when I get to America? 但是我到美国的时候要是听不懂当地人的话怎么办 呢?

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What about/How about (2)_____________________ going to the movies? 去看电影怎么样? What if (3)____________ he was faithless to his friends and to his family members? 要是他对家人和朋友不忠怎么办? (4)—Your room looks a real mess, Tracy. So what —______________? ——你的房间真是乱成一团了,Tracy。 ——那又怎么样?

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(5)[2012?重庆卷] —Look, here comes your dream girl. Invite her to dance. —________ What if she refuses me? A.I don't know. B.Why me? C.With pleasure. D.So what? [解析] A 考查交际用语。尽管是梦中女孩,但还是怕 ? 考 被拒绝,因此用I don't know(我不知道是否去请她跳 ? 点 舞)。

? 探 ? 析

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(6)—He would go to see you. —________ he did not come? A.What if B.Where if C.What come D.Why whether [解析] A 句意:“他会去看你的。”“如果他不来该 怎么办?”根据句意,what if表示“如果??该怎么 ? 考 办?”没有what come结构,只有how come表“为什 ? 点 么”,其他结构的意思与句子意思不符。

? 探 ? 析

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2

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The hutongs not only link Beijing‘s streets and communities after all, but also its past and present, showing that Beijing is truly an ancient yet modern city. 毕竟胡同不仅连接了北京的街道和 社区,还连接了北京的过去和现在,表明北京确实是 一个既古老又现代的城市。 句型公式 not only…but also…不仅??而且??

考 点 探 析

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考 点 探 析

【句式点拨】 (1)not just/only…but (also)… 连接同等的句子成分, 如果连接两个名词或代词作主语,谓语动词要与后 面的名词或代词保持一致。 其中also可省略,也可 放在主语之后,强调also后面的部分,与 as well as 同义。 如: Not only the teacher but also the students (或 but the students also) were invited. 不但老师受到了邀请, 而且学生们也受到了邀请。

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(2)not only…but (also) 连接两个句子且 not only 位于 句首时,not only部分的句子采用部分倒装结构。 如: Not only did he come, but also he went to see her. 他不但来了,而且还去看了她。

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?北京卷?阅读D] This is a topic that calls for not only free expression of feelings, but also the guidance of reason.这个话题不仅需要感情的自由表 达,还需要理性的指导。 were (2)Not only Mr Smith but also his children __________ invited to the new year's party. 不仅史密斯先生而且 他的孩子们都被邀请参加新年派对了。

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考 点 探 析

is the teacher himself (3)Not only ____________________ interested in (also)all his students are football but ____________________ beginning to show an interest in it. 不仅那位老师自己对足球感兴趣,而且他所有的学生 也开始对足球表现出了兴趣。 but (also) not only (4)Physicists study ________ light ________ sound. as well as =Physicists study sound ____________ light. 物理学家不仅研究光,还研究声音。

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Ⅰ.单词拼写 erchant 1.The m________ decided to use camels to carry his goods across the desert. entence 2.The s________ of six months in prison was most unjust. 3.The girl has been waiting in the rain for 2 hours, only to signature get a ________ (签名)of a pop star she likes. undertook 4.The newlyelected president ________ (着手 做)everything that he got. burden 5.People on high incomes face a huge tax ________ ? 跟 (负担).

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Ⅱ.选词填空

1. The old woman burst into tears when she heard her son was sentenced to death ____________________. showing off 2.The young boy likes ____________________ how well he speaks French. 3.Dinosaurs lived on the earth tens of millions of years came into being ago, long before humans ____________________.

well off, come into being, be sentenced to death, knock into, show off

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4.The young man rode his motorbike so fast that he knocked into nearly ____________________ a boy on the street. 5.Don't waste your sympathy on them. They are much better off ____________________ than you and I.

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Ⅲ.单项填空 1.—Guess what? Tom has failed in the exam ________ second time. —How come? He is ________ second to none in English in our class. A.a; a B.the; a C.a; / D.the; the [解析] C 考查冠词。a second time表示“又一次”, 与前面的“Guess what?”相呼应;second to none 为固定搭配,表示“独一无二的”。

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2.Before you start work, I'll show you ________ the building so that you can be familiar with the surroundings. A.off B.out C.around D.up [解析] C 考查show动词词组辨析。 句意为:在你开 始上班之前,我将带你到楼里各处看看,好让你熟悉 环境。此处为“带某人参观、 到处转转”之意,应用 show sb around。 show off “炫耀,卖弄”; show sb ? 跟 out“带某人出去”; show sb up “揭发某人”。

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3.The new timetable will come into ________ next month. A.effect B.plan C.service D.system [解析] A 考查动词短语搭配。come into effect是固定 词组,意为“生效;实施”。

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4.By doing parttime jobs, students can ________ social experience necessary for their future life. A.pick B.accumulate C.collect D.practise [解析] B 考查动词辨析。句意:通过做兼职工作,学 生可以积累未来生活所需要的社会经验。 pick“采,摘; 捡”;accumulate“积累”;collect“收集”; practise“训练”。根据句意,答案应选B。

