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经典讲义反义疑问句 2次课


初二

Christine

《反义疑问句》
1. 什么是反义疑问句? 英语中,反意疑问句是由陈述句和附在其后的附加疑问句组成。其中附加疑问句是对陈述句所 说的事实或观点提出疑问,起证实作用,一般用于证实说话者所说的事实或观点。翻译为“是吗”。 例如: She is a lovely girl, isn?t she? He did

a good job, didn?t he? 2. 反意疑问句的回答? 在回答反义疑问句时,如果情况属实,用 Yes 加上反问句的倒装肯定句;若果情况不属实,则 用 No 加上反问句的倒装否定句。反义疑问句遵循原则——“前肯后否,前否后肯”例如: You were moved by your students, weren?t you? 试翻译:__________________________ 情况属实:Yes, I was. 试翻译:__________________________ 情况不属实:No, I wasn?t. 试翻译:__________________________ 3. 反义疑问句的类型? 1) 当陈述句中含有 be 动词,助动词,或是情态动词时,反问句部分由这些词加上主语人称代 词构成, Be 动词包括:am, is, are, was, were 助动词有:do, does, did, have(用在完成时), has(用在完成时)等 情态动词有:can, could, may, might, must, will, would, shall, should 例如: She is a lovely girl, _____ _____? 她是一个可爱的女孩,是吗? He will go home, _____ _____? 他要回家了,是吗? She doesn?t like to eat popcorn, _____ _____? 她不喜欢吃爆米花,是吗? The baby won?t sleep early, _____ _____? 小宝宝睡得不早,是吗? 注意: He has supper at home every day, _____ _____? (不能用 hasn?t he?) 他每天在家吃晚饭, 是吗? They have known the matter, _____ _____? (不能用 don?t they?) 他们已经知道那事情了,是 吗? 2) 当陈述句中只含有行为动词时,若动词加了 s,就用 does,若动词为原形,就用 do,动词为 过去式,则用 did。 例如: You cleaned your house last week, _____ _____? 你上周打扫了你的房间,是吗? Your father plays the computer very well, _____ _____? 你父亲电脑技术很好,是吗? They look so happy today, _____ _____? 你今天看起来很高兴,是吗? 3) 反意疑问句的陈述部分带有 little, few, never, hardly, seldom,nobody, nothing, barely, scarcely 等否定意义的词时,问句部分用肯定式。例如: She never tells a lie, _____ _____? (不用 doesn?t she?) 她从不说谎,是吗? He was seldom late, _____ _____? (不用 wasn?t he?) 他几乎不迟到,是吗? 4) 若为 let?s 引导,反问句用_____ _____? 例如: Let?s go home together, _____ _____? 让我们一起回家,好吗? 5) 若为 let us 引导和其余的任何一般的否定祈使句,都用_____ _____, 例如

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初二

Christine

Let us stop to rest, _____ _____? Don?t make any noise, _____ _____?

让我们停下休息,好吗? 别弄出噪音,好吗?

6) 一般的肯定祈使句则用 will you 或 won?t you 都行,例如: Do sit down, won?t you? / will you? 请坐,好吗? You feed the bird today, will you? 今天你喂鸟,是吗? Please open the window, will you? (won?t you?) 打开窗,好吗? 反义疑问句过手练习: 1. Linda ate nothing this morning, _______? A. didn?t she B. was she C. did she D. wasn?t she 2. He has never ridden a horse before, ______? A. does he B. has he C. hasn?t he D. doesn?t he 3. ---He seldom came here, _______? ---Yes sir. A. didn?t he B. does he C. doesn?t he D. did he 4. They have no time to visit the museum, _____? A. do they B. haven?t they C. don?t they D. will they 5. He used to get up at 6:30, _______? A. didn?t he B. did he C. used he D. wouldn?t he 6. Let?s go there by bus, ______? A. will you B. shall we C. don?t you D. will you 7. Let us go to play football, _______? A. will you B. shall we C. do we D. are we 8. ---Let?s go shopping this afternoon, _______? ---All right. A. will we B. shall we C. don?t we D. are we 9. ---Pass me the dictionary, _______? ---Yes, with pleasure. A. would you B. will you C. won?t you D. wouldn?t you 10. Don?t forget to give Polly some food and change her water, ______? A. will you B. shall we C. won?t you D. do you 11. There is little water in the glass, _______? A. isn?t there B. isn?t it C. is it D. is there 12. There won?t be any concert this Saturday evening, _____? A. will there not B. will there C. is there D. won?t 13. I don?t believe you are right, ________? A. are you B. do you C. won?t you D. do 14. She doesn?t think that Tom sings best in the class, _______? A. does she B. doesn?t she C. does he D. doesn?t he 15. I know you didn?t want to hurt me, _______? A. did you B. didn?t you C. do I D. don?t I 16. Few of them hurt themselves in the accident last night, ________? A. don?t they B. didn?t they C. did they D. do they 17. Mr. Green went to Shenzhen on business last week, ________? A. isn?t he B. doesn?t he C. didn?t he D. hasn?t he 18. His sister had a bad cough, ______ she?