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5.If you are looking for somewhere to rent, I think there's a(n) ________ apartment in my building. A.hollow B.bare C.empty D.vacant [解析] D 考查形容词辨析。句意:如果你在找地方租, 我想我的楼里有一套闲置公寓。hollow中空的;bare光 秃的;empty空的;vacant闲置的。根据句意,答案选 D。

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6.He was in such a hurry that he almost ________ the old man. A.knocked at B.knocked into C.knocked off D.knocked on [解析] B 短语辨析题。knock into撞到某人身上。 knock on, knock at轻轻敲击;knock off敲落。依题意 可知答案。

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7.At 30 we need to ________ to our lives and shed from fantasies. A. set down B. put down C. devote to D. settle down [解析] D 考查短语辨析。句意:在30岁时,我们需要 丢掉幻想,踏实生活。settle down to our lives 安顿下 来开始我们的生活。 set down记下; put down镇压; devote to 贡献。

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8.Many relationships ________ because of wrong speech. A.break off B.break down C.break into D.break out [解析] A 考查短语辨析。break off 折断,断绝关系 ,中断谈话; break down 出故障,身体出毛病; break into 闯入;break out 爆发。依题意可知答案。

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9.—It's getting dark. My son hasn't returned home. —________ He has been a grownup. A. Take it easy. B. No problem. C. Take your time. D. So what? [解析] A 根据答语He has been a grown?up可知是安 慰说话者,即“不用担心,他已经是大人了。”take it easy用来安慰对方不要担心。no problem用来表示同意; take your time指做某事不要着急;so what表示某人认 为某事无关紧要,意思为“那又怎么样?”

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10.Not only I and Mary but also Jane________ having one exam after another. A.is tired of B.are tired of C.is tired with D.are tired with [解析] A be tired of 厌倦,厌烦;be tired with因?? 而疲劳; not only?but also 句型的主谓遵循就近一致 的原则,该句话的主语为Jane。 故选A。

请完成课时作业(二十四)

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阅读写作(二十四) [阅读理解技 法指导之篇章结构]

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◇ 重视篇章结构 ◇ 篇章结构题从其考查内容而言,可分为三种:考 查考生对整个文章结构的组织能力;考查考生对后文 内容的预测能力;考查考生对文章写作手法、修辞手 段的鉴赏能力。

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一、篇章结构主要的设题方式常有: 1.How is the passage organized? 2.Which of the following best shows the structure/organization of the passage? 3.What will the author most probably talk about next? 4.The author develops the passage mainly by ________. 5.The first paragraph serves as a(n) ________. 6.The example of…is given to show/illustrate that ________.

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二、篇章结构主要的解题策略常有: 1.了解文章结构的组织形式。从段落组织方式上讲,常 见的文章结构有三种:总分式结构(总→分;总→分→ 总;分→总)、并列式结构(段落之间是平行关系,并且 相对独立)、对照式结构(结构形式上是一正一反)。

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2.了解文章的论证方法。从论证方法上讲,常见的议 论文结构有以下两类:Put forward a problem→Analyze the problem→Solve the problem 即“提出问题、分析 问题、解决问题”的过程; Argument/Idea→Evidence→Conclusion/Restating the idea 即“由论点到论据到结论或者强调论点”的过程。

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3.了解文章的写作手法。在高考阅读中主要考查下定 义、分类说明、列举例证和对比等写作手法。其中, “引用”和“例证”是议论文和说明文中最常用的写作手 法之一,是历年高考阅读试题中必不可缺的命题方向。 “引用”和“例证”的共同目的就是增强说服力,以更好 地达到说理、说明的目的。“引用”和“例证”的共同功 能就是服务于段落或篇章的主题。

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[2012?北京卷] Wilderness “In wilderness (荒野) is the preservation of the world.” This is a famous saying from a writer regarded as one of the fathers of environmentalism. The frequency with which it is borrowed mirrors a heated debate on environmental protection: whether to place wilderness at the heart of what is to be preserved.

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As John Sauven of Greenpeace UK points out, there is a strong appeal in images of the wild, the untouched; more than anything else, they speak of the nature that many people value most dearly. The urge to leave the subject of such images untouched is strong, and the danger exploitation (开发) brings to such landscapes (景观) is real. Some of these wildernesses also perform functions that humans need—the rainforests, for example, store carbon in vast quantities. To Mr. Sauven, these “ecosystem services” far outweigh the gains from exploitation.
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Lee Lane, a visiting fellow at the Hudson Institute, takes the opposing view. He acknowledges that wildernesses do provide useful services, such as water conservation. But that is not, he argues, a reason to avoid all human presence, or indeed commercial and industrial exploitation. There are ever more people on the Earth, and they reasonably and rightfully want to have better lives, rather than merely struggle for survival. While the ways of using resources have improved, there is still a growing need for raw materials, and some wildernesses contain them in abundance.
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If they can be tapped without reducing the services those wildernesses provide, the argument goes, there is no further reason not to do so. Being untouched is not, in itself, a characteristic worth valuing above all others.

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I look forward to seeing these views taken further, and to their being challenged by the other participants. One challenge that suggests itself to me is that both cases need to take on the question of spiritual value a little more directly. And there is a practical question as to whether wildernesses can be exploited without harm.

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This is a topic that calls for not only free expression of feelings, but also the guidance of reason. What position wilderness should enjoy in the preservation of the world obviously deserves much more serious thinking.

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Which of the following shows the structure of the passage?

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CP: Central Point P: Point Sp: Subpoint (次要点) C: Conclusion 【点睛】 D 文章结构题。本文作者首先提出中心论点, 然后从正反两个方面进行了论述,然后回到自己的观 点,最后对自己的观点做了进一步的阐释。因此D为最 佳答案。

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【活学活用】 A Getting rid of dirt, in the opinion of most people, is a good thing. However, there is nothing fixed about attitudes to dirt.

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In the early 16th century, people thought that dirt on the skin was a means to block out disease, as medical opinion had it that washing off dirt with hot water could open up the skin and let ills in. A particular danger was thought to lie in public baths. By 1538, the French king had closed the bath houses in his kingdom. So did the king of England in 1546. Thus began a long time when the rich and the poor in Europe lived with dirt in a friendly way. Henry IV, King of France, was famously dirty. Upon learning that a nobleman had taken a bath, the king ordered that, to avoid the attack of disease, the nobleman should not go out.
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Though the belief in the merit of dirt was longlived, dirt has no longer been regarded as a nice neighbor ever since the 18th century. Scientifically speaking, cleaning away dirt is good to health. Clean water supply and hand washing are practical means of preventing disease. Yet, it seems that standards of cleanliness have moved beyond science since World War Ⅱ. Advertisements repeatedly sell the idea; clothes need to be whiter than white, cloths ever softer, surfaces to shine. Has the hate for dirt, however, gone too far?

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Attitudes to dirt still differ hugely nowadays. Many firsttime parents nervously try to warn their children off touching dirt, which might be responsible for the spread of disease. On the contrary, Mary Ruebush, an American immunologist(免疫学家),encourages children to play in the dirt to build up a strong immune system. And the latter position is gaining some ground.

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How does the passage mainly develop? A.By providing examples. B.By making comparisons. C.By following the order of time. D.By following the order of importance.

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【点睛】 C 本题考查文章写作手法。通读全文可知, 贯穿文章的主要线索是时间:In the early 16th century、 By 1538、since the 18th century、since World War Ⅱ、 nowadays。因此该文是按照时间顺序来组织的,故选 择C项。

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B The Celebration Experiment In the 1960s, Walt Disney pictured in the mind a future Utopian city with underground roads and a climatecontrolled round roof. The real community of Celebration, Florida, built in 1999, applies the social and environmental goals of both Disney and the New Urbanism movement.

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Disney and the New Urbanism have imagined communities that promote social and local communication. Celebration has a central Market Street district to reduce traffic and encourage social contacts. The idea is that if the downtown area is neatly and closely ranked, people will walk and meet their neighbors. Downtown events like art festivals also bring citizens together. Narrow, tree?lined streets are “traffic calm”—with slower speed limits—to encourage bicycling and walking.

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Moreover, housing in Celebration includes both single-and multifamily houses that encourage socialization. Apartment buildings are located close to downtown, and houses are built close together with small yards. They feature entrance halls to encourage citizens to socialize. “Many aspects of that kind of design are really aimed at maximizing social communication between citizens, not just on the streets but also in community institutions that are very much a part of public life there,” says Andrew Ross, a New York University professor who lived in Celebration for one year.
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Utopian communities such as Celebration are also designed with environmental protection in mind. The town itself is built on 4,900 acres surrounded by a 4, 700acre protected greenbelt. The greenbelt parks, and common areas accommodate native wildlife and animals.

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High- office and apartment buildings provide rise close office and living space in a small geographic area in order to reduce urban sprawl, the spread of today's cities onto nature areas. Buildings also minimize environmental influence by using cooling and electric systems with insulated(绝缘的;隔热的)glass, cooling towers, and energysaving lamps.

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“The town more or less borrows very heavily from New Urbanist principles…to create environmentally friendly alternatives to sprawl and to create communities around people rather than vehicles,” Ross said.

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Which of the following shows the organization of the passage?

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CP: Central Point P: Point Sp: Subpoint(次要点) C: Conclusion 【点睛】 B 本文采用总分总的方式,阐述了迪士尼 和新城市主义运动的社会目标和环境目标,并讲述实 现这两个目标所采取的一些具体做法。文章第一段讲 述社区Celebration的建立,并提出了迪士尼和新城市 主义运动的社会目标和环境目标;第二段到第四段分 别讲述了社区中人与人之间的交流;第五、六段从环 境保护方面讲述了城市的发展,最后一段进行总结。 故B项正确。

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