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初二

Christine

A. wasn?t B. doesn?t C. hadn?t D. didn?t 19. ---You?ve never seen dinosaur eggs, have you? ---_________. How I wish to visit the Dinosaur World. A. Yes, I have B. No, I haven?t C. Certainly, I have D. Of course, I haven?t 20. ---You won?t follow his example, will you? ---________________, I don?t think he is right. A. No, I won?t B. Yes, I will C. No, I will D. Yes, I won?t

完形填空
(A) Mike loves ships so much. When he was a child, he said, “I?m going to be a soldier.” But later, he found his eyes were not very __1__. He said, “I?m going to __2__ a small boat and travel around the world.” But boats were very expensive, he didn?t have enough __3__. Last summer Mike found a swimming __4__ near his house. The swimming lessons did not cost __5__, so Mike began to go swimming every weekend and have __6__. One day, a little boy in that school asked him, “How can you __7__ so well?” With a smile, Mike told the boy, “__8__ I?m in the water, I say to myself, ?There is a __9__ boat in front of me. If I __10__ it, it will be mine!? Then I?ll get very excited, and swim very fast.” ( ) 1. A. big B. beautiful C. good D. strong ( ) 2. A. buy B. make C. borrow D. by ( ) 3. A. food B. work C. time D. money ( ) 4. A. park B. school C. farm D. pool ( ) 5. A. much B. little C. many D. any ( ) 6. A. meals B. lessons C. talks D. games ( ) 7. A. travel B. make C. do D. swim ( ) 8. A. If B. When C. Though D. Where ( ) 9. A. interesting B. beautiful C. dangerous D. different ( ) 10. A. see B. catch C. build D. pick (B) Eric finished his school last year. He went to a big city to __11__ a job. He went from one company to another but __12__ wanted him. He had to go back to his small town. When he came to the train station, he felt __13__ and tired. It was late at night, and the __14__ was full of people. Many were waiting to __15__ train tickets. When he bought the last ticket, he saw a woman with a crying baby. He gave them his ticket. He thought they needed it __16__ than he did. After __17__ left, he sat on the bench and didn't know __18__ to do. Just then, an old man came to him, “Young man, I __19__ what you did for the woman. I need your help. I have a company and I need a good young man like __20__. Would you like to come to my company?” ( ) 11. A. find B. see C. look for D. buy ( ) 12. A. everyone B. nobody C. nothing D. someone ( ) 13. A. happy B. interesting C. sad D. glad ( ) 14. A. city B. company C. farm D. station ( ) 15. A. buy B. sell C. give D. pass ( ) 16. A. less B. more C. fewer D. worse ( ) 17. A. Eric B. the bus C. the train D. the man

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初二

Christine

( ) 18. A. what ( ) 19. A. saw ( ) 20. A. that

C. why D. where C. missed D. forgot C. myself D. her 阅读理解专练 A Of all the students of Grade Four, Bill is the tallest. He?s thirteen, and of course, he?s the oldest, too. But he?s the worst and the most foolish(愚蠢的). He can?t answer the easiest questions in class. And he never passes the exams. But the boy is the strongest in his school. Even the boys in higher grades are afraid of him. So he leaves home with an empty bag. When he gets to school, his bag is full of fruit and cakes. Sometimes he brings some home. His mother, Mrs. King, is always happy when she sees them. She praises(赞扬) her son, for she can save some money. This morning, Mrs. King went shopping in the market. She saw an old man selling eggs there. She chose twenty-four but paid only for twenty. The old man was too busy to count(数) them. She hurried off and told her husband as soon as he came back for lunch. “How clever you are!” Mr. King said happily. And Bill was busy eating the eggs, so he didn?t say a word. “What?s your favorite food, dear?” asked Mr. King. “Eggs, of course.” “Well, then,” said the man, “Can you tell us what can lay eggs?” The boy thought for a while and said, “Hens, ducks, geese(鹅)…and…and mum!” “Oh? But why?” “I often hear they call me ?BAD EGG?.” 1. Bill never passes the exams because ________. A. he?s the tallest of the children B. he?s thirteen C. he doesn?t work hard at his lessons D. he is not the worst in the school 2. Why is Bill's bag full of fruit and cakes when he gets to school? A. He buys them on his way to school. B. He makes the children give them to him. C. He finds them in the shops. D. His parents buy them for him. 3. ____, so Mrs. King is happy. A. Bill often saves money for his family B. The children are afraid of Bill C. Bill is stronger and older than any other child D. Bill gets no food without paying any money 4. Bill didn?t say a word at table because _________. A. he was thinking of a problem B. he had to go to school on time C. he was afraid of his father D. he wanted to eat more eggs 5. Which of the following is true? A. Mrs. King can lay eggs. B. People think Bill is very bad. C. Bill wished his mother could lay eggs. D. Bill likes his nickname(绰号) very much. B

B. which B. heard B. you

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初二

Christine

Skin-diving(潜泳) is a new sport today. This sport takes you into a wonderful new world. It is like a visit to the moon! When you are under water, it is easy for you to climb big rocks, because you are no longer heavy. Here, under water, everything is blue and green. During the day, there is enough light. When fish swim nearby, you can catch them with your hands. When you have tanks(罐子) of air on your back, you can stay in deep water for a long time. But you must be careful. To catch the fish is one of the most interesting parts of this sport. On the other hand, you can clean the ships without taking them out of the water. You can get many things from the deep sea. Now you can see that skin-diving is both useful and interesting. 1. Skin-diving can take you to _______. A. the moon B. mountains C. the sun D. the deep sea 2. You can climb big rocks under water because _______. A. you are stronger B. the fish can help you C. you are not as heavy as on the land D. there is a lot of light 3. A skin-diver _______ under water in the day. A. can see everything clearly B. can?t see anything clearly C. can see nothing D. can see only fishes 4. With a tank of air on your back, you can _______. A. catch fish very easily B. stay under water for a long time C. be in safe place D. have more fun 5. Which of these sentences is NOT TRUE? A. Skin-diving is a new sport. B. Skin-diving is like visiting the moon C. The only use of skin-diving is to have more fun. D. Skin-diving is both interesting and useful. C Henry Ford was the first person to build cars. Those cars were cheap, strong and fast. He would sell millions of them because he could make them in large numbers at a time, that is, he made a great many cars of exactly the same kind. Ford?s father hoped that he would become a farmer,but the young man didn't like the idea and he went to Detroit and worked there as a mechanic(机械师). By the age of 29, in 1892, he had built his first car. Five years after Ford started his great motorcar factory in 1903, he made the famous “Model T”. This car turned out to be so popular that it stayed unchanged for twenty years. Since Ford's time, making cars in large numbers has helped to sell the cars cheaply. More and more people can buy cars for their everyday use. 1. Ford?s cars were cheap because _______. A. nobody wanted to buy them B. he could make a large number of cars at a time C. his cars were not strong enough D. his cars were not as famous as Model T 2. The famous “Model T” was built in _______. A. 1892 B. 1903 C. 1908 D. 1928 3. Henry Ford was born in _______. A. 1873 B.1863 C. 1883 D. 1893 4. Which of the following is RIGHT?

5

初二

Christine

A. The first person to make cars is Henry Ford. B. Henry Ford?s father was foolish. C. Henry Ford?s motorcar factory was built in 1908. D.Nowadays everyone can buy a car. 5. Which of the following is WRONG? A. Ford?s father didn't want his son to be a mechanic. B. Ford decided to be a farmer at first. C. Ford made his first car at the age of 29. D. Ford did a great thing for the people in the world.

B 卷题型专练
A dream, either, get, good, happy, you, many, real, sad, see, too, woman I used to watch a little girl playing basketball every day from my kitchen window. One day I asked her why she practiced so (1) ________. She said: “I want to go to college. The only way I can go is (2) _______ a scholarship(奖学金). I like basketball and I want to be the (3) ______ player in college. My dad told me: “If the dream is big enough, the facts don?t count.” She never changed her mind. I watched her through those junior high years and into senior high school. One day before she graduated from high school, I saw her sitting on the grass (4) _______. I asked her what was wrong. She told me that her coach said she was too short to be a good basketball player, so she should stop (5) ______ about going to college. She was heartbroken and it made me feel bad (6) ______. Then she smiled and told me her father said that coach was wrong. He did not understand the power(力量) of dream. Her father said to her: “If you (7) ______ want to play for the scholarship of a good college, nothing but you (8) ______ can stop your dream.” He told her again: “If the dream is big enough, the facts don?t count.” The next year, she and her team went to a big game. She (9) _______ by a coach of a famous college team and was offered a scholarship to the (10) _______ basketball team of their college. She was to get the college education that she had dreamed of and worked toward for all those years. “If the dream is big enough, the facts don?t count.” It is true.

1-5 CADBA 11-15 CBCDA

6-10 BDBBB 16-20 BCAAB

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